Biography

Birth date: 17 March 1897
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales
Death date: 28 September 1917
Death place: Belgium
Final rank: Private
Service number: 3774 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion

Twenty-year-old Pat Bugden (1897-1917), a hotelkeeper from the north coast of New South Wales before enlistment, was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for his outstanding bravery over three days during one of the Australians' successful step-by-step advances in late September 1917. On two occasions, when held up by intense fire from machine-guns, he led small parties to silence the enemy posts. Five times he rescued wounded men trapped by intense shelling and machine-gun fire. Once, seeing that an Australian corporal had been taken prisoner, he single-handedly rushed to his comrade's aid, shooting and bayoneting the enemy. He kept fighting until he was killed.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of Death: 28 September 1917
  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 19 September 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Brisbane

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 31st Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Photograph

H12601

Studio portrait of 3774 Private (Pte) Patrick Joseph Bugden VC, 31st Battalion. A hotel keeper from Alstonville, New South Wales, prior to enlistment on 25 May 1916 he embarked from Brisbane aboard the HMAT Seang Choon on 19 September 1916 for Plymouth, England, before joining his battalion on the...

H12601

P02939.025

Studio portrait of 3774 Private (Pte) Patrick Joseph Bugden VC, 31st Battalion. A hotel keeper from Alstonville, New South Wales, prior to enlistment on 25 May 1916 he embarked from Brisbane aboard the HMAT Seang Choon on 19 September 1916 for Plymouth, England, before joining his battalion on the...

P02939.025

Film

The Last Post Ceremony commemorating the service of (3774) Private Patrick Joseph Bugden, 31st Battalion, First World War

The Last Post Ceremony is presented in the Commemorative area of the Australian War Memorial every day. The ceremony commemorates more than 102,000 Australians who have given their lives in war and other operations and whose names are recorded on the Roll of Honour. At each ceremony the story...

PAFU/825.01

Timeline

Date of birth 1897-03-17
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1916-05-25 Began training at Enoggera in Queensland.
Date of embarkation 1916-09-19 Embarked with reinforcements for the 31st Battalion.
Other units 1917-03 31st Battalion.
Date of honour or award 1917-09-26 - 1917-09-28 Awarded the Victoria Cross for action at Polygon Wood, near Ypres, Belgium whilst serving with 31 Battalion, 8 Brigade, 5 Division as a Private
Date of death 1917-09-28
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-10-02
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-10-03