Biography

Birth date: 13 September 1865
Birth place: India: Kirkee
Death date: 17 May 1951
Death place: United Kingdom: England, Greater London, Middlesex
Final rank: Field Marshal
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • AIF (IA)
  • I Anzac Corps

Described by Charles Bean as "short and dapper in figure, a vigorous, brave, upright and understanding leader of fighting men", William Birdwood commanded the Australian Corps for much of the First World War. He was born on 13 September 1865 in India and was educated in England.

He attended the Royal Military College Sandhurst before being posted back to India where he served on the north-west frontier. During the Boer War Birdwood served on Lord Kitchener's staff. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order in 1908 and in 1911 was promoted to major general. Birdwood's career was characterised by a series of successful postings and steady promotion. When the First World War began, Britain's Minister for War, Lord Kitchener, placed Birdwood in command of the Australian and New Zealand forces bound for Europe. Before they reached England, however, the ANZACs, as they would soon be known, were ordered to disembark for training in Egypt. Birdwood met them there in December 1914.

Four months later Birdwood's troops landed at Gallipoli. He impressed the men by regularly visiting the front lines and taking daily swims in the sea, heedless of the danger from Turkish shrapnel aimed at men seeking such refreshment. His bravery earned Birdwood the enduring respect of the AIF, and he was appointed its temporary administrative commander, as well as its operational commander, following the death of General William Bridges in May 1915. The appointment was made permanent in September 1916.

Having watched all attempts fail to make headway against the Turks on Gallipoli, Birdwood was nevertheless opposed to the evacuation when the question was raised. In this he was overruled and he oversaw the successful withdrawal in December 1915. In early 1916 the ANZAC Corps was split in two. Birdwood assumed command of I ANZAC Corps, accompanied it to France, and directed its operations throughout 1916 and 1917.

Birdwood made a point of appointing Australians to command and staff positions but took command of the Australian Corps when it was formed from the five AIF divisions in November 1917. He was succeeded by Lieutenant General John Monash in May 1918 and took command of the British 5th Army, but still retained command administrative command of the AIF with the support of almost all senior Australian officers. Despite his having commanded Australians through some of the Western Front's more disastrous actions, Bullecourt being one example, Birdwood continued to be held in high regard. His willingness to support those he commanded, to argue on their behalf and indeed to make it known that he had done so, earned Birdwood a respect from Australians that was given to few British senior commanders.

In 1920 Birdwood was made a general in the Australian Military Forces and five years later was made field marshal. He toured Australia and New Zealand in 1920 to wide public acclaim and was given command of the Indian Army in 1925. He retired from the military in 1930 and was thwarted in his desire to become Australia's Governor-General when the prime minister insisted on the office being held by an Australian. Birdwood died in England in 1951 and was buried with full military honours.

Rolls and Awards

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: I Anzac Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: I Anzac Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AIF (IA)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

113292

FIELD MARSHAL LORD WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD (SECOND FROM LEFT) AND VICTORIA CROSS WINNERS, AIR VICE MARSHAL F.H. MCNAMARA, COLONEL W.J. SYMONS AND LIEUTENANT L. KEYSOR.

113292

C00479

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood's dugout on the Gallipoli Peninsula. A small sign at the entrance reads 'GOC' (General Officer Commanding). There are several other dugouts nearby, connected by flights of steps. Note the washing hung out to dry and the radio mast on the horizon, top right.

C00479

D00407

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood visits the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) aerodrome. Standing in the hangar, left to right: Major R C Phillipps MC DFC, 6th Training Squadron; Lieutenant Colonel W O Watt OBE, Headquarters 1st Wing AFC; General Birdwood; Major Brown, 5th Training Squadron. See...

D00407

D00426

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood about to start on a flight from Minchinhampton to Leighterton, two aerodromes of the Australian Flying Corps, in Gloucestershire, in England. Shown: Major R. C. Phillipps MC DFC, Commanding Officer (CO), No. 6 Training Squadron (pilot); General Birdwood (seated...

D00426

D00427

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood conversing with Anzac pilots inside the hangar at the aerodrome. Left to right, back to camera: Lieutenant (Lt) Lees, Australian Flying Corps (AFC); two unidentified; W. R. Sheppherd. Facing camera: General Birdwood; Major Roy Cecil Phillipps MC DFC, Commanding...

D00427

D00428

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood conversing with the Regimental Sergeant Major at the Australian aerodrome of the Australian Flying Corps (AFC) at Minchinhampton. Left to right: Captain E. N. Tooth, wing equipment officer (partly obscured); Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Brinsmead MC, Staff...

D00428

D00429

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood donning a leather coat prior to his flight from Minchinhampton to Leighterton, two Australian aerodromes in England. Standing in front of a camouflaged canvas hangar, left to right: Major Roy Cecil Phillipps MC DFC, 6th Training Squadron; General Birdwood; Major...

D00429

D00430

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood inspecting the camp quarters at the Australian aerodrome. Left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Brinsmead MC; Lt Col W O Watt (rear); Major R S Brown; General Birdwood.

D00430

D00432

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood seated in an Avro 504K ready for a flight from Minchinhampton to Leighterton, two Australian aerodromes in Gloucestershire. The pilot is Major R C Phillipps MC DFC, No. 6 Training Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC) and in the back is General Birdwood, while...

D00432

D00437

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood (centre) addressing officers, cadets and air mechanics of the Australian Flying Corps at Minchinhampton aerodrome. Shown: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Watt is on the right, hands behind back; Lt Col Brinsmead, next to him; Major R. C. Phillipps, beside him, face...

D00437

D00438

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood seated in an Avro 504K prior to a flight from the Australian aerodrome. The pilot is Major (Maj) Roy Cecil Phillipps MC & Bar DFC, late 28th Battalion AIF, Commanding No. 6 Training Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), from 27 August 1918 to March 1919; on...

D00438

D00461

Minchinhampton, England. General Sir William Riddell Birdwood (in overcoat) conversing with Australian Flying Corps cadets and pilots in hangar with Avro 504 trainers. Note the cadets have a white flash on their caps.

D00461

D00463

Gloucestershire, England. General (Gen) Sir William Riddell Birdwood, in front, leaving the photographic hut during an inspection of the Australian aerodrome at Leighterton. Left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) W. O. Watt OBE; Gen Birdwood; Lt Col Brinsmead MC (foreground); Major L. J....

D00463

D00473

Minchinhampton, England. General Sir William Riddell Birdwood congratulating Anzac pilot Captain (Capt) G. F. Malley MC, Officer Commanding (OC) C Flight, No. 5 (Training) Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), at Minchinhampton aerodrome. Left to right: unidentified; Major Roy Cecil Phillipps MC...

D00473

D00474

Minchinhampton, England. General Sir William Riddell Birdwood (centre), addressing a parade of officers, cadets, and air mechanics of No. 1 Two Squadron Station, Australian Flying Corps during a visit to Minchinhampton aerodrome. To his right is Major R. S. Brown, Officer Commanding, No. 1 Two...

D00474

G00561

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. Lord Kitchener shaking hands with the French Commander-in-Chief. The officer behind Lord Kitchener is Lieutenant-General Sir William Riddell Birdwood, commanding Anzac Corps.

G00561

G00568

Lord Kitchener and General William Riddell Birdwood passing through Mudros in a vehicle.

G00568

G00659

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 19 December 1915. General William Riddell Birdwood's last day at Anzac standing on North Beach.

G00659

G00761

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. General William Riddell Birdwood outside his dugout at Anzac.

G00761

G01222

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 6 October 1915. General William Riddell Birdwood, General Officer Commanding, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (Anzacs), near Hill 60, on his rounds.

G01222

G01527

At Sea. c. 30 March 1916. General William Riddell Birdwood (centre) talking to men (mostly reinforcements) on board the HMT Transylvania on a Sunday morning, during the voyage from Alexandria, Egypt to Marseilles, France.

G01527

G00401

General Birdwood, the Idol of Anzac, taking a dip in the sea after a hard day's work.

G00401

H00201

General William Riddell Birdwood (left) and an unidentified officer at the entrance to Shrapnel Gully.

H00201

H02307

GALLIPOLI. 1915. GENERAL SIR WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD'S SANDBAG PROTECTED FIRST PERSONAL HEADQUARTERS.

