Biography

Birth date: 15 October 1885
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Glebe
Death date: 16 January 1962
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Final rank: Captain
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • Staff
  • Australian War Records Section

James Francis Hurley was born at Glebe, Sydney, in 1885 and became interested in photography as a young man. He began his career with a Sydney postcard company at the age of 20 in 1905.

Hurley grew to regard photography as a medium that could be manipulated to achieve a desired effect and he began to follow the well-established practice of making composite prints by combining two or more negatives to make an image. He was also a proponent of colour photography. An inveterate traveller, Hurley was on one of his six trips to the Antarctic; the famous Shackleton expedition of 1914-16, when the First World War began. In 1917, he became one of the AIF's official photographers with the honorary rank of captain.

Some of Hurley's most famous images of the war were taken during the Passchendaele campaign in the second half of 1917. He ran considerable risks to get his shots, earning the name 'the mad photographer' from the troops. War affected Hurley deeply but he also found the battlefield fascinating.

A self-described "showman", Hurley had spent years producing popular attractions using the latest photographic and film techniques, and he was confident that he knew which images would engage the public's imagination. His methods, particularly his use of composites, led to arguments with the influential Charles Bean and, at one stage, Hurley threatened to resign rather than give up the practice. A compromise was reached, but in late 1917, Hurley was sent to Palestine.

He took many well-known images of the Australian Light Horse and the Australian Flying Corps, finding the relative peace there in stark contrast to what he called 'the hell of France'. He stayed just six weeks, then went to Cairo where he met Antoinette Leighton. They married on 11 April 1918 and Hurley returned to London to work on an exhibition of Australian war photography.

After the war, Hurley made further trips to the Antarctic, and to the Torres Strait and New Guinea. He flew with Ross Smith, returned to Europe on several occasions and visited the United States. Many of his photographic and film projects received both critical acclaim and commercial success. For much of the 1930s he worked in Sydney for Cinesound, but in 1940 Hurley resumed war photography with the AIF in the Middle East. His work was, however, overshadowed by that of younger men like Damien Parer and George Silk, who found Hurley's methods outdated. He remained in the Middle East until 1946.

For the rest of his life, Hurley continued travelling and taking photographs, publishing several books of his work. Always a loner, Hurley nevertheless influenced later generations of photographers, and his work - taken all over the world over almost six decades - remains very much in the public eye. He died in Sydney in 1962.

Rolls and Awards

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: Australian War Records Section
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Photograph

003772

AUSTRALIAN SOLDIERS RELAXING NEAR THE SPHINX.

003772

003773

STREET SCENE IN THE MOUSKI, THE NATIVE QUARTER OF CAIRO. A GUIDE (WITH CANE) IS CONDUCTION TWO DIGGERS ON A TOUR OF INSPECTION AS THEY WALK ACROSS THE COURTYARD AT THE MOSQUE GWABAR. THE AUSTRALIAN IN THE CENTRE IS JOHN HETHERINGTON, A HERALD CORRESPONDENT.

003773

003784

1940-10. INFORMAL GROUP PORTRAIT OF AUSTRALIAN SOLDIERS RELAXING AT A DESERTED AND RUINED OLD MILL.

003784

004019

1940-11-03. ALONG THE BANKS OF THE CANAL THAT RUNS FROM CAIRO TO ISMAILIA. WE OFTEN THOUGHT THAT WE WOULD LIKE TO GLIDE LAZILY DOWN THE CANAL ON ONE OF THESE FELUCCAS UNTIL WE SAW THE BOYS PULLING THEM ALONG AGAINST THE WIND. THEN WE THOUGHT THAT THE OLD TRUCK WASN'T SO BAD AFTER ALL. (NEGATIVE BY...

004019

004041

1940-11-09. TUA - ALI AHMED GETS IMPATIENT FOR A LOOK WHILE HIS WIFE MIRIAM TAKES A PEEP THRO' THE "SEENEEMAH" UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF CAMERAMAN FRANK HURLEY. MIRIAM JNR LOOKS ON WHILE SUPPORTING THE FAMILY WATER SUPPLY ON HER HEAD. ARABS ARE ALWAYS VASTLY AMUSED BY THE CAMERA. (NEGATIVE BY F....

004041

004058

1940-11-13. MAS'UDIYEH, NEAR NABLUS. RAILWAYMEN FROM NSW AND WA ENGAGED ON RECONSTRUCTION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE OLD TURKISH RAILROAD, TOGETHER WITH ARAB CRAFTSMEN ABLY ASSISTED BY THEIR TRUSTY AND VERSATILE CAMELS. CAMELS WERE USED FOR CARTING STONE & SAND FROM THE DUMPS ALONG THE ROAD. (NEGATIVE...

004058

004064

1940-11-14. JERUSALEM - LOOKING FROM A WINDOW IN THE HOTEL FAST, NOW THE AUSTRALIAN SOLDIERS CLUB AND H.Q. OF THE COMFORTS FUND, A GROUP OF N.Z. SOLDIERS IS SEEN STARTING OFF ON A TOUR OF THE HOLY CITY, WALKING TOWARD THE JAFFA GATE. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004064

004106

The "Whoosits Sisters" effectively disguised against any marauding subalterns with ideas. The nurses get quite a lot of fun out of respirator drill which they are bound to do just as often as any long-suffering private. Pictured, left to right, are: VFX382 Sister Margaret Blythe Cuthbert; A. E....

004106

004107

Ah .. that's better. Now for a little fresh air, and beauty is once more unadorned. Respirators may be an important part of military equipment but really, a girl doesn't look her best with her head in a bag. The women practicing respirator drill are, left to right: VFX8394 Sister Lilian Elaine...

004107

004119

1940-11-13. NABLUS - H.Q. STAFF OF THE RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERS L TO R: F.R.- CAPTAIN (CAPT) A. C. (GUS) BUDGE R.M.O., CAPTAIN K. HORNE, ADJUTANT MAJOR G. U. (JOCK) HIDDLESTONE, MAJOR M. M. NEWMAN - O.C. B.R. LIEUTENANT (LT) MILTON MOORE, LT JAMES MUNRO, LT C. CRUIKSHANK,...

004119

004123

A scenic view of the city as seen from Mount Scopus. In the centre background is the Dome of the Rock, also known as the Mosque of Omar.

004123

004196

Suez Canal, Egypt. 1940-11-24. Troop transport ship SS Rhona sailing along the canal carrying men of the 7th Division to El Kantara, the place of disembarkation for Palestine camps.

004196

004197

1940-11-25. CAIRO-HELOUAN ROAD - THE SEEMING HALL-MARK OF WEALTH AMONG THE RURAL POPULATION OF EGYPT - SMALL FLOCKS OF GOATS OR SHEEP, SELDOM SEEN WITHOUT THEIR ATTENDANT SMALL BOY OR NATIVE WOMEN. THESE ANIMALS ARE VERY DOCILE BECAUSE OF THEIR CLOSE AND CONSTANT CONTACT WITH HUMAN BEINGS....

004197

004200

1940-11-24. SUEZ CANAL - THE TROOPSHIP "DILWARA" IN THE CANAL EN ROUTE FOR EL KANTARA WHERE THE TROOPS OF 7TH DIVISION WERE DISEMBARKED. THE TROOPS HAD THEIR FIRST VIEW OF EGYPT'S MAIN MEANS OF TRANSPORT WHEN A FELUCCA SAILED SLOWLY PAST.

004200

004201

1940-11-24. EL KANTARA, SUEZ CANAL. DISEMBARKING FROM THE TROOPSHIP PRESIDENT DOUMER, A FRENCH SHIP FLYING THE FRENCH FLAG BUT CARRYING AUSTRALIAN TROOPS, MEN OF 7TH DIVISION BOUND FOR PALESTINE.

004201

004213

1940-11-25. ON ROAD TO HELOUAN - TWENTY MILES OF EVER-CHANGING PANORAMA OF DIVERSE INTEREST ESPECIALLY TO THE TROOPS CAMPED AT END OF ROAD & TO WHOM THE EVERYDAY ACTIVITY OF THESE INDUSTRIOUS PEOPLE PRESENTS A NEVER- FAILING SOURCE OF NEW INTEREST. WOMAN MINDING A FLOCK OF GOATS IS TYPICAL....

004213

004214

1940-11-25. ROAD TO HELOUAN - APPARENTLY IRRIGATED SOIL ALONG RIVER BANKS IS PERIODICALLY SCOOPED UP FROM THE SURFACE OF CULTIVATED AREAS IN ORDER TO GIVE THE LOWER SOIL A CHANCE TO MAKE CONTACT WITH AIR & SO LOSE ITS SOURNESS. PROBABLY THE INTENSIVE IRRIGATION MAKES THIS NECESSARY. (NOT...

004214

004216

1940-11-25. ON ROAD TO MAADI - SITE OF NEW ZEALAND EXPEDITIONARY FORCE CAMP. ONE OF MANY TYPES OF WATERWHEELS USED TO PUMP WATER FROM NILE AND FROM VARIOUS CANALS AND IRRIGATION CHANNELS ONTO NARROW STRIP OF FERTILE LAND. CAMELS, OXEN AND DONKEYS ARE USED FOR LOCOMOTION AND WITHOUT PUMPING DEVICES,...

004216

004217

1940-11-25. ROAD FROM CAIRO TO HELOUAN - AVENUES OF BEAUTIFUL TREES FLANK THE ROAD AND ALL DAY LONG THESE STATELY FELUCCAS GLIDE ALONG THE SMOOTH WATER CARRYING PRACTICALLY THE WHOLE OF THE INTERNAL TRADE OF THE COUNTRY IN THEIR AMPLE HULKS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004217

004219

1940-11-25. CAIRO - HELOUAN ROAD - THE "SCOOPING" PROCESS IS THE MOST PREVALENT FARMING ACTIVITY IN PROGRESS ALONG NILE. OXEN, CAMELS AND DONKEYS ARE USED TO DRAW THE SCOOP. SOIL IS VERY LOOSE AND SHALLOW SO LABOUR ENTAILED IS NOT VERY HEAVY BUT GOES ON CONSISTENTLY ALL THE YEAR ROUND. (NEGATIVE BY...

004219

004223

Helouan, Egypt. 1940-11-28. OFFICERS OF THE 2/1ST ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS IN THE TRENCH LEADING TO BATTALION H.Q. "UNDERGROUND" SHELTER. FROM FRONT: LIEUTENANT (LT) T.H. TRUBSHAW, CAPTAIN R.W. PETERS, MAJOR T.E. SHEAHAN, CAPTAIN E. PATERSON, LT A.C. BLUNDELL, LT J.H. RAFTEY.

004223

004224

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-11-28. OFFICERS OF 2/1ST ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS. LEFT TO RIGHT: LT. T.H. TRUBSHAW: CAPT. R.W. PETERS, MAJOR T.E. SHEAHAN: CAPT. E. PATERSON: LT. A.C. BLUNDELL: AND AT BACK LT. J.H. RAFTEY. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004224

004225

HELOUAN, EGYPT - OFFICERS OF 2/2ND ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS STAND ON THE ROOF OF "EMERGENCY" BATTALION HEADQUARTERS TO WHICH THEY TRANSFER IN THE EVENT OF MILITARY ACTION, CAPTAIN E. M. GWYTHER; CAPTAIN J. A. NAISMITH: LIEUTENANT COLONEL W. G. CHAPMAN (QC) MAJOR E. W. BRYCON: CAPTAIN J. W. REDPATH;...

004225

004226

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-11-28. OFFICERS OF 2/2ND ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS POSE FOR AN OFFICIAL PHOTO. LEFT TO RIGHT: CAPTAIN E M GWYTHER: CAPT. J.A. NAISMITH: LIEUTENANT COLONEL W.G. CHAPMAN (O.C.) MAJOR E.W. BRYCON CAPT. J.W. REDPATH & CAPT. A.H. BECK. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004226

004227

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-11-28. PRESENT LOCATION OF ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS, RECOVERY & MAINTENANCE UNIT. UNIT RESPONSIBLE FOR THE RECOVERING & REPAIRING OF ARMY TRANSPORT AND EQUIPMENT - ONE OF BEST EQUIPPED UNITS OPERATING ON ANY FRONT. THIS IS "L" TRAILER - PERSONNEL ARE 2/2 ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS....

004227

004228

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-11-28. "K" TRAILER AND PART OF EQUIPMENT OF THE CARPENTERS & WHEELERS SUBSECTION. MEN AT WORK PREPARING TIMBER THAT WILL BE USED IN THE FITTING UP OF STORES & ORDNANCE TRUCKS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004228

004229

MAADI, EGYPT. 1940-11-29. MAJ. GEN SIR JOHN DUIGAN - CHIEF OF N.Z. GEN. STAFF REVIEW 6TH INF. BDE GROUP AT N.Z. CAMP. HE HAS BEEN IN THE MIDDLE EAST FOR A CONFERENCE OF THE CHIEFS OF THE ALLIED FORCES AND GAVE A SHORT ADDRESS TO THE MEN.

004229

004233

A MIXED GRILL BESIDE THE OLD CANAL. SHEEP, GOATS, DONKEYS AND COWS WITH A FEW ODD "BENTS" AND NATIVE CHILDREN. IT IS PROBABLY A COMMUNAL FLOCK FROM ONE OF THE NEARBY VILLAGES.

004233

004234

A MIXED GRILL BESIDE THE OLD CANAL. SHEEP, GOATS, DONKEYS AND COWS WITH A FEW ODD "BENTS" AND NATIVE CHILDREN. IT IS PROBABLY A COMMUNAL FLOCK FROM ONE OF THE NEARBY VILLAGES.

004234

004235

MAADI ROAD, EGYPT. 1940-12. NEW ZEALAND TROOPS HALT FOR A SPELL DURING A MARCH ROUND THE VILLAGES AND TO BUY SOME FRESH ORANGES FROM A "WOG" (NATIVE ARAB). PRIVATE C.W. HOLDWAY, CAPTAIN HUTCHINSON AND PRIVATE DONNELL.

004235

004236

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. PTE. A.E. MOYSEY 2/2 ARMY FIELD W'SHOPS PROVES HIMSELF AN EXCELLENT CARTOONIST. HERE HE IS DECORATING THE INSIDE OF THE TENT WITH CARICATURES OF HITLER AND MUSSOLINI WITH A PANEL DEVOTED TO THE ADMINISTERING OF A BITTER PILL TO HITLER BY THE A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY F....

004236

004237

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. PTE. A.E. MOYSEY 2/2 ARMY FIELD W'SHOPS PROVES HIMSELF AN EXCELLENT CARTOONIST. HERE HE IS DECORATING THE INSIDE OF A TENT WITH CARICATURES OF HITLER AND MUSSOLINI WITH A SPECIAL PANEL DEVOTED TO THE ADMINISTERING OF A BITTER PILL TO HITLER BY THE A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY F....

004237

004238

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. "A BITTER PILL" - THATS WHAT PTE. MOYSEY CALLS HIS CARICATURE OF HITLER, DRAWN ON WALL OF HIS TENT TO THE AMUSEMENT OF THE LADS OF THE ARMY F.W'SHOPS. THE WORD MAFISH IS A CORRUPTION OF THE ARABIC MA FEESH WHICH MEANS "THERE IS NONE" OR "FINISHED". (NEGATIVE BY F....

004238

004239

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. COOKS PARADE AT 2/2 ARMY FIELD W'SHOPS FOR THE IMMERSION CEREMONY WITH XMAS PUDDING. L TO R: CPLS BEAUSH MUSSELLWHAITE: SANDHAM AND BONETT. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004239

004240

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. COOKS PARADE AT 2/2 FIELD W'SHOPS AND PERFORM THE IMMERSION CEREMONY WITH XMAS PUDDING. THE COOKS & HANGERS ON ARE L TO R CPLS BEAUSH: MUSSELLWHAITE: SANDHAM AND BONETT. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004240

004241

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-01. SUNDAY IN CAP IS ODD JOB DAY. MEN OF 2/2 ARMY F. W'SHOPS FROM LEFT: PTE. G.H. CUMMING (SHAVING) SGT. J. TROON (BEING SHAVED) MOUTH ORGANIST PTE. H.G. GORDON (MEMBER OF VIC. TRAMWAYS MOUTH-ORGAN BAND) CPL. W.R. SELLER (WRITING HOME) W.O. H.F. WESTCOTT (DARNING). (NEGATIVE...

004241

004242

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-01. SUNDAY IN CAMP IS ODD JOB DAY. MEN OF 2/2 ARMY FIELD W'SHOPS FROM LEFT: PTE. G.H. CUMMING (SHAVING) SGT. J. TROON (BEING SHAVED) MOUTH ORGANIST PTE. H.G. GORDON MEMBER OF VIC. TRAMWAYS MOUTH-ORGAN BAND) CPL W.R. SELLER (WRITING HOME) W.O. H.F. WESTCOTT (DARNING)....

004242

004244

ROAD TO HELOUAN - FELUCCAS AND FLOCKS AND THE AGELESS NILE - A PICTURE AS OLD AS HISTORY AND A NEVER FAILING DELIGHT. SO LONG AS THE RIVER FLOWS THRO' THIS ANCIENT LAND, SO LONG WILL IT BE ALIVE WITH THE SIMPLE BEAUTY OF ITS PEOPLE & THEIR TRADITIONAL BACKGROUND.

004244

004246

ROAD TO HELOUAN - REGATTA DAY ON NILE. SUCH MIGHT BE EASILY THE TITLE OF THIS PICTURE, BUT THIS IS NO SPECIAL OCCASION AND SIGHTS SUCH AS THIS ARE AN EVERYDAY OCCURRENCE ALONG THIS PICTURESQUE STRETCH OF ROAD.

004246

004247

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-12-02. 2/2 ARMY F. W'SHOPS CAMP. BREAKING CAMP & THE CONSEQUENT TAKING DOWN OF TENTS REVEALED A SURPRISING DECORATION BRILLIANT SKETCHES OF PTE MOYSEY HAVE ADORNED THE INTERIOR OF HIS TENT DURING THEIR STAY IN THIS CAMP AND KEP HIS FRIENDS AMUSED FOR MANY MONTHS. (NEGATIVE BY...

004247

004358

HELOUAN, EGYPT. 1940-10-23. MEN OF THE MECHANISED CAVALRY REGIMENT LINED UP FOR INSPECTION BY ANTHONY EDEN DURING HIS VISIT TO AUSTRALIAN FORCES IN THE NEAR EAST. (NEGATIVE BY HURLEY).

004358

004399

1940-12-14. SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. A STREAM OF THE INCREDIBLE NUMBER OF ITALIAN PRISONERS COMING INTO SIDI BARRANI FROM THE BUG-BUG AREA. WE ARE SUPPOSED TO HAVE TAKEN TWICE AS MANY PRISONERS AS WE HAD MEN IN THE FIELD.

004399

004406

1940-12-14. SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. MAJOR J.H. CARROLL-LEAHY (INDIAN ARMY OLD BOY) AND SOME OF HIS BOYS LOOK AFTER A BATCH OF ITALIAN OFFICER PRISONERS.

004406

004407

1940-12-12. NIBEIWA - CPLS SMITH & HULME OF THE ROYAL TANK CORPS WHO TOOK PART IN THE HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL ACTION AT NIBEIWA, TAKE A LOOK AT THE GUN THAT PUT THEIR TANK OUT OF ACTION. (PHOTOGRAPHED BY F. HURLEY).

004407

004408

1940-12-14. NEAR SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. ON INTO THE NIGHT THE HEAVY TANKS LUMBER INTO ACTION AGAINST THE RETREATING ENEMY.

004408

004412

1940-12-13. SIDI BARRANI - A SEEMINGLY ENDLESS CHAIN OF ITALIAN PRISONERS CAME INTO BARRANI AFTER THE FORTRESS HAD FALLEN. AS SOON AS THE BRITISH STORE SHIPS ARRIVED THE ITALIANS WERE PUT TO WORK TO UNLOAD THEM. THEY SHOWED NO DISINCLINATION TO HELP, PROBABLY BECAUSE THE EXERCISE HELPED TO KEEP...

004412

004413

1940-14-14. SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. IN THE COURTYARD OF THE DAMAGED BARRACKS AFTER THE NAVAL BOMBARDMENT OF THIS ITALIAN STRONGHOLD.

004413

004414

1940-12-13. SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. COMPLETE AND UTTER RUIN WAS ALL THAT REMAINED AFTER THE BOMBARDMENT INFLICTED BY THE NAVY AND AIR FORCE ON SIDI BARRANI BEFORE THE ARMY MOVED IN AND ROUTED THE ITALIAN FORCES HOLDING THE POSITION.

004414

004415

1940-12-13. SIDI BARRANI, EGYPT. OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS TAKE SHOTS OF THE RUINS OF THE ITALIAN STRONGHOLD A FEW HOURS AFTER THE BRITISH ARMY HAD PASSED THROUGH.

004415

004416

1940-12-14. SIDI BARRANI - THE ITALIANS WERE WELL EQUIPPED AND HAD TANKS AND OTHER MOBILE EQUIPMENT EVERYWHERE...EVEN ON THE BEACH AT SIDI BARRANI. THIS ONE IS IN FAIR WORKING ORDER & WILL SOON BE FOLLOWING ITS ORIGINAL OWNERS - BUT WITH A DIFFERENT FLAG FLYING.

004416

004417

1940-14-14. SIDI BARRANI - THE ARMY WAITS ON THE SHORE TO MEET THE NAVY AFTER THE OCCUPATION OF SIDI BARRANI.

004417

004421

PAMBO MORRISON, DRIVER FOR THE PHOTO UNIT, FAILS TO RAISE ANY ENTHUSIASM OVER THE ITALIAN MEMORIAL THAT COMMEMORATES THEIR LIBERATION OF LIBYA FROM EGYPTIAN TYRANNY. PAMBO HAS SEEN BETTER STATUES IN SWAN HILL.

004421

004422

1940-12-15. WESTERN DESERT - WHEN THE ITIES (ITALIANS) FLED BEFORE THE ATTACK THEY VERY CONVENIENTLY LEFT THEIR OWN TRANSPORT BEHIND. IF THEY HAD OMITTED THIS FORMALITY THE COUNTLESS PRISONERS WHO APPARENTLY PREFER DISCRETION TO VALOUR, WOULD HAVE FOUND IT NECESSARY TO WALK TO THE PRISON CAMPS...

004422

004466

1940-12-14. SIDI BARRANI - THE BRITISH PHOTO UNIT ARRIVED ON SCENE 3 DAYS AFTER THE AUST. UNIT. A BOMB FELL ACROSS THE AREA IN WHICH THEY CAMPED AND COMPLETELY WRECKED THEIR CAR AND MOST OF THEIR PHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIPMENT ETC. KILLING THEIR DRIVER. CAPT. G. KEATING & GEOFFREY TOZER ARE THE MEN.

