Biography

Birth date: 26 October 1863
Birth place: United Kingdom: England, Somerset, Stogursey
Death date: 19 September 1930
Death place: United Kingdom: England, Greater London, London
Final rank: Major General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 1 Division
  • Australian Army Medical Corps
  • MEF (Staff)
  • NSW AMC
  • Staff
  • ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (NSW)
  • Headquarters Staff
  • 1st Australian Division
  • Australian Medical Team

Neville Howse was born on 26 October 1863 at Stogursey, Somerset, in England. He was educated at Fullard's House School, Taunton, before studying medicine at London Hospital. Howse migrated to New South Wales, establishing his first practice in Newcastle before moving to Taree. After undertaking postgraduate work in England, Howse returned to Australia in 1897 and settled in Orange.

In January 1900 he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the New South Wales Medical Corps and sailed for South Africa. He was serving with a mounted infantry brigade at Vredefort where, on 24 July, he rescued a wounded man under heavy fire. For this he was awarded Australia's first Victoria Cross. He was promoted to captain in October the same year.

Howse returned to Australia, but went back to South Africa as an honorary major in the Australian Medical Corps in February 1902, just as the war was ending. Howse was twice elected mayor of Orange and married Evelyn Pilcher in Bathurst in 1905. When the First World War began in 1914 he was appointed principal medical officer to the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force to German New Guinea, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. His medical knowledge and logistical skills ensured that there were no cases of serious illness and he returned to Australia in time to join the first AIF contingent as staff officer to the Surgeon General, director of medical services.

In December 1914 Howse was promoted to colonel and appointed assistant director of medical services, 1st Australian Division. At Gallipoli he took charge of evacuating wounded men from the beach in the campaign's opening days. "Shells and bullets he completely disregarded", wrote one officer, but "to the wounded he was gentleness itself." Unafraid to speak his mind, at the Dardanelles commission in 1917 Howse described the arrangements for dealing with the wounded at the landing as inadequate to the point of "criminal negligence" on the part of the Imperial authorities. In September 1915 he was given command of ANZAC medical services and in November became director of the AIF's medical services.

Based in London once the AIF moved to France, Howse made regular visits to France and retained control of the Australian Army Medical Corps in Egypt and Palestine. He consistently endeavoured to maintain the physical standards of the AIF and late in the war attributed its success in part to the efforts he and his staff made in ensuring the physical and moral fitness of Australian front-line soldiers.

Howse was knighted in 1917 and in 1920 made a brief return to private practice before resuming work with the army. He resigned in 1922 and won the federal seat of Calare for the National Party. He held several ministerial portfolios, including defence and health. In 1930 he went to England for medical treatment but died of cancer on 19 September. He was survived by his wife and five children.

Rolls and Awards

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Major
  • Unit: ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (NSW)
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Major
  • Unit: Australian Medical Team
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Unit: ARMY MEDICAL CORPS (NSW)
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 21 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian Army Medical Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: Australian Army Medical Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Headquarters Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: MEF (Staff)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: NSW AMC
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Private Record

Howse, Neville R (Major General, VC, Australian Army Medical Corps)

Certificates and Commissioning Warrants covering Major General Howse's service. Maker: Howse, Neville Reginald

3DRL/1980

Howse, Major-General Sir Neville VC

Extensive range of papers (correspondence, reports, files) relating to the operations of the AIF medical services during the war of 1914-1918. Presents both an overview and an in depth analysis of the AAMC. Includes correspondence with leading army, medical and political figures of the time. Maker: Howse, Neville Reginald

2DRL/1351

Millard, Reginald Jeffery, OBE, CMG (Colonel, b.1868 - d.1943)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Colonel Reginald Jeffery Millard, OBE, CMG, Army Medical Corps, Egypt, Gallipoli, Mudros Island, 1914-1915. Collection consists of a typescript copy of extracts from Colonel Millard's personal diary, written between 8 December 1914 and 26... Maker: Millard, Reginald Jeffery

1DRL/0499 (With records)

