Biography

Birth date: 19 June 1878
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Charlton
Death date: 23 March 1931
Death place: Australia: Victoria
Final rank: Brigadier General
Service number: 624 - First World War, 1914-1918
121 - South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 7 Battalion
  • Staff
  • 5th Australian Division
  • 1st Australian Infantry Brigade
  • 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 40th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 58th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Victorian Imperial Bushmen

Harold 'Pompey' Elliott was a senior First World War officer, businessman, and politician. He was born on 19 June 1878 at West Charlton, Victoria. Elliott joined the University of Melbourne's officer corps while a student but left to enlist in the 4th Victorian (Imperial) Contingent and fight in the Boer War.

Elliott proved himself a skilled and courageous soldier; he was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal, Mentioned in Despatches, and once received Lord Kitchener's congratulations for his defence of a post. Equally successful as a student and athlete, Elliott returned to university, earned a number of scholarships and prizes, played football, and was a champion shot-putter. He was called to the Victorian and Commonwealth Bar in 1907 and established a firm of solicitors. He married Catherine Campbell in 1909 and in the meantime had joined the militia as a 2nd Lieutenant. By 1913 he had reached the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and was given command of the 58th Battalion. The army was Elliott's passion and he immersed himself in military lore.

When the First World War began Elliott was given both command of the 7th Battalion and the nickname 'Pompey' that stuck for the rest of his life. He landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, was shot in the foot, evacuated and did not return until June. Once back he quickly gained a reputation for courage and leadership. Four of the seven Victoria Crosses awarded at Lone Pine went to Elliott's battalion.

A short-lived command of the 1st Brigade was followed in March 1916 by promotion to Brigadier General and command of the 15th Brigade. Through no fault of Elliott's, the brigade's first action on the Western Front, at Fromelles, was a disaster in which over 5,500 men were killed or wounded in one night. Elliott wept as he met survivors coming out of the line.

But war also energised Elliott. Careful of men's lives, he was sometimes reckless with his own. A frank, outspoken man, he clashed with his superiors and was considered a difficult subordinate. In battle he proved to be an excellent, sometimes inspirational, leader. He expected to be given a divisional command and the denial of his ambition in May 1918 remained a source of bitterness until his death. For the rest of the war he led with characteristic zeal and in January 1919 he received the fondest of farewells from his brigade.

In the 1919 federal election he successfully stood for the Senate as a Nationalist; he was re-elected in 1925. He also took command of the 15th Militia Brigade. Alongside his political and legal career, Elliott was involved in the Returned Sailors and Soldiers Imperial League of Australia. His protests at having been denied higher command continued and were rejected by the Military Board and the Minister for Defence.

Only in 1927 was Elliott promoted to Major General and given command of the 3rd Division; however, his bitterness, expressed in correspondence to his superiors, remained. In March 1931 he committed suicide.

Rolls and Awards

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Private
  • Unit: Victorian Imperial Bushmen
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 19 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 5th Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 5th Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: 58th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Medal

  • Unit: 40th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Russian Order of St Anne, Third Class

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Conduct Medal

  • Unit: Victorian Imperial Bushmen
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Victorian Imperial Bushmen
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Private Record

Elliott, Thomas Patrick (Major, b.1894 - d.1916)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Major Thomas Patrick Elliott, 60th Battalion. Collection consists of a letter written by Elliott to his sister on 19 July 1916, regarding the upcoming assault at Fromelles. Major Elliott was killed in action later that same day. Also included... Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

3DRL/2872 (With records)

Elliott, Harold Edward CB CMB DSO DCM (Major-General)

7 Bn Christmas card and Welcome home card inscribed by Elliott. Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

3DRL/3866(A)

ELLIOTT, Harold Edward (General, b: 1878 d: 1931)

Letters relating to the acceptance of officers of 57th, 58th, 59th and 60th Battalions as honorary members of the Chestnut Troop, Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) Mess, Borden. Correspondence between Colonel A.W. Van Straubenzee and General Elliott concerning training of army cadets in Australia. Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

PR00687

Elliott, Harold E (Major General)