H02307

H02313

GALLIPOLI. 1915. CAPTAIN ROBERT GORDON CHIRNSIDE, AIDE-DE-CAMP TO GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, STANDING IN A SHALLOW TRENCH IN AN ENCAMPMENT AREA.

H02313

H02317

GALLIPOLI. 1915. A GROUP OF OFFICERS, INCLUDING GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, IN THE TRENCHES.

H02317

H00487

General William Riddell Birdwood, Colonel John Smith Purdy, Sister Lilian Constance Keys and Captain Robertson on an inspection tour.

H00487

H00500

Packing Christmas parcels at the Australian Comforts Fund Headquarters in London. Identified standing from left to right: Mrs G C Wade; Lady Birdwood; General William Riddell Birdwood; Colonel T Griffith; Wilfred W Johnson and Miss E Henley. Seated left to right: Mrs T Henley; Mrs Noel and Mrs O...

H00500

H01302

LONDON, ENGLAND. 1918. SELECTED GUESTS, INCLUDING GENERAL SIR WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, ENJOYING AN AMUSING PERFORMANCE BY PADRE GAULT ON THE STAGE AT HORSEFERRY ROAD YMCA.

H01302

H17434

VILLERS BRETONNEUX, FRANCE. 1938-07-22. THE KING & QUEEN IN CONVERSATION WITH AUSTRALIAN RETURNED SOLDIERS. GENERAL SIR WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD IMMEDIATELY BEHIND THE KING AND MAJOR-GEN E.G. SINCLAIR MACSAGAN EX A.I.F. IN CHARGE OF AUSTRALIAN SECTIONS (REPRESENTING THE 5TH DIVISION) FORMING THE...

H17434

H03923

GALLIPOLI, TURKEY. LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, COMMANDER ANZAC CORPS, (LEFT), AND MAJOR GENERAL SIR ALEXANDER GODLEY, COMMANDING NZEF (CENTRE), IN THE TRENCHES.

H03923

H03956

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c May 1915. Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant J. W. Donnelly at the 1st Division Headquarters. General Sir William Riddell Birdwood is standing in the foreground (with stick) talking to another officer.

H03956

J02410

OFFICERS OF THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND ARMY CORPS, HQ OUTSIDE THEIR DUGOUT AT ANZAC. LEFT TO RIGHT: CAPTAIN MCCONAGHY (WITH HAND ON KNEE) CAMP COMMANDANT; LIEUTENANT ROBERT (GORDON) CHIRNSIDE, AIDE-DE-CAMP TO GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD; LIEUTENANT ONSLOW, ADC TO GENERAL BIRDWOOD; LIEUT...

J02410

J02435

GROUP OF THE OFFICERS OF CORP HEADQUARTERS STANDING IN FRONT OF GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD'S NEW WINTER HUT IN OLD N.Z. HEADQUARTERS GULLY. ANZAC 1915-11-28. (DONATED BY MR. A.W. ROSS.)

J02435

J02449

NEW WINTER QUARTERS FOR ANZAC CORPS HEADQUARTERS IN OLD NEW ZEALAND GULLY, ANZAC. GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD'S HUT IN COURSE OF ERECTION BY AUSTRALIAN SOLDIERS AND EGYPTIAN LABOURERS, WHICH, HOWEVER, WAS NEVER OCCUPIED BY THE GENERAL. 1915-10-30. (DONATED BY MR. A.W. ROSS.)

J02449

J00259

Two soldiers of the Ceylon Planters' Rifle Corps who acted as General Sir William Riddell Birdwood's bodyguard throughout the Gallipoli Peninsula campaign. Trooper Rendle is on the left.

J00259

P00247.003

ANZAC COVE, GALLIPOLI, 1915-05. GENERAL SIR WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, SITTING, MAJOR GENERAL WALKER, PARTIALLY OBSCURED BY GENERAL BIRDWOOD AND MAJOR WAGSTAFF (BAREHEADED ON RIGHT) CONFER ON THE TRACK TO PLUGGE'S PLATEAU. (DONOR, R. THIRLWELL)

P00247.003

P00759.001

PORTRAIT OF FIELD MARSHAL LORD WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD, C.1925. (DONOR: S. ROBERTS). ORIGINAL HELD IN SPECIAL PRINT COLLECTION.

P00759.001

P07914.004.003

General Birdwood addresses the Australian troops on board HMAT Nestor (A71). Image from an album relating to the service of 4398 Corporal (Cpl) Cecil Hugo George Crisp, 18th (later 53rd) Battalion. Crisp enlisted in July 1915 and returned to Australia in June 1919.

P07914.004.003

P10848.002

Outdoor portrait of General W R Birdwood congratulating Lieutenant John Ride MC, 2nd Pioneer Battalion, upon the occasion of his Military Cross investiture.

P10848.002

A05615

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 22 May 1915. Captain Sam Butler, holding the white truce flag, leads the blindfolded Turkish envoy Major Kemal Ohri from General Sir William Riddell Birdwood's Headquarters to return to the Turkish lines. Major Ohri was representing the Turkish army in negotiations at...

A05615

G00572A

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. November 1915. General William Riddell Birdwood and Colonel Sir Henry McMahon (High Commissioner for Egypt), in the trenches at Anzac, thirty yards from the Turks.

G00572A

J02389

THE FRENCH GENERAL BAILLOUD, VICE-ADMIRAL BOUI DE LAPEYRERE AND OFFICERS WITH GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD AND THE EARL OF ANGELSEY, ON A TOUR OF ANZAC, ABOUT 1915-10-02. (DONATED BY MR. A.W. ROSS.)

J02389

J02434

THE FRENCH GENERAL BAILLOUD, VICE-ADMIRAL BOUI DE LAPEYRERE AND STAFF OFFICERS WITH GENERAL WILLIAM RIDDELL BIRDWOOD AND THE EARL OF ANGLESEY, MUSTERED ON THE BEACH AT THE MOUTH OF ANZAC GULLY JUST PRIOR TO THEIR DEPARTURE, AFTER AN INSPECTION OF THE POSITIONS AT ANZAC, 1915-10-02. (DONATED BY MR....

J02434

A02007

Looking down onto Watson's Pier (Built by Captain Watson of Headquarters Signals). A shell is bursting on the Army Corps Headquarters directly above General Birdwood's dugout and the pumping station. The casualty clearing station is on the extreme left. Also held as PS1494.

A02007

E01495

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood visiting a Battalion Headquarters in the support line trenches in Ungodly Avenue in the Messines Sector, in Belgium, on 25 January 1918. General Birdwood is second from the left.

E01495

E01654

General (Gen) Sir W. R. Birdwood addressing a parade of the 3rd Australian Division at 'Canteen Corner', in the Messines Sector, after presenting medals won in the raids on 10 February 1918 to 11 February 1918. Identified, small group to the right: Gen Birdwood; Captain (Capt) F. E. Fairweather MC...

E01654

E04576

Hazebrouck, France. 10 August 1917. The 3rd Australian Field Ambulance with Lieutenant Colonel A. G. Butler DSO, leading, passing General Birdwood whilst on the march through Hazebrouck. Also identified: Colonel (now Brigadier General) Thomas A. Blamey CMG DSO, then General Staff Officer I (GSOI),...

E04576

E04625

Hazebrouck, France. 12 August 1917. A view of the damage done by a 14in shell which burst in the prison at Hazebrouck. Next door was the house occupied by General William Riddell Birdwood. The prison was empty except for the gaol keeper and his wife.

E04625

E00533

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood and his Aide de Camp, Captain Robert Gordon Chirnside, walking along a duckboard path beside huts at the 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters.

E00533

E01266

The 3rd Division assembled at Neuve Eglise, for the presentation of medals by General Sir William Birdwood to members of the Division who won them during the action at Messines and the Third Battle of Ypres.

E01266

E01275

The 3rd Division marching past General Sir William Birdwood at Neuve Eglise, after the presentation of medals.

E01275

P00520.015

Bray, France. 8 October 19181. General William Riddell Birdwood giving a farewell speech to troops before leaving for Australia. Note the extensive bomb and shell damage to the buildings of the town.

P00520.015

EZ0022

The Right Honourable (Rt Hon) William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, and the Rt Hon Andrew Fisher, High Commissioner for Australia, with General Sir William Birdwood, meet staff officers of the Anzac Corps. Identified left to right, back: an unidentified staff captain is introduced by...