004466

004906

1941-01-05. BARDIA, LIBYA. THE BOYS OF THE 2/2ND BATTALION, NOW IN OCCUPATION OF BARDIA, CELEBRATE THEIR ENTRY INTO THE ITALIAN STRONG HOLD WITH A FEAST OF CAPTURED FOOD, WINE AND CIGARS.

004906

004908

1940-12-27. NEAR BARDIA. ON AN AERODROME BETWEEN CAPUZZO AND BARDIA ARE THE WRECKS OF 13 ITALIAN WAR PLANES CAUGHT ON THE GROUND BY BRITISH FORCES.

004908

004909

Salum, North Africa. 1940-12-28. In his underground headquarters Major G.C. Hayman, SOME, AIF, receives a message from Despatch Rider Cliffe.

004909

004912

1940-12-24. FORT CAPUZZO, ITALY. THE WATERING POINT IN THE DESERT. ONE OF THE MOST VITAL POSITIONS IN THE SET UP OF THE DESERT WARFARE.

004912

004921

1941-01-05. BARDIA, LIBYA. MEN OF THE 2/2ND BATTALION WHO ESTABLISHED THE FIRST BRITISH H.Q. IN BARDIA AFTER IT HAD FALLEN. PRIVATES INGRAM, T. HARVEY, V. MCFAYDEN, AND A. ARPENTE.

004921

004928

1941-12-27. NEAR BARDIA. ON AN AERODROME BETWEEN CAPUZZO AND BARDIA ARE WRECKS OF THIRTEEN ITALIAN WAR-PLANES CAUGHT ON THE GROUND BY THE BRITISH AFTER THEY HAD PUSHED RAPIDLY PAST CAPUZZO.

004928

004930

1941-01-05. BARDIA, LIBYA. HUSH-A-BYE BENITO. PRIVATE O.W. WOOD (2/2ND BATTALION), WITH A GOAT LEFT BEHIND BY THE ITALIANS AND ADOPTED BY THE A.I.F.

004930

004933

1940-12-27. NEAR BARDIA. PRIVATE O'SULLIVAN (STANDING) AND SERGEANT DARK OF THE 2/2ND BATTALION WITH THE FIAT CAR THAT THEY BORROWED FROM THE ITALIAN LINES ONE DARK NIGHT NOT LONG AGO.

004933

004934

1940-12-26. NEAR BARDIA. ON AN AERODROME BETWEEN CAPUZZO AND BARDIA ARE THE WRECKS OF THIRTEEN ITALIAN WAR PLANES CAUGHT ON THE GROUND BY THE BRITISH AFTER THEY HAD PUSHED RAPIDLY PAST FORT CAPUZZO.

004934

004937

1940-12-31. SOLLUM - SIXTY POUNDERS COMING UP HALFAYA PASS (HELLFIRE PASS), ON THEIR WAY TO THE PLATEAU FROM WHICH THEY EVENTUALLY SHELLED THE ITALIANS BEFORE THE BATTLE OF BARDIA. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

004937

004938

1940-12-25. NEAR BARDIA - THE COMFORTS FUND PROVED THEIR WORTH BY GETTING CHRISTMAS HAMPERS TO THE BOYS IN THE FRONT LINE ON CHRISTMAS DAY AND PARCELS CERTAINLY PROVIDED WELCOME CHANGE OF DIET FOR THEM BESIDES GIVING A PLEASANT SURPRISE. THESE MEN ARE OF 15TH PLATOON "C" COY, 2/2ND INFANTRY...

004938

004940

1940-12-25. NEAR BARDIA - THE COMFORTS FUND PROVED THEIR WORTH BY GETTING CHRISTMAS HAMPERS TO BOYS IN THE FRONT LINE ON CHRISTMAS DAY AND PARCELS CERTAINLY PROVIDED WELCOME CHANGE OF DIET BESIDES GIVING A PLEASANT SURPRISE. 2/2ND INFANTRY BATTALION, 15TH PLATOON, "C" COY.

004940

004944

1940-12-29. NEAR BARDIA - ONE OF THE BREN GUN POSTS THAT ARE PLACED TO DEFEND ARTILLERY BATTERIES FROM DIVE-BOMBERS. L TO R: GUNNER N.H. MCLEOD: GUNNER WHALEN AND BOMBARDIER GREENWOOD. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY)

004944

004952

1940-12-26. NEAR BARDIA - 2/2ND BATTALION WERE CAMPED IN A POSITION BETWEEN BARDIA AND SOLLUM BEFORE THE ATTACK. AIR RAIDS AND ARTILLERY BARRAGES SO PREVALENT AND THERE BEING NO COVER, THEY HAD TO DIG IN. THEIR HOLES WERE COVERED WITH PARTS OF WRECKED ITALIAN AIRCRAFT. PRIVATE BILL THOMPSON OF...

004952

004953

1940-12-26. NEAR BARDIA. 2/2ND BATTALION WERE CAMPED BETWEEN SOLLUM AND BARDIA. AIR RAIDS AND ARTILLERY BARRAGES WERE SO PREVALENT THAT THEY HAD TO DIG IN. THEIR HOLES WERE COVERED WITH PARTS OF WRECKED ITALIAN PLANES. DRIVER BUTCHER WITH HIS ISSUE OF COMFORTS FUNDS RECEIVED ON CHRISTMAS DAY.

004953

004955

1940-12-26. NEAR BARDIA, LIBYA. PRIVATE BILL THOMPSON, 2/2ND BATTALION, OF LEICHHARDT, NSW, HAS A LOOK ROUND FOR RAIDERS BEFORE COMING UP FOR AIR. HE IS IN HIS DUGOUT, WHICH HAS BEEN DUG AS THERE IS NO COVER FOR THE TROOPS FROM AIR RAIDS.

004955

005240

1940-12-08. GERAWLA - RAAF NO.2 SQUADRON. THE WATER CART CALLS ROUND AND DEALS OUT THE DAILY RATION. TOM BELL IS THE WATER-MAN AND BRUCE WYLER THE OWNER OF THE DUGOUT IN THE BACKGROUND.

005240

005241

1940-12-09. GERAWLA - PILOTS NO. 3 SQUADRON RAAF WHO ARE REAPING A HARVEST OF ITALIAN PLANES IN THEIR DAILY PATROLS. THEY PILOT GLADIATOR PLANES WHICH ARE MORE MANOEUVRABLE THAN ITALIAN FIGHTERS THOUGH NOT SO FAST.

005241

005242

NEAR BARDIA - THE ENGINEERS CONFER - L TO R: NX28 MAJOR George Gordon Hayman (S.O.M.E.) LT. COL. CHAPMAN: LT. COL MORAN AND COL. PULVER.

005242

005243

LOOKING DOWN FROM THE HILL-SIDE ONTO THE HOSPITAL AREA JUST OUTSIDE BARDIA. THE ITALIANS HAD FIVE COMPLETE HOSPITAL UNITS IN THIS AREA, INDICATING THE EXPECTATION OF HEAVY CASUALTIES.

005243

005244

1940-12-25. BARDIA - "E" TROOP OF 2/1 BATTALION - CREW OF NO. 2 GUN IN ACTION AGAINST ITALIANS IN THE CAPTURE OF BARDIA.

005244

005245

1940-12-25. BARDIA - "E" TROOP OF 2/1 BATTALION - CREW OF NO. 2 GUN IN ACTION AGAINST ITALIANS IN THE CAPTURE OF BARDIA.

005245

005246

1940-01-04. NEAR BARDIA - A GROUP OF ITALIAN PRISONERS WAITING FOR TREATMENT AT A CASUALTY CLEARING STATION - A SECTION OF 2/1 AUST. FIELD AMB. UNDER DIRECTION OF CAPT. MATTHEWS, MEN HAVE IMPROVISED ALMOST A TRAVELLING HOSPITAL AND ARE CARRYING ON THEIR WORK RIGHT IN ADVANCED POSITION.

005246

005247

ITALIAN PRISONERS TAKEN DURING THE CAPTURE OF BARDIA.

005247

005251

Near Bardia on Christmas Day, some of the thousands of Italian prisoners of war captured during the Bardia action.

005251

005255

1940-12-25. NEAR BARDIA - A GUN CREW OF B SUBSECTION OF 2/1ST FIELD REGIMENT. LEFT TO RIGHT: SERGEANT D.A. JACK: LANCE BOMBARDIER LOPEZ: GUNNER W.A. MOSS: BOMBARDIER WOOD: GUNNER T.H. O'NEILL AND (STANDING) GUNNER ROACH. THEY ARE HAVING CHRISTMAS DINNER COMPLETE WITH CHRISTMAS CAKE. (NEGATIVE BY F....

005255

005256

1940-12-25. NEAR BARDIA - A GUN CREW OF B SUBSECTION 2/1 FIELD REGIMENT. L TO R: SGT. D.A. JACK: L/BOMB. LOPEZ: GNR. W.A. MOSS: BOMB. WOOD: GNR. T.H. O'NEILL AND (STANDING) GNR. ROACH, DRINKING A TOAST DURING THEIR CHRISTMAS DINNER. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

005256

005257

1940-12-25. NEAR BARDIA. GUN CREW OF NO. 3 GUN, E TROOP, 2/1ST FIELD REGIMENT, RELAX AFTER CHRISTMAS DINNER. LEFT TO RIGHT: GUNNER (GNR) TROUVILLE: GNR MORROW: BOMBARDIER HITCHER: GNR SING: IN FRONT ARE BOMBARDIER ELLIOT AND SGT. FIRTH.

005257

005262

FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. NX3669 PRIVATE ARTHUR HASSELL, 2/3ND BATTALION (RICHMOND, N.S.W.), OUTSIDE THE MAIN GATE TO THE FORT AFTER THE A.I.F. HAD OCCUPIED THE AREA.

005262

005263

1941-01-04. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. COURTYARD IN FRONT OF ITALIAN FORT RECENTLY TAKEN BY BRITISH TROOPS. THE IMPERIAL ROMAN EAGLE IN FRONT OF THE MAIN GATEWAY SHOWS THE SCARS OF BATTLE.

005263

005264

1940-12-27. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. L/C W. BROOKS, PROVOST CORPS 6TH DIVISION DIRECTS TRAFFIC AT JUNCTION OF SOLLUM-BARDIA ROAD. HIS IMPOSING PEDESTAL IS THE VICTOR ARCH ERECTED BY ITALIANS AND IS ANOTHER EXAMPLE OF THEIR FLAMBOYANT DECORATION OF THE OTHERWISE FEATURELESS LANDSCAPE.

005264

005265

Before the battle of Bardia Brigadier Lomax 16th (British) Brigade, NX231 Major Frederick Oliver Chilton, Officer Commanding, 2/2nd Battalion and the Brigadier's aide look at a map.

005265

005268

Informal group portrait of three pilots of No. 3 Squadron RAAF engaged in operations over the Western Desert. Identified from left to right: 270526 Engineering Officer Lex D'arcy Winten of Brisbane, Queensland; O34059 Flight Lieutenant Gordon Henry Steege of North Sydney, NSW (later Air Commodore);...

005268

005269

Squadron Leader Judge, RAF (an Australian serving with the RAF) and Peter Jeffreys of No 3 Squadron, RAAF take off in a Miles Magister trainer aircraft for a reconaissance over Italian lines.

005269

005271

1940-12-24. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. AN ITALIAN STRONGHOLD BETWEEN SOLLUM AND BARDIA WHICH FELL TO THE BRITISH FORCES. THE NAVY ASSISTED IN THE BOMBARDMENT OF THE FORT AND IT WAS REDUCED TO RUINS. IT WAS FORMERLY A STRONGPOST FOR GUARDING OF A WATER POINT FOR ITALIANS.

005271

005272

1940-12-24. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. LIEUTENANT CRUTE 2/2ND FIELD REGIMENT. (ART) DISCUSSING THE SITUATION WITH THE PHOTOGRAPHIC UNIT. THE STATE OF THE WALLS SHOWS WHAT THE BRITISH GUNNERS DID TO THE FORT BEFORE THE ITALIANS MADE THEIR GET-AWAY.

005272

005273

1940-12-24. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. THE RUINS OF THE FORT AFTER THE HEAVY BOMBARDMENT BY BRITISH FORCES.

005273

005274

1940-12-24. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. RUINS OF THE FORT AFTER THE HEAVY BOMBARDMENT BY BRITISH FORCES.

005274

005278

1940-12-27. NEAR BARDIA, LIBYA. ANOTHER OF THE THIRTEEN WRECKED ITALIAN PLANES FOUND ON THE AERODROME BY THE BRITISH DURING THEIR PUSH PAST FORT CAPUZZO.

005278

005279

1940-12-27. NEAR BARDIA, LIBYA. THE BURNT OUT SHELL OF ONE OF THE THIRTEEN WRECKED PLANES SHOT DOWN BY THE BRITISH AS THE ITALIAN PILOTS ATTEMPTED TO TAKE OFF DURING THE PUSH BY THE BRITISH PAST FORT CAPUZZO.

005279

005297

NX231 Major Frederick Oliver Chilton, Officer Commanding, 2/2nd Battalion, has a quick shave between busy moments during the action at Bardia.

005297

005300

1940-12-31. SOLLUM - AN ANTI AIRCRAFT GUN AND CREW OF 37 LIGHT ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY (BRITISH) GUARDING THE PASS THROUGH WHICH ALL BRITISH TRANSPORT MUST PASS TO ADVANCED POSITIONS BEFORE BARDIA.

005300

005301

1940-12-31. SOLLUM - A UNIT OF THE 37 LIGHT ANTI AIRCRAFT BATTERY (BRITISH) AT THE TOP OF HALFAYA PASS, GUARDING THE ROUTE TO THE BRITISH POSITIONS AGAINST THE ITALIAN AIRFORCE. THE GUN IS A 40 MM BOFORS LIGHT ANTI AIRCRAFT.

005301

005303

1940-12-27. SOLLUM - UNLOADING CARGO OF BENZINE AT THE JETTY. IN SPITE OF HEAVY SHELLING AT THIS POINT IT WAS ALWAYS A HIVE OF INDUSTRY AND A DIRECT HIT WAS MADE ONLY ON ONE OCCASION. MOST OF THE MEN WORKING HERE ARE CYPRIOTS.

005303

005306

NO. 5 GUN CREW, 1ST BATTERY, "A" TROOP, 2/1ST FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT. THE CREW COMPRISES SERGEANT PEARSE, BOMBARDIER (BDR) FRANKFORT, GUNNER (GNR) HILLCOAT, GNR O'SULLIVAN, GNR W. K. SMITH AND GNR KRUMBACK. THIS 25 POUNDER MARK II GUN IS CAMOUFLAGED WITH HESSIAN AND STREAMERS AND ENGAGED IN...

005306

005308

BARDIA, LIBYA 1940-12-29. NO. 5 GUN CREW, 1ST BATTERY, "A" TROOP, 2/1ST FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT. THIS 25 POUNDER MARK II GUN IS CAMOUFLAGED WITH HESSIAN AND STREAMERS AND ENGAGED IN HARASSING ITALIAN POSITIONS BEFORE THE ACTUAL "PUSH". BOMBARDIER FRANKFORT IS TAKING A SIGHTING. (PHOTOGRAPHER FRANK...

005308

005312

GERAWLA, EGYPT. 1940-12-08. ARMOURER F. K. TAPLIN, LEADING AIRCRAFTMAN C. R. SAWARD AND CORPORAL BREALEY LOADING 303 ROUNDS INTO MACHINE GUN BELTS. THE MEN REARM EACH NO. 3 SQUADRON RAAF GLADIATOR AS IT RETURNS FROM FLIGHTS TO SWEEP THE SKIES FOR ITALIAN AIRCRAFT. THE SQUADRON WAS THE MOST ADVANCED...

005312

005313

FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA 1940-12-24. PRIVATE (PTE) A. HASSELL AND PTE E. G. TRUSTY, BOTH OF THE 2/3RD BATTALION, BESIDE THE MAIN GATE OF THE FORT. AN ITALIAN MONUMENT IS IN THE COURTYARD BEHIND THE GATES.

005313

005392

Members of the 2/11th Infantry Battalion, having penetrated the outer defences of Tobruk, assemble again on the escarpment on the south side of the harbour after attacking ack ack gun positions. The men were all from C Company, mostly from 14 platoon. Left to right: Front row: Sergeant (Sgt) B...

005392

005414

1941-01-22. TOBRUK - WHEN THE AUSTRALIANS HAULED DOWN THE ITALIAN FLAG FROM THE MAST OUTSIDE NAVY HOUSE, THEY HADN'T ANY OTHER TO REPLACE IT - SO UP WENT THE UNMISTAKABLE TRADEMARK - THE DIGGER HAT - BELONGING TO NX14254 CORPORAL ELDRICK GRANT WHO IS SEEN UP THE FLAG-MAST. HE WAS ALSO RESPONSIBLE...

005414

005433

HEADQUARTERS (HQ) AUSTRALIAN ARMY SERVICE CORPS (AASC), 6TH DIVISION AIF. LEFT TO RIGHT: MAJOR MACLEAN, LIEUTENANT COLONEL N. B LOVERIDGE, CAPTAIN MARSH AND LIEUTENANT HURST. THE HQ WAS LOCATED IN AN UNDERGROUND CISTERN.

005433

005434

HEADQUARTERS AUSTRALIAN ARMY SERVICE CORPS (AASC), 6TH DIVISION AIF LOCATED IN AN UNDERGROUND CISTERN.

005434

005438

1940-12-25. FORT CAPUZZO, LIBYA. WATER IS PUMPED FROM UNDERGROUND TANKS AND CISTERNS INTO WATER-CARRYING TRUCKS THEN CONVEYED TO TROOPS IN FORWARD POSITIONS. WELLS WERE SALTED BY RETREATING ITALIANS (AND/OR BRITISH) AND ALTHOUGH THE WATER IS NOT POISONOUS, IT IS UNPLEASANT TO DRINK.

005438

005599

1941-01-23. TOBRUK - AN ITALIAN NAVAL GUN COMPLETE WITH GUNNER, SUFFERED ANOTHER DIRECT HIT FROM OUR ARTILLERY WHO ARE HAVING PLENTY OF PRACTICE.

005599

005603

1941-01-23. TOBRUK - UNITS OF AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY REST ON THE HEIGHTS OVERLOOKING TOBRUK AFTER HAVING ADVANCED THROUGH THE OUTER DEFENCES OF THE AREA. BLACK CLOUDS OF SMOKE RISE INTO THE AIR. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

005603

005611

1941-01-23. TOBRUK - THE NEW STAFF TAKES OVER THE PORT COMMANDER'S OFFICE AFTER FALL OF BARDIA. L TO R: PTES. J. PELTON: D. FERGUSON: SIG. G. FOX: PTE. G. MORRIS AND L. HURLESTONE. ALL OF D COMPANY, 2/2ND BATTALION.

005611

007073

1943-05. WITH THE INDIAN ARMY ON THE ROAD TO KEREN. AN ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUN ON ITS WAY TO KEREN AND BEYOND.

007073

007480

Group portrait of men from D Company, 2/13th Battalion who have fought a rearguard action since the beginning of the withdrawal to Tobruk and are now guarding the outer defences of that town. In position a couple of hundred yards from the wire, are, from the left: NX18466 Private (Pte) Brian...

007480

007481

Members of C Company, 2/13th Battalion, going out through the wire on the outer defences of the Tobruk area, on a day time patrol. Left to right: NX16918 Private (Pte) Jack Rafferty; NX17704 Pte Genner MM; NX18421 Pte Gordon Grainger.

007481

007482

1941-04-23. TOBRUK. BIRDS OF A FEATHER STUCK TOGETHER IN A COMMON CAGE, GERMAN AND ITALIAN PRISONERS CAPTURED ROUND ABOUT TOBRUK BY THE AUSTRALIAN FORCES HOLDING THE TOWN AND SURROUNDING COUNTRY. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007482

007497

1941-04. TOBRUK. QX2836 PRIVATE VICKERY OF ROCKHAMPTON, QLD, TAKES A BATH IN WADI AUDA SURROUNDED BY MEMBERS OF 2/4TH FIELD PARK AND 2/4TH FIELD COMPANY OF ENGINEERS. THE BATH TUB WAS AMONG THE STORES CAPTURED FROM THE ITALIANS. WATER COMES FROM THE ENGINE COOLING APPARATUS AT THE AIF PUMPING...

007497

007498

1941-04. TOBRUK. CAMOUFLAGE MAY APPEAR AS STRANGE FROM WITHIN AS FROM WITHOUT. THESE SHADOWS WERE CAST ON AN AUSTRALIAN POSITION BY THE CANOPY CONCEALING IT FROM ENEMY AIRCRAFT. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007498

007499

BARBED WIRE DEFENCES ACROSS THE EL ADEM ROAD APPROACHING TOBRUK. THE SENTRY ON GUARD IS NX24343 PRIVATE EARL, OF WAVERLEY, SERVING WITH THE 2/13TH BATTALION. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007499

007505

Members of the 2/13th Battalion on patrol along the anti-tank ditch at the El Adem Road to the south of Tobruk. A close watch is kept over this ditch night and day to counter enemy attempts to pierce the town's defences. Left to right: NX17704 Private (Pte) Genner MM; Pte Jackson ?; NX18421 Pte...

007505

007507

STORES AND AMMUNITIONS ARE UNLOADED ON TO LIGHTERS IN TOBRUK HARBOUR. INTENSIVE ANTI-AIRCRAFT FIRE AND VIGILANT WATCH FOR ENEMY AIRCRAFT WHICH ATTEMPT TO DISORGANISE OPERATIONS, ENABLE THE WORK TO BE CARRIED ON WITH FEW SERIOUS INTERRUPTIONS.

007507

007509

Colonel F. A. Burrows, commanding officer of the 2/13th Battalion, wearing a slouch hat, talking to some of his men who are patrolling the wire of the outer defences of Tobruk. The defences are watched night and day to check any enemy attempt at penetration. Lower right is NX18421 Private Gordon...

