Biography

Birth date: 27 June 1865
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne
Death date: 08 October 1931
Death place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne
Final rank: General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • Corps Headquarters
  • New Zealand and Australian Division Brigade Headquarters
  • AC
  • Australian Corps
  • Staff
  • 3rd Australian Division
  • 4th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • 13th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 14th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 15th Australian Infantry Battalion

John Monash is considered one of the war’s outstanding commanders. Monash was born in Melbourne on 27 June 1865. He was dux of Scotch College and studied arts and engineering at Melbourne University, where he was also involved in debating and student politics. Outside of university he dabbled in acting. In 1884 he joined the university company of the 4th Battalion, Victorian Rifles.

Monash was a driven young man, ambitious and intelligent. He worked on the construction of the Princes Bridge in Melbourne and in 1888 was placed in charge of constructing a new railway even though he had yet to complete his degree. Monash married Hannah Moss in April 1891, finished his studies in 1895 and, having long since decided to combine engineering with a military career, was promoted to captain in the Garrison Artillery that year. In 1897 Monash was promoted to major in the North Melbourne Battery and served there for 11 years.

Meanwhile, he and a friend had established a private engineering practice in 1894. The business grew steadily but a series of setbacks left him with large debts in 1902. Starting again, Monash recovered and his business prospered. He also gained promotion to lieutenant colonel in the Australian Intelligence Corps in 1908 in 1913 took command of the 13th Infantry Brigade.

After the outbreak of war, Monash was given command of the AIF's 4th Infantry Brigade, landing at Gallipoli on 26 April 1915. In July he was promoted to brigadier. Despite having encountered some criticism for his performance on Gallipoli, Monash took his brigade to France in June 1916. He became a major general in July and took command of the 3rd Division. The division's first major battle, Messines, was hailed as a great success. Further success followed and in May 1918, Monash was promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the Australian Corps. His first battle in this role, Hamel, of which he wrote: "the operation is a striking example of the success which invariably results from careful preparation and coordinated action: and will serve as a model and the standard of the fighting efficiency of the Australian corps". Monash remained in command through the victorious battles in the last months of the war. He was an innovative leader who earned high praise from many leading political and military figures.

After spending eight months in London overseeing the repatriation of the AIF, Monash was welcomed home in Melbourne by an enthusiastic public on Boxing Day 1919. He returned to business and in 1920 became manager of Victoria's State Electricity Commission. An advocate for returned soldiers, Monash also held a range of high-level positions. His opinions were widely sought and he became a leading figure in Melbourne's Jewish community.

Monash died of heart disease in Melbourne on 8 October 1931 and was given a state funeral attended by some 250,000 mourners.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 22 December 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : United States Distinguished Service Medal

  • Unit: Australian Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: New Zealand and Australian Division Brigade Headquarters
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 3rd Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Australian Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 4th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 4th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Medal

  • Unit: Australian Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Corps Headquarters
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Medal

  • Unit: Australian Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : United States Distinguished Service Medal

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 4th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 4th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: AC
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

088989

SYDNEY, NSW. 1945-04-18. THE ENTRANCE TO THE SIR JOHN MONASH RECREATION HUT AT THE ANZAC BUFFET IN HYDE PARK WHICH IS OPERATED BY THE AUSTRALIAN COMFORTS FUND.

088989

A01241

Portrait of Brigadier General (later General) Sir John Monash KCB, VD. One of Australia's most distinguished soldiers during the First World War. During his Army career, General Monash was Colonel Commanding the 13th Infantry Brigade of the Citizen Forces, Commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade...

A01241

A02691

Portrait of Major General Sir John Monash KCB, VD, one of Australia's most distinguished soldiers during the First World War. During his Army career, General Monash was Colonel Commanding the 13th Infantry Brigade of the Citizen Forces, Commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade at Gallipoli, Commander...

A02691

A02697

Portrait of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, one of Australia's most distinguished soldiers during the First World War. During his Army career, General Monash was Colonel Commanding the 13th Infantry Brigade of the Citizen Forces, Commander of the 4th Infantry Brigade at Gallipoli, Commander of...