EZ0022

EZ0023

The Right Honourable (Rt Hon) William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia (second from left, holding hat), and the Rt Hon Andrew Fisher, High Commissioner for Australia (third from left, wearing light coloured jacket), talk to General Sir William Riddell Birdwood (obscured) and unidentified...

EZ0023

EZ0025

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood addressing Australian troops. The Right Honourable (Rt Hon) William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, who is visiting the Australian Corps, is standing behind General Birdwood.

EZ0025

EZ0027

The Right Honourable (Rt Hon) Andrew Fisher, High Commissioner for Australia (centre, in light coloured jacket) and The Rt Hon William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia (centre, second from right) with General Sir William Riddell Birdwood during their inspection of artillery of the 2nd...

EZ0027

EZ0028

The Right Honourable (Rt Hon) William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, addressing Australian soldiers. The Rt Hon Andrew Fisher, High Commissioner for Australia, and General Sir William Riddell Birdwood are also standing on the platform.

EZ0028

P03717.009

Portrait of Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood GCB, GCMG, GCVO, KCB, wearing a slouch hat. The hat was presented to him during a tour of Australia, where he was warmly received. The inscription reads 'W R Birdwood'. Birdwood began his career in the Indian Army, and was a protege of Lord...

P03717.009

A00880

General Birdwood talking with Lord Kitchener (left) and General Godley with General Sir John Maxwell (right).

A00880

G01534B

An informal photograph of the Australian Prime Minister the Right Honourable William Morris “Billy” Hughes and Lieutenant General Sir William Birdwood. Hughes arrived in England on an official visit on 7 March 1916 where he sought to meet all the men responsible for directing the war. In June,...

G01534B

EZ0085

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood addressing soldiers of the 2nd Australian Infantry Brigade in Vadencourt Wood after their first tour of duty at Pozieres. Between 23 July and early September 1916, as part of the Somme Offensive, the 1st, 2nd and 4th Divisions between them launched 19 attacks...

EZ0085

H00238

General William Riddell Birdwood visiting No 3 Australian General Hospital (3AGH) at Abbeville with unidentified medical staff.

H00238

E00438

General Sir William Riddell Birdwood (centre) shaking hands with Captain A Jacka VC MC and Bar, of the 14th Battalion (left), after presenting him with a bar to his MC for bravery during the first attack on Bullecourt, near the Hindenburg Line. The ceremony took place at Ribemont. Standing in the...

E00438

E00535

Lieutenant General Sir William Riddell Birdwood mounted on a horse in the grounds of the Chateau at Querrieu. When, at the end of May 1917, the 1st Anzac Corps was relieved from the line, it was withdrawn to this area and remained there for a part of its rest period, June 1917. The 4th Division...

E00535

E02011

General William Birdwood with the Assistant Provost Marshal Lieutenant Colonel W. Smith, and Aide-de-Camp Captain Henry Champion de Crespigny of the 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters, riding through the Chateau gates.

E02011

A03083

Group portrait of senior officers of the Australian Imperial Force at Victoria Barracks. Identified from left to right in back row: to the front is Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Herbert William Lloyd (later Major General (Maj Gen)); to the back is Brig Gen Thomas Albert Blamey (later Field Marshal);...

A03083

Private Record

Kingsmill, Colin (Lieutenant, b.1892 - d.?)

Record relating to the First World War service of C Kingsmill. Consists of a typed copy of Birdwood's address to the officers and men of the Australian forces prior to the landing at Gallipoli. Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

3DRL/3195 (With records)

Pope, Charles VC (Lieutenant, b.1883 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Charles Pope VC, 11 Battalion, France. Collection consists of an original 2 page typed letter written by General Birdwood to Mrs Pope following the death of her husband at Louverval on 15 April 1917; and an extract from the London... Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR88/208 (With records)

Birdwood, Lord William Riddell (Field Marshal, b.1865-d.1951)

Collection of papers relating to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, commander of the Australian Imperial Force during the First World War. The papers consist of diaries, correspondence, draft speeches, photographs, scrapbooks, newspaper cuttings, original orders and reports of battles for... Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

3DRL/3376 (With records)

1. Meggy, Albert Edward (Private, b.1894 - d.1915); 2. Meggy, Douglas Acland (Private, b.1896 - d.1916)

Collection relating to the service of 761 Private Albert Edward Meggy, 3 Battalion AIF, Gallipoli, 1915, and 2951 Private Douglas Acland Meggy, 3 Battalion AIF, Western Front, 1916. Collection consists of four letters from General William Birdwood and three letter from Lieutenant Colonel Robert... Maker: Bean, Charles Edwin Woodrow (C E W)

1DRL/0495

Birdwood, William Riddell, Field Marshal, b: 1865 d: 1951

An Appreciation written by Lord Birdwood covering the life and work of General Sir Brudenell White, lately killed in an aircraft accident outside Canberra, 1 August, 1940. The Appreciation was written for the "Australian Quarterly", December 1940 Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

2DRL/1212

Towner, Edgar Thomas (Major), VC

Three letters from Field Marshal Lord William Riddell Birdwood to Major Edgar Thomas Towner, VC MC. Dated 21 January [1944] (including envelope), 24 July [1948] and 5 January [1950]. Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

3DRL/2125

Murray, Ernest (Sergeant, b.1881 - d.1935)

Typed letter from General William Birdwood to Sergeant Ernest Murray, 1 Anzac Corps, France, 13 December 1916. Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR03120

Birdwood, William (Field Marshal, Lord b: 1865 d. 1951)

Copies of letters written by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood covering the years 1915-1925. Refers to civil and military issues. Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR01320

Parsons, Leslie Alfred (Sergeant, b.? - d.1916)

Collection relating to the service of 1168 Sergeant Leslie Alfred Parsons, 51 Battalion, AIF, Gallipoli and France 1915-1916. Collection consists of one letter written by Sergeant Parsons in which he describes the Landing at Gallipoli, and two letters from General [later Field Marshal Lord ]... Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

1DRL/0540

Yeomans, Julian Clyde (Lieutenant, b.? - d.?)

Collection relating to the service of Lieutenant Julian Clyde Yeomans DSO, 30 Battalion, AIF. Collection consists of a typescript copy of a letter from General William Birdwood to Lieutenant Yeomans in April 1919, congratulating Yeomans on his award of the DSO. Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

1DRL/0610

Birdwood, (Field Marshal, Lord)

TWO PERSONAL LETTERS FROM BIRDWOOD TO JACOBSON. REFERS TO GALLIPOLI AND FRANCE Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

3DRL/1438

Birdwood, William (Field Marshal, GCB, GCSI, CGMG, GCVO, DSO)

HANDWRITTEN COPY OF LETTER OF THANKS FROM BIRDWOOD TO MEMBERS OF 2ND AUST SIEGE BTY Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

3DRL/6353

Birdwood, W (Field Marshal Lord, Commander Anzac Forces)

LETTER AND ENVELOPE FROM BIRDWOOD TO C DE V BARROW. DESCRIBES FEELINGS FOR AUSTRALIAN TROOPS Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR88/011

Smith, Robert CMG, DSO, MID (Brigadier General)

Certificates, letters, commissioning papers, signal forms and photographs of Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Robert Smith (1910-1918). Includes material relating to his service in Europe with 5 Brigade, 2 Division during First World War. Correspondents include Gellibrand and Field Marshal Lord... Maker: Birdwood, William Riddell

PR01974

Sharp, Alfred Thomas

Autograph book belonging to Mr Alfred Thomas Sharp. Mr Sharp was the Commonwealth Immigration Officer of Victoria and was based in the London Office during the First World War. He and his wife hosted and visited many soldiers, particularly those from Victoria, who were recuperating in London. ... Maker: Various

PR04809 (With records)

Main, Vivian Neville (Private, b.1892 - d.1917)

Collection relating to the service of 6518 Private Vivian Neville Main, 27 Battalion, Belgium, 1917. Collection consists of a typescript copy of a letter written by Private Main to his mother on Christmas Day, 1917. Private Main was killed later the same day. Maker: Main, Vivian Neville

1DRL/0472

Youdale, Alfred Clarence, MC (Captain, b.? - d.1917)

Collection relating to the service of Captain Alfred Clarence Youdale MC, 7 Light Horse Regiment, AIF, and 21 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps. Collection consists of a typescript copy of a compilation of the diary and letters of Captain Youdale covering the period from January 1915 to 20 December... Maker: Youdale, Alfred Clarence