007509

007560

1941-05-03. TOBRUK. LIEUTENANT C.A. SMITH (WITH CAP) AND (WITH HAT) CAPTAIN T. TRUBSHAW OF IVANHOE. MEMBERS OF NO. 1 RECOVERY SECTION, 2/1ST AUSTRALIAN FIELD WORKSHOPS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007560

007574

1941-05-03. TOBRUK. NO. 1 RECOVERY SECTION, 2/1ST ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS, AT PRESENT DOING GREAT WORK IN THE DESERT MAINTAINING VEHICLES AND TANKS AND MENDING OUR OWN VEHICLES WITH PARTS FROM CAPTURED AND ABANDONED ITALIAN EQUIPMENT. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007574

007575

1941-05-07. TOBRUK, LIBYA. A LIME JUICE BOTTLE SERVES AS A COMPARISON WHEN ESTIMATING THE SIZE OF A THERMOS BOMB, THE DIFFERENCE IS THAT THE BOMB CONTAINS 2 OR 3 POUNDS OF T.N.T. WHICH IS LIKELY TO BE EXPLODED BY A MINOR VIBRATION SUCH AS A CLOSE FOOTFALL. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007575

007586

1941-05-04. TOBRUK. PTE BOTTOM AND PTE KOSCHEL, BLACKSMITHS OF NO 1 RECOVERY SECTION, 2/1ST ARMY FIELD WORKSHOPS HAVING POLISHED OFF A BOTTLE OF REAL AUSTRALIAN BEER. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

007586

008248

This photograph was originally issued with the following caption: "The Salvation Army, as usual, is doing splendid work in the forward areas during the advance of our troops into Syria. Here, at Saiada the "army" car rests for a while and a crowd of visitors drops in to listen to the latest news...

008248

008251

An advance infantry patrol of the 2/27th Battalion moves stealthily along an exposed scarp prior to launching an attack on an enemy position on the heights overlooking El Ardun.

008251

008261

1941-06-03. SYRIA. THE INFAMOUS "PAMBO" MORRISON, DRIVER TO THE PHOTOGRAPHIC UNIT, COMES ACROSS A WELCOME ADDITION TO THE LARDER...A BEEHIVE IN SOME SYRIAN GARDEN, AND GOES TO WORK ON IT WITH IMPUNITY BEING PROTECTED BY HIS GAS MASK (RESPIRATOR TO YOU) SCARF AND DRIVING GAUNTLETS. (NEGATIVE BY...

008261

008268

Men of the 7th Division Recovery Section, 2/3 Army Field Workshops, at work on a captured French Renault R-35 light tank near Tyre. Private M Coleman (NX65158), Corporal T R J Schofield (NX66105) and centre Staff Sergeant G A Briggs (NX19237).

008268

008699

1941-06. TROOPS, ARABS, AND CATTLE ALL IN A GLORIOUS TUMBLE AROUND A WATERPLACE NEAR SAFED, NORTHERN PALESTINE. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

008699

008703

1941-06. NORTHERN PALESTINE. HARVEST TIME - SHOWS A TYPICAL COMMUNITY OWNED AND WORKED FIELD. NOTE THE HARVESTERS AT WORK IN THE CROP OF 'BEARDED' WHEAT AND BEYOND A HERD OF STOCK FINDING PASTURAGE AMONG THE STUBBLE.

008703

008706

PALESTINE. 1941-06. HEADQUARTERS SIGNALS ARE GETTING DOWN TO THE ROOT OF THINGS. THEY HAVE ESTABLISHED AN OFFICE IN A DUGOUT BENEATH THE TRUNK OF AN ANCIENT OLIVE TREE.

008706

008707

PALESTINE. 1941-06. HEADQUARTERS SIGNALS ARE GETTING DOWN TO THE ROOT OF THINGS. THEY HAVE ESTABLISHED AN OFFICE IN A DUGOUT BENEATH THE TRUNK OF AN ANCIENT OLIVE TREE.

008707

008724

The pass that winds from the plain of Esdraelon up to the heights of Nazareth. An Australian Ford Marmon-Herrington artillery tractor, model LP3 or LP3A, towing a trailer, ammunition No. 27 MKI and a 25 pounder gun. Note E9, a sub-unit tactical marking, painted on the driver's door of the truck....

008724

008726

25-POUNDERS ON THE ROAD BOUND FOR THE NORTH OF PALESTINE. (NEGATIVE BY D. PARER).

008726

008739

PALESTINE. 1941-06. AN AIF BATTERY (2/6TH FIELD REGIMENT ?) CARRYING OUT MANOEUVRES.

008739

008740

Palestine. 1941-06. Troops of 2/6th Field Regiment, 12th Battery, carrying out manoeuvres, with their 25-pounder Q.F. gun.

008740

008741

PALESTINE. 1941-06. TROOPS OF 2/6TH FIELD REGIMENT, 12TH BATTERY, CARRYING OUT MANOEUVRES.

008741

008744

PALESTINE, 1941-06, ON A STUBBLE FIELD NEAR AFULA. THE 2/14TH BATTALION, AIF, ENJOYS THE CHANGE AFTER STRENUOUS TIMES IN THE WESTERN DESERT. (PHOTOGRAPHER: F. HURLEY).

008744

008749

PALESTINE, 1941-06. MEMBERS OF A 2/14TH BATTALION, AIF, MORTAR DETACHMENT. THE PERSONNEL ARE: PRIVATE BISHELL, PRIVATE BUTTERWOOD, PRIVATE ROGERS, PRIVATE JESSUP; THIRD FROM THE LEFT IS CORPORAL SARGENT (LATER, AS A LIEUTENANT, KILLED AT RIMAU).

008749

008750

PALESTINE, 1941-06. A BRIEF REST WHILE SCALING THE HEIGHTS THAT OVERLOOK THE SYRIAN BORDER - MEMBERS OF THE 2/25TH BATTALION A. COMPANY.

008750

008751

PALESTINE, 1941-06. A BRIEF REST WHILE SCALING THE HEIGHTS THAT OVERLOOK THE SYRIAN BORDER - MEMBERS OF THE 2/25TH BATTALION A. COMPANY.

008751

008756

SYRIA, 1941-06. CAPTAIN FRANK HURLEY PHOTOGRAPHING THE COUNTRY THROUGH WHICH THE AUSTRALIAN TROOPS FOUGHT AND ADVANCED AGAINST THE VICHY FRENCH. (PHOTOGRAPHER: F. HURLEY).

008756

008778

SYRIA. 1941-06. DRIVER KENYON (ENGLISH) PRACTISING HIS PEACETIME PROFESSION BY CUTTING THE HAIR OF CORPORAL A. YOUNG.

008778

008794

1941-06. SYRIA. ONE OF THE 40MM BOFORS ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS USED EXTENSIVELY AND TO GREAT EFFECT BY THE BRITISH IN THE MIDDLE EAST. THIS GUN IS ONE OF A BATTERY THAT WAS EMPLACED TO PROTECT THE 2ND BATTERY OF THE 2/4TH FIELD REGIMENT.

008794

005612

1941-01-23. An Italian anti-aircraft gun in Tobruk that was dispatched by a direct hit from Australian artillerymen. Identified: left to right: Corporal (Cpl) Noel Doyle wounded in Greece; Pte Don (or his brother George) McDermid, [Pte George McDermid was killed on Crete on 27 May 1941]; Pte...

005612

005613

1941-01-23. TOBRUK - AN ITALIAN ANTI AIRCRAFT GUN THAT WAS DISPATCHED BY A DIRECT HIT FROM OUR ARTILLERY.

005613

005614

1941-01-23. TOBRUK - THREE PUPS THAT WERE FOUND IN A KENNEL JUST A FEW YARDS FROM THE ANTI AIRCRAFT GUN THAT WAS PUT OUT OF ACTION BY OUR ARTILLERY.

005614

005848/26

Benghazi, Libya. 7 February 1941. Australian troops of the 19th Brigade, 6th Division marching into the Civic Square of undefended Benghazi on the morning of 7th February 1941.

005848/26

005848/27

Infantry troops of the 6th Division entering the civic square of Benghazi for the ceremony of handing over the city to the Commander of the Australian Forces.

005848/27

005848/28

Benghazi, Libya. 7 February 1941. The mixed population of Italians, Arabs, Greeks and Jews welcomed Australian troops of the 19th Brigade, 6th Division in the Civic Square of Benghazi.

005848/28

005848/29

The official car of Brigadier H C H Robertson driving past the Guard of Honour for the ceremony of the handover to the Commander of the Australian Force which captured the city.

005848/29

005848/31

The Commander of the Australian troops who captured the city of Benghazi, Brigadier H C H Robertson (right), talking to the Mayor (without hat left), the Bishop and civic authorities of Benghazi.

005848/31

005848/34

Benghazi, Libya. 7 February 1941. Brigadier H. C. H. Robertson, Commanding Officer of the 19th Brigade, 6th Division 2nd AIF, takes over Benghazi from the Mayor (without hat), Bishop (left) and civic authorities.

005848/34

005848/35

The scene of the ceremony of handover of the city of Benghazi by the Mayor to the Commander of the Australian troops who captured the city, Brigader H C H Robertson.

005848/35

005849/03

Benghazi, Libya. 7 February 1941. With the capture of Benghazi, after the rapid advance across the Western Desert, General Sir Archibald Wavell's Army of the Nile established control of the whole of Cyrenaica. A general view of the handing over ceremony in Benghazi's Civic Square.

005849/03

005849/18

The Mayor (centre), Bishop and officials awaiting the arrival of the Commander of the Australian troops, Brigadier H C H Robertson for the ceremony of the handover of the city.

005849/18

005849/19

General view of soldiers and civilians who were present in the Civic Square for the ceremony of the handover of the city of Benghazi to the Commander of the Australian troops who captured the city, Brigadier H C H Robertson.

005849/19

005849/20

An Australian Army Intelligence Officer (left) questioning Benghazi Police Officials at the handover ceremony of the city to the Commander of the Australian troops who captured the city, Brigadier H C H Robertson.

005849/20

005849/21

Australian troops lined up to form a Guard of Honour (left) awaiting the arrival in the Civic Square for the car bringing the Commander of the Australian troops who captured the city, Brigadier H C H Robertson, for the ceremony of the handover of the city by the Mayor.

005849/21

005849/22

Australian troops and vehicles in the Civic Square of Benghazi at the ceremony of handover by the Mayor to the Commander of the Australian forces, Brigadier H C H Robertson.

005849/22

005849/23

Australian troops and civilians in the Civic Square of Benghazi after the ceremony of handover of the city by the Mayor to the Commander of the Australian forces who captured the city, Brigadier H C H Robertson.

005849/23

006317

1941-03. AUSTRALIAN TROOPS HAVE PLAYED A MAJOR PART IN RECONSTRUCTION WORK IN CYRENAICA. ROADS AND BRIDGES DESTROYED BY THE ITALIANS IN THEIR RETREAT HAVE BEEN REPAIRED BY THE BRITISH. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

006317

006320

CIRENE, LIBYA. 1941-03. CAPTAIN F. GALLASH TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OF PRIVATE (PTE) R. H. BAILEY AND PTE L. HODDY WHO ARE ADMIRING THE PICTURESQUE RUINS OF ANCIENT CIRENE.

006320

006321

1941-03. CYRENE. ARMY ENGINEERS RECONSTRUCTING ROADS AND BRIDGES DESTROYED BY THE ITALIANS IN THEIR HASTY RETREAT. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

006321

006332

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03. ITALIAN RAILWAY ENGINEERS WORKING UNDER THE DIRECTION OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ENGINEERS REPAIRING A LOCOMOTIVE PRIOR TO THE REOPENING OF THE RAIL SERVICE BY THE BRITISH MILITARY AUTHORITIES AFTER THE FALL OF BENGHAZI.

006332

006333

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-02-03. THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION HAS SUCCEEDED IN STIMULATING THE NORMAL FLOW OF CIVILIAN LIFE. THIS TRAIN WAS THE FIRST TO RUN AFTER THE OCCUPATION OF BRITISH FORCES.

006333

006334

1941-03-01. APPOLONIA. CQMS S. R.F. THOMPSON OF BRISBANE AND CAPTAIN G.R.B. PATTERSON OF SYDNEY, BOTH OF 2/1ST PIONEERS ADMIRING THE WATTLE IN A SQUARE IN APPOLONIA. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

006334

006483

Two diggers make a delightful picture against the wattle. They are members of the 2/1st Pioneers Battalion, R F Thompson of Brisbane, Qld, and Captain G R B Patterson of Sydney, NSW.

006483

006512

1941-02-26. BENINA. T. CLOVER, B. LEAVY AND P. BRUCE WITH A BREDA .5 ANTI AIRCRAFT GUN CAPTURED AND NOW READY FOR USE AGAINST THE ENEMY.

006512

006525

1941-03-01. BENGHAZI. THE LUNGAMARE MUSSOLINI AND HARBOUR AT BENGHAZI. "THE LUNGAMARE, AS FAR AS I CAN GATHER, IS THE NAME GIVEN TO THE SIDE BOULEVARDE THAT RIMS THE HARBOUR".

006525

006539

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03-01. EXTERIOR OF THE CATHEDRAL OF THE SACRED NAME OF JESUS. SMALL BOMBS HAVE FALLEN IN THE COURTYARD BEFORE THE CATHEDRAL AND THE BLAST FROM HEAVY GERMAN BOMBS HAS SHATTERED MOST OF THE WINDOWS.

006539

006541

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03-01. INTERIOR OF THE CATHEDRAL OF THE SACRED NAME OF JESUS LOOKING TOWARDS THE HIGH ALTAR. SMALL BOMBS HAD FALLEN IN THE COURTYARD BEFORE THE CATHEDRAL AND THE BLAST FROM HEAVY GERMAN BOMBS HAS SHATTERED MOST OF THE WINDOWS.

006541

006542

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03-01. A PALM LINED STREET OF BENGHAZI.

006542

006543

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03-01. THE PIAZZA XXVIII OTTOBRE (28TH OF OCTOBER) AS SEEN FROM THE DRAWING ROOM OF MARSHAL GRAZIANI'S PALACE. THE MARSHAL WAS COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE ITALIAN FORCES IN NORTH AFRICA.

006543

006545

TOCRA, LIBYA 1941-03-03. TOCRA CASTLE, HALF WAY BETWEEN BARCE AND BENGHAZI, WAS UNTIL RECENTLY HEADQUARTERS OF THE 2/11TH BATTALION.

006545

006556

BENGHAZI, LIBYA 1941-03-01. LEFT TO RIGHT: LIEUTENANT LAWSON, LANCE SERGEANT WEAVER, BOTH OF THE 2/1ST FIELD COMPANY ENGINEERS, AND THE ITALIAN EX STATION MASTER. THEY ARE DISCUSSING A BLUEPRINT IN THE BENGHAZI RAILWAY WORKSHOPS.

006556

006557

TOCRA, LIBYA 1941-03-03. THE OLD TURKISH CASTLE ON THE SHORES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA.

006557

003534

1940-10. ANTHONY EDEN INSPECTS MEN AND MACHINES OF THE MECHANIZED CAVALRY REGIMENT. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003534

003535

1940-10. MAJOR SELL POINTS OUT ITEMS OF INTEREST TO MR EDEN. (NEGATIVE BY CRANSTONE).

003535

003536

1940-10. COLONEL FERGUSSON CONDUCTS MR EDEN ON TOUR OF INSPECTION. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003536

003537

1940-10. THE "PIONEERS" GIVE A DEMONSTRATION OF RAPID WINNING. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003537

003538

1940-10. GENERAL SIR WAVELL TAKES SALUTE AS AUSTRALIAN INFANTRY MARCH PAST. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003538

003539

1940-10. ANTHONY EDEN STANDS BY GENERAL WAVELL AS HE TAKES THE SALUTE. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003539

003540

1940-10. ANTHONY EDEN SPEAKING TO AN OFFICER DURING HIS INSPECTION OF THE 6TH DIVISION (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003540

003541

1940-10. OFFICERS OF THE A.I.F. IN CAMP AT AMIRIYA. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003541

003542

1940-10. MR EDEN AND GENERAL WAVELL DISCUSS MILITARY MOVES. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003542

003543

1940-10. MR ANTHONY EDEN ACCOMPANIED BY BRIG ALLEN INSPECT MEN. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003543

003544

1940-10. MR EDEN INSPECTS BREN GUN DEMONSTRATION. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003544

003545

1940-10. A.I.F. MARCH PAST GENERAL WAVELL AND ANTHONY EDEN. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003545

003546

1940-10. MR ANTHONY EDEN REVIEWS INFANTRY UNITS OF THE A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003546

003547

1940-10. ANTHONY EDEN AND GENERAL WAVELL CHAT WITH A MEMBER OF THE A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003547

003548

1940-10. BRIG. ALLEN AND ANTHONY EDEN TAKE A SURVEY OF THE TROOPS. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003548

003549

Amiriya, Egypt, 1940-10-24. Mr Anthony Eden, Secretary for War in the British Government, and Lieutenant General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, General Officer Commanding Egypt, visiting Australian troops of the 16th Brigade, 6th Division, 2nd AIF, training at Amiriya, just west of Alexandria. Left to...

003549

003550

1940-10. MR EDEN CHATS TO A PLATOON COMMANDER. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003550

003551

1940-10. MR EDEN INSPECTS MEN OF THE MECHANISED CAVALRY. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003551

003552

1940-10. OFFICER OF THE A.I.F. FROM A NEIGHBOURING CAMP. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003552

003553

1940-10. MR EDEN CHATTING WITH MEN OF THE A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003553

003554

Amiriya, Egypt, 1940-10-24. Mr Anthony Eden, Secretary for War in the British Government, and Lieutenant General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, General Officer Commanding Egypt, visiting Australian troops of the 16th Brigade, 6th Division, 2nd AIF, training at Amiriya, just west of Alexandria. Left to...

003554

003555

1940-10. BRIG SAVAGE OF A.I.F., AND MR EDEN ON TOUR OF INSPECTION. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003555

003556

1940-10. AUSTRALIAN OFFICERS OF THE A.I.F. SHOW A KEEN INTEREST IN POLISH TROOPS. (NEGATIVE BY B.M.I.)

003556

014077

Underground operating theatre. German casualties who have received resuscitation treatment awaiting their turn in the operating theatre, underground, in the El Alamein area.

014077

014114

1943-01-20. DAWN ATTACK. TANKS GOING INTO ACTION NEAR SIDI BARRANI IN A DAWN ATTACK ON THE REARGUARD OF ROMMEL'S FLEEING FORCES.

014114

014118

ANOTHER ONE THAT DIDN'T GET AWAY. A GERMAN PANZERKAMPFWAGEN III MEDIUM TANK ON A GERMAN TANK TRANSPORTER TRAILER, WITH TYRE TROUBLE, ON THE WAY TO SIDI BARRANI. NOTE THAT THE AFTER PART OF THE TRAILER CAN BE STEERED INDEPENDENTLY.

014118

014122

1943-01-20. STREAMS OF TRANSPORT THAT SEEMED ENDLESS AND WHICH OFTEN STRETCHED FOR A HUNDRED MILES CHASED ROMMEL'S RETREATING ARMY THROUGH THE WESTERN DESERT.

014122

014125

Westward Ho 1 streams of Australian Army transport vehicles hurrying in the wake of Rommel's retreating army in the Western Desert.

014125

014126

1943-01-20. IN SEARCH OF ROMMEL. RELENTLESS STREAMS OF TRANSPORT ROLLED ALONG THE DESERT ROAD ON THE HEELS OF ROMMEL'S RETREATING AFRIKA CORPS ARMY.

014126

014129

ALMOST INTACT. A MESSERSCHMITT AIRCRAFT THAT CAME OUT TO STRAFE THE EIGHTH ARMY CONVOYS NEAR FUKA, AND WAS SHOT DOWN, ALMOST UNDAMAGED. IT'S PILOT WAS TAKEN PRISONER, AND THE CONVOYS ROLLED ON.

014129

014131

1943-01-20. BEFORE A RAF BOMB CAME DOWN THIS MANGLED HEAP OF WRECKAGE WAS AN AMMUNITION TRAIN MOVING UP TO SUPPLY ROMMEL'S ARMY. OF ALL THE HAVOC WROUGHT BY THE RAF TO THE AFRIKA CORPS SUPPLY LINES, THIS WAS THE MOST SPECTACULAR.

014131

014132

1943-01-20. BEFORE A RAF BOMB CAME DOWN THIS MANGLED HEAP OF WRECKAGE WAS AN AMMUNITION TRAIN MOVING UP TO SUPPLY ROMMEL'S ARMY. OF ALL THE HAVOC WROUGHT BY THE RAF TO THE AFRIKA CORPS SUPPLY LINES, THIS WAS THE MOST SPECTACULAR.

014132

014133

1943-01-20. BEFORE A RAF BOMB CAME DOWN THIS MANGLED HEAP OF WRECKAGE WAS AN AMMUNITION TRAIN MOVING UP TO SUPPLY ROMMEL'S ARMY. OF ALL THE HAVOC WROUGHT BY THE RAF TO THE AFRIKA CORPS SUPPLY LINES, THIS WAS THE MOST SPECTACULAR.

014133

014134

1943-01-20. A BIG JOB FACED TRANSPORT COMPANIES WHO HAD TO CLEAR THE ROAD FOR THE 8TH ARMY AS IT ADVANCED IN PURSUIT OF ROMMEL. R.A.F. ACTIVITIES CAUSED MANY A BLOCK OF WRECKED GERMAN EQUIPMENT. HERE IS A TRANSPORT COMPANY HARD AT WORK ON A HEAP OF WRECKAGE.

014134

014153

1943-01-22. OUTFITS BY "ROMMEL & CO". ADVANCED TROOPS OF THE 8TH ARMY HAD THE TIME OF THEIR LIVES REFITTING WITH BOOTS, UNIFORMS, AND SUNDRIES LEFT BEHIND BY A GERMAN QUARTERMASTER. THIS TRUCK WAS IN AN AMMUNITION TRAIN BLASTED BY THE R.A.F. AND THE STORES IN IT WERE PRACTICALLY UNDAMAGED. IT WAS A...

014153

014169

1943-01-22. TWO OF HITLER'S CRACK GUNNERS. THESE TWO GERMAN GUNNERS TAKE AN ENFORCED REST AND AN AL FRESCO MEAL IN A PRISONERS OF WAR COMPOUND AFTER THEIR CAPTURE BY THE 8TH ARMY. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

014169

014258

1943-01-27. EIGHTH ARMY ADVANCE. A SABOTAGED GERMAN s.F.H. 18, K39 GUN LEFT BEHIND BY THE AXIS FORCES AS THEY RETREATED THROUGH LIBYA. THIS IS TYPICAL OF THE THOROUGH DESTRUCTION OF ARTILLERY PIECES BY THE GERMANS.

014258

014261

1943-01-27. SUPPLIED BY ROMMEL. A SCENE IN BARCE WHERE NATIVES ORGANISED A BAZAAR ON THE PAVEMENT AND SOLD GERMAN AND ITALIAN UNIFORMS AND EQUIPMENT FOR A FEW LIRE.

014261

014266

1943-01-27. LEFT BEHIND. THIS COLLECTION OF ANTI-TANK GUNS WAS MADE AT DABA. WHEN ROMMEL 'PACKED UP' HE DIDN'T HAVE ROOM FOR THEM, AND NOW THEY'RE ADDED TO THE EIGHTH ARMY'S BAG OF CAPTURED EQUIPMENT.

014266

014315

1943-02-09. EIGHTH ARMY'S ADVANCE. AN ITALIAN 90/53 90MM GUN ON A TRUCK MOUNTING JOINING THE ROWS OF DERELICT AXIS VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT JETTISONED BY ROMMEL'S ARMY.