A02697

A03451

General Sir John Monash mounted on a dappled grey charger during an Anzac Day march. General Monash was one of Australia's most distinguished soldiers during the First World War. During his Army career, General Monash was Colonel Commanding the 13th Infantry Brigade of the Citizen Forces,...

A03451

A02018

Bivouac of the 4th Infantry Brigade at the foot of Sari Bair ridge. Brigadier General Monash together with Lieutenant Colonel McGlynn preparing to occupy a German officer's dugout and camp in Australia Gully.

A02018

A02026

Brigadier General Monash of the 4th Infantry Brigade standing outside his dugout and office (centre right) in Reserve Gully just prior to the participation of his Brigade in the great attack on Sari Bair Ridge, in conjunction with the Suvla Bay landing.

A02026

A05326

Fort Queenscliff, Vic. Gun crew on duty. This staged photograph displays all members of the crew as they might work. The gunner at left is manning a semaphore, the gunner beside him is using a telescope. Other members of the crew are grouped around the 3 inch Mark 1 Nordenfeldt Quick Fire gun. A...

A05326

D00829

General Sir John Monash, who led the Australian troops in the Victory March, passing the saluting base, erected in front of Buckingham Palace.

D00829

G01187

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Colonel Monash's Headquarters, 4th Australian Infantry Brigade, at Anzac. The officers, reading from left to right, are: Captain McGlynn, Lieutenant Colonel McGlinn, Colonel Monash, Unknown, Unknown, Captain Lock.

G01187

H15650

Melbourne, Victoria. 1931. A bust portrait of Sir John Monash in civilian clothes without a hat. (Donor Reveille, Sydney)

H15650

H00465

Group portrait of officers and men of the 3rd Division Headquarter's staff. General Sir John Monash KCB VD is seated in the centre front row.

H00465

H00520

Colonel John Monash and unidentified officers inspecting the 13th Battalion.

H00520

P00997.019

BULFORD, ENGLAND. 1916-09-27. KING GEORGE V, SIR NEWTON MOORE AND MAJOR GENERAL JOHN MONASH REVIEW 3RD DIVISION TROOPS.

P00997.019

P06961.001

Mounted and signed formal group portrait showing 14 senior officers of the Citizen Forces with the former British Army officer, Colonel (Col) Hubert Foster (1855-1919), at the University of Sydney. Col Foster (Royal Engineers) saw service in the Egyptian War of 1882 and had been quartermaster...

P06961.001

A02745

Crowds line Collins Street, Melbourne to watch the parade of signallers, band and men of the 15th Battalion, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel J H Cannan, while the 4th Infantry Brigade, under the command of Colonel J Monash VD, marched to and from Broadmeadows Camp. Note the spectators looking from...

A02745

G01170

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The main Turkish Headquarters of the troops on the northern flank of Old Anzac were situated in this valley. General Monash afterwards had his Headquarters here. British troops are shown moving through a corner of our position.

G01170

G01171

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. The Turkish dugouts on the northern slope of Bauchop's Hill it was in this locality that the main Turkish Headquarters of the troops on the northern flank of Old Anzac were situated. General Monash afterwards had his Headquarters here.

G01171

E02730

An Officer of the 2nd Division, Second Lieutenant W. Ruthven, receiving the Victoria Cross at a presentation ceremony held by Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, near Camon.

E02730

E02750

Lieutenant General Sir John Monash KCMG KCB VD, General Officer Commanding, Australian Corps (seated), with senior Staff Officers of the Australian Corps at Bertangles Chateau. Back row, left to right: Brigadier General C. H. Foott, Chief Engineer, Brigadier General R. A. Carruthers, Deputy...

E02750

PB1076

"Ulysses" A38 Brigadier General Monash, Captain Carl Herman Jess and friends.

PB1076

E02527

M. Georges Benjamin Clemenceau, Premier of France (left), whilst on his only visit to the Australian front, walking with Major General E. G. Sinclair-MacLagan CB DSO, 4th Divisional Commander and Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Corps Commander (right, foreground). At far right is Lieutenant...