1DRL/0611

Thomas, William Charles (Lieutenant, b.1890 - d.?)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant William Charles Thomas, 14 Battalion, France. Collection consists of a handwritten diary with detailed daily entries from 30 March to 24 September 1918. It describes military action in France, camp site descriptions, the weather,... Maker: Thomas, William Charles

PR82/002

Arundel, Ernest Richard (Private, b.? - d.1917)

Collection relating to the service of 4651 Private Ernest Richard Arundel, 28 Battalion, France 1917. Collection includes condolence letter from Field Marshal Lord Birdwood providing details of the death of Arundel from wounds received at Lagnicourt, France 29 March 1917. Copy made in 1928 by... Maker: Arundel, Ernest Richard

1DRL/0064

Mackie, George Norman, MSM (Warrant Officer)

Collection relating to the service of 1948 Warrant Officer George Norman Mackie MSM, 27 Battalion and 7 Infantry Brigade HQ, at sea, Egypt, Lemnos, France, 1915-1918. Collection consists of seventy-five letters written by W/O Mackie to family members in Australia, and a diary kept by W/O Mackie... Maker: Mackie, George Norman

1DRL/0450

Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey' (Brigadier); CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD

Collection relating to Brigadier Harold Edward 'Pompey' Elliott, CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD, 1901-1968. It comprises a range of papers documenting his military service in South Africa, 1900-1901; service during the First World War as commanding officer of 7 Battalion and 15 Brigade; and post war career... Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

2DRL/0513

Taylor, Charles Herbert (Private, b.1897 d.1935)

Collection relating to No 908 Private Charles Herbert Taylor who served with 34 Battalion during the First World War. The collections consists of two original diaries for 1918 (one appears to be a duplicate); 7 letters written between 1916-1918; typed transcript of one of the diaries and typed... Maker: Taylor, Charles Herbert

PR03112

McLennan, John Hattam (Lieutenant)

Collection relating to the service of Lieutenant John Hattam McLennan, 5 Battalion & 35 Battalion, Egypt and Gallipoli, 1915. Collection consists of a typescript copy of a diary kept by Lieutenant (then Sergeant) McLennan from 8 April 1915 to 12 August 1915. Typescript copy made by Australian War... Maker: McLennan, John Hattam

1DRL/0454

Art

(St Gratien: General Birdwood bidding farewell to headquarters staff)

Depicts staff of the 1st and 2nd Australian Divisions standing outside the chateau at St Gratien to farewell General Birdwood. The chateau was used as headquarters for AIF. William Birdwood, a British officer, was appointed to command the Australian and New Zealand forces in 1914 and led the ANZAC...

ART03510

General Birdwood

A watercolour of General William Birdwood (1865-1951). Birdwood, a British officer, was appointed to command the Australian and New Zealand forces in 1914 and led the ANZAC corps on Gallipoli. It was he who prepared the plan for the landing. Never regarded as an intellectual or a great strategist,...

ART15519

Record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War (A.I.F.) Aug. 4th. 1914 to June 28th. 1919

A commemorative colour poster published c.1920 as a record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War. The composition is similar to that of an Honour Roll and features in the top centre a depiction of the rising sun badge within a wreath. A framed portrait of King George IV is positioned...

ARTV06073

Urgent!

Fundraising placard published by the Australian Comforts Fund. The placard advertises a Christmas special of 'Bulging Boxes for Birdwood's Boys.' Patriots could purchase a comfort box on behalf of a soldier from 6 to 10s. The placard is text only, and printed in red and blue ink. The ACF was a...

ARTV06079

Lundi matin, le Maire de Lille a recu, du general Birdwood, la lettre [Monday morning the Mayor of Lille received a letter from General Birdwood]

Reproduction of a letter to the Mayor of Lille from General Birdwood announcing the cessation of all hostilities as agreed to by Marshall Foch at 11 o'clock, 11th November, 1918. This is a text based poster with no images. The text is printed in black ink on a background of pink tissue paper.

ARTV07476

Film

General Birdwood presents medals to 3rd Australian Division

General W R Birdwood presents medals to the 3rd Australian Division. The troops are allowed to break off and smoke. The march past after the presentation.

F00059

Sir William Birdwood in Western Australia

Fox Australian Movietone News item showing Sir William Birdwood speaking to camera during his brief visit to Australia in 1932. Opening title "Sir William Birdwood in Western Australia. On arrival at Perth, beloved war leader has a hearty message for the comrades that served with him". Expresses...

F00168

Villers Bretonneux

Unveiling of the memorial at Villers Bretonneux, the Somme, France by King George VI accompanied by Queen Elizabeth and the President of France, Albert Lebrun. Photographed for the Commonwealth Government by Movietone News.

F00175

Prime Minister Rt Hon W M Hughes visits Western Front

The Right Honorable William Morris Hughes, Sir Joseph Cook (Australian High Commissioner to Great Britain) and General Sir W R Birdwood visiting the 5th Divisional Headquarters at St Gratien on 2 July 1918 and later with the 2nd Division troops near Camon on 3 July 1918 during a tour of the...

F00014

With the Australian Flying Corps in France, England and Palestine

Nos 2, 3 and 4 Squadrons of the Australian Flying Corps under operational conditions in France. Preparations for bombing mission; swinging compass and bombing up an RE8 aircraft of No 3 Squadron; Sopwith Camel fighters of No 4 Sqn at Clamerais, France perform aerobatics. SE5 fighters of 'C'...

F00035

With the Australians in France [Australian forces in France 1916]

Shows scenes of many branches of the Australian Army in France including artillery action (12 inch howitzers and 18 pounders) and men working, training and relaxing behind the lines. General Birdwood watches a tree felling contest held in a French forest between Australians Canadians and New...

F00050

The Australians' final campaign in 1918

After the third battle of Ypres in September 1917 the Australians were put in to hold the Messines Wytschaete sector and to prepare defences against the expected German spring offensive. The German offensive was launched opposite Amiens and the Australians were sent to meet it. The heaviest...

F00018

Australia in France

British official film taken at the request of Australian authorities shows the Prime Minister the Right Honourable William Morris (Billy) Hughes and High Commissioner of Australia visit to the Western Front from where they were met by General William Riddell Birdwood after the arrival of the AIF...

F00047

Manuscript

Birdwood, William Riddell, Field Marshal, b: 1865 d: 1951

Typescript manuscript titled "Khaki and Gown" written by Lord Birdwood encompassing his life from his birth in India, education, posting to various Indian Army units, service in South Africa, return to India as Military Assistant to Lord Kitchener, command of ANZAC troops on Gallipoli, active...

MSS1405

Published Collection

A Gallipoli Souvenir: Bravo Anzacs

Postcard comprising a montage of photographs, a map and text relating to the service of the Anzac Contingent. Below the heading 'A Gallipoli Souvenir' is a portrait of Lieutenant General Sir William Birdwood captioned 'The soul of Anzac', sketch map of the Gallipoli Peninsula, a crest of the...

RC00061

Digitised Collection

Papers of Colin Kingsmill

Record relating to the First World War service of 4700 Gunner (later Lieutenant) Colin Kingsmill, 5th Field Artillery Brigade. This record is a typed copy of Birdwood's address to the officers and men of the Australian forces prior to the landing at Gallipoli, and was collected by Kingsmill.

RCDIG0000268

Letter from General Birdwood to Mrs Pope, 1917

Letter relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Charles Pope VC, 11th Battalion. The letter was written by General Birdwood to Mrs Pope on 1 July 1917. The letter was sent following the death of Charles Pope Louverval in April 1917 and in it, General Birdwood expresses his both his...

RCDIG0000305

Series 1: Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s Personal Diaries, 1915-1920

Six handwritten diaries compiled by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood spanning 1915 - 1920. The diaries commence on 1 January 1915 and cover the period before the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Daily entries record events at Gallipoli including the landing, the armistice in May, Lord...

RCDIG0000001

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1915 – 2 January 1916

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with the recording of several names and addresses. Diary entries begin from 1 January 1915 when Birdwood was stationed in Cairo. The diary records his visits to Imbros and Mudros in March 1915 and preparations for the landing at...

RCDIG0000002

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1915

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1915 diary. These items include dried flowers, name cards, postage stamps and newspaper clippings. The contents of this file includes: Name card for Mr A McIlwaith,...