014315

014318

1943-02-09. EIGHTH ARMY'S ADVANCE. TWENTY-FIVE TROOPS WITH ALL EQUIPMENT COULD TRAVEL IN THIS GERMAN BATTLE BUGGY. IT IS CAPABLE OF CROSSING ANY TYPE OF COUNTRY, AND CAN ALSO BE USED FOR TOWING. AN EFFICIENT UNIT OF ROMMEL'S ARMY - TILL THE EIGHTH ARMY CAUGHT UP WITH IT IN THE DESERT.

014318

014319

1943-02-09. EIGHTH ARMY'S ADVANCE. ROMMEL'S GUNNERS HAD TO LEAVE THIS GERMAN 88MM FLAK 36 DUAL PURPOSE GUN BEHIND AT EL DABA.

014319

014320

EIGHTH ARMY'S ADVANCE. THIS GERMAN FLAK 18 DUAL PURPOSE 8.8 CM ANTI TANK ACK ACK GUN DID TWO JOBS AND DID THEM BOTH WELL. EIGHTH ARMY TROOPS SAY IT WAS ONE OF THE FINEST WEAPONS USED AGAINST THEM. NOW SENUSSI ARABS ARE TRYING TO MASTER ITS MECHANISM WHILE IT AWAITS THE ATTENTION OF THE SALVAGE...

014320

014321

ANTI-TANK GUN. THIS GERMAN ANTI-TANK GUN (50 MM HIGH VELOCITY) IS WAITING FOR THE SALVAGE CORPS ALONG THE ROUTE OF THE EIGHTH ARMY'S ADVANCE.

014321

014322

MUNITIONS FROM HITLER. THESE HEAVY GERMAN 5.9 - INCH GUNS WILL FIGHT ON OUR SIDE NOW. THEY ARE PART OF THE BOOTY CAPTURED BY THE EIGHTH ARMY IN LIBYA.

014322

014323

IMMOBILISED. THE EIGHTH ARMY SPIKED ROMMEL'S GUNS IN LIBYA. HERE ARE SOME OF THEM AWAITING SALVAGE WITH OTHER CAPTURED EQUIPMENT.

014323

014324

IMPROVISED MOUNTING OF A RUSSIAN M1936 76.2 MM ANTI TANK GUN ON A CZECH T.38 TANK HULL (THE WHOLE IS KNOWN AS AN SDKFZ 139 MARDER III). THIS GERMAN ANTI TANK GUN, WHICH FIRED A SHELL 9 LBS IN WEIGHT WITH A MUZZLE VELOCITY OF 5000 FEET A SECOND, WAS PUT OUT OF ACTION BY THE EIGHTH ARMY.

014324

014325

IMPROVISED MOUNTING OF A RUSSIAN M1936 76.2 MM ANTI TANK GUN ON A CZECH T.38 TANK HULL (THE WHOLE IS KNOWN AS AN SDKFZ 139 MARDER III). THE CREW OF THIS POWERFUL GERMAN ANTI TANK GUN WERE PROTECTED BY ARMOUR IN FRONT ONLY; THE TOP AND BACK WERE OPEN. THE GUN FIRED A SHELL APPROXIMATELY 9 LBS IN...

014325

014326

IMPROVISED MOUNTING OF A RUSSIAN M1936 76.2 MM ANTI TANK GUN ON A CZECH T.38 TANK HULL (THE WHOLE IS KNOWN AS AN SDKFZ 139 MARDER III). THIS POWERFUL GERMAN ANTI TANK GUN CARRIED ARMOUR PROTECTION FOR THE CREW ONLY IN FRONT; THE TOP AND BACK WERE OPEN. THESE WEAPONS WITH THE LONG BARRELS WERE,...

014326

013272

1942-09-21. A CONCENTRATION OF AXIS PRISONERS TAKEN IN THE WESTERN DESERT DURING ROMMEL'S RECENT ATTEMPT TO REACH ALEXANDRIA.

013272

013276

1942-09-21. GENERAL SIR LESLIE MORSHEAD, G.O.C. OF THE A.I.F. IN THE MIDDLE EAST, CONFERRING WITH BRIGADIER TOVELL AT "TECHNICAL HEADQUARTER" JUST BEHIND THE FRONT LINE OF THE A.I.F. IN THE WESTERN DESERT. (NEGATIVE BY HURLEY).

013276

013280

AUSTRALIAN PROVOSTS IN CHARGE OF A CONCENTRATION OF ENEMY PRISONERS JUST BEHIND THE A.I.F. LINES IN THE WESTERN DESERT. THE APPARENTLY CASUAL ATTITUDE OF THE PROVOST MIGHT BE EXPLAINED BY THE FACT THAT THE PRISONERS ARE ITALIANS AND THEREFORE VERY WELL BEHAVED.

013280

013281

TWO WELL KNOWN A.I.F. OFFICERS IN THE MIDDLE EAST WHO ARE PLAYING AN IMPORTANT PART IN THE OPERATIONS OF THE AUSTRALIAN FORCE NOW ENGAGED IN THE WESTERN DESERT. THEY ARE BRIGADIER RAYMOND W. TOVELL AND MAJOR FINLAY.

013281

013345

The original caption from the Department of Information file reads as follows: "Some men of the AIF in the Western Desert came under enemy fire in a most unexpected manner during a lull in the fighting. While examining a smouldering German tank that had been heavily strafed by our aircraft...

013345

013352

NOVEMBER 1942. THIS PICTURE FROM THE WESTERN DESERT WAS TAKEN SHORTLY AFTER THE GREAT BATTLE OF ALAMEIN DURING WHICH AN A.I.F. UNIT PERFORMED MAGNIFICENTLY AGAINST THE ADVANCING AXIS FORCES. IT COMMEMORATES A SERVICE HELD BY SALVATION ARMY COMMISSIONER TIBBS DURING WHICH HE GAVE A TALK THAT HAS...

013352

013354

1942-10-05. PTE. S. COLLINS WAS THE MOST FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN IN THE WESTERN DESERT FOR ONE GLORIOUS DAY. THIS WAS WHEN WINSTON CHURCHILL PRESENTED HIM WITH ONE OF HIS FAMOUS CIGARS, WHICH HE HAS IN HIS MOUTH HERE. ASKED IF HE WERE GOING TO SMOKE IT, COLLINS REPLIED EMPHATICALLY THAT HE INTENDED TO...

013354

013355

1942-10-05. PTE. S. COLLINS WAS THE MOST FAMOUS AUSTRALIAN IN THE WESTERN DESERT FOR ONE GLORIOUS DAY. THIS WAS WHEN WINSTON CHURCHILL PRESENTED HIM WITH ONE OF HIS FAMOUS CIGARS, WHICH HE HAS IN HIS MOUTH HERE. ASKED IF HE WERE GOING TO SMOKE IT, COLLINS REPLIED EMPHATICALLY THAT HE INTENDED TO...

013355

013463

TEL EL EISA, EGYPT. 1942-10-19. THE REMAINS OF A CONVOY THAT WAS CARRYING SUPPLIES TO GERMAN TROOPS IN THE TEL EL EISA SECTOR DURING THE LAST HEAVY FIGHTING IN THE WESTERN DESERT. DURING THE FLUCTUATION OF THE BATTLE THESE VEHICLES CHANGED HANDS TWICE BUT WERE EVENTUALLY REDUCED TO WRECKS WHEN THE...

013463

013464

Among the Australian troops serving in the western desert at present is Sapper A W Kahn (right with accordion), well-known to New South Wales radio audiences as "bimbo", and of whom it is said "he makes mess-time bright with wit and song, and is as popular in the kitchen as he was on the radio....

013464

013465

Blood transfusion has become instrumental in the saving of numerous lives during the Western Desert battles. This photograph was taken at a casualty clearing station in a forward battle area where army doctors are doing a magnificent job of life saving under fire.

013465

013654

WESTERN DESERT, EGYPT 1942-11-26. WOUNDED SOLDIERS BEING TREATED BY AUSTRALIAN ARMY NURSING SERVICE (AANS) NURSES AND MEMBERS OF THE VOLUNTARY AID DETACHMENT (VAD), ATTACHED TO THE AIF, IN ONE OF THE WARDS OF A DESERT HOSPITAL.

013654

013659

WESTERN DESERT, EGYPT . A SECTION OF AIF INFANTRYMEN (23RD BATTALION) NOW FIGHTING IN NORTH AFRICA AWAIT ZERO HOUR BEFORE GOING OUT ON A PATROL IN THE DESERT. THE MEN HAVE FIXED BAYONETS AND ONE MAN IN THE FOREGROUND IS CARRYING A THOMPSON SUBMACHINE GUN (TOMMY GUN).

013659

013888

Group of sisters of the 2/7th Australian General Hospital on service in Busseili.

013888

012744

1942-07-02. A SPLENDID FEAT OF RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IS NOW NEARING COMPLETION IN SYRIA. BRITISH, AUSTRALIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERS, SUPERVISING AN ARMY OF OVER 20,000 LABOURERS OF MANY NATIONALITIES, HAVE CARRIED OUT THE WORK, WHICH WILL LINK THE IMPORTANT SEAPORTS OF HAIFA AND TRIPOLI, AND...

012744

012745

1942-07-02. A SPLENDID FEAT OF RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IS NOW NEARING COMPLETION IN SYRIA. BRITISH, AUSTRALIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERS, SUPERVISING AN ARMY OF OVER 20,000 LABOURERS OF MANY NATIONALITIES, HAVE CARRIED OUT THE WORK, WHICH WILL LINK THE IMPORTANT SEAPORTS OF HAIFA AND TRIPOLI, AND...

012745

012746

1942-07-02. A SPLENDID FEAT OF RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IS NOW NEARING COMPLETION IN SYRIA. BRITISH, AUSTRALIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERS, SUPERVISING AN ARMY OF OVER 20,000 LABOURERS OF MANY NATIONALITIES, HAVE CARRIED OUT THE WORK, WHICH WILL LINK THE IMPORTANT SEAPORTS OF HAIFA AND TRIPOLI, AND...

012746

012747

1942-07-02. A SPLENDID FEAT OF RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IS NOW NEARING COMPLETION IN SYRIA. BRITISH, AUSTRALIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERS, SUPERVISING AN ARMY OF OVER 20,000 LABOURERS OF MANY NATIONALITIES, HAVE CARRIED OUT THE WORK, WHICH WILL LINK THE IMPORTANT SEAPORTS OF HAIFA AND TRIPOLI, AND...

012747

012748

1942-07-02. A SPLENDID FEAT OF RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION IS NOW NEARING COMPLETION IN SYRIA. BRITISH, AUSTRALIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN ENGINEERS, SUPERVISING AN ARMY OF OVER 20,000 LABOURERS OF MANY NATIONALITIES, HAVE CARRIED OUT THE WORK, WHICH WILL LINK THE IMPORTANT SEAPORTS OF HAIFA AND TRIPOLI, AND...

012748

012749

SYRIA. 1942-07-02. AN INSCRIPTION CUT INTO A CLIFF TO RECORD THE CAPTURE OF DAMOUR BY THE AUSTRALIANS, AND OF DAMASCUS BY ALLIED TROOPS. THE CLIFF IS BESIDE A RAILWAY BEING CONSTRUCTED TO LINK HAIFA AND TRIPOLI. THE TWO SOLDIERS WHO WORKED THE STONE ARE FORMER STONEMASONS WX3695 PRIVATE G. S....

012749

012749A

SYRIA. 1942-07-02. AN INSCRIPTION BEING CUT INTO A CLIFF TO RECORD THE CAPTURE OF DAMOUR BY THE AUSTRALIANS, AND OF DAMASCUS BY ALLIED TROOPS. THE CLIFF IS BESIDE A RAILWAY BEING CONSTRUCTED TO LINK HAIFA AND TRIPOLI. THE TWO SOLDIERS WORKING THE STONE ARE FORMER STONEMASONS WX3695 PRIVATE G. S....

012749A

012857

1942-07-14. BLAST FURNACE PLANT AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS VIEWED FROM THE WATERFRONT.

012857

012858

1942-07-14. A SECTION OF THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS BLAST FURNACE PLANT AS SEEN FROM THE DECK OF A VESSEL AT THE PRODUCTS LOADING WHARF.

012858

012859

1942-07-14. A STRIKING VIEW OF THE ORE BERTHS AND STORAGE AREA AT THE NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS WATERFRONT. SHOWN IN THE ILLUSTRATION SPANNING THE ORE PILE IS THE TEN-TON ORE BRIDGE ENTIRELY AUSTRALIAN IN DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE, THE NO. 3 BLAST FURNACE (RIGHT).

012859

012860

1942-07-14. A SECTION OF THE BENZOL PLANT AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS.

012860

012862

1942-07-14. ONE OF THE THREE BLAST FURNACES IN WHICH PIG IRON IS MADE AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS.

012862

012863

1942-07-14. SCENE ON THE BLAST FURNACE CASTING FLOOR AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS AS THE FURNACE MEN WORK ON THE JOB OF PIERCING THE CLAY PLUG WHICH WILL RELEASE A TORRENT OF MOLTEN PIG IRON.

012863

012864

1942-07-14. THE OPEN HEARTH CHARGING FLOOR AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS. IN THE FOREGROUND IS AN ELECTRICALLY-OPERATED FURNACE CHARGING MACHINE, AND IN THE BACKGROUND, A LADLE CONTAINING MOLTEN PIG IRON IS SHOWN BEING PLACED IN POSITION FOR POURING INTO A FURNACE.

012864

012865

1942-07-14. GIVING ONE OF THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS THIRTEEN OPEN HEARTH FURNACES A "DRINK" OF MOLTEN PIG IRON. THIS OPEN HEARTH FURNACE PLANT SUPPLIES THE BULK OF THE STEEL WHICH AUSTRALIA'S WAR EFFORT DEPENDS.

012865

012866

1942-07-14. HERE IS HOWN THE TAPPING SIDE OF THE OPEN HEARTH FURNACE PLANT AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS. THIS SIDE OF THE FURNACE IS LOWER THAN THE CHARGING SIDE WITH THE RESULT THAT WHEN THE MOLTEN STEEL IS READY TO TAP A PLUG IS KNOCKED OUT OF THE FURNACE AND THE STEEL...

012866

012867

1942-07-14. TEEMING OF "RIMMED" STEEL FROM 80-TON LADLES INTO 3 1/2 TON INGOT MOULDS AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS.

012867

012868

1942-07-14. "RIMMING" STEEL SHOWN POURING FROM THE FOOT OF AN 80-TON LADLE INTO INGOT MOULDS AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS OPEN HEARTH PLANT. THE OPERATOR AT RIGHT CONTROLS THE FLOW OF THE MOLTEN STEEL AND HE WEARS DARK GLASSES AS PROTECTION AGAINST THE GALRE.

012868

012869

1942-07-14. STEEL FOR THE NEEDS OF WAR WILL BE SHAPED BY THIS STEEL ROLL SHOWN IN A LATHE AND BEING MEASURED WITH AN OUTSIZE IN CALIPERS AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS.

012869

012870

1942-07-14. A SECTION OF THE MACHINE SHOP AT THE BROKEN HILL PROPRIETARY'S NEWCASTLE STEEL WORKS.

012870

011376

1942-01. LEBANON. MEN RECRUITED FROM AUSTRALIAN ARMY UNITS, NOW PUPILS AT THE AIF SKI SCHOOL. THESE PICTURES SHOW THE MORNING PARADE BEFORE GOING OUT TO THE TRAINING GROUNDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011376

011377

1942-01. LEBANON. MEN RECRUITED FROM AUSTRALIAN ARMY UNITS, NOW PUPILS AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL. THESE PICTURES SHOW THE MORNING PARADE BEFORE GOING TO THE TRAINING GROUNDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011377

011378

1942-01. LEBANON. MEN RECRUITED FROM AUSTRALIAN ARMY UNITS, NOW PUPILS AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL. THESE PICTURES SHOW THE MORNING PARADE BEFORE GOING TO THE TRAINING GROUNDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011378

011379

1942-01. LEBANON. MEN RECRUITED FROM AUSTRALIAN ARMY UNITS, NOW PUPILS AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL. THESE PICTURES SHOW THE MORNING PARADE BEFORE GOING TO THE TRAINING GROUNDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011379

011380

1942-01. LEBANON. MEN RECRUITED FROM AUSTRALIAN ARMY UNITS, NOW PUPILS AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL. THESE PICTURES SHOW THE MORNING PARADE AT THE FOOT OF A SNOW COVERED SLOPE LINED WITH CEDAR TREES, BEFORE GOING TO THE TRAINING GROUNDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011380

011383

LEBANON. 1942-01. MEMBERS OF THE SKI SCHOOL PASS IN LINE FORMATION ALONG A SNOW COVERED SLOPE THROUGH THE CEDARS OF LEBANON ON THEIR WAY OUT TO THE SKIING GROUNDS.

011383

011388

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. A LINE UP OF MEMBERS OF THE SKI SCHOOL PRACTISING THE "KICK-TURN". (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011388

011389

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. A LINE UP OF MEMBERS OF THE SKI SCHOOL PRACTISING THE "KICK-TURN". (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011389

011390

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. A LINE UP OF MEMBERS OF THE SKI SCHOOL PRACTISING THE "KICK-TURN". (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011390

011391

1942-01. SYRIA - LEBANON. A.I.F. SKI SCHOOL. GROUP PERFORMING THE "SNOW PLOUGH" DESCENT DOWN A SNOW COVERED SLOPE. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011391

011392

1942-01. SYRIA. MAJOR SAVAGE, COMMANDANT OF THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL OPENED IN LEBANON IN DECEMBER 1941. FORMERLY WITH THE SIGNALS CORPS AND FROM C CONCORD, HE IS WITH MAJOR RIDDELL, CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE SCHOOL. THEY BOTH WEAR WHITE ALPINE GEAR. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011392

011393

1942-01. SYRIA. MAJOR SAVAGE, COMMANDANT OF THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL OPENED IN LEBANON IN DECEMBER 1941. FORMERLY WITH THE SIGNALS CORPS AND FROM C CONCORD, HE IS WITH MAJOR RIDDELL, CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE SCHOOL. THEY BOTH WEAR WHITE ALPINE GEAR. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011393

011394

1942-01. SYRIA. MAJOR SAVAGE, COMMANDANT OF THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL OPENED IN LEBANON IN DECEMBER 1941. FORMERLY WITH THE SIGNALS CORPS AND FROM C CONCORD, HE IS WITH MAJOR RIDDELL, CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE SCHOOL. THEY BOTH WEAR WHITE ALPINE GEAR. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011394

011395

1942-01. SYRIA. MAJOR SAVAGE, COMMANDANT OF THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL OPENED IN LEBANON IN DECEMBER 1941. FORMERLY WITH THE SIGNALS CORPS AND FROM C CONCORD, HE IS WITH MAJOR RIDDELL, CHIEF INSTRUCTOR OF THE SCHOOL. THEY BOTH WEAR WHITE ALPINE GEAR. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011395

011401

1942-01. SYRIA. TRAINEES AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL OPENED IN LEBANON IN DECEMBER 1941 WEARING THE WHITE ALPINE GEAR COMMON TO SKI TROOPES. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011401

011402

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. AUSTRALIAN SKI PATROL READY FOR ACTION. THE SIX MEN ARE MAJOR RIDDELL, SGT. DUE, CAPT. C. PARSONS, CAPT. R. MOONEY, SGT. L. S. SALMON, AND SGT. J. ABBOTT SMITH OF KOSCIUSKO. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011402

011404

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. AUSTRALIAN SKI PATROL IN THE SNOW READY FOR ACTION. THE SIX MEN ARE MAJOR RIDDELL, SGT. DUE, CAPT. C. PARSONS, CAPT. R. MOONEY, SGT. L. S. SALMON, AND SGT. J. ABBOTT SMITH OF KOSCIUSKO. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011404

011405

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. AUSTRALIAN SKI PATROL IN THE SNOW READY FOR ACTION. THE SIX MEN ARE MAJOR RIDDELL, SGT. DUE, CAPT. C. PARSONS, CAPT. R. MOONEY, SGT. L. S. SALMON, AND SGT. J. ABBOTT SMITH OF KOSCIUSKO. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011405

011406

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. AUSTRALIAN SKI PATROL IN THE SNOW READY FOR ACTION. THE SIX MEN ARE MAJOR RIDDELL, SGT. DUE, CAPT. C. PARSONS, CAPT. R. MOONEY, SGT. L. S. SALMON, AND SGT. J. ABBOTT SMITH OF KOSCIUSKO. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011406

011407

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. A GENERAL LINE UP OF A CLASS AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL WHICH OPENED IN DECEMBER 1941. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011407

011408

1942-01. SYRIA. - LEBANON. AUST. SKI SCHOOL. RETURNING TO THE CHALET. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011408

011413

1942-01. SYRIA. 2/7TH DIVISIONAL CAVALRY REGIMENT, AN AUSTRALIAN ARMOURED UNIT, ON MANOEUVRES NEAR ALEPPO IN NORTHERN SYRIA. THE CITADEL AND TOWN CAN BE SEEN IN BACKGROUND. NOTE THE WINTER SNOW ON THE GROUND. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011413

011414

1942-01. SYRIA. 2/7TH DIVISIONAL CAVALRY REGIMENT, AN AUSTRALIAN ARMOURED UNIT, ON MANOEUVRES NEAR ALEPPO IN NORTHERN SYRIA. THE CITADEL AND TOWN CAN BE SEEN IN THE BACKGROUND. NOTE THE WINTER SNOW ON THE GROUND. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011414

011415

1942-01. SYRIA. 2/7TH DIVISIONAL CAVALRY REGIMENT, AN AUSTRALIAN ARMOURED UNIT, ON MANOEUVRES NEAR ALEPPO IN NORTHERN SYRIA. THE CITADEL AND TOWN CAN BE SEEN IN THE BACKGROUND. NOTE THE WINTER SNOW ON THE GROUND. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011415

011442

1942-01. SYRIA. AUSTRALIAN MOTOR-BIKE PATROL ENTERING A VILLAGE ON A FRIENDLY VISIT DURING THEIR RECONNAISSANCE OF THE DISTRICT.

011442

011447

1942-01. SYRIA. YOUNG BLOODS OF THE VILLAGE GET THEMSELVES INITIATED INTO THE EXCITING MYSTERIES OF MOTOR CYCLE RIDING, BY MEMBERS OF AN AUSTRALIAN RECONNAISSANCE PATROL. LEFT TO RIGHT: TROOPER (TPR) R. CAPP, TPRS. J. HORSEMAN, M. RUSHTON, D. RAPPEL, J.D. WING. H.Q.'S SQUAD. 7TH DIVISION CAVALRY...