E02527

E02665

Before Amiens, this village in the Somme valley is here shown (from the south), the day after its capture in a local attack by the 4th, 6th and 11th Australian Infantry Brigades, and attached Americans. General Monash made this operation the opportunity for an experiment in the co-operation of...

E02665

E02624

The 2nd Division assembled at Camon during a visit of the Prime Minister, the Hon. W M Hughes, with Sir Joseph Cook, Minister for the Australian Navy. Mr E A Box, Secretary to the High Commissioner for Australia, appears in the right foreground, and on his left Lieutenant General Sir John Monash...

E02624

E03201

A file of the 56th Battalion in process of transfer to the northern side of the Somme near Clery-sur-Somme. While maintaining the attempts to cross the Somme marshes, General Monash transferred the 2nd Division and 14th Brigade to the north of the Somme, and on this day launched the 5th Brigade...

E03201

E02350

Outdoors portrait of Major General John Monash, General Officer Commanding, 3rd Australian Division, at his Headquarters, in the Villers-Bretonneux sector.

E02350

E02349

Group portrait of Major General J. Monash VD, Divisional Commander and Divisional Staff of the 3rd Division, while the Division was engaged in the Villers-Bretonneux sector. Back row, left to right: Captain (Capt) Fisher, Deputy Assistant Provost Marshal (DAPM); Lieutenant Biddulph, Musk Officer;...

E02349

A03083

Group portrait of senior officers of the Australian Imperial Force at Victoria Barracks. Identified from left to right in back row: to the front is Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Herbert William Lloyd (later Major General (Maj Gen)); to the back is Brig Gen Thomas Albert Blamey (later Field Marshal);...

A03083

E03851

The Prime Minister of Australia, the Right Honourable W. M. Hughes, with Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Brigadier General (Brig Gen) E. Tivey, and party, during a visit to the Australian front. Identified, left to right, in the foreground: Brig Gen Tivey (foreground); the Right Honourable W....

E03851

Art

General Monash saluting the Cenotaph

Depicts General Sir John Monash saluting the Cenotaph. Sir John Monash (1865-1931) was a soldier, engineer and administrator, was born on 27 June 1865 in West Melbourne. From 1 June 1913 he was appointed to command the 13th Infantry Brigade, as colonel. As a general, Monash had the first essential...

ART12209

General John Monash

Portrait bust of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, Commanding Officer Aust Cps; Gallipoli, Western Front, France, Belgium, Somme, Battle of Hamel, Messines, Third Ypres.

ART13579

Study for 'John Monash'

Full length portrait study of Lieutenant General John Monash. Wearing a riding uniform and holding a glove and riding crop in his hands, Monash is portrayed as if he has just dismounted from his horse to survey a battlefield on the Western Front. He wears the red/white/red Corps Headquarters...

ART93008

General Monash

Miniature portrait bust of General Monash. In March 1932, the Australian War Memorial approached Bowles to create a statuette of General Monash and "possibly also Captain Jacka would be popular". Bowles chose to create a miniature bust of Monash that would then be cast in multiples for sale...

ART40933

Record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War (A.I.F.) Aug. 4th. 1914 to June 28th. 1919

A commemorative colour poster published c.1920 as a record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War. The composition is similar to that of an Honour Roll and features in the top centre a depiction of the rising sun badge within a wreath. A framed portrait of King George IV is positioned...

ARTV06073

Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

A portrait of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, Commanding, Aust. Corps.

ART50003

Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

A portrait of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, Commanding, Aust. Corps, wearing red/white/red Corps Headquarters armband on right arm above five years' service stripes; Western Front.

ART02986

Lieutenant-General Sir John Monash

Portrait of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, Commanding Aust Corps; Western Front, Battle of, 1st Australian Imperial Force, 3rd Australian Division, Australian Corps;

ART03350

Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

A portrait of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, GCMG, KCB, commanding, Australian Corps, 1st Australian Imperial Force, 3rd Australian Division.

