Biography

Birth date: 19 March 1913
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Ballarat
Death date: 05 January 2004
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Final rank: Lieutenant General
Service number: 4/5 - Korea, 1950-1953
45 - Korea, 1950-1953
SP 15209 - Period 1940-1949
SX1436 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • Army
  • 28th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade
  • 5 Australian Division
  • 2/10th Australian Infantry Battalion

Sir Thomas Daly was one of Australia's most renowned soldiers and his career culminated with his appointment as Chief of Australia's General Staff. He was born in Ballarat on 19 March 1913 and originally planned to become a doctor. Having failed, however, to gain entry into the university course of his choice, Daly became interested in attending the Royal Military College, Duntroon; he entered in 1930.

Three years later he graduated as top cadet and in 1934 was commissioned into the 4th Light Horse Regiment. Daly went on to serve with the British Army on India's North-West Frontier in 1938. He returned to Australia the following year and was appointed Adjutant of the 2/10th Battalion after enlisting in the AIF. He served in North Africa where he became the Brigade Major of the 18th Brigade, serving at Tobruk and in the Western Desert. His commander, Major General George Wootten, considered Daly one of his outstanding subordinates.

Daly then went on to attend staff school in Haifa before being appointed Senior Staff Officer to the Militia's 5th Division, with which he served in New Guinea. By 1945 Daly was in command of the 2/10th Battalion, leading them in the invasion of Balikpapan in Borneo and being awarded the Distinguished Service Order. After the war, Daly's military service continued with staff appointments and a period as an instructor at the Staff College, Camberley. He married Heather Fitzgerald in 1946 and in 1948 went to England to attend the Joint Services Staff College. A posting to Duntroon followed and in June 1952 Daly took command of the 28th Commonwealth Brigade - a formation comprising two British and two Australian battalions - then fighting in Korea. Daly was the first Australian to hold this command and his superiors were impressed with his ability.

Further senior command posts followed upon Daly's return to Australia. He was promoted to major general in 1959, became Chief of the General Staff in 1966, and was knighted the following year. His appointment to the Army's senior position coincided with Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War and Daly sought to ensure that Australia's small army was the equal of other, larger national forces. He was a keen supporter of national service, believing that exposing civilians to the military was beneficial to the services and to society.

During his tenure Daly came into conflict with some senior politicians, including the future prime minister, Malcolm Fraser. Daly retired in 1971, held several company directorships, and served as Chair of the Australian War Memorial's Council between 1974 and 1982. He also held honorary rank in the Royal Australian and Pacific Islands Regiments. Remembered as a staunch defender of the military, Daly died in Sydney on 5 January 2004, aged 90.

Rolls and Awards

Honours and Awards : Commander of the Order of the British Empire

  • Unit: 28th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: Korea, 1950-1953

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 2/10th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Army
  • Conflict: Unlinked Conflict

Honours and Awards : United States Officer of the Legion of Merit

  • Unit: 28th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: Korea, 1950-1953

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2/10th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Officer of the Order of the British Empire

  • Unit: 5 Australian Division
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2/10th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Collection Items

Photograph

003164

1940-09. JERUSALEM - PRESENTATION OF AMBULANCES. SIR THOMAS DALY - IN CENTRE. (NEGATIVE BY PARER).

003164

043469

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-09-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (1) GREETING SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (3) DURING THE LORD MAYOR'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL. MR N.J. FLANAGAN, DIRECTOR, AUSTRALIAN WAR...

043469

043470

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-09-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (2) TALKING WITH SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (1), DURING THE LORD MAYOR'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

043470

043471

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-09-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (1) TALKING WITH SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (2), DURING THE LORD MAYOR'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

043471

043472

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-09-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (3), SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (1) AND MR N.J. FLANAGAN, DIRECTOR, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (2) PAUSE TO LOOK AT SOME OF THE ART WORK DURING THE LORD...

043472

043474

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-08-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (1) AND SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (2) LOOKING AT SOME OF THE ART WORK DURING THE LORD MAYOR'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

043474

043478

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT. 1975-08-14. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (1) SHAKING HANDS WITH SIR MURRAY FOX, LORD MAYOR OF LONDON (2) AT THE CONCLUSION OF THE LORD MAYOR'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

043478

043542

CANBERRA, ACT 1975-10-22. HER ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCESS MARGARET ESCORTED BY SENATOR THE HON DOUGLAS MCCLELLAND, SPECIAL MINISTER OF STATE AND LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (AWM), DURING HER VISIT TO THE AWM.