011447

011453

1942-01. SYRIA. THE VILLAGE OF NERAB IS TYPICAL OF NUMEROUS SIMILAR VILLAGES THAT ARE TO BE FOUND ON THE PLAINS OF N.E. SYRIA.

011453

011453A

1942-01. SYRIA. THE VILLAGE OF NERAB IS TYPICAL OF NUMEROUS SIMILAR VILLAGES THAT ARE TO BE FOUND ON THE PLAINS OF N.E. SYRIA.

011453A

011454

1942-01. SYRIA. TRAVELLING SOUTHWARD, AND ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE GREAT LEBANON RANGE FROM ALEPPO, THE ROAD RUNS THROUGH THE OLD RIVER TOWN OF HAMA, NOTED FOR ITS FAMOUS WATER-WHEELS, WHICH ARE THE ONLY PRESENT CLAIM TO FAME THE TOWN HAS.

011454

011455

Hama, Syria. 1942-01. Travelling southward, and on the eastern side of the great Lebanon Range from Aleppo, lies the old river town of Hama, noted for its famous water wheels.

011455

011456

TRAVELLING SOUTHWARD, AND ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE GREAT LEBANON ANGE FROM ALEPPO, LIES THE OLD RIVER TOWN OF HAMMA, NOTED FOR ITS FAMOUS WATER WHEELS, WHICH ARE THE ONLY PRESENT CLAIM TO FAME THE TOWN HAS.

011456

011460

TRAVELLING SOUTHWARD, AND ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE GREAT LEBANON RANGE FROM ALEPPO, THE ROAD RUNS THROUGH THE OLD RIVER TOWN OF HAMA, NOTED FOR ITS FAMOUS WATER-WHEELS, WHICH ARE THE ONLY PRESENT CLAIM TO FAME THE TOWN HAS.

011460

011493

1942-01. LEBANON. MEMBERS OF A SKI PATROL (AIF) ON THE SNOW FIELDS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011493

011494

1942-01. LEBANON. MEMBERS OF THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL ASSEMBLED OUTSIDE THE CHALET BEFORE SETTING OUT FOR THE DAY'S TRAINING. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011494

011502

1942-01. SYRIA. MEMBERS OF AN A.I.F. BAND AMUSE THE CHILDREN OF THE VILLAGE OF QUASSAB. 2/9TH BATTALION PRIVATE A. FRANKLIN OF WYNDHAM. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011502

011503

ALEPPO, SYRIA. 1942-01. MEN OF A MOTOR CYCLE PATROL OF 2/7TH DIVISIONAL CAVALRY REGIMENT RIDE INTO A VILLAGE LED BY A NATIVE ON A DONKEY.

011503

011504

1942-01. SYRIA. TRAINEES AT THE 1 AUSTRALIAN CORPS SKI SCHOOL SET OUT ALONG A TRACK ACROSS A SNOW COVERED SLOPE IN THE LEBANON RANGES. THE TREES IN THE BACKGROUND ARE THE FAMOUS CEDARS OF LEBANON. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

011504

010425

Beirut, Lebanon. 1941-08. Members of the 2/3rd Field Workshop, AIF, repairing an anti-tank gun. The men are, VX9764 Warrant Officer K.S. Crawford (on the left), TX944 Warrant Officer P.W. Klein (standing), NX17705 Private K.G. Dupille (kneeling) and NX55583 Private J. Harlow (holding chain). (Donor...

010425

010426

Greece. c. 1941. A group of Australian nurses of 2/6th Australian General Hospital with some of their patients. Matron Abbott from Queensland is second from the right in the front row.

010426

010428

Middle East. c. 1941. Four Australian soldiers show their skills with bagpipes.

010428

010429

Middle East. 1941-08-15. General Sir Claude Auchinleck (on the left), Commander-in-Chief of British forces in the Middle East, about to inspect Australian troops. Second from the left is Lieutenant Colonel M.J. Moten, Commanding 2/22nd Battalion, AIF, and next to him is Lieutenant General J.D....

010429

010430

Gaza, Palestine. c. 1941. Brigadier John Chapman photographed at the time he was commanding an AIF base in the area.

010430

010441

Gaza, Palestine. 1941-10-20. Technician checking the aerials on the roof of the Australian Broadcasting Commission's radio broadcasting station.

010441

010456

1941-09. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY NATIVITY ONTO BETHLEHEM.

010456

010457

1941-09. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY NATIVITY ONTO BETHLEHEM.

010457

010458

1941-09. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY NATIVITY ONTO BETHLEHEM.

010458

010459

1941-09. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY NATIVITY ONTO BETHLEHEM.

010459

010460

1941-09. BETHLEHEM. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE TOP OF THE BELL TOWER ON THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY NATIVITY.

010460

010461

1941-09. BETHLEHEM. LOOKING DOWN FROM THE BELL-TOWER OF THE CHURCH OF THE NATIVITY.

010461

010463

Bethlehem, Palestine. 1941. Interior of the Church of the Nativity showing the entrance to the grotto, which is said to be site of stable where Christ was born.

010463

010466

Bethlehem. 1941-11-01. Exterior of the Church of the Holy Nativity. The entrance door to the church can be seen right at the back of the picture. It is an extremely low door and it is necessary to bend down to get inside.

010466

010476

Jerusalem. 1941-11-03. A group of Australian, New Zealand and British soldiers meet in the Garden of Gethsemane adjoining the Franciscan "church of all nations".

010476

010477

Jerusalem. 1941-11-03. A group of Australian, New Zealand and British soldiers meet in the Garden of Gethsemane adjoining the Franciscan "church of all nations".

010477

010501

Khassa, Palestine. 1941-09. Rows of members of the 6th Australian Divisional Cavalry Regiment on parade in the desert.

010501

010546

GENERAL ALLEN , GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING 7TH DIVISION WITH LIEUTENANT COLONEL M. MOTEN CO 2/27TH BATTALION.

010546

010547

GENERAL ALLEN GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING, 7TH DIVISION WITH LIEUTENANT COLONEL M. MOTEN CO 2/27TH BATTALION.

010547

010549

THE 2/27TH BATTALION MARCHING TOWARDS THE VILLAGE OF HAMMANA EN ROUTE TO THEIR CAMP IN THE BARRACKS JUST OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

010549

010550

THE 2/27TH BATTALION MARCHING TOWARDS THE VILLAGE OF HAMMANA EN ROUTE TO THEIR CAMP IN THE BARRACKS JUST OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE.

010550

010551

THE 2/27TH BATTALION MARCHING TOWARDS THE VILLAGE OF HAMMANA EN ROUTE TO THEIR CAMP IN THE BARRACKS JUST OUTSIDE THE VILLAGE.

010551

010552

LEBANON 1941-09-06. UNIDENTIFIED MEN OF THE 2/2ND PIONEER BATTALION SIGHTSEEING IN A GROVE OF CEDARS.

010552

010553

LEBANON 1941-09-06. UNIDENTIFIED MEN OF THE 2/2ND PIONEER BATTALION SIGHTSEEING IN A GROVE OF CEDARS.

010553

010554

1941-09-06. TYPICAL EXAMPLE OF A SMALL MOUNTAIN VILLAGE IN LEBANON.

010554

010555

1941-09-05. TYPICAL EXAMPLE OF A SMALL MOUNTAIN VILLAGE IN LEBANON.

010555

010556

1941-09-04. VILLAGE OF HAROUN, ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL IN THE LEBANON AND SUMMER HOME OF MANY OF THE WEALTHIER PEOPLE OF BEIRUT (INCLUDING THE BRITISH CONSUL).

010556

010557

1941-09-05. OVERLOOKING THE BAY OF ST. GEORGE IN LEBANON.

010557

010558

1941-09. 'PIPE MAJOR' CORPORAL G. WOODS OF SWAN HILL, VICTORIA AT DEIR SUNEID. CORPORAL WOODS IS THE LEADER OF THE 2/4 AUSTRALIAN ARMY FIELD WORKSHOP PIPE BAND.

010558

010559

1941-10. KATANA. NEAR DAMASCUS. THREE FREE FRENCH OFFICERS. L-R. COMM. DE JOLLINIERE, COMM. BROCHE AND LIEUTENANT LIGER.

010559

150103

Australian troops receive an informal visit to their mess by Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead and show their appreciation of his interest.

150103

150104

Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead inspects Australian troops.

150104

150105

Lieutenant General Leslie Morshead inspects Australian troops, parading with fixed bayonets.

150105

150106

Egypt. May 1942. A simulated flame thrower fire during commando training by Australian troops. The Mediterranean Sea is in the background.

150106

150107

Australian troops shelter in a limestone outcrop during commando training.

150107

150108

Egypt. May 1942. Australian troops undertake tough physical exercises to prepare for the commando course. Lifting these logs a dozen times maintains body and arm muscles in good shape.

150108

150109

Army cooks have to be resourceful and flexible. A meal is prepared on a makeshift stove served by gas cylinders. The `kitchen' is surrounded by sandbags presumably to cut off wind and flying sand and also for personnel protection.

150109

150110

Australian troops ready for the next phase of their commando training. The fire power of the group comprises one rifleman and four sub-machine gunners.

150110

150111

Australian troops using a compass to determine their next goal during commando training. A sub-machine gun rests beside the sergeant.

150111

150112

A simulated flame thrower fire produced during commando training by Australian troops.

150112

150114

Middle East. 1942. An informal relaxation period for officers in the Headquarters mess of the Royal Australian Engineers, 9th Australian Division. Some of the officers are posed in front of their caricatures.

150114

150115

Suez, Egypt. 1942. A barrage balloon is deployed by Royal Air Force (RAF) personnel from the beach as part of the air defence of this strategic port. In the middle distance are small freighters and in the background sailing vessels.

150115

150247

Palestine-Syria. June 1942. An Australian corporal stands guard at a tunnel on the Haifa-Tripoli road while his colleagues check the papers of an Australian Army Service Corps (AASC) driver.

150247

150249

Palestine-Syria. June 1942. Australian troops on a training exercise during their stay in Palestine. They appear to be erecting a barb wire defence perimeter.

150249

150250

Palestine-Syria. June 1942. Australian troops on a training exercise during their stay in Palestine. They appear to be erecting a barb wire defence perimeter.

150250

150252

Palestine-Syria. June 1942. Australian troops on a training exercise during their stay in Palestine. Here they appear to be camouflaging a defensive position with netting.

150252

150253

Palestine-Syria. June 1942. Australian troops, with full gear, negotiate a difficult infantry obstacle with the assistance of mates, during a training exercise. They are watched with some interest by other members of their company.

150253

150254

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers, supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to...

150254

150255

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers, supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to...

150255

150256

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers, supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to...

150256

150257

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. Australian soldiers on a training exercise in mountainous terrain.

150257

150258

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. Australian troops pause during an exercise to sample lunch.

150258

150259

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. Australian troops setting up their camp after an arduous day's training march. Precautions against mosquitoes carrying malaria are taken by using mosquito nets held up by rifles with bayonets fixed.

150259

150260

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. Australian troops spread far and wide in setting up an overnight camp beside the sea during exercises. Note the use of rifles with bayonets fixed holding up mosquito nets for protection against malaria.

150260

150262

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. As night falls Australian troops bed down under the mosquito nets, hoping the Syrian sky will not open up and deluge them with rain.

150262

150263

Palestine-Syria. July 1942. An Australian soldier in training wears a protective mosquito net for protection against malaria.

150263

150266

Palestine, Syria. July 1942. An Australian soldier checking the accuracy of fire from a Bren gun attached to the barrel of an artillery piece. The Bren gun can be fired remotely by a wire attached to the trigger with a spring on the wire to return the trigger to the off position. The name, 'Irish',...

150266

150268

Tripoli, Syria. June 1942. Australian troops in training in Syria take a swimming break in a pool near their camp.

150268

150270

Tripoli, Syria. June 1942. Australian troops from the 9th Division Headquarters examine what appears to be a weaving device made almost entirely from wood.

150270

150271

Tripoli, Syria. June 1942. Australian troops from the 9th Division Headquarters examine what appears to be a weaving device made almost entirely from wood.

150271

150272

Tripoli, Syria. June 1942. A camp of a company of railway construction workers comprising Australian officers and NCOs and Basuto NCOs and men from South Africa. They are involved in the construction of the rail links between Beirut and Tripoli which will complete the Cairo-London cross continental...

150272

150273

Australian troops on training in Syria pause to allow their pack horses (and themselves) a breather during a march through mountainous terrain.

150273

150274

Australian troops, in full gear, including steel helmets, reload their pack horses before resuming their training exercise.

150274

150275

During a training exercise Australian troops preparing a meal are helped by a young potato peeling `apprentice', dressed in the `uniform' of an Australian sergeant.

150275

150276

An Australian soldier teaches the intricacies of peeling a potato with a bayonet to a young Syrian `Australian Sergeant'.

150276

150277

A survey team in action during the construction of the railway link between Haifa and Tripoli by Australian railway construction companies aided by South African and Lebanese native workers.

150277

150279

An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to give an unbroken rail...

150279

150280

An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to give an unbroken rail...

150280

150281

An Australian soldier working on the Beirut-Tripoli railway link chats with two Basuto members of a South African Pioneer Unit also working on the railway.

150281

150283

An Australian sapper preparing a charge of explosive with the help of a Basuto labourer from a South African Pioneer Company. They are part of a large team of engineers and labourers constructing the new rail link between Haifa and Tripoli, part of the Transcontinental Railway from Turkey through...

150283

150285

A native worker on the Beirut-Tripoli rail link learns the intricacies of a pneumatic drill from his supervisor.

150285

150286

A native worker on the Beirut-Tripoli rail link learns the intricacies of a pneumatic drill from his supervisor.

150286

150287

Australian transport involved in the rail link construction between Haifa and Tripoli is held up by an accident to one of its trucks which appears to have broken an axle.

150287

150288

Construction of a bridge on the rail link from Haifa to Tripoli being constructed by British, Australian and South African engineers and 20,000 labourers. Pile drivers are seen in operation.

150288

150290

A survey team in action during the construction of the railway link between Haifa and Tripoli by Australian railway construction companies aided by South African and Lebanese native workers. Refer also to 150277.

150290

150291

An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to give an unbroken rail...

150291

150292

An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to give an unbroken rail...

150292

150293

An outstanding feat of railroad construction is now nearing completion. Australian, British and South African engineers supervising an army of some 20,000 labourers of many nationalities have constructed the link between the important sea ports of Haifa and Tripoli to give an unbroken rail...

150293

150296

Australian troops, with full gear, negotiate a difficult infantry obstacle, possibly a tank trap, during a training exercise. They are watched with some interest by the members of their company.

150296

150297

Australian troops, with full gear, negotiate a difficult infantry obstacle, possibly a tank trap, during a training exercise. They are watched with some interest by the members of their company.

150297

150298

Up and over! Australian soldier, in full gear, successfully scales a difficult infantry obstacle during training manoeuvres.

150298

150299

During and infantry exercise two Australian soldiers cut through wire defences.

150299

150300

In a training exercise, defensive wire has been breached by the Australian troops on the left. Troops behind lie in the cleared area waiting to advance.

150300

150301

Australian troops on an exercise, crawl their way through a gap in the barbed wire cut by their mates. Observers watch their progress and techniques of hugging the ground to miss "enemy" ground fire. Note some of the large rocks the soldiers have to crawl over.

150301

150302

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150302

150303

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150303

150304

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150304

150305

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150305

150306

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150306

150309

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150309

150310

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150310

150311

Lebanon. May 1942. During the recent European winter specially selected units were formed from the AIF in Syria for training in the use of skis. The ski school was situated above Bcharre in the Lebanon Ranges at 6500 feet. Although the training was carried out in a picturesque environment, it...

150311

150312

An outstanding effort by Allied troops including Australian Corps, British, Free French and Indian formations saw the capture of Damour and Damascus in June - July 1941 resulting in the Vichy French collapse. These actions were recorded by Australian troops in this inscription engraved on stone...

150312

150579

Middle East. September 1942. An officer of the Australian Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) is jokingly decorated with a model German Iron Cross for services rendered to Australian troops. The YMCA was a welfare organisation, who with the Red Cross and Salvation Army brought comforts to...

150579

150582

Middle East. September 1942. Soldiers from an Australian Army Field Workshop using arc welding equipment to repair panels from damaged vehicles.

150582

150583

Western Desert, Middle East. September 1942. A dump of 500 pound aerial bombs in the Western Desert for use by an Australian Kittyhawk fighter bomber squadron. These squadrons are proving most effective since the addition of these heavy bombs to Kittyhawk's destructive power.

150583

150584

Western Desert, Middle East. September 1942. 500 pound bombs for use by Australian Kittyhawk fighter bomber squadrons against enemy targets.

150584

150585

Western Desert, Middle East. September 1942. 500 pound bombs are transferred from a truck transport to low trailers for delivery to the Australian Kittyhawk fighter bomber armament loading areas.

150585

150589

Darwin, NT. September 1942. American airmen maintain their fitness by regular cross country runs.

150589

150663

Australian soldiers take a meal break during training in the desert. Note the cooking oven behind the man wearing the Tarboosh (Fez).

150663

150664

Australian soldiers line up for a meal during a break in desert training.

150664

150665

Western Desert. November 1942. Shortly after the Battle of El Alamein during which an AIF unit performed magnificently against the advancing Axis forces, a Commemoration service was held by Salvation Army Commissioner Tibbs. He gave a talk that has become famous in the desert as the "Sermon in the...

150665

151142

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. Informal portrait of one of "Morshead's Men". An Australian 9th Division sergeant infantryman ready for action.

151142

151143

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. An Australian 9th Division machine gun crew ready for action against the Germans.

151143

151144

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. An Australian 9th Division infantry patrol ready to move out on a reconnaissance exercise.

151144

151146

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. Australian 9th Division infantry on parade, bayonets fixed.

151146

151147

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. An Australian 9th Division infantry patrol sets off on a night patrol into the dying sun.

151147

151148

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. Australian Army nurses relax outside the tents of a field hospital in the desert.

151148

151149

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. Australian Army nurses relax outside the tents of a field hospital in the desert.

151149

151150

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. Mortar bombs explode behind a slit trench occupied by Australian troops of the 9th Division at the Ruin Ridge Sector.

151150

151151

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. The Australian crew of a Bofors 40mm anti-aircraft gun loading ammunition during a lull in the action.

151151

151152

Middle East-Western Desert. September 1942. An Australian Army Service Corps mobile stores depot in an advanced area. The sign on the tents in the background suggest that in addition to general stores, some type of canteen operates there.

151152

B03578

A glimpse of the Citadel, through a mosque window, a local man wearing a fez is sitting next to the window.

B03578

B01411

The 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, returning to a rest camp after being in action on the Khurbertha-Ibn-Harith front, in Palestine. They are seen approaching their camping place for the night. Brigadier General Wilson is riding at the head of the column with Major Anderson DSO, the Brigade...

B01411

B01412

Watering the donkeys of the 1st Australian Light Horse at a canvas water trough.

B01412

B01413

The 1st Australian Light Horse Regiment halted on the sands above the beach. Major Hudson DSO, Staff Captain, is seen standing in the left corner, and next to him, Colonel Granville DSO.

B01413

B01414

Members of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment "boiling the billy" on the desert sand after a hard day's ride. The Sergeant kneeling is Sgt Clarence Garland Plenty and standing third from left is Trooper Arthur Herbert Davies. Their colour patch, black over white, is worn on their sleeves. A ...

B01414

B01415

Members of an Egyptian Labour Corps, attached to the Australian Light Horse, unloading stores and equipment from a steamer using lighters, at Nalin Sukereir.

B01415

B01416

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in full marching order on the sand. This is the left hand image in a three part panorama. See B01416P for the combined image.

B01416

B01416P

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in full marching order on the sand. This is a digitally combined composite panorama made up of thee separate images. It is only available as a digital print. The three images are also available separately at B01416, B01417 and B01418.

B01416P

B01417

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in full marching order on the sand. This is the centre image in a three part panorama. See B01416P for the combined image.

B01417

B01418

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in full marching order on the sand. This is the right hand image in a three part panorama. See B01416P for the combined image.

B01418

B01419

A front line barricade held by the 2nd Light Horse Regiment at Nalin. Hill 1179 can be seen in the background, a rough limestone hill.

B01419

B01420

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in the trenches at Nalin amongst the rough and weathered limestone.

B01420

B01421

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment advancing over rocky and weathered limestone ground at Nalin.

B01421

B01422

Natives by an old waterwheel in the village of Zernukah, when the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade was in occupation.

B01422

B01423

An Egyptian labour corps, attached to the Australian Light Horse, unloading stores and equipment from a steamer using lighters at Nehr Sukereir.

B01423

B01424

Blowing up an old well at Nalin. Members of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade can be seen warily watching the effect from behind a barricade in the background.

B01424

B01425

A blind man and a beggar, in the old city of Jerusalem.

B01425

B01426

Australian Light Horse on the road through the great limestone hills.

B01426

B01427

Olive trees on the Mount of Olives. The Church of the Ascension is in the background. A camel sits and waits.

B01427

B01428

A crowd of people in the Market Place in the old city of Jerusalem.

B01428

B01429

Looking towards the Mosque of Omar. The blind man and the beggar, the subject of photograph B01425, are in the foreground.

B01429

B01430

The village of Ludd. Ludd, once the ancient Lyddia, was captured by the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in November 1917. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01430P for the combined image.

B01430

B01430P

The village of Ludd. Ludd, once the ancient Lyddia, was captured by the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, in November, 1917. This is a digitally combined composite panorama made up of two separate images. It is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available separately at...

B01430P

B01431

The village of Ludd. Ludd, once the ancient Lyddia, was captured by the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, in November, 1917. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01430P for the combined image.

B01431

B01432

Camel cacolets used by the Imperial Camel Corps for the transport of wounded, where the Brigade was in rest.

B01432

B01433

The Camel Transport of the Australian Light Horse at the railhead dump, on the Philistine Plain. The camels are seen on their way to the forward area, loaded with Australian frozen mutton for the troops. In the background can be seen the tent camp.

B01433

B01434

Australian Light Horse transport at the railhead dump, on the Philistine Plain.

B01434

B01435

The hangar and planes of the 1st Squadron of the Australian Flying Corps, at Medjdel, on the Philistine Plain.

B01435

B01436

The 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade Machine Gun Squadron in training on the range with .303 Vickers at Belah.

B01436

B01437

The 11th Australian Light Horse Regiment riding through the narrow, broken streets, when the regiment was in rest a few miles away. Major J Loynes is seen in the foreground. Gaza was captured early in November, 1917.

B01437

B01438

The 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade in camp on the sandhills close to the sea. The saddles are in a line between the tents and the horses.

B01438

B01439

Australians of the Imperial Camel Corps on the sandhills near the sea. The Brigade, which was five eighths Australian, was at this time in rest.