ART02987

Digitised Collection

Series 1: Personal Letters, 1914-1918

This series consists of two bound volumes of typed transcripts of letters written by General Sir John Monash during the First World War and a folder of miscellaneous letters written between 1914 and 1918. The main correspondents include his wife and daughter, with others addressed to his business...

RCDIG0000568

War letters of General Monash: Volume 1, 24 December 1914 - 4 March 1917

File relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file consists of one bound volume of letters transcribed in 1934 with the contents ranging in dates from 24 December 1914 to 4 March 1917. These letters cover Monash's departure from Australia...

RCDIG0000569

War letters of General Monash: Volume 2, 4 March 1917 - 28 December 1918

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file consists of one bound volume of letters transcribed in 1934 with the contents ranging in dates from 4 March 1916 to 28 December 1918. These letters cover Monash's...

RCDIG0000570

Miscellaneous letters and telegrams, 17 March - 27 August 1918

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file consist of programs, letters and telegrams collected by Monash between 17 March 1918 and 27 August 1918. This file contains: Description of acts for the opera 'Manole', in...

RCDIG0000571

Series 3: First World War Papers, 1914-1918

This series consists of papers relating to the First World War service of General Sir John Monash. The folders, originally bound together as 23 books, were organised by Monash and other family members and are arranged chronologically. The files include official war records, published material,...

RCDIG0000572

Index to personal files 13 August 1914 - 3 December 1919

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash. This file contains an index compiled by Monash to record the items that make up his personal papers and to group these items into volumes. Several sections of the index are missing and a number of pages show fire...

RCDIG0000573

Personal Files Book 1, 14 August - 3 November 1914

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash. This file, originally part of Book 1, covers 14 August to 3 November 1914 and includes official documents and correspondence relating to the establishment and organisation of the 4th Infantry Brigade. Included in this...

RCDIG0000574

Personal Files Book 1, 5 November - 15 December 1914

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 1, covers 5 November to 15 December 1914 and includes official documents and correspondence relating to the establishment and organisation of the 4th Infantry...

RCDIG0000575

Personal Files Book 1, 15 December 1914 - 5 January 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 1, covers 15 December 1914 to 5 January 1915 and includes further instructions on the establishment of Battalions and the appointment of their commanding officers....

RCDIG0000576

Personal Files Book 1, 6 January - 31 January 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 1, covers 6 January to 31 January 1915 and includes official documents and correspondence relating to the establishment and organisation of the 4th Infantry...

RCDIG0000577

Personal Files Book 2, 1 February - 23 February 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 2, covers 1 February to 23 February 1915 and includes official and administrative documents relating to the arrival of Australian troops in Egypt. Also included...

RCDIG0000578

Personal Files Book 2, 23 February - 31 March 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 2, covers 23 February to 31 March 1915 and includes official and administrative documents relating to the arrival of Australian troops in Egypt. This file...

RCDIG0000579

Personal Files Book 2, 1 April - 11 April 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 2, covers 1 April to 11 April 1915 and includes official and administrative documents relating to the preparation for the Gallipoli campaign. Also included are...

RCDIG0000580

Personal Files Book 3, 11 April - 26 April 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 3, covers 11 April to 26 April 1915, and includes official and personal correspondence and reports relating to the landing at Gallipoli. It also contains several...

RCDIG0000581

Personal Files Book 3, 27 April - 29 April 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 3, covers 27 April to 29 April 1915 and includes official and personal documents relating to Monash's arrival at Gallipoli. The large number of signals and...

RCDIG0000582

Personal Files Book 3, 29 April - 30 April 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 3, covers 29 April to 30 April 1915 and includes official correspondence between Monash, New Zealand and Australian Headquarters, and their Battalions. The...

RCDIG0000583

Personal Files Book 4, 1 May - 3 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 1 May to 3 May 1915 and includes operation orders and official correspondence relating to the defence of Australian positions at Gallipoli. A number of...