RCDIG0000003

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January 1916 - 1 January 1917

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with a narrative of the events of December 1915 and the withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli that has led to these troops being enroute to Egypt. Entries begin on 1 January 1916 with a visit to Sed-el-Bahir to see General Brulard....

RCDIG0000004

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1916

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1916 diary. These items include name cards and newspaper clippings. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping titled 'Australian periscopic rifle: General...

RCDIG0000005

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1917

The beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood contains notes on despatches in the London Gazette and the dates that they were published. Regular diary entries commence from Corps Headquarters in a chateau at Heilly on 1 January 1917. There are comments about preparing...

RCDIG0000006

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1917

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1917 diary. These items include souvenirs, newspaper clippings, artworks and telegrams. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping, no title [reports...

RCDIG0000007

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1918

At the beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood are recorded several names and addresses as well as a list of London Gazette references. The diary entries commence on 1 January 1918. Some of the personalities mentioned in these diary entries include Rawlinson, Hobbs,...

RCDIG0000008

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1918

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1918 diary. These items include name cards, newspaper clippings and official messages. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping titled 'Hope for British...

RCDIG0000009

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1919

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences on 1 January 1919 with visits to towns and cities on the Western Front including Lille and Etaples. Back in England, Birdwood records morning horse rides with Wattle. Entries from 15 November detail his departure to Australia and...

RCDIG0000010

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1919

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1919 diary. These items include newspaper clippings and handwritten notes. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping, no title [report on Gallipoli],...

RCDIG0000011

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1920

This personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood commences with 128 pages of advertisements and a trade and services directory. Diary entries commence from the Esplanade Hotel, Perth on 1 January 1920. Diary entries are very detailed about daily visits and activities related to the...

RCDIG0000012

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1920

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1920 diary. These items include newspaper clippings and name cards. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping, no title [reports the birth of a son for...

RCDIG0000013

Series 3: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Lord Liverpool, 1915-1919

A series of letters exchanged between Birdwood and Lord Liverpool (Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe), Governor of New Zealand. These letters discuss topics such as the withdrawal of troops from Gallipoli, the use of New Zealand hospital ships, reinforcements, training of troops, and...

RCDIG0000028

Letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Lord Liverpool, 1915-1919

Folder of six letters written by Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe (Lord Liverpool) to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 7 June 1917. These letters discuss the SS Maheno, the standard of New Zealand troops, the problems of censorship in regards to telegrams,...

RCDIG0000029

Letters written to Lord Liverpool by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915-1919

Folder of 11 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe (Lord Liverpool), between 13 December 1915 and 20 January 1919. These letters discuss topics such as the SS Maheno, the evacuation from Gallipoli, New Zealand troops, Anzac Day 1916, the...

RCDIG0000030

Series 5: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, 1916-1918

A series of letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir Keith Murdoch, covering in detail the Australian referendum on conscription in 1916, of which Murdoch wrote '...it is characteristic of them that they should genuinely dislike forcing others to come to the hell of...

RCDIG0000034

Correspondence with Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, 1916 -1918

This folder contains 21 letters written by Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 23 October 1915 and 10 June 1918. Also included is a telegram sent by Murdoch to The Sun newspaper in relation to the promotion of Monash to Corps Commander. Some of the topics...

RCDIG0000035

Autograph book for Alfred Thomas Sharp, 1914-1921

Autograph book belonging to Mr Alfred Thomas Sharp. Alfred Sharp was the Commonwealth Immigration Officer of Victoria and was based in the London Office during the First World War. He and his wife hosted and visited many soldiers, particularly those from Victoria, who were recuperating in London. ...

RCDIG0000288

Addresses and accounts by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood 1916 to 1917 - church parade, submission for the Lord Kitchener Memorial Book and the opening of a building in Ismailia

This file contains addresses and accounts given by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between early 1916 and 1917. These addresses were given to Australian troops during a church parade shortly after the evacuation from Gallipoli and at the opening of a building funded by the Australian Red Cross....

RCDIG0000079

Copies of letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Clive Wigram, 1915-1919

This file contains copies of 22 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Clive Wigram between 3 December 1915 and 8 August 1919. These letters are largely written to Wigram in his capacity as the Assistant Secretary to King George V and many mention messages to be passed on to...

RCDIG0000080

Dardanelles and Mesopotamia Commissions Reports and press comments, [Part 1, 1915-1930]

This file contains correspondence, reports regarding operations of the Dardanelles Army, and official reports on the commission into the Dardanelles campaign in 1917. The original envelope in which these official reports were received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood is also included. General...

RCDIG0000081

Outline of prospective operations at Dardanelles on receipt of original orders in February 1915

This file contains reports written and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood in regards to reconnaissance of the Dardanelles in preparation for the Gallipoli landing. The subjects covered include objections to landing in the the Gulf of Xeros, co-operations with the Royal Navy, potential...

RCDIG0000082

Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald

This file contains letters exchanged by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Colonel Oswald Arthur Gerald Fitzgerald between 24 May 1915 and 5 June 1916. Some of the subjects discussed in these letters include the May Armistice at Gallipoli, the evacuation from Gallipoli, re-organisation of the...

RCDIG0000085

Correspondence to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton between 1 April 1915 and 31 January 1917. In some of these letters, Birdwood addresses Hamilton as “General Johnny”. Birdwood has annotated the original cover with some of the...

RCDIG0000086

Correspondence with Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1915-1916

This file contains 10 letters from Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener between 3 May 1915 and 16 January 1916. These letters discuss the landing at Gallipoli, early days at Anzac Cove, Lone Pine, and the evacuation of Anzac Cove, Suvla Bay and Helles. Included in...

RCDIG0000089

Telegrams between Lord Kitchener and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood – Dardanelles Operations

This file contains telegrams exchanged by Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener and Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 3 November 1915 and 8 December 1915. The telegrams are often addressed to General Maxwell, although their intended recipient is usually identified in the text as being Lord...

RCDIG0000090

Despatches – Dardanelles Army – 28/12/15 and 20/1/16 and Order of Battle – Mediterranean Expeditionary Force

This file includes despatches by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about the evacuation from Gallipoli between December 1915 and January 1916. The file itself was identified as Item 10 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in...

RCDIG0000091

Copies of memorandum to: Secretary, Dardanelles Commission [Mr Edward Grimwood Mears]

This file contains letters exchanged by Birdwood and the Secretary of the Dardanelles Commission, Mr Edward Grimwood Mears, between December 1916 and 1 April 1917. These letters discuss the Gallipoli campaign and the evidence required for the Royal Commission into the Dardanelles Campaign. The file...

RCDIG0000092

Miscellaneous papers - Dardanelles operations (official)

This file consists of miscellaneous papers relating to army operations and the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force during 1915. War establishment tables for the Australian New Zealand Army Corps, official rules for correspondence, and the order of battle for the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force are...

RCDIG0000095

List of Naval Call Signals - Dardanelles and Composition of Australian and New Zealand Army Corps

This file consists of documents relating to naval call signals and the composition of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps during 1915. The file itself was identified as Item 15 on Birdwood's original listing of files related to the Dardanelles campaign. This original list can be found in...

RCDIG0000096

[Incoming] cablegrams between General Birdwood, General Maxwell, Admiral Carden and Lord Kitchener - reconnaissance and naval bombardment at Dardanelles

This file contains telegrams, memos and letters sent to either General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell as the General Officer Commanding (Egypt) stationed in Cairo, or Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood as the General Officer Commanding Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, between 21 February and 28...

RCDIG0000098

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] February reconnaissance of Peninsula

This file contains reports written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood about his first visit to Gallipoli in February 1915, and filing lists compiled by Birdwood. Some of the topics discussed in this file include reconnaissance in the Dardanelles, requested supplies for Mudros, and options for...

RCDIG0000100

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] ANZAC landing

This file includes letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood relating to preparations for the landing and operations at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Some of the topics discussed include Birdwood's concern over the delay with executing the plans for the landing, the lack of water on the...

RCDIG0000101

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Turkish attack on ANZAC position on 18/19 May – Liman von Sanders

This file includes reports written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood relating to the Turkish counter attacks of 18 and 19 May 1915. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376...

RCDIG0000102

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Turkish attack on 31 May - at instigation of Enver Pasha

This file focuses on the Turkish attack of 31 May 1915 and reports from an English-speaking Armenian prisoner. The file itself was part of Item 1 on Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in 3DRL/3376...