043542

043543

CANBERRA, ACT 1975-10-22. HER ROYAL HIGHNESS PRINCESS MARGARET WITH SENATOR THE HON DOUGLAS MCCLELLAND, SPECIAL MINISTER OF STATE AND LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (AWM), DURING HER VISIT TO THE AWM.

043543

043618

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL CANBERRA, ACT, 1976-03-04. LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL (1) WITH KING HUSSEIN BIN TALAL, KING OF THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN (2), ON THE OCCASION OF THE KING'S VISIT TO THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL.

043618

043787

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, CANBERRA, ACT 1976-12-07. A SPECIAL EXHIBITION FEATURING AUSTRALIAN PRISONERS OF WAR PHOTOGRAPHS AND RELICS, TITLED BARBED WIRE AND BAMBOO, WAS HELD IN THE QUICK CHANGE GALLERY OF THE MEMORIAL. SHOWN, SENATOR J. O'BYRNE, (1) LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD OF...

043787

043843

CANBERRA, ACT. 1977-03-07. HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II AND HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH VISITED THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL DURING THEIR ROYAL TOUR OF AUSTRALIA. SHOWN, HER MAJESTY TALKING TO LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL, WATCHED BY THE...

043843

043844

CANBERRA, ACT. 1977-03-07. HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II AND HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH VISITED THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL DURING THEIR ROYAL TOUR OF AUSTRALIA. SHOWN, HER MAJESTY AND HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS WITH LT-GEN SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR...

043844

043848

CANBERRA, ACT 1977-03-07. HER MAJESTY QUEEN ELIZABETH II AND HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUKE OF EDINBURGH VISITED THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL DURING THEIR ROYAL TOUR OF AUSTRALIA. SHOWN, HER MAJESTY TALKING TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR THOMAS DALY, CHAIRMAN, BOARD OF TRUSTEES, AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL,...

043848

085010

KAIRI, ATHERTON TABLELAND, QLD. 1944-12-25. LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR L.J. MORSHEAD, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANNDING 1 CORPS, (2), PRESENTING PRIZES AT THE CONCLUSION OF A RACE MEETING HELD AT THE KAIRI SPORTS GROUND. A TOTALISATOR WAS OPERATED BY FIELD CASH OFFICE, HEADQUARTERS 7 DIVISION AND JOCKEYS...

085010

082063

KAIRI, QLD. 1944-10-31. COMMANDING OFFICERS OF THE THREE BATTALIONS OF 18 INFANTRY BRIGADE WERE INTERESTED SPECTATORS DURING THE AUSTRALIAN RULES FOOTBALL CHAMPIONSHIP GRAND FINAL WHEN 2/10 INFANTRY BATTALION DEFEATED 2/5 COMMANDO SQUADRON BY A SMALL MARGIN. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- LIEUTENANT F....

082063

082067

KAIRI, QLD. 1944-10-31. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL T.J. DALY, COMMANDING OFFICER 2/10 INFANTRY BATTALION (1), ADDRESSING THE PARADE THROUGH AMPLIFIERS ON THE OCCASION OF THE 5TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF THE UNIT.

082067

082068

KAIRI, QLD. 1944-10-31. BRIGADIER F.O. CHILTON (3), ACCOMPANIED BY LIEUTENANT-COLONEL T.J. DALY, COMMANDING OFFICER 2/10 INFANTRY BATTALION (4), INSPECTS THE PARADE ON THE OCCASION OF THE 5TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF THE UNIT. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- CAPTAIN R.A. BOWIE (1);...

082068

082069

Brigadier F O Chilton (right), Commandant 18th Infantry Brigade, addresses members of 2/10th Infantry Battalion on the occasion of the 5th anniversary celebrations of the formation of the unit. Watching him is Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, Commanding Officer 2/10th Infantry Battalion (left).

082069

082071

KAIRI, QLD. 1944-10-31. BRIGADIER F.O. CHILTON, COMMANDANT 18 INFANTRY BRIGADE (1) TAKING THE SALUTE FROM LIEUTENANT-COLONEL T.J. DALY, COMMANDING OFFICER 2/10 INFANTRY BATTALION (2), DURING THE 5TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF THE UNIT. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- WARRANT OFFICER I,...