RCDIG0000584

Personal Files Book 4, 2 May - 4 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 2 May to 4 May 1915 and includes official correspondence relating to the concerted Turkish attacks of 2 May on Commonwealth-held positions. The messages...

RCDIG0000585

Personal Files Book 4, 4 May - 5 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 4 May to 5 May 1915 and includes official correspondence relating to Turkish attacks on various ANZAC positions at Gallipoli. The messages refer to the...

RCDIG0000586

Personal Files Book 5, 6 May - 16 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 6 May to 16 May 1915 and includes messages exchanged by the 4th Brigade relating to operations on Gallipoli, particularly around Quinn's Post. This file...

RCDIG0000587

Personal Files Book 5, 16 May - 25 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 16 May to 25 May 1915 and includes messages, signals and other official correspondence relating to troop movement, defensive action, various operations,...

RCDIG0000588

Personal Files Book 5, 25 May - 10 June 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 25 May 1915 and 10 June 1915 and includes information on the distribution of troops in the 4th Brigade, coordination of trench relief, reports on key...

RCDIG0000589

Personal Files Book 6, 10 June - 12 July 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 10 June 1915 to 12 July 1915 and includes information on officers, suggestions for awards and promotions, intelligence reports, sketches and plans for...

RCDIG0000590

Personal Files Book 6, 12 July - 3 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 12 July 1915 and 3 August 1915 and includes information on troop movement, the promotion of officers, intelligence reports, information on gas...

RCDIG0000591

Personal Files Book 6, 3 August - 7 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 3 August 1915 to 7 August 1915 and includes extensive official documents and communications relating to the attack on Hill 971, carried out...

RCDIG0000592

Personal Files Book 7, 8 August - 15 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 8 August 1915 to 15 August 1915 and includes summaries of events during the attack on Hill 971, information on the 15th Infantry Battalion,...

RCDIG0000593

Personal Files Book 7, 15 August - 22 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 15 August 1915 to 22 August 1915 and includes official documents, operation reports, and intelligence reports on Turkish troop movement...

RCDIG0000594

Personal Files Book 7, 22 August - 24 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 22 August 1915 to 24 August 1915 and includes messages exchanged between the 4th Brigade and the New Zealand Army Corps regarding preparations...

RCDIG0000595

Personal Files Book 8, 25 August - 27 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 8, covers 25 August 1915 to 27 August 1915 and includes information and correspondence relating to the August Offensive at Gallipoli. It also includes...

RCDIG0000596

Personal Files Book 8, 27 August - 29 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 8, covers 27 August 1915 to 29 August 1915 and includes a number of operation orders, messages, and reports distributed by the 4th Brigade. It also...

RCDIG0000597

Personal Files Book 8, 29 August - 30 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 8, covers 29 August 1915 to 30 August 1915 and includes information on the movement of officers within the brigade, a report on the use of new grenade...

RCDIG0000598

Personal Files Book 9, 29 August - 1 September 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 9, covers 31 August 1915 to 1 September 1915 and includes a significant number of casualty reports for the month of August relating to the 4th Brigade,...

RCDIG0000599

Personal Files Book 9, 2 September - 9 September 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 9, covers 2 September 1915 to 9 September 1915 and includes a Special Order from Sir Ian Hamilton congratulating the Australian troops on the Lone Pine...

RCDIG0000600

Personal Files Book 9, 10 September - 30 October 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 9, covers 10 September 1915 to 30 October 1915 and includes divisional orders on the movement of troops through Lemnos harbour, papers relating to...

RCDIG0000601

Personal Files Book 10, 1 November - 12 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 1 November 1915 to 12 November 1915 and includes information on the replacement of 7th Infantry Brigade at Durrant's Post, patrol reports,...

RCDIG0000602

Personal Files Book 10, 12 November - 18 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 12 November 1915 to 18 November 1915 and includes several reports by members of the 14th and 16th Battalions stationed at Durrant's Post in...

RCDIG0000603

Personal Files Book 10, 18 November - 25 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 18 November 1915 to 25 November 1915 and includes plans for the defence of a section in the case of a surprise attack, a circular regarding...