FOUR LETTERS FROM 'POMPEY' ELLIOTT TO RICHARDSON. INCLUDES AN EXTREMELY DETAILED DISCUSSION OF THE EVENTS AT THE BATTLE OF LONE PINE. SHORT ARTICLE BY G F STEWARD ENTITLED "ENTICING THE HUNS FROM DUG-OUTS" Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

3DRL/3328

Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey' (Brigadier); CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD

Collection relating to Brigadier Harold Edward 'Pompey' Elliott, CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD, 1901-1968. It comprises a range of papers documenting his military service in South Africa, 1900-1901; service during the First World War as commanding officer of 7 Battalion and 15 Brigade; and post war career... Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

2DRL/0513

McCrae, Geoffrey Gordon (Major, b.1890 - d.1916)

Collection relating to the service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7 Battalion and 60 Battalion, AIF, 1914-1916, Egypt, Gallipoli, Cyprus, France. Collection consists of a diary kept by Major McCrae from October 1914 to December 1915; letters written by McCrae to his family between September 1914... Maker: McCrae, Geoffrey Gordon

1DRL/0427 (With records)

Hutchinson, Arthur Justin Sanford (Major, b.1894 - d.1916)

Collection relating to the service of Major Arthur Justin Sanford Hutchinson, 58 Battalion AIF, Egypt, Gallipoli, 1915-1916. Collection includes letters and a postcard sent by Hutchinson to his family in Australia, and a testimonial from Brigade Commander Elliott on Hutchinson's death in action... Maker: Hutchinson, Arthur Justin Sanford

1DRL/0371

Henderson, George G.; Elliott, H.E. "Pompey" (Brigadier-General), CMG, DSO

Transcripts and photocopies of letters written by Colonel H E Elliot to George G Henderson during 1915-1917; notice from Headquarters, Attached Australian Corps, to Brigadier-General H E "Pompey" Elliot. Maker: Henderson, George G

PR01279

Photograph

A02607

Portrait of Brigadier General Harold Edward 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM.

A02607

A03084

Studio portrait of Brigadier General H E 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO BA LLM.

A03084

A03366

Portrait of Brigadier General Harold Edward Elliott 'Pompey' CB CMG DSO DCM BA LLM.

A03366

E01584

Informal portrait of Brigadier General H E 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM, General Officer Commanding (GOC), 15th Australian Infantry Brigade at Samer.

E01584

E01585

Informal portrait of Brigadier General H E 'Pompey' Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM, General Officer Commanding (GOC), 15th Australian Infantry Brigade at Samer.

E01585

H15590

Mena, Egypt. c. 1915. Four AIF officers taking a rest during training in the desert. From the right they are Captain Henderson, Major Mc Nichol, Lieutenant Colonel Elliott and Captain McKenna. (Donor Brigadier General H.E. Elliott)

H15590

H15592

Mena, Egypt. c. 1914. Lieutenant Colonel H.E. Elliott with members of the 7th Battalion, AIF, who came from Charlton, Victoria. (Donor Brigadier General H.E. Elliott)

H15592

H15593

At Sea. Brigadier General H.E. Elliott with one of his officers on the boat deck of a troop transport. (Donor Brigadier General H.E. Elliott)

H15593

H15595

Portrait of Brigadier General H.E. Elliott CB CMG DSO BA LLM.

H15595

H15596

Portrait of Brigadier General H.E. Elliott CB CMG DSO BA LLM head and shoulders and wearing a hat. (Donor Brigadier General H.E. Elliott)

H15596

H18374

A pre-WW1 photograph of some of the Australian Army 6th Battalion. General (Pompey) Elliott is third from the right in the front row.

H18374

H04120

Portrait of Brigadier General H.E. Elliott, commander in France of 15 Brigade, AIF.

H04120

P09772.001

Outdoor portrait of members of the 58th Infantry (Essendon Rifles) Regiment standing to attention following the presentation of King's and Regimental colours. The Essendon Rifles was formed from the 60th company, a unit which had been created when the Defence Act of 1904 formed an Australian...

