Biography

Birth date: 17 March 1897
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales
Death date: 28 September 1917
Death place: Belgium
Final rank: Private
Service number: 3774 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion

Twenty-year-old Pat Bugden (1897-1917), a hotelkeeper from the north coast of New South Wales before enlistment, was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his outstanding bravery over three days during one of the Australians' successful step-by-step advances in late September 1917. On two occasions, when held up by intense fire from machine-guns, he led small parties to silence the enemy posts. Five times he rescued wounded men trapped by intense shelling and machine-gun fire. Once, seeing that an Australian corporal had been taken prisoner, he single-handedly rushed to his comrade's aid, shooting and bayoneting the enemy. He kept fighting until he was killed.

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Rolls and Awards

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of Death: 28 September 1917
  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 19 September 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Brisbane
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Awarded: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Timeline

Date of birth 1897-03-17
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1916-05-25 Began training at Enoggera in Queensland.
Date of embarkation 1916-09-19 Embarked with reinforcements for the 31st Battalion.
Other units 1917-03 31st Battalion.
Date of honour or award 1917-09-26 - 1917-09-28 Awarded the Victoria Cross for action at Polygon Wood, near Ypres, Belgium whilst serving with 31 Battalion, 8 Brigade, 5 Division as a Private
Date of death 1917-09-28
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-10-02
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-10-03