Hurley, Thomas Ernest Victor (Lieutenant Colonel, b.1888 - d.1958)

Collection relating to the service of Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Ernest Victor Hurley, AAMC, Egypt, Gallipoli, France, England, 1914-1918. Collection consists of a handwritten narrative of service with the AAMC, particularly the formation of 2 Field Ambulance at Broadmeadows (Vic), later... Maker: Hurley, Thomas Ernest Victor

1DRL/0370

Gellibrand, John (Major General, Sir, KCB, DSO)

ARTICLES, LETTERS, PHOTOGRAPHS, TELEGRAMS, AND OTHER PAPERS RELATING TO GELLIBRAND'S SERVICE CAREER AND PEACE TIME ACTIVITIES. INCLUDES LETTERS FROM NOTABLE MILITARY FIGURES SUCH AS TALBOT-HOBBS, BIRDWOOD, ALLEN, HOWSE AND SMYTHE Maker: Gellibrand, John

3DRL/6405

Photograph

A00712A

Group portrait of staff Officers at Mena Camp. Left to right: back row: Historian Captain (Capt) Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean; Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith; Capt J T Fitzgerald; Major T Matson; Capt W J Foster; Capt T Griffiths; Lt E C P Plant; Capt S M E R L de Bucy; Lt R G Casey, (later Governor...

A00712A

A01189

Studio portrait (autographed) of General Sir Neville R Howse VC, who was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1900 during the Boer War. During the First World War he became the chief medical officer of the AIF. Howse had formerly held the position of mayor in Orange, NSW.

A01189

A01189A

Studio portrait of General Sir Neville R Howse VC, who was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1900 during the Boer War. During the First World War he became the chief medical officer of the AIF. Howse had formerly held the position of mayor in Orange, NSW. (Cropped from original (autographed) print,...

A01189A

A02213

A group of twenty six medical officers talking outside a tent after a lecture by Sir Victor Horsley on the effects of gunshot wounds to the head. This was the precursor of the Anzac Medical Association which was formally convened on 7 November 1915 with Colonel (Col) Neville Howse VC as its...

A02213

A02711

Studio portrait of Captain Neville Reginald Howse VC, New South Wales Army Medical Corps in the Boer War uniform and wearing the Victoria Cross (VC) medal and ribbon for the Queen's South Africa medal. On 4 December 1901 he was decorated with his VC at Victoria Barracks, Paddington, NSW. On 24 July...

A02711

C00694A

Portrait of Colonel Neville Reginald Howse VC, Australian Army Medical Corps, Deputy Director of Medical Services for the Anzac Corps, and Colonel C C Rielly CB, Royal Army Medical Corps.

C00694A

C00694B

Group portrait of four officers. Identified left to right: Major Arthur Hamilton Tebbutt, Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services, Australian Division (later Lieutenant Colonel, OC Field Ambulance, Specialist Pathologist); Captain Claude John Tozer (later Major and awarded a DSO), 3rd Field...

C00694B

C00695

Major General (Maj Gen) Sir Neville Reginald Howse VC, Director of Medical Services, AIF. Maj Gen Howse was awarded his Victoria Cross during the Boer War. In 1917 he became a Knight Commander of the Bath.

C00695

C00696

Portrait of Colonel (Col) Neville Reginald Howse VC. Colonel Howse served with the Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) that went to German New Guinea, and was present at the capture of Rabaul in September 1914. He left Australia with the first contingent of the AIF, and...

C00696

C00699

Major Hugh Raymond Poate of the Australian Army Medical Corps (AAMC) (bending over) cuts Colonel (Col) Neville Reginald Howse's hair, while Major Claude John Tozer AAMC (standing on the left) waits his turn. At this time Col Howse was Assistant Director of Medical Services, 1st Australian...

C00699

D00026

Informal portrait of Major General Sir N R Howse VC KCB DMS, at AIF Administrative Headquarters, Horseferry Road.

D00026

D00026A

Informal portrait of Major General Sir N R Howse VC KCB DMS, at AIF Administrative Headquarters, Horseferry Road.