082071

113721

BALIKPAPAN AREA, BORNEO. 1945-08-15. LIEUTENANT COLONEL T. J. DALY DSO OBE, COMMANDING OFFICER, SPEAKING WITH MEMBERS OF 2/10TH INFANTRY BATTALION, WHO ARE DUE FOR DISCHARGE UNDER THE FIVE YEAR PLAN.

113721

A05004

Two cars, Armoured Rolls-Royce Type A, which were operated by the Australian and British Army in desert areas in the Middle East. A number of such armoured cars were acquired by the British Air Ministry on a contract entirely separate from the War Office contract and used to equip Royal Air Force...

A05004

A05005

Weli Sheikh Nuran, Palestine. 8 October 1917. A German Air Force D III Albatros Scout aircraft, D636/17, flown by Oberleutnant Gustav Adolf Dittmar of Fliegerabteilung 300 unit. The aircraft had been shot down, practically intact, into AIF Light Horse lines near Bersheeba by a Bristol fighter...

A05005

BEL/69/0808/VN

PHUOC TUY PROVINCE, VIETNAM. 1969-11. PRIVATE TED MERRITT RECEIVES AN UNEXPECTED VISIT FROM THE CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF, LIEUTENANT GENERAL (LT GEN) SIR THOMAS DALY WHO CAUGHT HIM MANNING AN M60 MACHINE GUN ON THE PERIMETER OF FIRE SUPPORT BASE (FSB) DISCOVERY. LT GEN DALY PAID A BRIEF VISIT TO...

BEL/69/0808/VN

LES/69/0446/VN

CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF, LIEUTENANT GENERAL (LT GEN) SIR THOMAS JOSEPH DALY, TAKES THE SALUTE FROM A VIETNAMESE GUARD OF HONOUR ON HIS ARRIVAL AT TAN SON NHUT AIRPORT FOR A FIVE DAY VISIT TO AUSTRALIAN AND ALLIED ESTABLISHMENTS. ON THE RIGHT IS LT GEN NGOC TAM, CHAIRMAN OF THE FREE WORLD...

LES/69/0446/VN

P00828.001

INGLEBURN, NSW. 1940-05-01. GROUP PORTRAIT OF OFFICERS OF 2/10TH BATTALION AIF PRIOR TO DEPARTURE FOR UK. LEFT TO RIGHT: FRONT ROW : CAPTAINS G.D.T. COOPER, W.A. BROCKSOPP, A.W. BUTTROSE, G.R. MATTHEWS, T.J. DALY, MAJOR L.G. BRUER, LIEUT-COL. A.D. VERRIER DCM ED, MAJOR A.S.W. ARNOLD, CAPTAINS E.F....

P00828.001

SHA/66/0288/VN

Vietnam. 1966-07-02. Portrait of Major General Thomas Daly.

SHA/66/0288/VN

091696

WIDE BAY, NEW BRITAIN. 1945-05-06. A WORKING PARTY FROM 11 INFANTRY BATTALION AT WORK ABOARD THE AK 82 (FORMERLY THE ALMA DOEPEL), 16 WATERCRAFT COMPANY, ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERS, DISCHARGING A CARGO OF STORES FOR THE TOL AREA. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- PRIVATE F.E. MORRIS (1); WARRANT OFFICER 2...

091696

082449

KAIRI, QLD. 1944-10-31. MAJOR-GENERAL G.F. WOOTTEN, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 9 DIVISION, VISITING THE A COMPANY BARBECUE DURING THE 5TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS OF 2/10 INFANTRY BATTALION. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- LIEUTENANT-COLONEL T.J. DALY (2); LANCE-CORPORAL H.D. SMITH (3); PRIVATE R....

082449

Film

CGS in Vietnam DPR/TV/1134

The Australian Army's Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Daly, returned home to Canberra today after his eighth visit to South Vietnam. During his five-day tour, Lieutenant-General Daly visited Australian and allied fighting men in the field and spoke with allied commanders,...

F04352

Lieut-General Daly visits troops DPR/TV/?

Lieut-General Daly visits troops DPR/TV/?