B01439

B01440

The Jerusalem-Jericho Road undergoing repairs just outside Jerusalem. Immediately after the advance of our troops, following upon the fall of Jerusalem on 7 December 1917, almost the entire population was employed by the British on the work of repairing the roads. The vehicle shown is a Royal Air...

B01440

B01441

A view of the ruins of the Great Mosque, showing the effects of the British bombardment in November 1917. This Mosque was bombarded by the British only after it was ascertained that the Turks used it as a munitions dump, and after the enemy had failed to remove the munitions when warned.

B01441

B01442

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the march down from Bethlehem to Jerusalem, across John the Baptist Wilderness, before their successful attack upon Jericho, which was captured by this brigade in February, 1918.

B01442

B01443

Australians of the Imperial Camel Corps, on the march across the sandhills, near the Mediterranean sea.

B01443

B01444

Squadrons from the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade in formation on parade in the ruins of Gaza. The large building is the Gaza Town Hall.

B01444

B01445

The Australian Light Horse fodder dump at the railhead on the Philistine Plain.

B01445

B01446

View across Gaza from the roof of the Town Hall showing horse columns of A Squadron of the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade in the foreground.

B01446

B01447

The Hong Kong-Singapore Mountain Battery of the Imperial Camel Corps, the camels are carrying Vickers 2.75 inch (70 mm) MK 1 Mountain Guns and other supplies.

B01447

B01448

The Hong Kong-Singapore Mountain Battery of the Imperial Camel Corps, the camels are carrying Vickers 2.75 inch (70 mm) MK 1 Mountain Guns and other supplies.

B01448

B01449

A hod, or a desert oasis, at Belah, the camp headquarters of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade.

B01449

B01450

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade moving down from Judea to the capture of Jericho. Brigadier General Cox is at the head of the column, with Major A Chisholme DSO (Brigade Major), next to him.

B01450

B01451

A picturesque view in the village of Ludd, the ancient Lyddia. Two Australian Light Horsemen stand with a parked motor car, LC 864.

B01451

B01452

An Australian Light Horse Camel train, en route to Ramleh.

B01452

B01453

A group of prominent staff officers in the Palestine Campaign. The names are: Left to right, sitting, Brigadier General (Brig Gen) C A C Godwin BGGS, Desert Mounted Corps. Major General (Maj Gen) Sir E W C Chaytor, General Officer Commanding (GOC) Anzac Mounted Division, Lieutenant General Sir H G...

B01453

B01454

A section of the Turkish trenches in the advance to Jerusalem. This system of trenches was carried by the 60th British Division (Londoners), the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment taking part.

B01454

B01455

A group portrait of unidentified members of the Australian Headquarters Staff, standing on steps of building.

B01455

B01456

Squadrons of the 4th Australian Horse Brigade in the ruins of the city.

B01456

B01457

An Australian Light Horseman stands in a trench, a section of the Turkish defences before Jerusalem.

B01457

B01458

An Australian Light Horseman stands in a trench. This section of the Turkish defences before Jerusalem overlooks the road at the bottom of the hills.

B01458

B01459

The Hong-Kong-Singapore Mountain Battery of the Imperial Camel Corps, training with light field guns. In the background are artillery spotters doing the survey work.

B01459

B01460

An Australian Light Horseman stands in a section of trenches, a part of Turkish defences.

B01460

B01461

An Australian Light Horseman in the trenches, part of Turkish defences.

B01461

B01463

Loaded camels at the Dump. Boxes of biscuits are stacked amongst camels.

B01463

B01464

The Hong-Kong-Singapore Mountain Battery of the Imperial Camel Corps, on the march across the sand, the camels are carrying small loads.

B01464

B01465

The Hong-Kong-Singapore Mountain Battery of the Imperial Camel Corps, training with their light field guns. Artillery spotters in the top right hand corner are doing the survey work.

B01465

B01466

A view over the town with squadrons of the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade in the ruins, as seen from the roof of the town hall, which is shown in photograph B01444.

B01466

B01468

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade zig-zagging down a barren hillside on the way from Judea to the Jordan Valley, prior to the attack on Jericho in February.

B01468

B01469

Group portrait of unidentified Headquarters' staff of the Anzac Mounted Division in front of date palms.

B01469

B01470

Australians of the Imperial Camel Corps on the sandhills in the desert.

B01470

B01471

Near Belah. A battery of the Honourable Artillery Company attached to the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade. The gun crews are crouched between their 13 pounder quick fire field guns and a cactus hedge.

B01471

B01472

No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps next to their Bristol FB1 fighters, at Mejdel. The officer in the foreground (with stick) is Lieutenant-Colonel R. Williams, D.S.O., commanding.

B01472

B01473

View of the Old Wall. Buildings are in the background.

B01473

B01474

The tombs outside the Golden Gate and the Mount of Olives in the background.

B01474

B01475

Group portrait of Officers of No. 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps at their camp on the Philistine Plain. Back row, left to right: Lieutenant (Lt) Traill; Lt Francis William Fellowes Lukis; Lt Taplin; Lt Watt; Lt Lee; Lt Peters; Lt C. J. Vyner; Lt Sprague; Lt Beaton; Lt Rogers; unidentified; Lt...

B01475

B01476

The camp of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade at Belah.

B01476

B01477

The Jordan Valley, with Jericho in the middle distance, seen through a shell hole in an old tomb. A soldier is looking through binoculars into the distance.

B01477

B01478

A battery of the Honourable Artillery Company attached to the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade, crouched behind their QF 13 Pounder MK I field guns.

B01478

B01481

Portrait of Brigadier-General Howard Vyse, (General Staff), Desert Mounted Corps, standing in front of steps of building.

B01481

B01482

An informal group portrait of unidentified members of the British Light Car Patrol, attached to the Desert Mounted Corps. Six motor cars are parked in the background. A camp is in the distance.

B01482

B01486

Men of the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment, around a number of tents behind the front line at Khurbetha-Ibn-Harith.

B01486

B01487

A local man using a primitive plough near the Desert Mounted Corps Headquarters. The picture gives a good idea of the cactus hedges, which the Turks very often used as a substitute for wire entanglements.

B01487

B01488

The 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade returning to their rest camp, after being in action near Latron.

B01488

B01489

Four unidentified members of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade Machine Gun Squadron in action at Khurbetha-Ibn-Harith.

B01489

B01490

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade horses at water. Note the type of troughs used in the desert for watering purposes.

B01490

B01491

Unidentified members of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade watering their horses at a canvas trough while the remainder wait their turn in the background.

B01491

B01492

Members of the 1st Light Horse Brigade taking a rest on the sand on the Philistine Plain. The man at far left smoking a pipe is probably 2462 Private Rupert Franklin Gore Gallaway 2nd Light Horse Regiment.

B01492

B01493

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, resting on the desert plain.

B01493

B01494

After a rest on the desert plain, the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade is now seen 'ready for the trek' again. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01494P for the combined image.

B01494

B01494A

After the rest on the desert plain, the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade is now 'ready for the trek' again. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01494P for the combined image.

B01494A

B01494P

After the rest on the desert plain, the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade is now 'ready for the trek' again. This is a digitally combined composite panorama made up of two separate images. It is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available separately at B01494 and...

B01494P

B01495

A member of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in the village of Mughar, surrounded by natives, who are asking for 'baksheesh' (money) with two local observers looking on from behind the stone wall.

B01495

B01496

Engineers and pioneers of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade resting after digging for water in the desert.

B01496

B01497

Engineers and pioneers of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, resting after digging for water in the desert.

B01497

B01498

Native water carriers standing by an old water wheel in the village of Zernukah, occupied by the Australian Light Horse.

B01498

B01500

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment passing through the village of Zernukah.

B01500

B01501

Natives of the Egyptian Labor Corps unloading stores and equipment from a cargo ship at Nabr-Sukereir for the Australian Light Horse Regiment.

B01501

B01502

An old tomb that has been struck by a Turkish shell in the village of Zernukah.

B01502

B01504

Heliograph Signallers transmitting and receiving messages during the fighting at Nalin. This was the location of the headquarters of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment.

B01504

B01505

Snipers of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade in the front line during the fighting at Nalin.

B01505

B01507

Men of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade watering their horses at Esdud, in Palestine, on January 9, 1918.

B01507

B01508

Men of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade advancing over the hills at Nalin. This rocky patch is typical of the country over which they advanced.

B01508

B01509

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade passing through the village of Zernukah.

B01509

B01510

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade passing over the steep sandhills at Esdud. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01510P for the combined image.

B01510

B01510A

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade passing over the steep sandhills at Esdud. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01510P for the combined image.

B01510A

B01510P

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade passing over the steep sandhills at Esdud. This is a combined composite panorama made up of two separate images. This is not a digitally combined image, the image is held on glass. The two images are also available separately at B01510 and B01510A.

B01510P

B01511

Brigade manouvres on the desert plain. Taken from Hurley's film 'With the Australian Light Horse in Sinai - Palestine'.

B01511

B01512

Brigade manouvres on the desert. Taken from Hurley's film 'With the Australian Light Horse in Sinai - Palestine'.

B01512

B01514

Lieutenant-General Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Desert Mounted Corps on his mount in the garden outside a building.

B01514

B01515

A native with his camels standing by the olive trees on the Mount of Olives.

B01515

B01516

Lieutenant-General Sir H.G. Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Desert Mounted Corps.

B01516

B01517

A group of local people resting by the side of the road.

B01517

B01518

Australians of the Anzac Mounted Division watering their horses at the foot of Mount Zion.

B01518

B01519

A party of Australians of the Anzac Mounted Division at the foot of David's Tower.

B01519

B01520

Australians of the Anzac Mounted Division, with Major Donald Gordon Cross on the left and Lieutenant Ronald Nicholas L Hopkins on the right of the picture, passing through Jerusalem.

B01520

B01521

A view of Jerusalem showing the walls around the city, at the time the Anzac Mounted Division passed through. This is the second image in a three part panorama. See B01521P for the combined image.

B01521

B01521P

A view of Jerusalem showing the walls around the city, at the time the Anzac Mounted Division passed through. This is a composite panorama made up of three separate images. This is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The three images are available separately at...

B01521P

B01522

A view of the village of Enab, which is on the way to Jerusalem.

B01522

B01523

Six unidentified Australians of the Anzac Mounted Division, walking through a street in the Via Dolores, Old City.

B01523

B01524

A young boy holding a camel in one of the typical narrow alley-ways of Ludd on the Philistine Plain.

B01524

B01525

A car of local natives watching the Anzac Division driving on a stone road in the village of Ludd on the Philistine Plain, watched by some local people.

B01525

B01526

A camel transport carrying tibbin (fodder). The cacolet camel in the rear serves the purpose of an ambulance for the wounded.

B01526

B01527

A scene at the military stores dump at Ramleh on the Philistine Plain.

B01527

B01528

A scene at the port of Jaffa during the discharge of railway materials.

B01528

B01529

A street scene in Ludd on the Philistine Plain.

B01529

B01530

Camels waiting to be loaded with supplies of Australian frozen mutton, for army consumption, at the railhead dump.

B01530

B01531

Natives of the Labor Corps, attached to the Australian Light Horse, engaged in making a road to Ludd on the Philistine Plain.

B01531

B01532

Horses transporting the Anzac Mounted Division stores from the railhead at Deiran to the forward camps.

B01532

B01533

A group of local villagers surrounding a car at Ludd , a village on on the Philistine Plain. Captain Frank Hurley, an Australian Official Photographer is standing on the car's running board at centre left. He is wearing the bright, white ribbon of the Polar Medal on his left pocket.

B01533

B01534

The railway station at Esdud surrounded by flood waters. This area came within the scope of the operations of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade.

B01534

B01535

Unidentified soldiers inspect the railway line which was washed away by flood waters.

B01535

B01536

Waggons of the 1st Australian Light Horse going through the flood waters at Esdud to collect their rations.

B01536

B01537

Limbers of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade trudging through the mud, after a flood at Esdud.

B01537

B01538

Engineers of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade and natives repairing a portion of the railway line, damaged by a flood at Esdud.

B01538

B01539

Three unidentified soldiers beside a parked light car in the village of Mughar.

B01539

B01540

Camel transport of the Australian Light Horse, crossing a pond.

B01540

B01541

Camels and drivers attached to the Australian Light Horse on their way back to the lines at El-Burj in Palestine.

B01541

B01542

Camel transport of the Australian Light Horse crossing the flooded areas around Esdud, Philistine Plain.

B01542

B01543

Natives of the Anzac Section of the Imperial Camel Corps Brigade, clipping one of their camels.

B01543

B01544

Natives of the Anzac Section of the Imperial Camel Corps Brigade, clipping one of their camels.

B01544

B01545

Major Hudson, of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, and his horse, Tango, trudging across the barren desert .

B01545

B01547

The 2nd Light Horse Brigade passing over the sandhills at Esdud on the Philistine Plain.

B01547

B01549

Camel transport of the Imperial Camel Corps silhouetted against the sky.

B01549

B01550

An unidentified soldier poses with five donkeys.

B01550

B01551

Two unidentified soldiers, one smoking, watering their donkeys at the portable troughs.

B01551

B01552

Portrait of Major (Maj) E A K Hudson, of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade and his horse Tango, at Deiran on the Philistine Plain. Maj Hudson was awarded a Distinguished Service Order in April 1918. He died of pneumonia in Palestine on 27 October 1918.

B01552

B01553

Near Nab Sukereir. Locals of the Egyptian Labor Corps landing at the beach after unloading a cargo of stores and equipment from the anchored ships at sea.

B01553

B01554

The long line of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade, on their way to the rest camp, after having been in action.

B01554

B01555

A rear view of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade on ceremonial parade at Esdud on the Philistine Plain.

B01555

B01556

Brigadier General Ryrie leading the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade across the desert at Esdud on the Philistine Plain.

B01556

B01557

A study of three mules on the desert.

B01557

B01558

Abdul, an Arab pony captured from the Turks by the Australian Light Horse.

B01558

B01559

The aerodrome and camp of No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B01559

B01561

A view of the Australian Light Horse camp. Note the man made oasis (foreground) with water pumps to fill the portable canvas drinking troughs for their horses.

B01561

B01562

An unidentified officer standing in the ruins of a street in Gaza with minaret in the background.

B01562

B01563

Transport camels of the Anzac section of the Imperial Camel Corps resting.

B01563

B01564

Soldiers relaxing and enjoying the band of the Anzac Mounted Division.

B01564

B01565

Unidentified soldiers of the Anzac Mounted Division clipping their horses before a stunt. The soldier holding the horses head is smoking a pipe.

B01565

B01566

Seven stone covered graves at the site of the battle of Mughar where the Yeomanry made a famous charge.

B01566

B01567

Australian Light Horse tractor, transporting soldiers and supplies across the desert on the way to Jericho.

B01567

B01569

Australian Light Horse tractors, transporting soldiers and supplies across the desert on the way to Jericho.

B01569

B01570

Unidentified soldiers riding on No 4 'Maureen', the tractor transport, attached to the Australian Light Horse, on the way to Jericho.

B01570

B01571

A rear view of the tractor transport, attached to the Australian Light Horse, on the way to Jericho.

B01571

B01572

Unidentified soldiers riding on No 7 'Gladys', the tractor transport, attached to the Australian Light Horse, on the way to Jericho.

B01572

B01573

Troops passing a small camp site east of the Latron Pass.

B01573

B01574

Two armoured Rolls-Royce cars operating in the Jordan Valley in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse. The serial number of the vehicle on the left is LC345 and on the right is LC344.

B01574

B01575

Two armoured Rolls-Royce cars operating in the Jordan Valley in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse.

B01575

B01576

Soldiers surveying the remains of a bridge on the Jericho Road which was blown up by the Turks during their retreat.

B01576

B01577

A proud driver of the Egyptian Camel Corps attached to the Australian Light Horse with his camel. His robe is marked CTC (Camel Transport Corp).

B01577

B01578

Camels drinking from the portable canvas water troughs in the desert.

B01578

B01579

The Imperial Camel Corps on the road to Jericho.

B01579

B01580

An unidentified officer standing behind the rock and stone covered graves of the Australian Light Horsemen who fell in the charge of Mughar. In the background is the site of the Battle of Mughar.

B01580

B01581

An Australian Light Horseman making a purchase from local people at a shop at El Mughar.

B01581

B01582

A typical village scene in the area covered by the operations of the Australian Light Horse.

B01582

B01583

A scene on the road between Jericho and Jerusalem, showing the transport waggons pulled by tractors of the Australian Light Horse.

B01583

B01584

Some local people at the market place in Bethlehem.

B01584

B01585

Local people sitting under the trees outside a mosque at El-aksa.

B01585

B01586

Jewish men, women and children at the wailing wall.

B01586

B01587

Two airborne machines of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, the aircraft on the left is a Martinsyde G.100 Elephant and the one on the right is a B.E.2.

B01587

B01588

An airman of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, examining and detonating the bombs to be used in a bombing expedition before being loaded onto the Martinsyde G. 100 Elephant aircraft in the foreground and the Bristol F.2B Fighter aircraft in the background.

B01588

B01589

A Bristol F2B Fighter serial A-7200 of the No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps.

B01589

B01590

Staff-Sergeants of the Australian Flying Corps. (back row, third from right) is Lieutenant Hudson Fysh of No. 1 Squadron, AFC.

B01590

B01591

A Martinsyde aircraft of No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel, being loaded with bombs for a bombing expedition. The bombs are being fastened in their frames underneath the lower wings, ready for release by the airmen, at the proper time. In the foreground is the small truck on...

B01591

B01592

Two planes of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. On the left is a Bristol F.2B Fighter and on the right is a Martinsyde G.100 Elephant.

B01592

B01593

Four aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps in Flight. On the left is a Bristol F.2B Fighter and on the right is a Martinsyde G.100 Elephant.

B01593

B01594

Two aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. On the left is a Bristol F.2B Fighter and on the right is a Martinsyde G.100 Elephant.

B01594

B01595

Three aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. The aircraft in the foreground is a Royal Aircraft Factory BE2e.

B01595

B01596

A Bristol F2B Fighter of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. The camp of the AFC is in the background.

B01596

B01597

Three aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. The aircraft in the foreground is a Royal Aircraft Factory BE2e.

B01597

B01598

Three aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps in flight. The aircraft in the foreground is a Royal Aircraft Factory BE2e.

B01598

B01599

An aerial view of the Turkish defences of Jerusalem taken from an aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps.

B01599

B01600

An aerial view of Jaffa and the coastline, taken from an aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps.

B01600

B01601

An aerial view of Jerusalem with the Mosque of Omar centre left, taken from an aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps.

B01601

B01602

The interior of Mahommed Ali Mosque, showing the ancient bathing place which was used by pilgrims, but is not now in use.

B01602

B01603

A group of local people sitting around the palm trees in the interior of the Mahommed Ali Mosque.

B01603

B01604

The interior of Mahommed Ali Mosque, Cairo, showing the ancient bathing place which was used by pilgrims, but is not now in use.

B01604

B01605

The Mahommedan Temples, as seen from the Citadel. The Blue Mosque is in the central middle distance, and beyond is the city of Cairo.

B01605

B01606

A group of soldiers marching through the Citadel, with the Mahommed Ali Mosque in the background.

B01606

B01607

A group of local men standing in a doorway of the Mahommed Ali Mosque.

B01607

B01608

Two unidentified soldiers at an outpost of the Australian Light Horse in the Judean Hills. Their rifles are held, ready to fire.

B01608

B01609

The Australian Light Horse passing the Great City Wall. In the background left is a church, centre is the Jaffa gate clocktower and right the Tower of David.

B01609

B01610

Belah. Two Light horsemen, one mounted on his horse at the pools of water at the oasis at Hod after rain. The 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade camped in the area for a time.

B01610

B01611

Two unidentified soldiers of the Australian Light Horse Brigade standing amongst the ruins of the Great Mosque at Gaza.

B01611

B01612

Camels at the Australian Light Horse Dump at Deiran loaded ready for the march. Note the line of stacked crates.

B01612

B01613

An unidentified soldier of the Australian Light Horse Brigade sitting amongst the ruins of the Great Mosque at Gaza.

B01613

B01614

The camp of the Auckland Mounted Rifles in a secluded spot among the foothills of the Jordan Valley.

B01614

B01616

A general view of the ruins of the Great Mosque at Gaza.

B01616

B01617

A general view of the assembled aircraft of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, which worked in conjunction with the Australian Light Horse in Palestine. The aircraft in the foreground is a Martinsyde G.100 Elephant back right are two Bristol F.2B Fighter, serials A7194 and B1146.

B01617

B01618

An unidentified soldier on his donkey gazing across the barren plains. Each regiment of the Australian Light Horse operating in Palestine had a few donkeys which were ridden by batmen and grooms.

B01618

B01619

A regiment of the Australian Light Horse on the march in Jerusalem.

B01619

B01620

A view of Jerusalem surrounded by the city wall, looking from the Mount of Olives. This is the third image in a three part panorama. See B01521P for the combined image.

B01620

B01621

A general view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. Note the cross on top of the roof centre left next to the pine trees, probably a chapel. This is the first image in a three part panorama. See B01521P for the combined image.

B01621

B01622

The camp of the Auckland Regiment, New Zealand Mounted Rifles, in the foothills of the Jordan Valley. Jericho may be seen in the middle distance and the mountains of Moab in the background. This is the right hand image which forms part of a Hurley composite held at B01622X.

B01622

B01622X

The outpost of an Australian Light Horse unit on the Philistine Plain. This is a Hurley composite incorporating images B01622 and B01623.

B01622X

B01623

The outpost of an Australian Light Horse unit on the Philistine Plain. This is the left hand image which forms part of a Hurley composite held at B01622X.

B01623

B01624

Four camel ambulances attached to the Imperial Camel Corps. With Red Cross banner flying, tending a wounded soldier. Note the cacolets used to transport wounded on the camels. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.002.

B01624

B01624A

Four camel ambulances attached to the Imperial Camel Corps. With Red Cross banner flying, tending a wounded soldier. Note the cacolets used to transport wounded on the camels. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.003.

B01624A

B01625

Local camel drivers attached to the transport section of the Imperial Camel Corps, resting at their camp site. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.004.

B01625

B01625A

Local camel drivers attached to the transport section of the Imperial Camel Corps, resting at their camp site. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.005.

B01625A

B01626

A Christian church and tower surrounded by a cactus hedge on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.006.

B01626

B01628

Squadrons of the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade in formation on horseback at Gaza. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.008.

B01628

B01629

An Australian Light Horse camp among the date palms. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.009.

B01629

B01630

The old Jericho Road near its descent into the Jordan Plains. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.010.