D00026A

D00029

At the funeral of Sir George Reid, Australian officials and statesmen are entering Putney Vale cemetery. Back row, left to right: Surgeon General Howse (behind Blyth); General Griffiths (partly obscured); A E Box (behind Fisher). Front row: Lord Blyth (carrying umbrella); Right Honourable (Rt Hon)...

D00029

E03368

Brigadier General T Griffiths CMG DSO and Major General Sir N R Howse VC KCB and an unidentified officer, paying a visit to 3rd Divisional Headquarters at Doingt, prior to their departure for Australia.

E03368

G00933

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. At General Bridges' first Headquarters at Anzac, during lunch. The officers in the photograph, reading from left to right, are: General Bridges, (in dugout); Lieutenant Riches; Private Wicks (Batman to General Bridges); Captain Foster (Aide-de-Camp); Major...

G00933

G01286

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 18 December 1915. General Howse, Major (Maj) Campbell, Maj Hurley. Maj Campbell, was to have been left in charge of the 1st Australian Clearing Hospital, to wait for the Turks in the event of casualties taking place, but as there were none of a serious nature he was...

G01286

G01329

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) C. B. B. White and Lt Col N. R. Howse VC, outside the 1st Divisional Headquarters, White Gully.

G01329

H13989

Gallipoli, Turkey. 15 October 1915. Colonel (later Major General) N.R. Howse (on the left) Commanding ANZAC medical units and Colonel Sir Victor Horsley, Consulting Surgeon, in the Anzac area before evacuation. (Donor Lieutenant Colonel P. Fiaschi through A.J. Withers)

H13989

H15678

Mena, Egypt. 1914. Private C. R. Duke with Colonel N. R. Howse VC in the 4th Battalion, AIF, lines. Colonel Howse had been awarded the VC on 24 July 1900 during the South African war. (Donor Captain C. R. Duke)

H15678

J03363

A PORTRAIT OF MAJOR-GENERAL SIR NEVILLE HOWSE, V.C. (FULL-LENGTH PORTRAIT, TAKEN BEHIND THE WAR MEMORIAL OFFICES, EXHIBITION BUILDINGS, MELBOURNE, BY SUTCLIFFE PTY., LTD., TO THE ORDER OF MR. GEORGE COATES.)

J03363

P03088.003

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Major (Maj) Hugh Raymond Guy Poate cuts the hair of Colonel Howse VC, watched by Captain Tozer. Maj Poate served as a doctor with No. 1 Field Ambulance in Gallipoli and No. 2 AGH in Cairo and No. 3 AGH in Abbassia, Brighton and Abbeville prior to returning to...

P03088.003

A03759

Lieutenant Governor of New South Wales, Sir Frederick Darley GCMG, officiating at a ceremony held at Victoria Barracks, presenting decorations earned by officers during the South African War (Boer War) of 1899-1901. Captain N R Howse Australian Medical Corps (AMC) (in khaki) is receiving the...

A03759

A03083

Group portrait of senior officers of the Australian Imperial Force at Victoria Barracks. Identified from left to right in back row: to the front is Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Herbert William Lloyd (later Major General (Maj Gen)); to the back is Brig Gen Thomas Albert Blamey (later Field Marshal);...

A03083

G01606

Group portrait of the staff of 1st Australian Division. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith, AD, Remounts; Captain (Capt) J. T. Fitzgerald, Field Cashier; Major (Maj) J. Gellibrand, Deputy-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General; Maj T. Matson, ADVS; Capt W. J. Foster, Aide-de-Camp (ADC)...

G01606

P10522.018.003

A group of twenty six medical officers talking outside a tent after a lecture by Sir Victor Horsley on the effects of gunshot wounds to the head. This was the precursor of the Anzac Medical Association which was formally convened on 7 November 1915 with Colonel (Col) Neville Howse VC as its...