P09772.001

P09772.010

Outdoor portrait of members of the 7th Battalion taken outside a tent at a training camp prior to embarkation. Whilst most of the men are wearing the forage caps of the pre-war militia, Lieutenant (Lt) Frederick Harold Tubb VC (third from left, third row), later to become Major, wears the...

P09772.010

E02855

Brigadier General H. E. 'Pompey' Elliott, General Officer Commanding (GOC), 15th Australian Infantry Brigade, standing at the door of a captured German Divisional Headquarters near Harbonnieres.

E02855

E03642

Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Australian Battalion Bands. Identified: General (Gen) H. E. Elliott (1); Gen Talbot Hobbs (2); Sergeant (Sgt) J. Cleaver (3); unidentified (4); 2774 Private (Pte) Robert...

E03642

E03640

Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Australian Battalions during a review at . Identified: General (Gen) Talbot Hobb (1); Gen H. E. Elliott (2); unidentified (3); Captain H. L. Herron (4); Colonel J. J. Scanlon...

E03640

E03638

The 59th and 60th Battalions marching past at a review by Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division. Identified: General (Gen) J. J. T. Hobbs (1); Gen H. E. Elliott (2); Colonel J. J. Scanlon (3); Staff Captain C. Lay (4); Lieutenant E. G....

E03638

E03643

Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Battalions at a review. Identified: General (Gen) Talbot Hobbs (1); Gen H. E. Elliott (2); Captain B. S. S. Southall (3); Col Bruce (4); 3475 Private (Pte) Leslie Charles...

E03643

E02382

Near side view (left) of one of Brigadier General (Brig Gen) H. E. 'Pompey' Elliott's horses, which had been with him since 1914 held by an unidentified soldier. Gen Elliott commanded the 15th Australian Infantry Brigade. The men of the 15th Brigade credited this charger with the ability to notice...

E02382

E02383

Near side view (left) of one of Brigadier General (Brig Gen) H. E. 'Pompey' Elliott's horses, which had been with him since 1914 held by an unidentified soldier. Gen Elliott commanded the 15th Australian Infantry Brigade. The men of the 15th Brigade credited this charger with the ability to notice...

E02383

E03641

Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VC, General Officer Commanding (GOC) the 5th Division, reviewing the 15th Australian Infantry Brigade at a village on the Somme in France. Brigadier General (Brig Gen) H. E. Elliott CB CMG DSO DCM, GOC of the 15th Brigade, can be seen pointing....

E03641

E03638K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. The 59th and 60th Battalions marching past at a review by Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Australian Division. Identified: General (Gen) J. J. T. Hobbs...

E03638K

E03639

Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, taking the salute of the Transport Sections of the 59th and 60th Australian Battalions at a review. Identified, official party, left to right: unidentified; unidentified; Lieutenant Colonel J. J. Scanlon...

E03639

E03642K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Battalion Bands. Identified: General (Gen) H. E. Elliott (1); Gen Talbot Hobbs...

E03642K

E03640K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Battalions during a review. Identified: General (Gen) Talbot Hobb (1); Gen H. E....

E03640K

E03643K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Major General Sir J. J. Talbot Hobbs KCB KCMG VD, General Officer Commanding the 5th Division, inspecting the 59th and 60th Battalions at a review. Identified: General (Gen) Talbot Hobbs (1); Gen H. E....

E03643K

Manuscript

Ormond College, Melbourne University

Catalogue produced for Ormond College, Melbourne University centenary exhibition. It includes a section on the 437 Ormond College men who served in the 1914-1918 war, the involvement in the Conscription Referenda, and mini biographies of three Ormond College men, 'Pompey' Elliott, Sir James McKay...

MSS0853

Digitised Collection

Service biography of Thomas Patrick Elliott written by Brigadier General Harold Edward (Pompey) Elliott

Service biography relating to the First World War service of Major Thomas Patrick Elliott, 60th Battalion. Written by the commanding officer of the 15th Infantry Brigade, Brigadier General Harold Edward (Pompey) Elliott, it provides a brief history of Thomas Elliott’s service with the 7th Light...