RCDIG0000103

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Operations during August

This file includes letters, reports, and orders related to operations at Gallipoli during August 1915. Subjects discussed in these items include water supply, the landscape of Gallipoli, plans for Hill 971, and reports on the actions at Lone Pine and the Turkish counter attack of 10 August 1915....

RCDIG0000104

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Urgent need for reinforcements and provision of canteen

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to General Sir Walter Pipon Braithwaite, General Sir Ian Standish Monteith Hamilton, and General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell about the need for reinforcements and the provision of canteen stores. The letters were written...

RCDIG0000105

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Relative positions of 9th Corps Right Flank and ANZAC left

This file contains letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding the 9th Corps right flank between 25 August and 2 December 1915. This file was part of Item 1 on Birdwood's list of files submitted as evidence to the Dardanelles Commission. This original list can be found in...

RCDIG0000106

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Evacuation Operations

This file contains letters and telegrams written between 4 November 1915 and 13 February 1917 about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla. The correspondence in this file includes plans for the evacuation and reports written after it was completed. This file was part of Item 1 on Field Marshal...

RCDIG0000107

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Anzac - Suvla Evacuation file

This file contains letters and telegrams about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla that were sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 December 1915 and 17 December 1915. Also mentioned in this file are plans for Helles before evacaution. This file contains...

RCDIG0000108

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from ANZAC – Suvla Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams about the evacuation from ANZAC Cove and Suvla that were sent and received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 1 December 1915 and 17 December 1915. Also mentioned in this file are plans for Helles before evacuation. This file contains...

RCDIG0000109

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Suvla [Helles] Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 11 January 1916. This correspondence discusses the evacuation from Helles. Some of the correspondents in this file are Birdwood as General Officer Commanding Dardanelles...

RCDIG0000110

[Material prepared for evidence before Dardanelles Commission] Extracts from Helles Evacuation File

This file contains letters and telegrams written or received by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 22 December 1915 and 11 January 1916. This correspondence discusses the evacuation from Helles. Some of the correspondents in this file are Birdwood as General Officer Commanding Dardanelles...

RCDIG0000111

Miscellaneous papers on ANZAC and the war, 1915-1920

This file contains reports, telegrams, maps and articles related to Gallipoli and the Western Front during the First World War. Included in this file are Turkish documents and reports from interviews with Turkish officers after the war. This file also includes material from 1900, as well as some...

RCDIG0000114

Letter by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood regarding the last man to leave Gallipoli

This file contains a letter written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood in regards to a letter that he received about the last man to leave Gallipoli. This is a typed copy of the original reply that was sent to Mr Park dated 25 September 1933. In this letter, Birdwood comments on the numbers of...

RCDIG0000115

Letter from Field Marshal William Birdwood to Mrs Adam, 1916

Letter relating to the First World War service of 1901 Sergeant Robert William Wyllie Adam, 11th Battalion, France, 1916. The letter was written by Field Marshal Birdwood to Mrs Adam on the 23 August 1916 and expresses his sympathy for the loss of her son.

RCDIG0000194

Letterbook for Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 1916-1918

Transcribed letterbook relating to the First World War service of Captain Harold Edwin Salisbury Armitage, 50th Battalion. The original letters were written whilst serving in Mudros and France and sent by Harold Armitage to his parents between 5 June 1916 and 10 January 1918. The letters describe...

RCDIG0000398

Diary of Verner Gladders Knuckey, 1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1586 Private Verner Gladders Knuckey, 2nd Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. The diary was kept by Private Knuckey between 16 December 1917 and 16 May 1918. In the diary Private Knuckey describes the effects of cold weather on morale, recounts an...

RCDIG0000464

Transcript diary of Verner Gladders Knuckey, 1917-1918

Transcript of a diary relating to the First World War service of 1586 Private Verner Gladders Knuckey, 2nd Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. The original diary was kept by Private Knuckey between 16 December 1917 and 16 May 1918. In the diary Private Knuckey describes the effects of cold weather...

RCDIG0000474

War letters of General Monash: Volume 1, 24 December 1914 - 4 March 1917

File relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file consists of one bound volume of letters transcribed in 1934 with the contents ranging in dates from 24 December 1914 to 4 March 1917. These letters cover Monash's departure from Australia...

RCDIG0000569

War letters of General Monash: Volume 2, 4 March 1917 - 28 December 1918

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file consists of one bound volume of letters transcribed in 1934 with the contents ranging in dates from 4 March 1916 to 28 December 1918. These letters cover Monash's...

RCDIG0000570

Miscellaneous letters and telegrams, 17 March - 27 August 1918

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file consist of programs, letters and telegrams collected by Monash between 17 March 1918 and 27 August 1918. This file contains: Description of acts for the opera 'Manole', in...

RCDIG0000571

Personal Files Book 5, 16 May - 25 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 16 May to 25 May 1915 and includes messages, signals and other official correspondence relating to troop movement, defensive action, various operations,...

RCDIG0000588

Personal Files Book 5, 25 May - 10 June 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 25 May 1915 and 10 June 1915 and includes information on the distribution of troops in the 4th Brigade, coordination of trench relief, reports on key...

RCDIG0000589

Personal Files Book 6, 12 July - 3 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 12 July 1915 and 3 August 1915 and includes information on troop movement, the promotion of officers, intelligence reports, information on gas...

RCDIG0000591

Personal Files Book 6, 3 August - 7 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 3 August 1915 to 7 August 1915 and includes extensive official documents and communications relating to the attack on Hill 971, carried out...

RCDIG0000592

Personal Files Book 7, 8 August - 15 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 8 August 1915 to 15 August 1915 and includes summaries of events during the attack on Hill 971, information on the 15th Infantry Battalion,...

RCDIG0000593

Personal Files Book 9, 10 September - 30 October 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 9, covers 10 September 1915 to 30 October 1915 and includes divisional orders on the movement of troops through Lemnos harbour, papers relating to...

RCDIG0000601

Personal Files Book 10, 25 November - 30 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 25 November 1915 to 30 November 1915 and includes letters from Monash questioning the lack of officers in the 13th Battalion and requesting...

RCDIG0000605

Personal Files Book 11, 1 December - 25 December 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 1 December 1915 to 25 December 1915 and includes documents relating to the preparations for and eventual evacuation of Gallipoli as well as...

RCDIG0000606

Personal Files Book 12, 1 March - 29 April 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 1 March 1916 to 29 April 1916 and includes documents relating to troop training, specifically on machine guns and grenades, a booklet...

RCDIG0000610

Personal Files Book 12, 2 May - 31 May 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 2 May 1916 to 31 May 1916 and includes recommendations for the promotions of Captain Locke and Captain Hansen, a list of promotions,...

RCDIG0000612

Personal Files Book 13, 1 July - 16 August 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 1 July 1916 and 16 August 916, contains aerial photographs and maps of the trenches around Lys, advice on fighting in France and the 'lessons...

RCDIG0000614

Personal Files Book 14, 1 December 1916 - 10 February 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 1 December 1916 to 10 February 1917 and includes an extensive report on weather patterns in France, a circular on rationing of stores,...

RCDIG0000617

Personal Files Book 15, 1 April - 10 May 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 1 April 1917 to 10 May 1917 and includes a number of documents titled 'Magnum Opus', relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917. These...

RCDIG0000619

Personal Files Book 15, 10 May - 9 June 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 10 May 1917 to 9 June 1917 and includes documents and messages relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917, timetables for specific attacks...

RCDIG0000620

Personal Files Book 16, 1 August - 3 September 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 16, covers 1 August 1917 to 3 September 1917 and includes documents relating to a number of small offensives fought during Passchendaele. The documents...

RCDIG0000622

Personal Files Book 17, 1 November 1917 - 13 January 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 1 November 1917 to 13 January 1918 and includes orders, operation documents and plans relating to the third phase of fighting at Ypres. It...

RCDIG0000625

Personal Files Book 17, 14 January - 11 February 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 14 January 1918 to 11 February 1918 and includes correspondence between Monash and Brigadier General Goddard relating to the return of Captain...

RCDIG0000626

Personal Files Book 17, 11 February - 18 March 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 11 February 1918 to 18 March 1918 and includes documents relating to a number of raids carried out in February and March. In particular, it...