P10522.018.003

Art

The incident for which Captain Neville Howse was awarded the VC, Vredefort, July 1900

Captain Neville Reginald Howse from the NSW Medical Corps carrying a wounded soldier from the 2nd Mounted Infantry Brigade. This incident took place in 1900 during action near Vredefort where the soldiers were attempting to capture the Boer commander De Wet. For this act of bravery Captain...

ART29246

Major General Sir Neville Howse, VC

Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, VC, KCB, (later also KCMG), was a medical officer with the New South Wales Army Medical Corps in South Africa, Howse gained the First Victoria Cross awarded to Australian Forces. In 1914 he served with the Australian Naval and Military Expedition which...

ART03351

General William Bridges and his staff watching the manoeuvres of the 1st Australian Division in the desert in Egypt, March 1915

Depicts a group portrait of officers of the Australian Imperial Force, 1st Australian Division in the desert in 1916, some standing and some seated at tables. Standing l-r: Colonel N R Howse VC, Colonel J J Hobbs, Colonel W G Patterson, Colonel J McCay, Colonel E G Sinclair-MacLagan DSO, seated...

ART09425

Technology

Set of two fifty pence coins

Cupro-nickel commemorative coins.Two commemorative fifty pence coins both marking the 150th anniversary of the institution of the Victoria Cross. The reverse of one coin depicts the actual award itself with the date "29 Jan 1856" on the top right hand side, the letters "VC" on the lower right hand...

RELC02776

Sound

Three 'Turn of the Century' ABC Radio Programs featuring Dr Peter Stanley discussing aspects of Australia's military involvement in war and peacekeeping throughout the 1900s

PROGRAM 1: Dr Stanley discuses attitudes to war and Australia's committment to war; Australian's went to the Boer War (South Africa) with idea that war was romantic and adventurous but during the century there was a changing view of war; men went to the Great War initially with enthusiasm but the...

S02107

Heraldry

Geneva Cross brassard: Colonel N R Howse, VC, ADMS Australian Division

White cotton brassard with applied red cotton Geneva Cross. Inked in black beside the cross is, 'N.R.Howse, Col., A.D.M.S., Australian Division'.

RELAWM06037.001

Pair of staff officer's gorget patches: Colonel N R Howse, VC, Australian Army Medical Corps

Pair of scarlet woollen Staff Officer's gorget patches, complete with nickel plated hinged attachment clips. The patches feature a single scarlet cord which terminate with a small brass British Edward VII general service button. The attachment clips are stamped, 'WYATTS PATENT GORGET PATCH...

RELAWM15486.001

Pair of general officer's shoulder badges: Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, VC, Australian Army Medical Corps

Pair of gilded brass general officer's shoulder rank badges, in the form of a crossed sword and baton.

RELAWM15486.004

Registered Letter envelope: Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, VC

Brown paper Registered Letter envelope with linen reinforcement. Originally accompanied Howse's brassards RELAWM06037.001 and RELAWM06037.002. Front of envelope has addresses in blue ink to 'Major General R.N.Howse VC, KCB, Director of Medical Service, A.I.Forces, 130 Horseferry Road, WESTMINSTER,...

RELAWM15486.007

Nine miniature medals: Maj Gen Sir Neville Howse, VC

Nine bar mounted miniature medals for Victoria Cross, Order of the Bath, Order of St Michael & St George, Order of St John of Jerusalem, Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps 'Cape Colony', 'Johannesburg', 'Diamond Hill' and 'Wittebergen', King's South Africa Medal with clasps 'South Africa 1901'...

RELAWM16321

Discharged Returned Soldier Badge: Major General Sir Neville Howse, VC, Australian Army Medical Corps, AIF

Discharged Returned Soldier Badge. Impressed on reverse with badge serial number '185676' and 'STOKES & SONS MELB'.

RELAWM16323

Pair of general officer's gorget patches: Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, VC, Australian Army Medical Corps

Pair of brown velvet Medical Branch general officer's gorget patches, with a central line of gold wire embroideredoak leaves and acorns, which terminate with a small gilded brass general officer's pattern button, featuring a crossed sword and baton within a wreath.