F04416

Lieutenant-General Daly makes farewell visit to Vietnam DPR/TV/1389

The Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Daly, paid a farewell visit to Australian soldiers in Phuoc Tuy Province, South Vietnam, last weekend. General Daly, due to retire on May 18, flew into Nui Dat, headquarters of the 1st Australian Task Force. After a briefing on the...

F04501

United States General arrives DPR/TV/575 & 576

One of America's highest ranking Generals, who has seen Australian troops in action in Vietnam, arrived in Canberra this morning. He is General Paul LaMarch Freeman Junior, Commanding General of the United States Continental Army, who is also Commander-in-Chief of Army Forces, US Strike Command,...

F03850

Training for war: an interview with Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Daly KBE, CBE, DSO. (In retrospect)

This history commences with an introduction by Major Cantwell who states the importance of military history as a tool for learning lessons for today's Army. This is followed by a summary of Lieutenant General Daly's career. The interview then follows the key stages of Lieutenant General Daly's...

F04844

Army Chief visits South Vietnam DPR/TV/992

In a whirlwind visit last week, Australian troops in Vietnam were visited by the Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Daly. Arriving at Fire Support Base Julia, in Phuoc Tuy Province, Sir Thomas chatted informally with soldiers, asking them how operations were going, how they...

F04273

Army Minister visits Kapooka DPR/TV/345

Recruits at the Army's 1st Recruit Training Battalion at Kapooka, near Wagga, NSW, received two distinguished visitors yesterday. A visit to the establishment by the new Minister for the Army, Mr Malcolm Fraser, happened to conicide with a visit by Miss Australia, Miss Sue Gallie, of Sydney, who is...

F03751

C.G.S. (Lt Gen T.J. Daly) visits troops in Vietnam. DPR/TV/440

The Australian Army Chief of General Staff (CGS), Lieutenant General T J Daly visited Australian troops in operational areas in South Vietnam. The Commander, US Military Assistance Command, General Westmoreland and the Australian Force Commander, Major General Kenneth Mackay, briefed the CGS at...

F10110

American President Johnson visits Australian War Memorial

On Friday 21 October 1966, Lyndon B Johnson, President of the United States of America, visited the forecourt of the Australian War Memorial. In a short ceremony he laid a wreath on the Stone of Remembrance. After the ceremony he spoke to the catafalque party and was then presented to the members...

F10115

Interview with Lieut-General Sir Thomas Daly

An interview with Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Daly produced by Army Training Command. Appointment as Adjutant of the 2/10 Battalion AIF. The type of training carried out at the formation of the battalion. Officers and NCOs who joined the Battalion from the Militia were first class. Fifty per cent...

F04807

Confusion at the face of battle: an interview with Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Daly KBE, CB, DSO (In retrospect)

This video is an oral history on the topic of "Confusion at the face of battle". It draws upon the command experiences from World War II and the Korean conflict of Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Daly, KBE, CB, DSO. The history has been produced as part of the Training Command "Training for war"...

F04837

HRH Duke of Gloucester visits 1 Australian Corps Troops

Governor General His Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester inspection tour of the troops under the command of 1 Aust Corps in the Atherton Tablelands area. On the 12 February 1945 the Governor General proceeded from HQ 1 Aust. Corps on a tour of inspection of 13 Aust. Advanced Ordnance Depot at...

F07548

C.G.S. Lieut-Gen Sir John Wilton in Vietnam. DPR/TV/284

On his arrival at Tan Son Nhut airport, Saigon, the Australian Chief of the General Staff, Lieutenant General Sir John Wilton, KBE, CB, DSO, inspected a Vietnamese Guard of Honour. After the inspection Lieutenant General Wilton proceeded to 1RAR HQ Bien Hoa, where he and General Officer Commanding...

F10088

Malaysian exercise DPR/TV/591

The Malaysian based 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade has just completed a rugged jungle exercise, code named "Carnivorous" in West Malaysia. The exercise was held in the Batu Pahat area of Johore State on Malaysia's west coast and about 90 miles north-west of Singapore. Troops from Australia's...