RCDIG0000627

Personal Files Book 18, 28 March - 20 April 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 28 March 1918 to 20 April 1918 and includes correspondence regarding the defensive action at Morlancourt, statements supporting Sergeant...

RCDIG0000628

Personal Files Book 18, 21 April - 8 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 21 April 1918 to 8 May 1918 and includes an account of the death of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (the Red Baron) drawn from eyewitness...

RCDIG0000629

Personal Files Book 18, 8 May - 25 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 8 May 1918 to 25 May 1918 and includes correspondence regarding damage to civilian property in France by Australian personnel, a translated...

RCDIG0000630

Personal Files Book 18, 25 May - 3 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 25 May 1918 to 3 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ascension to comand of the Australian Corps and the make up of the...

RCDIG0000631

Personal Files Book 19, 4 June - 24 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 4 June 1918 to 24 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ongoing assessment of the Australian Corps and plans for the Hamel...

RCDIG0000632

Personal Files Book 19, 23 June - 7 July 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 23 June 1918 to 7 July 1918 and includes documents relating to the Hamel Offensive on 4 July 1918. These documents include a proposal paper...

RCDIG0000633

Personal Files Book 20, 31 July - 15 August 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 20, covers 31 July to 15 August 1918 and includes documents and messages relating to the Battle of Amiens. It includes a detailed outline and plan for...

RCDIG0000635

Personal Files Book 20, 15 August - 8 September 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 20, covers 15 August 1918 to 8 September 1918 and includes documents relating to the actions at Peronne and Mont St. Quentin and plans for the Battle of...

RCDIG0000636

Personal Files Book 21, 10 September - 3 October 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 10 September 1918 to 3 October 1918 and includes documents relating to the Epehy and Beaurevoir actions as well as plans for a restructuring...

RCDIG0000637

Personal Files Book 21, 25 November - 31 December 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 25 November 1918 to 31 December 1918 and includes lists of the work done by allied forces in 1918, notes from talks with the Prime Minster...

RCDIG0000639

Personal Files Book 22, 1 February - 10 April 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 22, covers 1 February 1919 to 10 April 1919 and includes advice on returning to Australian, the number of soldiers of Jewish faith,...

RCDIG0000641

Series 2: Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This series includes official and personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Henry Goddard. This series contains: Official Correspondence, 1915-1919; Personal Correspondence, 1917-1955.

RCDIG0000652

Sub Series 2: Personal Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This sub series consists of letters of a personal nature received and sent by Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard during the years 1917 and 1955. This includes letters sent by Goddard's son during 1917 and numerous letters from soldiers of the 9th Infantry Brigade congratulating their...

RCDIG0000654

Personal correspondence received by Henry Arthur Goddard

Personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. This file includes letters from Brigadier General Goddard's family, friends and fellow soldiers. This file contains: Letter from Leo [son] to Father [Goddard], 27 May 1917; Letter from Leo...

RCDIG0000788

Letters to Alice Ross-King, 1917-1949

Letters relating to the First World War and Second World War service of Sister Alice Ross-King, 2nd Australian Casualty Clearing Station. Included in this file are letters congratulating Ross-King on her award of the Military Medal and the Royal Red Cross. Also included are two citations from the...

RCDIG0000861

Letters and documents relating to John Adams, 1917-1921

Letters relating to the First World War Service of 255 Lieutenant John Adams, 54th Battalion. Included in this file is a series of letters to Adams from various senior officers congratulating him on being awarded the Military Cross and Bar as well as his general good conduct. Also included is a...

RCDIG0000863

Diary of Ronald Alison McInnis, 1916-1919

Diary relating to the First World War service of 399 Lieutenant Ronald Alison McInnis, 53rd Battalion. In this diary McInnis details his experiences as an engineer whilst serving with 26 Battalion and later 53 Battalion. Having been sent to the front line in France from Egypt, he describes the...

RCDIG0000885

Diary of Ronald Alison McInnis, 1915-1919

Diary relating to the First World War service of 399 Lieutenant Ronald Alison McInnis, 53rd Battalion. In this diary McInnis details his experiences as an engineer whilst serving with 26 Battalion and later 53 Battalion. He documents his initial training and service in Egypt and at Gallipoli from...

RCDIG0000887

Letters relating to Cecil Charles Harpur Baldwin, 1916-1918

Letters relating to the First World War service of 3019 Sergeant Cecil Charles Harpur Baldwin, 3rd Infantry Battalion. In a series of letters to his mother, Baldwin details his experiences whilst serving with 3rd Battalion on the Western Front. He describes 'listening' duty in the trenches at...

RCDIG0000912

Transcript of diaries of Alexander Jackson Cunningham, 1914-1918

Transcript of diaries relating to the First World War service of Captain Alexander Jackson Cunningham 2nd Field Company Engineers. The transcripts cover of all four diaries, from 19 October 1914 to 17 May 1918, and provide detailed descriptions of his First World War service. The diaries serve as...

RCDIG0000916

Diary of Alexander Jackson Cunningham, 1914-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Captain Alexander Jackson Cunningham, 2nd Field Company Engineers. In this diary, kept between 17 October 1914 and 4 July 1916, Cunningham describes his journey to Egypt and subsequent deployment to the Gallipoli peninsula. As an accompaniment to his...

RCDIG0000917

Diary of Alexander Jackson Cunningham, 1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Captain Alexander Jackson Cunningham, 2nd Field Company Engineers. In this diary, kept between 4 July 1916 and 1 October 1916, Cunningham describes many locations on the Western Front, in particular those of Pozieres and the Ypres salient, and...

RCDIG0000918

Typed copy of letters from Frederick William Rowe to his family, 1914-1915

Letters relating to the First World Service of 953 Bombardier Frederick William Rowe, 2nd Field Artillery Brigade. Rowe describes the sights of Egypt (especially those of Cairo), military life, obervations of and memorable events involving his fellow Australian troops, the landing at ANZAC Cove,...

RCDIG0000930

Diary of Alice Ross-King, 1917-1919

Diary relating to the First World War service of Sister Alice Ross-King. The diary, kept between 21 January 1917 and February 1919, details Ross-King's service with the Australian Army Nursing Service in France from 1917 to 1919. The entries in this diary differ somewhat to those preceding it. With...

RCDIG0000975

Transcript of diaries of Alice Ross-King, 1915-1919

Transcript of diaries relating to the First World War service of Sister Alice Ross-King, Australian Army Nursing Service. The transcript contains all of Sister Ross-King's diaries covering her wartime experiences and dating between 17 January 1915 and February 1919. For details of each individual...

RCDIG0000976

Transcript of diary of Ben William Champion, 1915-1918

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Ben William Champion, 1st Infantry Battalion. In this diary, kept between 11 May 1915 and August 1918, Champion describes life on board his troop ship, the conduct of a burial at sea, the daily military routine in camp in...

RCDIG0000977

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1916-1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1916 and 19 January 1917, Reynolds details his convalescence in England in early 1916 and his return service on the Western Front in early...

RCDIG0001014

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Transcript of letters from Arthur Thomas to his family, 1915-1918

Letters relating to the First World War service of 3470 Corporal Arthur Thomas, 6th Battalion. These letters, written between 15 October 1915 and 7 June 1918, were transcribed into one document by the family of Thomas. In these letter Thomas covers: embarkation day including what he called the...

RCDIG0001095

Diary of Arthur Thomas, 1916-1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 3470 Corporal Arthur Thomas, 6th Battalion. This diary was written by Thomas between 20 July 1916 and 5 June 1918 and it covers: building fortifications and digging trenches un protected in front of the Allied line out at night under direct German...

RCDIG0001096

Transcript of diaries of Arthur Thomas, 1916-1918

Transcript of diaries relating to the First World War service of 3470 Corporal Arthur Thomas, 6th Battalion. Transcript of the diary written by Arthur Thomas between 20 July 1916 and 5 June 1918 and was made by Thomas' family after the his death in 1918.

RCDIG0001097

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1433 Private John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 8th Battalion. This is the first of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war, and documents his embarkation and subsequent service at Gallipoli with the 8th Battalion. This diary was...

RCDIG0001106

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1433 Private John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 8th Battalion. This is the second of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in the years 1915 and 1916 originally written between 7 November 1915 and 26...

RCDIG0001107

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1295 Driver John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 5th Divisional Ammunition Column. This is the fifth of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in 1918, originally written 1 January 1918 and 31 August...