RCDIG0000604

Personal Files Book 10, 25 November - 30 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 25 November 1915 to 30 November 1915 and includes letters from Monash questioning the lack of officers in the 13th Battalion and requesting...

RCDIG0000605

Personal Files Book 11, 1 December - 25 December 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 1 December 1915 to 25 December 1915 and includes documents relating to the preparations for and eventual evacuation of Gallipoli as well as...

RCDIG0000606

Personal Files Book 11, 25 December 1915 - 8 January 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 25 December 1915 to 8 January 1916 and includes information on the strength of the battalions in the 4th Brigade after the evacuation from...

RCDIG0000607

Personal Files Book 11, 8 January - 31 January 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 8 January 1916 to 31 January 1916 and includes a letter from Sir Godley refusing special recognition of Lieutenant Crabbe's actions during the...

RCDIG0000608

Personal Files Book 11, 31 January - 29 February 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 31 January 1916 to 29 February 1916 and includes an exchange of messages between Monash and Lieutenant Colonel Sydney Herring regarding the...

RCDIG0000609

Personal Files Book 12, 1 March - 29 April 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 1 March 1916 to 29 April 1916 and includes documents relating to troop training, specifically on machine guns and grenades, a booklet...

RCDIG0000610

Personal Files Book 12, 3 April - 30 April 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 3 April 1916 to 30 April 1916 and includes several draft lectures to the officers of the 4th Brigade, a joint address by Major General Cox and...

RCDIG0000611

Personal Files Book 12, 2 May - 31 May 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 2 May 1916 to 31 May 1916 and includes recommendations for the promotions of Captain Locke and Captain Hansen, a list of promotions,...

RCDIG0000612

Personal Files Book 13, 1 June - 1 July 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 1 June 1916 and 1 July 1916 and includes a number of documents relating to the movement of 4th Brigade to France. This includes Ship's...

RCDIG0000613

Personal Files Book 13, 1 July - 16 August 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 1 July 1916 and 16 August 916, contains aerial photographs and maps of the trenches around Lys, advice on fighting in France and the 'lessons...

RCDIG0000614

Personal Files Book 13, 16 August - 30 September 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 16 August 1916 to 30 September 1916 and includes documents relating to the visit of King George V to inspect the 3rd Australian Division,...

RCDIG0000615

Personal Files Book 14, 6 October - 30 November 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 6 October 1916 to 30 November 1916 and includes a report by Major General Sir Francis Howard on the readiness of the 3rd Australian Division, a...

RCDIG0000616

Personal Files Book 14, 1 December 1916 - 10 February 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 1 December 1916 to 10 February 1917 and includes an extensive report on weather patterns in France, a circular on rationing of stores,...

RCDIG0000617

Personal Files Book 14, 10 February - 30 March 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 10 February 1917 to 30 March 1917 and includes several drawings from 'Mary' to Monash, postcards from John Patrick McGlinn and Harold Pope to...

RCDIG0000618

Personal Files Book 15, 1 April - 10 May 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 1 April 1917 to 10 May 1917 and includes a number of documents titled 'Magnum Opus', relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917. These...

RCDIG0000619

Personal Files Book 15, 10 May - 9 June 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 10 May 1917 to 9 June 1917 and includes documents and messages relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917, timetables for specific attacks...

RCDIG0000620

Personal Files Book 15, 10 June - 31 July 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 10 June 1917 to 31 July 1917 and includes documents relating to the aftermath of the Messines Offensive and the beginning of the Battle of...

RCDIG0000621

Personal Files Book 16, 1 August - 3 September 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 16, covers 1 August 1917 to 3 September 1917 and includes documents relating to a number of small offensives fought during Passchendaele. The documents...

RCDIG0000622

Personal Files Book 16, 3 September - 9 October 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 16, covers 3 September 1917 to 9 October 1917 and includes documents relating to the preparation and execution of 3rd Division actions at the Battle of...