RELAWM15486.002

Ribbon bar: Major General Sir Neville Reginald Howse, VC

Ribbon bar for the Victoria Cross, Companion of The Order of The Bath and the Queens South Africa Medal. The Victoria Cross ribbon has a small bronze Victoria Cross device attached to it.

RELAWM15486.005

Breast star, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George: Major General Sir Neville Howse, Australian Army Medical Corps

Breast star, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George. Unnamed as issued.

RELAWM16319.002

Victory Medal : Major General Sir Neville Howse, Australian Army Medical Corps, AIF

Victory Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

RELAWM16322.004

Victoria Cross : Captain N Howse, New South Wales Army Medical Corps

Victoria Cross. Engraved reverse suspender with recipient's details and reverse cross with date of action.

RELAWM16317A

Neck badge, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath: Major-General Sir Neville Howse

Neck Badge, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Unnamed as issued.

RELAWM16318.001

Breast Star, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath : Major-General Sir Neville Howse

Breast Star, Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath. Unnamed as issued.

RELAWM16318.003

Neck badge, Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem: Major General Sir Neville Howse, Australian Army Medical Corps

Neck badge, Knight of Grace of the Order of St John of Jerusalem. Unnamed as issued.

RELAWM16320.001

Geneva Cross brassard: Colonel N R Howse VC, Assistant Director of Medical Services, Australian Division

White cotton hemmed brassard with applied red cotton Geneva Cross, formed from two rectangles of red cotton twill, all hand stitched. Adjacent to the cross, inscribed in black ink is, 'N.R.Howse, Col., A.D.M.S., Australian Division'. The cotton displays staining.

RELAWM06037.002

Neck badge, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George: Major General Sir Neville Howse, Australian Army Medical Corps, AIF

Neck Badge, Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George. Unnamed as issued.

RELAWM16319.001

Queen's South Africa Medal : Major N R Howse, New South Wales Medical Corps and Commonwealth Horse

Queen's South Africa Medal with clasps 'Cape Colony', 'Johannesburg', 'Diamond Hill', 'Wittebergen', 'South Africa 1901' and 'South Africa 1902'. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

RELAWM16322.001

1914-15 Star : Major General Sir Neville Howse, Australian Army Medical Corps, AIF

1914-15 Star. Impressed reverse with recipient's details.

RELAWM16322.002

Manuscript

Starr, Lady Alison

Manuscript biography of Major General Hon Sir Neville Howse, VC, KCB, KCMG, DMS . Covers his early years in England, service in Boer War, medical practice in Orange, NSW, prior to First World War, his enrty into politics during 1920-1930. Most chapters are concerned with the War, when Howse was in...

MSS1376

Digitised Collection

Typescript extracts from diary of Sir Reginald Jeffery Millard

Typescript extracts from private diary of Major (later Colonel) Sir Reginald Jeffery Millard, OBE, CMG, Australian Army Medical Corps. First extract is dated 8 Dec 1914 and the last extract is dated 25 Jan 1916. These entries cover Millard's arrival and camp life in Egypt, sightseeing, and duties...

RCDIG0000181

Series 1: Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s Personal Diaries, 1915-1920

Six handwritten diaries compiled by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood spanning 1915 - 1920. The diaries commence on 1 January 1915 and cover the period before the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Daily entries record events at Gallipoli including the landing, the armistice in May, Lord...

RCDIG0000001

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1917

The beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood contains notes on despatches in the London Gazette and the dates that they were published. Regular diary entries commence from Corps Headquarters in a chateau at Heilly on 1 January 1917. There are comments about preparing...

RCDIG0000006

Series 4: Correspondence between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir James Allen, 1915-1918

A series of letters between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and the New Zealand Minister for Defence, Sir James Allen. The correspondence covers topics relevant to the New Zealand war effort and also the impact of events that occur in Australia on New Zealand and its population. Some of the...