B01630

B01631

A limbered wagon being pulled by six horses and three riders across a pool surrounded by date palms and cactus. The old Jericho Road near its descent into the Jordan Plains. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.011.

B01631

B01632

Part of the ruins of Sekelcon. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.012.

B01632

B01633

Observer, pilot, and Bristol Fighter F2B aircraft, Serial B1146, of No. 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. The pilot (left) is Captain (Capt) Ross Macpherson Smith, MC and bar, DFC and two bars. Capt Hurley made two visits to No. 1 Squadron on the 25 and 28 February 1918, going for his first...

B01633

B01634

A view of the Jordan Valley from Jericho with the minaret of a mosque in the foreground. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.014.

B01634

B01635

A glimpse of the ruins of a building through a shell hole in a wall. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.015.

B01635

B01636

Some unidentified soldiers between tent lines at the camp of the Australian Light Horse on the desert plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.016.

B01636

B01637

A view overlooking the roofs of a village on a hill near Gaza. Note the vegetation growing on some of the roof tops and the cactus growing in the foreground. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.017.

B01637

B01638

A Bristol Fighter F2B serial B1128, two Martinsydes and a BE2 aircraft of the Australian Flying Corps, photographed from inside a hangar. Note the tented camp in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.018.

B01638

B01639

Horse drawn ambulances marked with the Red Cross symbol at a tented advanced dressing station of a Light Horse Field Ambulance station in the Sinai desert. Note the camel ambulance with cacolet (left) and the red cross flag hanging from a flag pole. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The...

B01639

B01640

A study of a horse. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.020.

B01640

B01641

A local man standing by a tomb with an Australian Light Horse camp in the background on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.021.

B01641

B01642

The ruins of a private residence in Gaza. Note the shell hole at the right hand end of the building. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.022.

B01642

B01643

A village scene with some local people and a donkey in front of a tiled roof stone building, on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.023.

B01643

B01644

A line of a Martinsyde Fighter aircraft (right) and F2B Bristol Fighter aircraft (left) of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps in Palestine. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.024.

B01644

B01645

A view overlooking the roofs of the village of Mazar. Note the vegetation growing on the roof tops probably keep the houses insulated. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.025.

B01645

B01646

Two Bristol F2B fighters serial A7194 (left) of No 1 Squadron Australian Flying Corps beside a canvas hangar. Unidentified members of the squadron are working on the aircraft. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.026.

B01646

B01647

A lone Australian Light Horseman leading another horse on the Old Jericho Road. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.027.

B01647

B01648

A view of the country along the New Jerusalem-Jericho Road, where a military vehicle is stopped. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.028.

B01648

B01649

Iris, a beautiful type of orchid found in parts of Palestine. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.029.

B01649

B01651

A distant view of a camp of the Australian Light Horse on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.031.

B01651

B01652A

Soldiers tending their horses at horse lines of the Australian Light Horse Camp next to an oasis. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01652P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.032. ...

B01652A

B01652B

A horse line amongst tent lines at the Australian Light Horse camp next to the oasis. Soldiers are tending the horses. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B0165P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is...

B01652B

B01652P

Soldiers tending their horses at horse lines of the Australian Light Horse Camp next to an oasis. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available...

B01652P

B01653

Three unidentified soldiers beside a tractor accident on the Jericho Road, in the background is a camp site by the winding road and Jerusalem can be seen on the hill in the distance. Note the twisted rope around stakes which is holding the vehicle from falling down the hill. This is an original...

B01653

B01654

Unidentified members of the Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance standing beside a wagon, with Red Cross Flag flying on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.035.

B01654

B01655

The ruins of the minaret of the Great Mosque at Gaza. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.036.

B01655

B01656

Ten unidentified members of the Australian Flying Corp standing beside an S.E.5a aircraft, serial B50, a type used by the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, in Palestine. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.037.

B01656

B01657

The horse and tent lines of the Australian Light Horse camp at Belah. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.038.

B01657

B01658A

The Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah, some donkeys can be seen (right foreground) behind the slight ridge of sand on the right of the picture. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01658P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. ...

B01658A

B01658B

The Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah, some donkeys can be seen behind the slight ridge of sand to the left and a horse line not far behind them. This is the right hand image of a two part panorama. See B01658P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate...

B01658B

B01658P

The Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah, some donkeys can be seen behind the slight ridge of sand in the centre and a horse line not far behind them. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is...

B01658P

B01659

A line of horses at the Australian Light Horse camp at Belah. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.041.

B01659

B01660

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel on a visit to inspect No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), in front of one of the squadron's Bristol F.2B fighter aircraft. The officers are from left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) F G Newton, Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Lt Col R...

B01660

B01661

A camp of the Australian Light Horse on the coast near Rafa, note the bell shaped EPID (Eight Person Indian Production) tents and the birds resting on the telegraph wires. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.043.

B01661

B01662

Tractors on the new Jericho Road with a small camp site beside them. In the distance is a view of the Jordan Valley. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.044.

B01662

B01663

An inspection of the aircraft of No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. Left to right are three Bristol Fighters, a Martinsyde and BE2 aircraft. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.045.

B01663

B01664

Original Australian War Records Section caption: "An Australian Light Horseman collecting anemones near Belah in Palestine". The soldier was identified in 2007 as being 2601 Trooper George Redding, 8th Light Horse Regiment. Redding enlisted from Benalla on 28 August 1915 stating his age to be...

B01664

B01665

Captain Frank Hurley walking along a path in front of a typical Jewish cottage in the village of Khurbet Deiran. Captain Hurley is wearing the white ribbon of the Polar Medal received for his service on Sir Ernest Shackleton's Antarctic expedition. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The...

B01665

B01666A

A view of the Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah, with various sized tents. Horse lines can be seen in the background. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01666P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is...

B01666A

B01666B

A view of the Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah, with various sized tents. Horse lines can be seen in the background. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01666P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is...

B01666B

B01666P

A view of the Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available separately at B01666A and B01666B. The...

B01666P

B01667

Two Australian Light Horsemen standing near the Turkish stone barricades on a road not far from Bethlehem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.050.

B01667

B01668

The horse lines of the Australian Light Horse camp on the desert sand at Belah. Note the washing hanging on the line near the Eight Person Indian Production (EPIP) tent centre left. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.051.

B01668

B01669

A village scene on the Mount of Olives with a Russian church at the top left of the picture. Note the walls around the village. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.052.

B01669

B01670

A patch of wild anemones growing near an Australian Light Horse Red Cross depot. Note the motor ambulances behind the tents. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.053.

B01670

B01671

The ruins of the Great Mosque at Gaza from the side. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.054.

B01671

B01672

The ruins near the great Mosque at Gaza. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.055.

B01672

B01673

The pilot and observer standing next to a parked Bristol Fighter F.2B, serial A-7200, of 1 Squadron, AFC. The camp of the Australian Flying Corps is in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.056.

B01673

B01674

Latron Pass, looking back towards Jaffa on the Jerusalem-Jaffa road. Note the cave and kit bag in the right hand side of the foreground. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.057.

B01674

B01675

An unidentified officer of the 6th Australian Light Horse and his mount, on the desert sand. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.058.

B01675

B01676

One of the barren positions which was held by the Turks near Bethlehem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.059.

B01676

B01677

Bristol F2B Fighters of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, outside their hangars at Mejdel. Aircraft serials A3945 (fourth from right), A7198 (second from right) and A7200 (far right). This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01677

B01678

The camp of the Australian Light Horse on the desert sand at Belah. The small shed (right foreground near the date palm tree) could possibly be an ablutions block. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.061.

B01678

B01679A

A view of Jericho with the mountains in the background. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01679P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.062. The combined image is also available in...

B01679A

B01679B

A view of Jericho with the mountains in the background. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01679P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.244. The combined image is also available in...

B01679B

B01679P

A view of Jericho with the mountains in the background. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available separately at B01679A and B01679B. The same...

B01679P

B01680

A general view of the ruins of Gaza near the Great Mosque. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.063.

B01680

B01681

Portrait of General L. Ryrie, General Officer Commanding, 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade, (looking toward the camera) mounted on his horse, Plain Bill. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.064.

B01681

B01682

Portrait of General L Ryrie, General Officer Commanding, the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade, (in profile) mounted on his horse, Plain Bill. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.065.

B01682

B01683

Soldiers of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade camp at Esdud, relaxing on the sand by their tents, the soldier in the foreground is reading a newspaper. Note the clothes draped over the tents to dry. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held...

B01683

B01684

Local people attached to the Australian Light Horse sitting chatting while mixing camel feed. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.067.

B01684

B01685

A sentry standing watch next to a tent by the Old Mosque at Elburj which was the camping place of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Signallers. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.068.

B01685

B01686

An unidentified Australian soldier examining some of the 75mm, 77mm and 150mm shells and transportation baskets at an ammunition dump at Katra. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.069.

B01686

B01687

Unidentified soldiers relaxing reading papers under the bare trees outside their tents on the desert sand at the camp of A Squadron, Australian Light Horse Regiment at Esdud. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.070.

B01687

B01688

Camels of the Australian Light Horse resting on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.071.

B01688

B01689

Members of the Australian Light Horse resting at their camp on the desert. The soldier on the right is reading a newspaper and smoking a cigarette, lying in his tent. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.072.

B01689

B01690

Six Egyptian men attached to the Australian Light Horse, clipping a camel at Deiran on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.073.

B01690

B01691

A horse line and tents of the 3rd Light Horse rest camp in the desert. A small group of soldiers can be seen in the right foreground of the picture. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.074.

B01691

B01692

The camp of the soldiers of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Signallers outside the Old Mosque at El Burj. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.075.

B01692

B01693A

Four soldiers of the Australian Light Horse Brigade looking over a terraced hillside. This is the left hand image in a two part panorama. See B01693P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.076. The combined...

B01693A

B01693B

Two soldiers of the Australian Light Horse Brigade looking over the terraced hillside. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See B01693P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.077. The combined...

B01693B

B01693P

Two soldiers of the Australian Light Horse Brigade looking over the terraced hillside. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The three images are also available separately...

B01693P

B01694A

The camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in the desert showing new bivouacs and horse lines. This is the fifth image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See B01694P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held...

B01694A

B01694B

Horse lines at the camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. This is the fourth image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See B01694P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01694B

B01694C

The camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. Two soldiers are grooming a horse in front of the tent and horse lines. This is the third image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See B01694P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The...

B01694C

B01694D

Horse lines and tents at the camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. This is the first image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See B01694P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01694D

B01694E

Horse lines at the camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. This is the second image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See B01694P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01694E

B01695A

Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade on the desert sand. Horse and camel transport can be seen to the left of the picture. This is the left hand image in a three part panorama. See B01695P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in...

B01695A

B01695B

Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade on the desert sand. This is the centre image in a three part panorama. See B01695P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.084. The combined image is also available in...

B01695B

B01695C

Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade on the desert sand. This is the right hand image in a three part panorama. See B01695P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.085. The combined image is also...

B01695C

B01695P

Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade on the desert sand. This is a composite panorama made up of three separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The three images are also available separately at B01695A, B01695B and...

B01695P

B01696

A lone horseman of the Australian Light Horse on the desert, silhouetted against the sky at sunset, near Esdud on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.086.

B01696

B01698

Soldiers of the 10th Australian Light Horse Regiment at their camp on rocky ground, behind the front line at Khurbetha-Ibn-Harith. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.088.

B01698

B01699

Snipers and bombers of 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment at a 'look-out' on the front line in the action at Khurbetha-Ibn-Harith. The big boulders on the hill-side afforded very useful cover. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01699

B01700

Two snipers of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment on the 'look-out' at Khurbetha-Ibn-Harith. The Turkish position was on the ridge opposite. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.090.

B01700

B01701A

Camel lines at a camp on the desert. This is the left hand image of a two part panorama. See B01701P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.091. The combined image is also available in colour and is held at...

B01701A

B01701B

Camel lines at a camp on the desert. This is the right hand image of a two part panorama. See B01701P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.092. The combined image is also available in colour and is held at...

B01701B

B01701P

Camel lines at a camp on the desert. This is a composite panorama made up of two separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The two images are also available separately at B01701C and B01701B. The same composite panorama...

B01701P

B01702

Some local people in front of the camel lines at a camp on the desert. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.093.

B01702

B01703

Local men standing at the camel lines at a camp on the desert. In the distance a train can be seen next to the waters edge with rolling hills in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.094.

B01703

B01704

Snipers of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment in the front line at Nalin. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.095.

B01704

B01705

Three unidentified signallers of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment working a heliograph at Nalin. The signaller closest to the camera has two stripes denoting the rank of corporal below his signaller's badge. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour...

B01705

B01706

Snipers of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, rifles aimed ready to fire in the front line at Nalin. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.097.

B01706

B01707

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment behind the front line barricades at Nalin. The Light Horseman (second from right) hands a grenade to his comrade (left). This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.098.

B01707

B01708

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment behind the front line barricades at Nalin. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.099.

B01708

B01709

A camp of the 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment, in cover behind the firing line on the rugged hillside at Nalin. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.100.

B01709

B01710

Unidentified soldiers of the Australian Light Horse holding the front line at Nalin. Note the rugged terrain of the area. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.101.

B01710

B01711

A picturesque glimpse of Ramleh from the ruins of Crusaders' Castle. A church can be seen in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.102.

B01711

B01712

A view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives with the Russian church of Mary Magdalene in the foreground. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.103.

B01712

B01713

The old cemetery and church at Ramleh, on the Philistine Plain, when the Australian Light Horse were in occupation. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.104.

B01713

B01714

A view on the road to Jerusalem. A system of Turkish trenches can be seen on the left hand side of the road. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.105.

B01714

B01715

A view of the Olive Garden at Bethlehem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.106.

B01715

B01716

The ruins of Crusaders' Tower at Ramleh on the Philistine Plain. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.107.

B01716

B01717

The ruins of Crusaders' Tower at Ramleh, on the Philistine Plains. A soldier can be seen standing on top of the tower. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.108.

B01717

B01718A

A general view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. This is the left hand image of a three part panorama. See B01718P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.109. The combined image is also available in...

B01718A

B01718B

A general view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. This is the centre image of a three part panorama. See B01718P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.110. The combined image is also available in colour...

B01718B

B01718C

General view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. This is the right hand image in a three part panorama. See B01718P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.111. The combined image is also available in...

B01718C

B01718P

General view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. This is a composite panorama made up of three separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The three images are also available separately at B01718A, B01718B and B01718C. ...

B01718P

B01719

A camel study on the Mount of Olives, a mosque can be seen in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.112.

B01719

B01721

Royal Horse Artillery, attached to the Anzac Mounted Division with their 13 pounder field gun in action, partially camouflaged behind the cactus, at Richon-le-Zion. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.114.

B01721

B01722

The 1st Australian Light Horse Signal Squadon laying cable in the field for the Anzac Mounted Division. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.115.

B01722

B01723

Local people sitting by the road to Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.116.

B01723

B01724

A local orange picker at Richon-le-Zion. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.117.

B01724

B01725

A local man and a French colonial soldier standing in front of a mosque in the Old City of Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.118.

B01725

B01726

An unidentified soldier standing in front of the Mosque of Omar, in the Old City of Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.119.

B01726

B01727

A group of Australian Light Horsemen outside a mosque in the Old City of Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.120.

B01727

B01728

Two unidentified soldiers standing in front of the Mosque of Omar, in Jerusalem. The soldier on the right is carrying a canvas shoulder bag. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.121.

B01728

B01729

Part of the Anzac Mounted Division on the road to Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.122.

B01729

B01731

A view from the Mount of Olives, looking towards the Dead Sea. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.124.

B01731

B01732

A view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. The Mosque of Omar can be seen in the left hand side background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.125.

B01732

B01733

Unidentified soldiers sitting under the trees on the Mount of Olives. A building can be seen behind the trees in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.126.

B01733

B01734

Some men of the Anzac Mounted Division in the street of the Sanctuaire-de-Veronique, the 54th Station of the Cross, in the Old City of Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.127.

B01734

B01735

An unidentified Australian Soldier on the Jerusalem Road at Kulonieh. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.128.

B01735

B01736

Four unidentified soldiers silhouetted in an archway, look towards the Mosque of Omar in Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.129.

B01736

B01737

A local priest in front of the old olive trees in the Garden of Gethsemane, in Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.130.

B01737

B01738

The old olive trees in the Garden of Gethsemane, in Jerusalem. The Oriental domed spires of the Russian church of Saint Mary Magdalene can be seen in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.131.

B01738

B01739

A view of the village of Lifta, on the road to Jerusalem. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.132.

B01739

B01740

A camel covered with a rug resting under the old olive trees on the Mount of Olives. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.133.

B01740

B01741A

The village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia - and the surrounding country. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is the fifth image in a five part panorama. See B01741P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held...

B01741A

B01741B

The village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia - and the surrounding country. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is the fourth image in a five part panorama. See B0174P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held...

B01741B

B01741C

The village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia - and the surrounding country. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is the third image in a five part panorama. See B0174P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01741C

B01741D

Some ruins in the village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is the second image in a five part panorama. See B0174P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.137. ...

B01741D

B01741E

Some ruins in the village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is the first image in a five part panorama. See B0174P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.138. ...

B01741E

B01741P

Some ruins in the village of Ludd - ancient Lyddia. The hills of Judea can be seen in the distance. This is a composite panorama made up of five separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The five images are also available...

B01741P

B01742

A view of an old building and a lone palm tree in Jaffa, the Mediterranean Sea can be seen in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.139.

B01742

B01743

An unidentified Officer of the 5th Australian Light Horse Regiment looking across to the transport ships anchored off the rocks of Andromeda. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.140.

B01743

B01744

A street scene in Old Jaffa. Note the car parked on the right hand side of the road, a group of unidentified soldiers are at the far end of the street and a ship can be seen at sea in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at...

B01744

B01745

Some local people sitting on the rocks by the edge of the water. Four transport ships are anchored off the rocks of Andromeda in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.142.

B01745

B01746

A view of the Orange Groves of Jaffa. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.143.

B01746

B01747

The Mosque and Greek Church at Ludd (ancient Lyddia) reflecting on the pond. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.144.

B01747

B01748

A view of Ramleh from the Old Crusader's Tower, showing the country covered by the Turkish machine guns, which were posted in the tower. A cemetery can be seen in the right foreground and a Light Horse camp and church are in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same...

B01748

B01749

The Old Crusader's Tower at Ramleh, which was used as a machine gun fortification by the Turks. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.146.

B01749

B01750

A view through the ruins of an arch in the Crusader's Castle at Ramleh. A church can be seen in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.147.

B01750

B01751

A team of Australian bred draught horses on the desert sand. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.148.

B01751

B01752

A typical home in Ludd, on Philisine Plain, surrounded by cactus and palm trees. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.149.

B01752

B01753

Horse lines of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade camp on the desert sand at Esdud. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.150.

B01753

B01754

A view of Old Jaffa. A ship can be seen at sea in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.151.

B01754

B01755

Feluccas by the edge of the Nile. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.152.

B01755

B01756

A view of the Mosque of Mohammed Ali and the city of Cairo in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.153.

B01756

B01757

A view of the city of the dead in Cairo. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.154.

B01757

B01758

A view of the Sphinx and Pyramid at Gizeh. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.155. A view of the Sphinx and a Pyramid at Gizeh.

B01758

B01759A

Unidentified soldiers at an Australian Light Horse Regiment camp in the desert. This is the left hand image of a three part panorama. See B01701P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.156. The combined...

B01759A

B01759B

A view of an Australian Light Horse Regiment camp on the desert. A portable water tank can be seen in the centre of the picture. This is the centre image of a three part panorama. See B01701P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour...

B01759B

B01759C

Unidentified soldiers at a camp of the Australian Light Horse Regiment. This is the right hand image of a three part panorama. See B01701P for the combined image. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.158. The combined image is...

B01759C

B01759P

Unidentified soldiers at a camp of the Australian Light Horse Regiment. This is a composite panorama made up of three separate original Paget Plate negatives. It is a digitally combined image and is only available as a digital print. The three images are also available separately at B01759A,...

B01759P

B01760

The Orange Groves of Jaffa surrounding a house. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.159.

B01760

B01761

Two officers of the Australian Light Horse taking in the view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. The Mosque of Omar can be seen centered in the picture. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.160.

B01761

B01762

Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir H G Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Australian Imperial Force in Egypt, mounted on his horse.

B01762

B01765

An aerial view of the Pyramids in Egypt.

B01765

B01766

A photograph taken from the air showing a bomb bursting on a train at the railway station,centre left, at Jenin.

B01766

B01767

A photograph taken from the air during the bombing of Jenin, showing a bomb dropping from a plane.

B01767

B01768

A diagram map of the New Zealand training camp at Ismailia.

B01768

B01770

The bodies of two Turkish machine gunners who died at their post next a railway line. Note the empty shells around the Maxim MG08 heavy machine gun on a sled mount that they were using.

B01770

B01771

Wounded soldiers on stretchers waiting on the railway station at Jerusalem, waiting for a hospital train.

B01771

B01787

A Jewish funeral in Palestine. Four men carrying a body on a bier with three people following in line behind them.

B01787

B01789

A group of soldiers and local people making a road near Jerusalem.

B01789

B01790

A view of the houses of Jericho with the mountains in the background.

B01790

B01792

Water carriers collecting water from a well at the Temple area at Jerusalem.

B01792

B01793

Water carriers in Palestine. Note the animal skins for carrying water.

B01793

B01794

A German 2 seater reconnaissance plane flying over the buildings of the town of Ramleh.

B01794

B01795

Syrian olive gatherers carrying baskets on their heads, walking along the road next to an olive grove.

B01795

B01796

The stone bridge over the river Jordan, near the lake of Tiberias.

B01796

B01797

An unidentified officer and soldier standing by the edge of the Dead Sea. In the background are four houses and timber boats. A ship's mast and a jetty can also be seen to the left of the houses.

B01797

B01798

A small group of soldiers on the road to the Dead Sea, which can be seen in the distance.

B01798

B01799

A street scene in Jerusalem.

B01799

E02012

Busses conveying the 2nd Division to the Ypres sector passing through the town, along Herberg Street.

E02012

E02051

Two unidentified soldiers view the ruins of the village. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.172.

E02051

E02060

Australian transport on the road near Boeschepe moving forward to the front line area. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.181.

E02060

E00682

Renescure, France. A group portrait of unidentified members of the 28th Battalion, 2nd Division, on parade.

E00682

E00848

A view of the military section of the graveyard in the village of Vlamertinghe, near Ypres. Seen here is Lieutenant George Hubert Wilkins, an Australian Official Photographer, inspecting the crosses, to each of which is affixed a name and identification tablet, inscribed, 'Here lies a British...

E00848

E00849

Lieutenant George Hubert Wilkins, an Australian Official Photographer, looking out through the window of the shell damaged village church at Vlamertinghe, near Ypres, upon the graves of many Australian soldiers who made the supreme sacrifice on the battle grounds of the Salient.