F03856

Heraldry

Neck badge of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire : Sir Thomas Daly

Neck badge of a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.001

Breast Star of Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire : Sir Thomas Daly

Breast Star of a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.002

Neck badge of Commander of the Bath : Sir Thomas Daly

Neck badge of Commander of the Bath. Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.003

Distinguished Service Order : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

Distinguished Service Order (Geo VI). Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.004

1939-45 Star : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

1939-45 Star. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL32963.005

Africa Star : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

Africa Star. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL32963.006

Pacific Star : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

Pacific Star. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL32963.007

Defence Medal : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

Defence Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.008

British War Medal 1939-45 with Mention in Despatches : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

British War Medal 1939-45 with Mention in Despatches oakleaf. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.009

Australia Service Medal : Lieutenant Colonel T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion, AIF

Australia Service Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.010

Korea Medal : Brigadier T J Daly, 28th British Commonwealth Brigade

Korea Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.011

United Nations Korea Medal : Brigadier T J Daly, 28th British Commonwealth Brigade

United Nations Korea Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.012

Vietnam Medal : Lieutenant General T J Daly, Chief of General Staff

Vietnam Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32963.013

Elizabeth II Coronation medal : Sir Thomas Daly

Elizabeth II Coronation medal. Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.014

United States Legion of Merit : Sir Thomas Daly

United States Legion of Honour. Unnamed as issued.

REL32963.015

Unofficial Tobruk Siege 1941 Medal : Major T J Daly, 2/10 Battalion

Tobruk Siege Medal. Engraved on reverse with recipient's details.

REL32963.016

Sound

Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Joseph Daly KBE CB DSO (Retd) as the brigadier Commander 28th British Commonwealth Brigade, Korea 1951-1952, interviewed by Colonel David Chinn MBE (Retd)

Daly speaks of his service background and experience, as well as training; his appointment to command 28th British Commonwealth Brigade; the operational environment in Korea; command relationships and administrative matters; the planning and execution of company and battalion operations; the...

S02294

Lieutenant General Sir Thomas Daly KBE CB DSO (Ret): Service in early years of the Second World War, interviewed by Lieutenant Colonel Robert (Bob) Breen

Tape 1: 2/10 Battalion departs England for Middle East in November 1940; battalion in Colchester on protective duty; activities on ship during voyage to middle east; Leslie Morsehead; arrived new years eve in Alexandria; camped at Ikingi Maryut; training in desert warfare; capture of Tobruk; taking...

