Biography

Birth date: 09 December 1894
Birth place: United Kingdom: England, Greater London, South Kensington
Death date: 02 February 1978
Final rank: Private
Service number: 726 - First World War, 1914-1918
Unit: 33rd Australian Infantry Battalion

George Cartwright (1894-1978) was born in London and later came to Australia. He worked as a labourer near Inverell, New South Wales, before enlisting in December 1915. His battalion went to France in November 1916, and the following year he was wounded while taking part in its first major battle; he was also gassed in early 1918. At Road Wood, south-west of Bouchavesnes near PĂ©ronne, as the 3rd Division sought to secure the north of the Somme River, Cartwright attacked an enemy machine-gun post that was holding up the advance. "His gallant deed had a most inspiring effect on the whole line, which immediately rushed forward."

Cartwright was badly wounded a few weeks later and returned to Australia, where he settled in Sydney. He served as a training officer in the Second World War.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 04 May 1916
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 33rd Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 33rd Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Photograph

044844

VICTORIA CROSS WINNERS FROM THE BOER WAR AND WORLD WAR 1 WHO GATHERED TO MARCH IN THE SYDNEY ANZAC DAY PARADE. BACK ROW LEFT TO RIGHT: LIEUTENANT (LIEUT.) J. ROGERS, SERGEANT (SGT) R. R. INWOOD, BRIGADIER A. S. BLACKBURN, SGT J. W. WHITTLE, SGT S. R. MCDOUGALL, MAJOR E. T. TOWNER, CAPTAIN (CAPT) A....

044844

J03062

NO.726 PRIVATE G. CARTWRIGHT, V.C. (FULL-FACE.)

J03062

J03063

Studio portrait of 726 Private George Cartwright, VC. A native of the South Kensington district of London, England, Cartwright emigrated to Australia and he was working as a labourer when he enlisted in December 1915. He was serving as a private in the 33rd Battalion when he was awarded the...

J03063

J03063A

NO. 726 PRIVATE G. CARTWRIGHT, V.C. (NOT QUITE FULL-FACE.)

J03063A

J03075

1927-04-25. AUSTRALIAN VICTORIA CROSS (VC) WINNERS WHO TOOK PART IN THE ANZAC DAY MARCH IN MELBOURNE, WAITING TO ENTER THE EXHIBITION BUILDING, WHERE A COMMEMORATION SERVICE WAS HELD. LEFT TO RIGHT: CAPTAIN R.C. GRIEVE, 2ND LIEUT W. RUTHVEN, CAPT J.E. NEWLAND, 2ND LIEUT J. HAMILTON, LIEUT. A....

J03075

J03076

MELBOURNE, AUS. 1927-04-25. AUSTRALIAN VICTORIA CROSS (VC) WINNERS WHO TOOK PART IN THE 1927 ANZAC DAY MARCH. IN THE BACKGROUND ARE THE KING'S AND REGIMENTAL COLOURS OF THE A.M.F. BATTALIONS AND REGIMENTS. LEFT TO RIGHT:- CORPORAL (CPL) B.S. GORDON MM, CPL T.L. AXFORD MM, CPL J. CARROLL, SERGEANT...

J03076

P01383.010

A portrait of Private George Cartwright, a protestant of the Church of England. This photograph is a portion of P01383.017, a framed composite photograph (photo-montage) presented to Lieutenant John Hamilton VC by Dr Mannix on the occasion of the Saint Patrick's Day celebrations in Melbourne, 17...

P01383.010

P01383.017

A framed composite photograph presented to Lieutenant John Hamilton VC by His Grace the Archbishop of Melbourne and the Irish citizens of Victoria, on the occasion of the Saint Patrick's Day celebrations in Melbourne, 17 March 1920. The composite photograph comprises portraits of fourteen Victoria...

P01383.017

P01383.018

This is a restored version of P01383.017. The original is is a framed composite photograph presented to Lieutenant John Hamilton VC by his Grace the Archbishop of Melbourne and the Irish citizens of Victoria on the occasion of the Saint Patrick's Day celebrations in Melbourne, 17 March 1920. The...

P01383.018

P02939.043

Informal outdoors portrait of Private (Pte) George Cartwright VC, 33rd Battalion. Pte Cartwright was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery" on 31 August 1918 at Road Wood, France. Pte Cartwright attacked an enemy machine gun that had held up two allied companies. He shot three of...

P02939.043

P02939.044

Studio portrait of Private (Pte) George Cartwright VC, 33rd Battalion. Pte Cartwright was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery" on 31 August 1918 at Road Wood, France. Pte Cartwright attacked an enemy machine gun that had held up two Allied companies. He shot three of the team,...

P02939.044

Private Record

Technology

Maxim MG08 Heavy Machine Gun : Private G Cartwright, 33 Battalion, AIF

German Maxim MG08 Heavy Machine Gun and Sledge Mount. The top cover has MG08 but does not have the manufacturer name or the date. The serial number is on the receiver left side. It has CAPTURED BY 33RD BN AIF and BOUCHAVESNES 31-8-1918 and Exb F6529 in yellowing white paint on the jacket armour. It...

RELAWM00981.001

Maxim Sledge Mount : Private G Cartwright, 33 Battalion, AIF

German Maxim MG08 Heavy Machine Gun and Sledge Mount. The top cover has MG08 but does not have the manufacturer name or the date. The serial number is on the receiver left side. It has CAPTURED BY 33RD BN AIF and BOUCHAVESNES 31-8-1918 and Exb F6529 in yellowing white paint on the jacket armour. It...

RELAWM00981.002

Timeline

Date of birth 1894-12-09
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1915-12
Date of embarkation 1916-05-04
Date wounded 1917-06
Date wounded 1918-04 Gassed.
Date of honour or award 1918-08-31 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Rood Wood, south west of Bouchavesnes, near Peronne, France whilst serving with 33 Battalion, 9 Brigade, 3 Division as a Private.
Date wounded 1918-09
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-07
Date returned to Australia 1919-03
Date of discharge 1919-07 Continued his involvement with the military through the Citizen Military Forces.
Date promoted 1939-10 Promoted to temporary captain.
Date of death 1978-02-02