Biography

Birth date: 23 July 1890
Birth place: Australia: Tasmania, Recherche
Death date: 07 July 1968
Death place: Australia: Tasmania, Hobart
Final rank: Sergeant
Service number: 4061 - First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • 47th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 48th Australian Infantry Battalion

Stan McDougall (1889-1968) was born in Tasmania, and became a blacksmith. He enlisted in August 1915 and fought at Pozières, Messines and Broodseinde. He was promoted to sergeant in January 1918.

At Dernancourt, when he saw the enemy knock out a Lewis gun position, he attacked two German machine-gun teams, killing their crews by "hosing" them with the Lewis. He then attacked a second wave of Germans, burning his hands on the hot barrel casing of his gun. When a German officer aimed his pistol at some Australians, McDougall killed him with a rifle and bayonet. Twenty-two Germans were killed and 30 were captured, largely as the result of McDougall's actions. Eight days later, at the same place, McDougall won the Military Medal, taking over the platoon when his commander was killed.

After the war McDougall became an officer with the Tasmanian Forestry Department, and later, while inspector-in-charge of forests in north-east Tasmania, performed outstanding work during bushfire periods. He died at Scottsdale in 1968

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 24 November 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Medal

  • Unit: 47th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 47th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 47th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Victoria Cross

  • Unit: 47th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Military Medal

  • Unit: 48th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

044844

VICTORIA CROSS WINNERS FROM THE BOER WAR AND WORLD WAR 1 WHO GATHERED TO MARCH IN THE SYDNEY ANZAC DAY PARADE. BACK ROW LEFT TO RIGHT: LIEUTENANT (LIEUT.) J. ROGERS, SERGEANT (SGT) R. R. INWOOD, BRIGADIER A. S. BLACKBURN, SGT J. W. WHITTLE, SGT S. R. MCDOUGALL, MAJOR E. T. TOWNER, CAPTAIN (CAPT) A....

044844

044957

Sydney, NSW. 1938-04-23. A group portrait of Victoria Cross recipients who were invited to Sydney by the United Licensed Victuallers Association (ULVA) to march as a group in the 1938 Sydney Anzac Day march. This gesture by the ULVA was part of the Australian sesquicentennial (150 years)...

044957

072966

Port Melbourne, Vic. 1918. Australian Victoria Cross winners from World War 1 invited by the Prime Minister of Australia, The Honourable W. M. Hughes, to return home to assist in a recruiting campaign. The photograph was taken as the ship HMAT Medic was berthing. The identified men are, from the...

072966

A05155

Studio portrait of Sergeant (Sgt) Stanley Robert McDougall VC MM, 47th Battalion. Sgt McDougall was awarded the Victoria Cross for 'most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when the enemy attacked' on 28 March 1918 at Dernacourt, France. Sgt McDougall realised that the enemy had entered the...

A05155

DA12044

Studio portrait of 4061 Lance Corporal (LCpl) Stanley Robert McDougall, 12th Reinforcements, 15th Battalion, of Recherche, Tas. LCpl McDougall enlisted on 30 August 1915 and embarked from Sydney aboard HMAT Suffolk on 30 November 1915. He was later promoted to a Sergeant (Sgt) and transferred to...

DA12044

H00175

A montage of nine portrait photographs taken at Westham camp. In the centre is a group portrait of fifteen Australian soldiers and is surrounded by individual portraits of eight of the men who are in the group portrait all of whom had been awarded the Victoria Cross (VC). The central group...

H00175

J03075

1927-04-25. AUSTRALIAN VICTORIA CROSS (VC) WINNERS WHO TOOK PART IN THE ANZAC DAY MARCH IN MELBOURNE, WAITING TO ENTER THE EXHIBITION BUILDING, WHERE A COMMEMORATION SERVICE WAS HELD. LEFT TO RIGHT: CAPTAIN R.C. GRIEVE, 2ND LIEUT W. RUTHVEN, CAPT J.E. NEWLAND, 2ND LIEUT J. HAMILTON, LIEUT. A....

J03075

J03076

MELBOURNE, AUS. 1927-04-25. AUSTRALIAN VICTORIA CROSS (VC) WINNERS WHO TOOK PART IN THE 1927 ANZAC DAY MARCH. IN THE BACKGROUND ARE THE KING'S AND REGIMENTAL COLOURS OF THE A.M.F. BATTALIONS AND REGIMENTS. LEFT TO RIGHT:- CORPORAL (CPL) B.S. GORDON MM, CPL T.L. AXFORD MM, CPL J. CARROLL, SERGEANT...

J03076

P02939.027

Studio portrait of Sergeant (Sgt) Stanley Robert McDougall VC MM, 47th Battalion. Sgt McDougall was awarded the Victoria Cross for "most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when the enemy attacked" on 28 March 1918 at Dernacourt, France. Sgt McDougall realised that the enemy had entered the...

P02939.027

P10459.001

Studio portrait of 4061 Sergeant (Sgt) Stanley Robert McDougall, 15th Battalion, of Recherche, Tasmania. A blacksmith prior to enlistment, McDougall embarked with the 12th Reinforcements from Melbourne aboard RMS Orontes on 24 November, 1915. McDougall was awarded the Victoria Cross and the...