E00849

E04619

Ypres, Belgium. 5 November 1917. Canadian troops and transport passing through Ypres along the main Poperinghe-Ypres Road. The Gasometer on the left of the photograph was later on completely destroyed. This route was generally taken by reliefs marching up to the line. Crossing the square (about ten...

E04619

E05989

"Off on a bombing raid". Print from a composite negative made to illustrate battle-planes in flight. The largest plane and the smaller plane to its right are also used in Hurley's composite photograph 'A Hop Over' (see E05988A, E05988B, and P01438.001). In the 1920s, the photograph was captioned in...

E05989

P00525.009

This photograph was originally issued by the Department of Information with the following caption: "The Salvation Army, as usual, is doing splendid work in the forward areas during the advance of our troops into Syria. Here, at Saiada the "army" car rests for a while and a crowd of visitors drops...

P00525.009

P01438.001

A large print of the Australian War Records Section Frank Hurley's composite photograph "Over the top" (also known as "A hop over" and "A raid") leaning against a brick wall, probably in a warehouse or at the Australian Base Post Office, which had 1 hectare of floor space. Hurley's photograph...

P01438.001

P01184.019

PALESTINE. C. 1918. CAPTAIN FRANK HURLEY, THE OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHER AND CAMERAMAN TO THE AIF IN THE MIDDLE EAST, IN AN OBSERVERS SEAT IN AN AIRCRAFT. (ORIGINAL HOUSED IN AWM ARCHIVE STORE) (DONOR J. E. WORTH)

P01184.019

P00789.001

FOOTSCRAY, VIC. A WOMAN OPERATES A 1,000 TON GUN CARTRIDGE PRESS FORMING 2-POUNDER ANTI-TANK GUN CARTRIDGE CASES. THE WOMAN IS DWARFED BY THE HUGE MACHINERY AS SHE SITS AT HER WORK STATION BELOW. IT IS PART OF A SERIES OF PUBLICITY PHOTOGRAPHS DEPICTING WOMEN'S ACTIVITIES DURING WARTIME. (DONOR...

P00789.001

P02541.012

Frank Hurley, Department of Information, Official War Photographer, standing on top of his van, filming No 3 Squadron RAAF in the desert. His camera is mounted on a tripod. (Donor F. Sainsbury)

P02541.012

P03725.008

In the uniforms of French-grey and carmine, the sisters of the 2/5 Australian General Hospital make a colourful study as they form up for inspection by Matron Best near Rehovot, Palestine. Many of these nurses are seasoned campaigners, who have earned the heartfelt gratitude of A.I.F sick and...

P03725.008

P03631.007

Australians of the Imperial Camel Corps on the sandhills. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01627.

P03631.007

P03631.008

Squadrons of the 4th Australian Light Horse Brigade in formation on horseback at Gaza. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01628.

P03631.008

P03631.015

A glimpse of the ruins of a building through a shell hole in a wall. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01635.

P03631.015

P03631.018

Machines of the Australian Flying Corps photographed from inside a hangar. [Bristol fighter F.2B serial B1128; two Martinsydes and B.E.2 in line-up. 1/2F.S] This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01638.

P03631.018

P03631.023

A village scene with some local people and a donkey in front of a tiled roof stone building, on the Philistine Plain. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01643.

P03631.023

P03631.026

1st Squadron Australian Flying Corps. Bristol F2B fighters A7194 (P) in half white colour scheme and B1150 in standard scheme. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01646.

P03631.026

P03631.035

An Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance wagon, with Red Cross Flag flying on the Philistine Plain. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01654.

P03631.035

P03631.042

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel on a visit to inspect No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), in front of one of the squadron's Bristol F.2B fighter aircraft. The officers are from left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) F G Newton, Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Lt Col R...

P03631.042

P03631.046

Original Australian War Records Section caption: "An Australian Light Horseman collecting anemones near Belah in Palestine". The soldier was identified in 2007 as being 2601 Trooper George "Pop" Redding, 8th Light Horse Regiment. Redding enlisted from Benalla, Victoria, on 28 August 1915...

P03631.046

P03631.052

A village scene on the Mount of Olives with a Russian church at the top left of the picture. Note the walls around the village. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01669.

P03631.052

P03631.065

Portrait of General L Ryrie, General Officer Commanding, the 2nd Australian Light Horse Brigade, mounted on his horse, Plain Bill. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01682.

P03631.065

P03631.067

Local people attached to the Australian Light Horse sitting chatting while mixing camel feed. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01684.

P03631.067

P03631.070

Unidentified soldiers relaxing reading papers under the bare trees outside their tents on the desert sand at the camp of A Squadron, Australian Light Horse Regiment at Esdud. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01687.

P03631.070

P03631.078

The camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade in the desert showing new bivouacs and horse lines. This is the fifth image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See P03631.245 for the combined image. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and...

P03631.078

P03631.079

Horse lines at the camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. This is the fourth image in a five part panorama. See P03631.245 for the combined image. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01694B.

P03631.079

P03631.080

The camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. Two soldiers are grooming a horse in front of the tent and horse lines. This is the third image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See P03631.245 for the combined image. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same...

P03631.080

P03631.081

The camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. Two soldiers are grooming a horse in front of the tent and horse lines. This is the first image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See P03631.245 for the combined image.This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same...

P03631.081

P03631.082

Horse lines at the camp of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on the desert at Esdud. This is the second image (left to right) in a five part panorama. See P03631.245 for the combined image. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at...

P03631.082

P03631.087

Four unidentified members of the 3rd Australian Light Horse Regiment machine gun in action at Khurbetha-Ibn. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01697.

P03631.087

P03631.098

The 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment behind the front line barricades at Nalin. The Light Horseman (second from right) hands a grenade to his comrade (left). This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01707.

P03631.098

P03631.102

A picturesque glimpse of Ramleh from the ruins of Crusaders' Castle. A church can be seen in the background. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01711.

P03631.102

P03631.103

A view of Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives with the Russian church of Mary Magdalene in the foreground. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01712.

P03631.103

P03631.109

A unique panoramic view of the old walled city of Jerusalem, taken from the Mount of Olives in early 1918. The capture of Jerusalem by the British Army on 9 December 1917 ended the 400-year rule of the Ottoman Turks and was greeted with tremendous excitement by Christians and Jews alike. The Arabs...

P03631.109

P03631.110

A unique panoramic view of the old walled city of Jerusalem, taken from the Mount of Olives in early 1918. The capture of Jerusalem by the British Army on 9 December 1917 ended the 400-year rule of the Ottoman Turks and was greeted with tremendous excitement by Christians and Jews alike. The Arabs...

P03631.110

P03631.111

A unique panoramic view of the old walled city of Jerusalem, taken from the Mount of Olives in early 1918. The capture of Jerusalem by the British Army on 9 December 1917 ended the 400-year rule of the Ottoman Turks and was greeted with tremendous excitement by Christians and Jews alike. The Arabs...

P03631.111

P03631.152

Feluccas by the edge of the Nile. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01755.

P03631.152

P03631.166

A unique panoramic view of the old walled city of Jerusalem, taken from the Mount of Olives in early 1918. The capture of Jerusalem by the British Army on 9th December 1917 ended the 400 year rule of the Turks and was greeted with tremendous excitement by Christians and Jews alike. The Arabs of...

P03631.166

P03631.189

The Basilica of Notre Dame de Brebieres, showing the leaning statue of the Virgin, later destroyed by shellfire. The peasants in this area held the superstition that war would end when the Madonna fell. It collapsed, however, at the time of the operations in the spring of 1918. This image is a...

P03631.189

P03631.244

A view of Jericho with the mountains in the background. This is the right hand image in a two part panorama. See P03631.164 for the combined image. This image is a colour Paget Plate. The same image is available in black and white and is held at B01679A and B01679B. The combined image is also...

P03631.244

P03631.245

1st Light Horse Brigade camp at Esdud. Torrential rain in Palestine in December 1917 made mounted operations impossible. The 1st and 2nd Light Horse Brigades moved to Esdud where they could camp on the sand hills above the soaked dark soil of the plains and take their supplies from the nearby...

P03631.245

P04060.001

Studio portrait of Captain James Francis (Frank) Hurley, Official AIF Photographer. Born at Glebe, Sydney, in 1885, he became interested in photography as a young man and began his career with a Sydney postcard company at the age of 20. Hurley grew to regard photography as a medium that could be...

P04060.001

P04060.008

Unidentified Australian soldiers gathered around a radio outdoors. Identified tuning the radio is Salvation Army Commissioner, Adjutant William Bramwell Tibbs. This image is also held at 013657.

P04060.008

P04060.009

Captain James Francis (Frank) Hurley, AIF Official Photographer, standing in the rear cockpit with a movie camera mounted on the gun ring of a Bristol Fighter aircraft flown by Captain Ross Macpherson Smith. The print has been autographed and reads 'Lest we forget. Frank Hurley. 28 February 1918.'

P04060.009

P04060.010

Captain James Francis (Frank) Hurley, Official AIF Photographer, holding a motion picture (movie) camera in the rear cockpit of the Vickers Vimy flown by the brothers, Captain Keith and Ross Macpherson Smith to Australia. One of the Smith brothers is refueling the aircraft.

P04060.010

P06100.002

Light Horsemen riding up from the beach after conducting manoeuvres between Torquay and Barwon Heads, Victoria.

P06100.002

P05687.001

Studio portrait of VX41946 Acting Corporal (A/Cpl) Vivian (Ian) Wilson, 2/10th Field Company RAE attached to Headquarters 22 Brigade. A/Cpl Wilson was taken prisoner of war by the Japanese and died while being transported to Japan aboard the Rakuyo Maru which was sunk by an American torpedo attack...

P05687.001

P11020.001

Hand coloured original print of the Muhammad Ali Mosque or Alabaster Mosque as viewed through a grille in a window (Department of Information (DOI) original negative number 003595). One of a series of images composed by the photographer Frank Hurley when he could exercise his craft rather than...

P11020.001

002587

Portrait of Captain James Francis (Frank) Hurley who served as an official photographer with the Department of Information during the Second World War. He had also served in a similar capacity with the 1st AIF in France during the First World War. In addition he was an explorer and had spent time...

002587

B01546

Members of the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade passing over the sandhills at Esdud on the Philistine Plain.

B01546

B01730

A view of the road to Jerusalem, showing the remarkable 'hair pin' bends in the road. The country at this point is a series of small gullies, and the winding formation was adopted to save bridge work. Road workers can be seen in the distance. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same...

B01730

B01560

Colonel Farr revealing the mystery of a Kodak camera to three Moslem women.

B01560

E01891

A 9.2 inch Howitzer of the 2nd Australian Siege Battery, Royal Australian Garrison Artillery (RAGA), assisting our infantry in the fighting of the Third Battle of Ypres in 1917. Note the gun is covered with camouflage netting.

E01891

E01916

The remnant of the front wall and the truncated Tower of the Cloth Hall at Ypres, in Belgium, as they stood on 14 September 1917. Later on they were still further reduced by German shells.

E01916

E01918

The 1st Australian Siege Battery in action at Lock 8, near the Ypres-Comines Canal (the canal bank is on the left). From this position the Battery assisted in the great barrage preceeding the attack on Polygon Wood by the Australian troops on 20 September 1917. Identified: 121 Corporal (Cpl) G....

E01918

E01918KLEFT

Left hand side of reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. The 1st Australian Siege Battery in action at Lock 8, near the Ypres-Comines Canal (the canal bank is on the left). From this position the Battery assisted in the great barrage preceeding...

E01918KLEFT

E01918KRIGHT

Right hand side of reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. The 1st Australian Siege Battery in action at Lock 8, near the Ypres-Comines Canal (the canal bank is on the left). From this position the Battery assisted in the great barrage preceeding...

E01918KRIGHT

E01919

Miners of the 1st Australian Tunnelling Company excavating dugouts for Battle Headquarters at Hooge Crater in the Ypres Sector. Identified: unidentified (1); Sapper (Spr) H. F. Ferris (2); (3), (4) and (5) are engineers installing wires; Lieutenant W. Manton MC (6); Spr T. Murphy (7); Spr A. T....

E01919

E01919KLEFT

Left hand side of reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Miners of the 1st Australian Tunnelling Company excavating dugouts for Battle Headquarters at Hooge Crater in the Ypres Sector. Identified: unidentified (1); Sapper (Spr) H. F. Ferris (2);...

E01919KLEFT

E01919KRIGHT

Right hand side of reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Miners of the 1st Australian Tunnelling Company excavating dugouts for Battle Headquarters at Hooge Crater in the Ypres Sector. Identified: unidentified (1); Sapper (Spr) H. F. Ferris...

E01919KRIGHT

E02001

Soldiers near a line of German concrete strong points captured near Hannebeek, in the Ypres sector in Belgium, a few days after their capture. Note the large water filled crater in the foreground.

E02001

E02013

A fatigue party carrying rations to the front line rest behind a pillbox at Nonne Bosschen, in the Ypres Salient, in Belgium.

E02013

E02015

Australian transport, including General Service wagons, at a cross roads, in Ypres, in Belgium. The artillery horse in the right foreground is carrying 18 pounder gun shells, four on each side. Note the shell damaged buildings in the background.

E02015

E02017

The road leading through the ruined village of Voormezeele to St. Eloi, in Belgium, as it appeared at the end of August 1917. Shattered buildings and debris on the road.

E02017

E02048

A camouflaged 8 inch No. 2 gun of the 1st Australian Siege Battery, at Birr Cross Roads. 518 Gunner Harold Alexander Triggs (later killed in action on 5 July 1918, near Lamotte in Nieppe Forest) is standing by, awaiting the order to fire, during the ranging of the battery on 26 September 1917,...

E02048

E02048A

A paint camouflaged 8 inch No. 2 gun of the 1st Australian Siege Battery, at Birr Cross Roads. 518 Gunner Harold Alexander Triggs (later killed in action on 5 July 1918, near Lamotte in Nieppe Forest) is standing by, awaiting the order to fire, during the ranging of the battery on 26 September...

E02048A

E02049

View of the ruined town. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.170.

E02049

E02052

Green bushes and trees still struggling for life in the ravaged city. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.173.

E02052

E02053

The ruins of the Cloth Hall. The soldiers in front of the building are unidentified. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.174.

E02053

E02055

Stretcher bearers of the 13th Field Ambulance resting at a dressing station on Westhoek Ridge. Left to right: unidentified; 13318 Private (Pte) T. R. Mappin (sitting); unidentified; Pte N. A. O'Dwyer; Pte Steele; Lance Corporal L. C. Ludbrooke; unidentified; 9690 Pte T. D. A. E. Lloyd Jones; 10030...

E02055

E02061

Soldiers, mules and carts stopped on a street in the ruined village. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.182.

E02061

E02062

Members of the 11th Field Artillery Brigade preparing fodder for their horses prior to the 3rd Battle of Ypres. From left to right: 21943 Gunner (Gnr) Frederick William Best; 28420 Gnr Paul McEwan; 1276 Bombardier (Bdr) George Hugh Clark; 1292 Gnr William Joseph Kohler; 21471 Bdr Norman Vaughan...

E02062

E02069A

View of Clapham Junction taken from Stirling Castle at 9.00 am when the troops of the 1st and 2nd Divisions operated over this area. Unidentified soldiers can be seen along the base of the ridge (centre) near a disabled tank (far left). This is the left hand image in a three part panorama. See...

E02069A

E02069B

View from Stirling Castle taken at 9.00 am when the troops of the 1st and 2nd Divisions operated over this area. Two unidentified soldiers are near a disabled tank on the far left and other soldiers are gathered in a trench on the far right. This is the centre image in a three part panorama. See...

E02069B

E02069C

View of Westhoek Ridge taken from Stirling Castle at 9.00 am when the troops of the 1st and 2nd Divisions operated over this area. Note the decimated trees in the foreground. This is the right hand image in a three part panorama. See E02069P for the combined image. This is an original Paget...

E02069C

E02069P

View of Westhoek Ridge (right) and Clapham Junction (left) taken from Stirling Castle at 9.00 am when the troops of the 1st and 2nd Divisions operated over this area. Unidentified soldiers can be seen along the base of the ridge near a disabled tank on the far left. Other soldiers are near...

E02069P

E02074

An unidentified soldier looks out over the Lille Gate and the Moated Wall. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.198.

E02074

E02076

The 1st Australian Siege Battery of six 8 inch howitzers, in position at Birr Cross Roads, during the ranging of the battery preparatory to the further attack on Polygon Wood, on 28 September, following which the guns moved forward. The Battery evacuated the position on 29 September 1917. On the...

E02076

E02077

View of a ruined house. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.201.

E02077

E02078

A labour company of British West Indians assisting to stack high explosive shells at an ammunition dump on the Gordon Road. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.202.

E02078

E02082

The unidentified crew of a Royal Marine Artillery 15 inch howitzer, supporting the Australians. Note the writing on the shell 'RMA Peace Germies'. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.206.

E02082

E02327

Two tanks put out of action near Stirling Castle, in the Ypres sector during the attack on 20 September 1917. Taken while the fighting was continuing further forward, the photograph shows an unidentified soldier who had leaned against the nearest tank to die, and another who had been killed behind...

E02327

E03034

A view showing the portico, the only remaining portion of the Archbishop's residence adjoining the ruined Cathedral. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.214.

E03034

E03855

A well camouflaged gun near Ypres. Note the shell damaged building in the background. This is an original Paget Plate negative. The same image is available in colour and is held at P03631.217.

E03855

E04586

An unidentified Australian soldier, standing amidst debris, surveying the ruins of the Cloth Hall. In later months more German shells would further destroy the building.

E04586

E04590

A wrecked D.H.5 Serial A9434 near Railway Dugout in the Ypres Sector, it had crashed whilst assisting the operations of the infantry in the attack on Passchendaele Ridge, three days previously. (Note the Squadron marking of thin white band behind the cockpit).

E04590

E04592

A group of unidentified members of the 1st Division engaged in clearing away debris from their billets in ruined cavalry barracks. Colour patches on several soldiers in the foreground indicate they are from the 16th Battalion. A soldier wearing a helmet and with a leather pouch around his neck...

E04592

E04599

An unidentified Australian soldier rescuing a fallen comrade lying on the muddy ground beside the duckboards. Note the extensive shell damage to the trees.

E04599

E04604

An unidentified soldier entering a tunnel in the famous fighting ground of Hill 60. Note a group of soldiers in the background (left) looking out from an observation point.

E04604

E04605

A group of unidentified Australian soldiers walking amidst debris toward their underground billet (left). The surrounding buildings show the extensive shell damage sustained by the town. Note in the foreground (centre) a rifle leaning against a small figurine.

E04605

E04606

The 54th Battery of Australian Siege Artillery in action at Lock 8 on the Ypres-Comines Canal, south of Ypres. Note the large row of shells in the foreground.

E04606

E04607

A large group of unidentified Australian troops resting near the famous moat and ramparts of the town. The following day marked the entry of Australian troops into the Third Battle of Ypres, with the 1st and 2nd Australian Divisions taking part in operations. Note in the background the dugouts...

E04607

E04608

A large group of unidentified Australian troops resting along the town's moat and ramparts. The following day marked the entry of Australian troops into the Third Battle of Ypres, with the 1st and 2nd Australian Divisions taking part in operations. The entrances to the dugouts, built into the...

E04608

E04609

The wreckage of two British scout aircraft which collided in mid-air in the Ypres Sector. No identification details were recorded for the men in this group. See also E04532.

E04609

E04610

Two Australian gunners of the 54th Siege Battery, at Comines Canal Ypres, nose-capping shells. Note the field gun behind.

E04610

E04612

Ypres Sector, Belgium. 25 October 1917. Australians on the way to take up a front line position in the Ypres Sector. The ruins of Ypres, including the Cloth Hall, can be seen in the background.

E04612

E04616

Near Ypres, Belgium. 1 November 1917. A British FE2 Pusher aircraft which crashed near the Ypres-Poperinghe Road on 1 November. Note the number 5 on the upper wing.

E04616

E00656

The 2nd Australian Siege Battery (55th Australian Siege Artillery Battery) unloading 9.2 inch shells from a motor lorry at Voormezeele. Left to right, back: Corporal Gilham; Private (Pte) A Fox; Pte N F Jones; Pte J Leckie (in back of truck). Front: Pte A Gray and Gunner Matthews.

E00656

E00660

A group of unidentified soldiers of the 4th Divisional Artillery outside their dugouts.

E00660

E00661

An interior view of the dugout occupied by officers of the 105th Howitzer Battery. Left to right: Captain Leslie Russell Blake MC Polar Medal (died of wounds on 3 October 1918); Lieutenant David Ballantyne Ikin; Major Herbert Norman Morris, Officer Commanding.

E00661

E00667

A demonstration at the 1st Anzac Corps Pack Training School illustrating how horses and mules should be assembled when packing for field loading.

E00667

E00674

Soldiers pulling a laiden cart past the ruins of the church at Voormezeele, near Ypres.

E00674

E00695

At the time this photograph was taken, this battery (then the 54th Australian Siege Battery RGA in the 10th Corps) was in action at a position on the Ypres-Comines Canal near Lock 8 and covering the front of the 2nd Anzac Corps. It had taken up this position on 25 August for the Ypres offensive,...

E00695

E00696

A momentary halt in loading, to remove the safety cap from the '106' (instantaneous) fuse, at No. 1 gun of the 1st Australian Siege Battery at Lock 8 on the Ypres-Comines Canal. The wheel plate at the Vickers platform, used for the first time with these guns in this position, can be seen under the...

E00696

E00697

Members of the 11th Field Artillery Brigade, near Bailleul, cleaning their guns preparatory to going into action. Identified, left to right: 1876 Corporal Percival Clair Millowick; Gunner (Gnr) G Amley (bending over near wheel); Gnr K S Cranston (with cigarette in mouth); unidentified; Corporal F...

E00697

E00699

Clearing a roadway through the ruined village of Voormezeele, in Belgium.

E00699

E00700

A scene on the Menin road beyond Ypres. Note that the soldiers are wearing shorts, and in foreground beside the damaged rail lines are two dead horses.

E00700

E00703

View of the wrecked city of Ypres, seen through a shell gap in the wall of the post office.

E00703

E00705

View of the exterior of the ruins of the Cathedral at Ypres.

E00705

E00711

A scene on the Menin Road near Hooge, looking towards Birr Cross Roads, during the battle on 20 September 1917. The wounded on the stretchers are waiting to be taken to the clearing stations; others able to walk are making their way along the road as far as possible. Identified are: Major (Maj) G A...

E00711

E00713

Men wounded in the Ypres Battle waiting along the Menin Road to be taken to the clearing station. German prisoners are assisting with stretcher bearing.

E00713

E00716

An unidentified Austrailan