RCDIG0001321

Series 2: Letters from Geoffrey Gordon McCrae to his family, 1914-1916

This series contains letters written by Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, originally of 7th Battalion and later 60th Battalion. These letters cover McCrae's journey to Egypt in 1914, his service at Gallipoli with the 7th Battalion in 1915, and his subsequent transfer to the 60th Battalion and the...

RCDIG0001246

Letters from Geoffrey Gordon McCrae to his family, April 1915 to June 1915

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. These letters from McCrae to members of his family span the period April 1915 to June 1915 and cover: journey to Lemnos; the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April; remaining on board the hospital ship...

RCDIG0001041

Letters from Geoffrey Gordon McCrae to his family, 1916

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 60th Battalion. These letters from McCrae to members of his family span the period January 1916 to his death in July 1916 and cover: return to Egypt from Lemnos in January; recollections on the period preceding the...

RCDIG0001269

Series 5: Collection relating to George Gordon McCrae, 1895-1925

This series contains material collected and compiled by George Gordon McCrae, the father of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae of the 7th Battalion and later the 60th Battalion. Included are: a book of poems and particulars (including newspaper clippings) relating to the war and McCrae’s service;...

RCDIG0001249

Book of poems and particulars concerning Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, [c.1915-1919]

Book of poems and particulars (including newspaper clippings) relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 60th Battalion. This collection was compiled by McCrae’s father in remembrance of his son and contains: various poems and other written entries, some written by...

RCDIG0001270

Letters to George Gordon McCrae, 1895-1922

Letters relating to the father of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 60th Battalion. This series of letters spans the period 1895 to 1922 and among others includes: a letter to McCrae’s father from Rudyard Kipling concerning a verse used for McCrae’s memorial; letters concerning McCrae’s Victory...

RCDIG0001273

Letters from Harold Edward (Pompey) Elliott to George Gordon McCrae, 1915-1921

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion and later 60th Battalion. These letters from McCrae’s commanding officer Harold Edward (Pompey) Elliott to McCrae’s father George cover: updates on McCrae’s condition after being taken ill;...

RCDIG0001274

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1917

The beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood contains notes on despatches in the London Gazette and the dates that they were published. Regular diary entries commence from Corps Headquarters in a chateau at Heilly on 1 January 1917. There are comments about preparing...

RCDIG0000006

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 25 April and 10 May 1915. In the diary, Tubb describes life in the trenches at Gallipoli, the constant shelling and the high casualty numbers suffered by...

RCDIG0000277

Diary for Frederick Harold Tubb, 1916-1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Frederick Harold Tubb VC, 7th Battalion. The diary was written by Frederick Tubb between 1 July 1916 and 1 January 1917. In the diary, Tubb describes his time visiting relatives around Britain, returning to the front in France and comments on...

RCDIG0000285

Personal Files Book 4, 1 May - 3 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 1 May to 3 May 1915 and includes operation orders and official correspondence relating to the defence of Australian positions at Gallipoli. A number of...

RCDIG0000584

Letters from Wilfred Griffith Barlow to Mr Goodsir Fowler, 1916-1917

Letters relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Wilfred Griffith Barlow, 58th Infantry Battalion. In this series of letters to his friend, Goodsir Fowler, Barlow describes the conditions and experiences on the Western Front and the characteristics of the German Army opposing them....

RCDIG0000927

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1433 Private John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 8th Battalion. This is the second of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in the years 1915 and 1916 originally written between 7 November 1915 and 26...

RCDIG0001107

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1916-1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1295 Driver John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 5th Divisional Ammunition Column. This is the third of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in 1916 and 1917, originally written between 29 June 1916 and...

RCDIG0001108

Heraldry

Leather boot : Lieutenant Colonel H E Elliott, 7 Battalion, AIF

Australian Army issue tan leather ankle boot (for the left foot) without toecap. The boot has a short tongue made of soft beige coloured leather, and a glued-in cork insole with a red felt upper surface. The soles are of stitched leather, and are reinforced with rows of small iron staples. The...