P10459.001

P10459.002

Studio portrait of 4061 Sergeant (Sgt) Stanley Robert McDougall, 15th Battalion, of Recherche, Tasmania. A blacksmith prior to enlistment, McDougall embarked with the 12th Reinforcements from Melbourne aboard RMS Orontes on 24 November 1915. McDougall was awarded the Victoria Cross and the...

P10459.002

P00398.001

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA, 1918-10. ABOARD THE TROOP TRANSPORT 'MEDIC' TEN VICTORIA CROSS WINNERS OF THE FIRST AUSTRALIAN IMPERIAL FORCE WHO WERE INVITED BY THE PRIME MINISTER OF AUSTRALIA, W.M. HUGHES, TO RETURN TO AUSTRALIA TO ASSIST IN A RECRUITING CAMPAIGN. BACK ROW, LEFT TO RIGHT: SGT. W. PEELER,...

P00398.001

Published Collection

Item 41: Programme

Souvenir program for a concert held to entertain troops during the First World War. This program is for a performance by the Neptunes Concert Party aboard HMAT Medic on 5 October 1918. The cover features a watercolour of a ship at sea by Lieutenant Cyril Ednot Crooke of the Australian Flying Corps....

PUBS002/001/001/002/041

Item 43: Programme

Souvenir program for a concert party held to entertain troops during the First World War. This program is for the Neptune's concert party performance aboard HMAT Medic on 5 October 1918. The cover features a watercolour of a ship at sea with a sprig of maidenhair fern. The watercolour illustration...

PUBS002/001/001/002/043

Heraldry

German shoulder strap: Non Commissioned Officer, 229th Infantry Regiment

A white piped, field grey woollen shoulder strap, edged with gold coloured Non Commissioned Officers (NCOs) lace, and bearing the brass numerals '229'.

RELAWM00742.001

Private Record

Crooke, Cyril Ednott (Lieutenant, b.1892 - d.1965)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Cyril Ednott Crooke, Australian Flying Corps (AFC). Collection consists of a leather bound sketch book featuring detailed water colour paintings produced between 4 March 1918 and 24 September 1918. It depicts aeroplanes, troopships,... Maker: Crooke, Cyril Ednott

3DRL/2497 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Sketch book of Cyril Ednott Crooke, 1918

Sketch book relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant Cyril Ednott Crooke, Australian Flying Corps. The bound leather drawing book features detailed water colour paintings produced between 4 March 1918 and 24 September 1918. It depicts aeroplanes, troopships, Leeds Castle, Australian...

RCDIG0000352

Personal Files Book 18, 28 March - 20 April 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 28 March 1918 to 20 April 1918 and includes correspondence regarding the defensive action at Morlancourt, statements supporting Sergeant...

RCDIG0000628

Technology

Maxim MG08/15 Light Machine Gun : Sergeant S R McDougall VC, 47 Battalion, AIF

The MG 08/15 Maxim machine gun is a short recoil operated, water cooled, fully automatic, belt-fed weapon. The operating system uses a two-part toggle lock connected by a hinge which is located between the breech block and a barrel extension. The entire barrel extension and breech block recoil...

RELAWM00771

Maxim MG08/15 Light Machine Gun : Sergeant S R McDougall VC, 47 Battalion, AIF

The MG 08/15 Maxim machine gun is a short recoil operated, water cooled, full automatic, belt fed weapon. The operating system uses a two part toggle lock connected by a hinge which is located between the breech block and a barrel extension. The entire barrel extension and breech block recoil...

RELAWM00771.001

Timeline

Date of birth 1890-07-23
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1915-08-30 15 Battalion, AIF.
Date of embarkation 1915-11-24
Other units 1916-03 47 Battalion, AIF.
Date promoted 1917-11 Promoted to Sergeant.
Date of honour or award 1918-03-27 Awarded Victoria Cross for most conspicuous bravery and devotion to duty when the enemy attacked our line and his first wave succeeded in gaining an entry. Sergeant McDougall, who was at a post in a flank company, realised the situation and at once charged the enemy's second wave single-handed with rifle and bayonet, killing seven and capturing a machine-gun which they had. This he turned on to them, firing from the hip, causing many casualties and routing that wave. He then turned his attention on those who had entered, until his ammunition ran out, all the time firing at close quarters, when he seized a bayonet and charged again, killing three men and an enemy officer, who was just about to kill one of our officers. He used a Lewis gun on the enemy, killing many and enabling us to capture thirty-three prisoners. The prompt action of this non-commissioned officer saved the line and enabled the enemy's advance to be stopped.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-03-29
Date of honour or award 1918-04-05 Awarded Military Medal when during another heavy attack he was able to get a gun to an exposed position and bring deadly fire into the attacking Germans at close quarters from a flank. Enemy fire struck the gun and disabled it, but McDougall crawled about 300 metres to obtain another gun and continued to engage the enemy. During an Australian counter-attack which followed, McDougall?s platoon commander was killed and he commanded the platoon for the remainder of the battle.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-04-08
Date returned to Australia 1918-08-24
Date of death 1968-07-07