RCDIG0001110

Letters from Wilfred Denver Gallwey to his family, January 1917 to July 1917

Letters relating to the First World War service of 2430 Lance Corporal Wilfred Denver Gallwey, 47th Battalion. The letters were written to various members of his immediate family between January 1917 and July 1917. In these letters Gallwey describes: his visit to London in January; his opinion of...

RCDIG0001139

Series 1: Diaries and notebook of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1914-1915

This series contains the diaries and notebook of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. The three diaries cover McCrae’s journey to Egypt in 1914 and his service at Gallipoli the following year. The diaries have been transcribed from originals by McCrae’s father. This series also contains...

RCDIG0001240

Diary of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1915 (Vol. 1)

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. This is a handwritten transcription made by McCrae’s father at some stage before the transcription was donated in 1927. The location of the original diary is unknown. This is the first of a two part...

RCDIG0001242

Notes, messages and letters of Thomas Walter White

File of notes, messages and letters, made during the First World War, relating to Captain Thomas Walter White, Mesopotamian Half Flight, Australian Flying Corps. This file contains: Handwritten note in French, 24 July 1918, to Thomas Walter White; Handwritten message, 17 November 1918, from Aero...

RCDIG0001335

Heraldry

Field Marshal's baton : Field Marshal Lord W R Birdwood of Anzac

Silver gilt field marshal's baton. Both ends are wreathed in laurel, tudor rose, thistle and shamrock pattern. The baton is surmounted by a silver gilt figure of St George killing the dragon. Body of baton is covered with crimson velvet studded with gilt lions. Each end bears 'SG', London hallmarks...

REL/04253.001

Case for Field Marshal's baton : Field Marshal Lord W R Birdwood of Anzac

Wooden case, covered with crimson velvet, to house a field marshal's baton. The inside of the lid is lined with cream satin and the base with cream velvet. The satin inside the lid is stamped in black with a king's crown and 'GARRARD & CO. LTD. Goldsmiths Jewellers, &c. TO THE KING By Special...

REL/04253.002

Boxed presentation shaving set : Lieutenant Colonel W R Birdwood

Rectangular wooden veneer box fitted with a lock, with all edges reinforced with brass banding. A sterling silver presentation plaque is mounted on the lid, and reads 'Presented to LIEUT COLONEL W. R. BIRDWOOD By The Lord Mayor of Sheffield Ald. George Senior, J.P. Sep 30 1902'. The plaque is...

REL/03394

Full dress helmet : Field Marshal Lord Birdwood, Household Cavalry

German silver full dress helmet with silver, gilt and enamel plate, gilt tudor rose bosses and decoration down back, gilt star and ball on top surmounted by a hollow German silver spike to take plume. Lower edge of helmet is bound in gilt. Gilt chin scales are backed with black leather. Brown...

RELAWM15254.006

Plume for Household Cavalry helmet : Field Marshal Lord Birdwood

Scarlet yak hair plume in gilded metal holder, with large gilt tudor rose boss at the top of the plume. To fit into socket on full dress Household Cavalry helmet RELAWM15254.006.

RELAWM15254.007

Framed letter to Lieutenant L A Harris from General Sir William Birdwood

Framed letter to Lieutenant Harris from General Sir William Birdwood congratulating him on the award of the Military Cross. A piece of Military Cross ribbon is attached to the upper left corner. The letter reads '1st Anzac Corps, 26th June, 1917. Dear Harris, This is a line to congratulate you very...

REL33750

Military Cross ribbon bar : Lieutenant R J Poore, 56th Battalion, AIF

Military Cross ribbon bar with white and purple silk ribbon and a brooch-pin back. Tied to the ribbon bar with a length of string is a glazed linen Australian War Museums object label on which is printed, 'AUSTRALIAN WAR MUSEUMS / Giver / Unit / Date when found / Place when found / Particulars of...

RELAWM12147

Technology

British Household Cavalry Officer Dress Sword and Scabbard : Field Marshal Lord Birdwood, Royal Horse Guards

British Household Cavalry Officer dress sword and scabbard. The hilt has a nickel plated steel guard with a crown over HC cypher, stud decorations and checkered pommel in gild brass. The grip is wood covered with fishskin and bound with german silver wire. Attached to the guard is a white buff...

RELAWM15260.001

British Pattern 1822 Artillery Officer's Sword and Scabbard : Field Marshal Lord Birdwood

Pattern 1822 Artillery Officer's sword and scabbard. The hilt has a a nickel plated three bar guard and backstrap. The fishskin grip is bound with silver wire and there is a brown leather sword knot attached to the guard near the pommel. The blade has a single fuller to each side of the blade and...

RELAWM15261

Sound

"Anzac Day Commemoration Programme". A radio re-enactment of the conversation on 12 March 1915 when Lord Kitchener assigned the command of all land forces for the invasion of the Dardanelles to General Sir Ian Hamilton.

A radio re-enactment of the conversation on 12 March 1915 between Lord Kitchener and General Sir Ian Hamilton when Lord Kitchener assigned the command of all land forces for the invasion of The Dardanelles to General Hamiliton.

S00136

"The Australian Soldier", by Field Marshal Lord Birdwood of Anzac

Field Marshal Lord Birdwood describes his impressions of the character of Australian soldiers.

S00174

'A Farewell Message to Australia' by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood of Anzac

"By the courtesy of the Australian Broadcasting Commission I am able to send a few words of farewell to my old comrades of the AIF and the NZTF. All throughout the war we were one force in spirit and brotherhood.It seems only yesterday I was sitting drinking on my arrival from the old country, and...

S00202

Timeline

Date of birth 1865-09-13 Kirkee, India.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1883 Joined the Royal Scots Fusiliers.
Other units 1885 - 1899 Served in India as a cavalry officer with the 12th Lancers, 11th Bengal Lancers and Viceroy's Bodyguard.
Other 1899 - 1902 Served in South Africa on the staff of General Lord Kitchener.
Date of honour or award 1908 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE).
Date promoted 1911 Promoted to major general.
Other 1912 Served as Secretary of the Indian Army Department.
Other units 1914-11 Chosen to command a corps composed of the Australian and New Zealand troops in Egypt. They became known as the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps or ANZAC. This corps later served in Gallipoli.
Date promoted 1914-12-12 Appointed temporary lieutenant general.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Date wounded 1915 Seriously wounded at Gallipoli.
Date of honour or award 1915-01-01 Knight Commander of the Order of the Star of India (KCSI).
Other 1915-03 Sent to report on the naval attack on the Dardenelles.
Date of honour or award 1915-06-23 Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG).
Date promoted 1915-10-28 Promoted major general.
Date promoted 1915-10-28 Promoted to lieutenant general and General Officer Commanding of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
Other units 1915-11-19 Took command of the Dardenelles Army.
Date of honour or award 1916-01-28 Mention in Despatches.
Other units 1916-02-17 Took command of I Anzac Corps.
Date of honour or award 1916-02-24 French Legion of Honour - 2nd Class Grand Officer.
Date of honour or award 1916-04-10 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1916-07-13 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1916-07-25 Mention in Despatches.
Date promoted 1916-09 - 1918-05 Formally appointed commander of the AIF.
Date of honour or award 1917-01-04 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1917-02-14 Belgian Order of La Couronne - Grand Officer.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-03-14
Date of honour or award 1917-05-15 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1917-06-04 Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
Date promoted 1917-10-23 Promoted to general.
Other 1917-11-03 Aide de camp to His Majesty the King.
Date of honour or award 1918-03-11 Gazetted French Croix de Guerre.
Other units 1918-05-31 Given command of the British Fifth Army.
Date of honour or award 1919-01-01 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG).
Date of honour or award 1919-03-11 Gazetted French Croix de Guerre, avec Palme.
Date of honour or award 1919-08-21 Portuguese Order of the Avis - Grand Officer.
Date of honour or award 1919-12-30 Created Baron Birdwood of Anzac.
Date promoted 1920 Promoted to general.
Date of honour or award 1923 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB).
Date promoted 1925 - 1930 Promoted to field marshal and became Companion in Chief, India.
Other 1930 Retired from the Army.
Date of honour or award 1930-01-01 Knight Grand Commander of the the Order Star of India (GCSI).
Date of death 1951-05-17 Middlesex, England. Birdwood was buried with full military honours.