RCDIG0000031

Letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Sir James Allen, 1915-1918

Folder of 23 letters written to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood by Sir James Allen, New Zealand Minister of Defence, between 31 March 1915 and 3 September 1918. In early 1917, Allen was awarded a KCB and this is reflected in the titles given to the letters within this file. This file also...

RCDIG0000032

Letters written to Sir James Allen and other correspondents by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1915 - 1919

Folder of 29 letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir James Allen, New Zealand Minister of Defence, between 15 May 1915 and 31 October 1919. In early 1917, Allen was awarded a KCB and this is reflected in the titles given to the letters within this file. This folder also...

RCDIG0000033

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1916

This folder contains copies of 13 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 23 January and 31 December 1916. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these...

RCDIG0000040

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1917

This folder contains copies of 16 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 17 January and 31 December 1917. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these...

RCDIG0000041

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1919

This folder contains copies of 7 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 20 January and 4 September 1919. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the subjects discussed in these...

RCDIG0000043

Personal Files Book 15, 1 April - 10 May 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 1 April 1917 to 10 May 1917 and includes a number of documents titled 'Magnum Opus', relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917. These...

RCDIG0000619

Personal Files Book 21, 10 September - 3 October 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 10 September 1918 to 3 October 1918 and includes documents relating to the Epehy and Beaurevoir actions as well as plans for a restructuring...

RCDIG0000637

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Timeline

Date of birth 1863-10-26 Stogursey, Somerset, United Kingdom
Other 1889 Howse came to Australia from the United Kingdom, where he had trained as a doctor. He set up a medical practice at Newcastle and later moved to Taree, NSW.
Other 1895 Returned to England to undertake postgraduate work.
Date returned to Australia 1897 Howse came back to Australia to practice medicine in Orange, NSW.
Date commissioned 1900-01 Comissioned as a lieutenant in the 2nd Contingent of the New South Wales Medical Corps.
Other 1900-02 Arrived in South Africa with the 2nd Contingent of the NSW Medical Corps.
Date of honour or award 1900-07-24 Awarded Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded trumpeter under heavy fire at Vredefort, Orange Free State. In addition to the Victoria Cross, Howse recieved Mention in Despatches for outstanding services. Shortly after this, he was taken prisoner by the Boers while treating another officer under fire, but was released six weeks later as a noncombatant.
Date promoted 1900-10 Promoted to captain.
Date returned to Australia 1901-01
Other 1902-02 Departed for South Africa as an honorary major with the Australian Medical Corps.
Other 1914-08 Appointed principle medical officer of the Australian Navy and Military Expeditionary Force to German New Guinea.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-21
Date promoted 1914-12 Promoted to colonel and appointed assistant director medical services 1st Australian Division.
Date of honour or award 1915-01-24 Companion of the Order of the Bath.
Other 1915-04-25 Landed at Gallipoli with the first convoy of the AIF.
Date of honour or award 1915-08 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1915-09-11 Given command of ANZAC medical services.
Other 1915-11 Appointed director of the AIF's medical services with the temporary rank of surgeon general. Howse was later based at AIF Headquarters in London where he undertook three tours of duty in France in connection with the Medical Corps.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-12-10
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-12-11
Date of honour or award 1917-01-24 Created Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.
Date returned to Australia 1918-10
Other 1919 Returned to AIF Headquarters in London to supervise medical aspects of the large scale repatriation program directed by General Monash. Appointment ended on 1st January 1920.
Date of honour or award 1919-06-03 Gazetted Knight of St John of Jerusalem.
Date of honour or award 1919-07-09 Was gazetted a Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George.
Other 1922 Entered the Commonwealth Parliament as Member for Calare, NSW, in the House of Representatives.
Other 1923-09 Was part of the Australian Delegation to the Fourth Assembly of the League of Nations at Geneva.
Other 1925-01-16 - 1927-04-02 Government Minister for the portfolios of Defence and Health.
Other 1928-02-24 - 1929-10-29 Minister for Health.
Other 1929-10 Lost his seat in the House of Representatives in the general elections.
Other 1930-02 Returned to England.
Date of death 1930-09-19 Died of cancer in London following an operation.