RELAWM01089.002

Bullet damaged leather boot : Lieutenant Colonel H E Elliott, 7 Battalion, AIF

Australian Army issue tan leather ankle boot (for the right foot) without toecap. The boot has a short tongue made of soft beige coloured leather, and a glued-in cork insole with a red felt upper surface, of which only the front (sole) section remains. The soles are of stitched leather, and are...

RELAWM01089.001

Service dress tunic : Brigadier General H E Elliott, 15 Brigade AIF

Khaki wool gabardine tunic with open collar and red general officers gorgets. The red gorgets have an oak leaf pattern embroidered in bullion wire, and a small brass button with a crossed sword and cannon, surrounded by laurel leaves. The khaki shoulder straps have a curved voided brass AUSTRALIA...

REL/00051.002

Technology

British Pattern 1897 Infantry Officer's Sword and Scabbard : Major General H E Elliott, 7th Battalion, AIF

British Pattern 1897 Infantry Officer sword and scabbard. The hilt has a nickel plated three quarter 'scroll' pattern pierced sheet steel guard with the GVR royal cypher and has a leather sword knot attached to the slot near the pommel. The grip is wire bound black fishskin. The straight blade is...

RELAWM17377

Art

Brigadier General Harold Elliott

Portrait of Brigadier General Harold Edward 'Pompey' Elliott, CB, CMG, DSO, DCM, Commanding 15th Brigade (earlier also 7th Battalion and 1st Brigade), 1st Australian Imperial Force. Elliott was at the Gallipoli Landing and took part in the evacuation. He later fought on the Western Front. Prior to...

ART03182

Timeline

Date of birth 1878-06-19 West Charlton, VIC.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1898 Enlisted as a private in a squadron of the 4th Victorian Contingent, the Imperial Bushmen.
Date commissioned 1900 Obtained a commission as a lieutenant in the 2nd Berkshire, but chose to remain with the Australians.
Date of honour or award 1900 Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) for his particpation in an attack on a Boer force which resulted in the capture of 33 men and 54 horses.
Other 1900-05 Arrived in South Africa and promoted to corporal.
Date returned to Australia 1901-07
Other 1901-08 Sailed again for South Africa and joined the Border Scouts.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1904-03 Enlisted in the 5th Australian Infantry Regiment and commissioned as a lieutenant.
Date promoted 1911 Appointed major and second in command of the Regiment.
Date promoted 1913-07-01 Appointed lieutenant colonel and commanding officer of the 58th Battalion, Essendon Rifles.
Other 1914-08 Selected to command the 7th Battalion when the AIF was formed.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-19
Date promoted 1915-03-01 Appointed to brigadier general and given the task of organising the 15th Brigade.
Date wounded 1915-05-25 Wounded in the ankle at Gallipoli and evacuated.
Other 1915-06-02 Returned to the 7th Battalion.
Other 1915-08 Evacuated to England with pleurisy.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-08-13
Other 1915-11-22 Returned to the 7th Battalion.
Other 1915-12-18 Evacuated from Gallipoli with a sprained ankle.
Other units 1916-01-24 Appointed to command the 1st Brigade.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-03
Date promoted 1916-03 Appointed Brigadier General and commanding officer of 15th Brigade.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-10-12
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917
Date of honour or award 1917-01-01 Gazetted Companion of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG).
Date of honour or award 1917-02-15 Gazetted Russian Order of St Anne - 3rd Class.
Date of honour or award 1917-03 Awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-03-09
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-06-27
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-03-08
Date of honour or award 1918-06-03 Gazetted a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-25
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-27
Date of honour or award 1919-01-07 Gazetted French Croix de Guerre.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1919-01-31
Date returned to Australia 1919-05-05
Other 1919-09 Reappointed to command the 15th Militia Brigade.
Other 1921 Requested to be placed on the unattached list.
Other 1926 Again reappointed to command the 15th Brigade.
Date promoted 1927-08 Promoted to major general and appointed to command the 3rd Division.
Date of death 1931-03-23 Died from a wound to the arm, an inquest returning a verdict of suicide.