S01610

Timeline

Date of birth 1913-03-19 Ballarat, VIC.
Date and unit at enlinstment (ORs) 1930-02-12 Inducted Corps of Staff Cadets, Royal Military College.
Other 1933-12-11 Graduated from Royal Military College.
Date commissioned 1933-12-12 Appointed lieutenant.
Other units 1934-02-01 Appointed to 4th Light Horse Regiment.
Other 1934-08-10 Appointed adjutant and quartermaster.
Other 1938-09-22 Trained in India.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1939-10 Joined 2nd AIF.
Other units 1939-10-13 Seconded captain and adjutant 2/10th Battalion.
Other 1940-01-08 - 1940-01-27 Attended company commander course at Command and Staff School Sydney.
Other 1940-06-18 Arrived in Scotland.
Other units 1940-09-16 Seconded temporary major and brigade major 18th Brigade.
Other 1940-12-31 Arrived in the Middle East from the United Kingdom.
Other 1941-09-22 - 1941-10-11 Attended a course at the Middle East Combined Training Centre.
Other units 1941-10-01 Appointed general service officer grade 2 Headquarters 6th Division.
Date of honour or award 1941-12-30 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1942-01-25 - 1942-05-30 Attended a course at the Middle East Staff School.
Date promoted 1942-07-01 Appointed lieutenant colonel and general service officer grade 1, Headquarters 5th Division.
Date returned to Australia 1942-07-13 Returned to Melbourne.
Other 1943-02-03 Arrived in New Guinea.
Date returned to Australia 1943-05-25 Returned to Townsville.
Other 1943-06-02 - 1943-06-26 Attended a course at Royal Australian Air Force School of Army Co-operation.
Other 1943-07-18 Arrived in New Guinea.
Date returned to Australia 1943-12-05 Returned to Townsville.
Other 1943-12-10 Appointed instructor of senior wing, Royal Military College and Staff School.
Other 1944-05-26 - 1944-05-29 Special Duty, Land Headquarters.
Date of honour or award 1944-05-31 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1944-06-16 - 1944-06-19 Special Duty, Land Headquarters .
Other units 1944-10-14 - 1945-12-11 Appointed commanding officer of 2/10th Battalion with rank of lieutenant colonel.
Other 1945-05-31 Arrived in Morotai.
Other 1945-07-01 Arrived in Balikapan.
Date of honour or award 1945-07-18 Officer of the Order of the British Empire. 'For distinguished service and marked devotion to duty, during operations in New Guinea. As GSO.I 5 Aust Div, this officer has constantly carried out his duties with vigour and exceptional ability. By his energy and tact he has imbued his staff with a team spirit and has obtained the best from all who have worked with him. His sound judgement, attention to detail, and lively foresight have proved invaluable to his commander. He is an active, versatile and outstanding officer.'
Date of honour or award 1945-10-06 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order. '1/3 July 45 : BALIKPAPAN (BORNEO) Lt-Col T.J. DALY commanded 2/10 Australian Infantry Battalion during the assault landing at BALIKPAPAN on 1 July 45, and during subsequent operations. This battalion was an assaulting battalion and had been given the vital role of capturing as quickly as possible a ridge which completely dominated the landing beaches and was the key to the capture of the main town and dock area. This feature was known to contain extensive and well prepared defences including a number of heavy coast AA guns. Prior to embarkation Lt-Col DALY had skilfully prepared from aerial photographs and other information an outline plan of attack which he initiated on landing. The attack succeeded after several hours of hard fighting during which Lt-Col DALY's vigorous and capable direction was most apparent. Subsequent exploitation by 2/10 Aust Inf Bn, including the capture of another ridge directly overlooking the town, was also vigorously and efficiently carried out. The successes of this battalion on the day of the landing were decisive and were due in no small measure to the courage, initiative and brilliant leadership of the Commanding Officer.' Recommended for award by Brigadier F O Chilton.
Other units 1945-10-15 Attached to Headquarters 18th Brigade.
Other 1945-12-11 Appointed assistant adjutant and quartermaster general, Headquarters 7th Division.
Other 1946-01-23 Returned to Melbourne.
Other 1946-02-16 Appointed general service officer grade 1 Training, General Staff Headquarters AMF, later appointed director of Military Training.
Other 1946-08-24 Appointed instructor Camberly Staff College.
Date promoted 1947-01-30 Appointed major, Australian Staff Corps.
Other 1948-10-15 Attended a course at Joint Services Staff College, United Kingdom.
Date promoted 1948-10-18 Appointed lieutenant colonel Australian Staff Corps.
Other 1949-07-15 Appointed director of Military Arts, Royal Military College.
Other 1951-07-01 Appointed director of Infantry.
Other 1951-07-01 Appointed temporary colonel.
Other 1952-02-04 - 1952-02-21 Attached to Australian Military Force component of the British Commonwelth Occupation Force, which included a visit to Korea.
Other 1952-05-15 Appointed temporary colonel, Australian Staff Corps.
Other 1952-06-20 Appointed temporary brigadier.
Other units 1952-06-24 Appointed to command 28th Brigade.
Other 1953-04-01 Transferred to Unattached List, Southern Command.
Other 1953-04-24 Permenent General Staff, Branch Army Headquarters.
Other 1953-05-19 Appointed honourary brigadier.
Date of honour or award 1953-05-26 Gazetted Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
Date of honour or award 1953-10-30 United States Legion of Merit - Officer.
Other 1954-05-10 Appointed temporary brigadier.
Other 1955-11-08 Attended a course at the Imperial Defence College, United Kingdom.
Date promoted 1957-03-12 Appointed BMO and permenent general staff Branch Army Headquarters.
Other 1957-08-18 Appointed general officer commanding Northern Command.
Other 1957-08-21 Appointed temporary major general.
Date promoted 1959-09-02 Appointed major general.
Other 1961-01-16 Appointed Adjutant General, second Military Member of Military Board.
Other 1963-11-01 Appointed general officer commanding Eastern Command.
Date of honour or award 1965-06-12 Gazetted Companion of the Bath. Awarded for 'a most notable contribution to the efficiency and development of the Australian Army.'
Other 1966-01-19 Chief of General Staff, 1st Military Member of Military Board.
Date promoted 1966-05-19 Appointed lieutenant general.
Date of honour or award 1967-06-10 Gazetted Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
Date of discharge 1971-07-10 Tranferred to the Retired List.
Date of death 2004-01-05 Sydney, NSW.