RCDIG0000623

Personal Files Book 16, 9 October - 31 October 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 16, covers 9 October 1917 to 31 October 1917 and includes documents relating to the First and Second battles at Passchendaele, fought on the 9 October and...

RCDIG0000624

Personal Files Book 17, 1 November 1917 - 13 January 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 1 November 1917 to 13 January 1918 and includes orders, operation documents and plans relating to the third phase of fighting at Ypres. It...

RCDIG0000625

Personal Files Book 17, 14 January - 11 February 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 14 January 1918 to 11 February 1918 and includes correspondence between Monash and Brigadier General Goddard relating to the return of Captain...

RCDIG0000626

Personal Files Book 17, 11 February - 18 March 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 11 February 1918 to 18 March 1918 and includes documents relating to a number of raids carried out in February and March. In particular, it...

RCDIG0000627

Personal Files Book 18, 28 March - 20 April 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 28 March 1918 to 20 April 1918 and includes correspondence regarding the defensive action at Morlancourt, statements supporting Sergeant...

RCDIG0000628

Personal Files Book 18, 21 April - 8 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 21 April 1918 to 8 May 1918 and includes an account of the death of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (the Red Baron) drawn from eyewitness...

RCDIG0000629

Personal Files Book 18, 8 May - 25 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 8 May 1918 to 25 May 1918 and includes correspondence regarding damage to civilian property in France by Australian personnel, a translated...

RCDIG0000630

Personal Files Book 18, 25 May - 3 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 25 May 1918 to 3 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ascension to comand of the Australian Corps and the make up of the...

RCDIG0000631

Personal Files Book 19, 4 June - 24 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 4 June 1918 to 24 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ongoing assessment of the Australian Corps and plans for the Hamel...

RCDIG0000632

Personal Files Book 19, 23 June - 7 July 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 23 June 1918 to 7 July 1918 and includes documents relating to the Hamel Offensive on 4 July 1918. These documents include a proposal paper...

RCDIG0000633

Personal Files Book 19, 7 July - 30 July 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 7 July 1918 and 30 July 1918, contain documents relating to the Battle of Amiens, commencing on 8 August 1918. The file also holds a report...

RCDIG0000634

Personal Files Book 20, 31 July - 15 August 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 20, covers 31 July to 15 August 1918 and includes documents and messages relating to the Battle of Amiens. It includes a detailed outline and plan for...

RCDIG0000635

Personal Files Book 20, 15 August - 8 September 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 20, covers 15 August 1918 to 8 September 1918 and includes documents relating to the actions at Peronne and Mont St. Quentin and plans for the Battle of...

RCDIG0000636

Personal Files Book 21, 10 September - 3 October 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 10 September 1918 to 3 October 1918 and includes documents relating to the Epehy and Beaurevoir actions as well as plans for a restructuring...

RCDIG0000637

Personal Files Book 21, 3 October - 24 November 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 3 October 1918 to 24 November 1918 and includes ephemera and documents related to the end of the war and the demobilisation of troops. It...

RCDIG0000638

Personal Files Book 21, 25 November - 31 December 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 25 November 1918 to 31 December 1918 and includes lists of the work done by allied forces in 1918, notes from talks with the Prime Minster...

RCDIG0000639

Personal Files Book 22, 2 January - 1 February 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 22, covers 2 January 1919 to 1 February 1919 and includes notes from discussion with the Australian Prime Minster, documents and...

RCDIG0000640

Personal Files Book 22, 1 February - 10 April 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 22, covers 1 February 1919 to 10 April 1919 and includes advice on returning to Australian, the number of soldiers of Jewish faith,...

RCDIG0000641

Personal Files Book 22, 10 April - 1 June 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 22, covers 10 April 1919 to 1 June 1919 and includes the Order battle for the Turkish army, various documents regarding...

RCDIG0000642

Personal Files Book 23, 1 June - 23 September 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 23, covers 1 June 1919 to 23 September 1919 and includes documents on the arrangement of the demobilisation from England and Egypt,...

RCDIG0000643

Personal Files Book 23, 24 September - 26 December 1919

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Repatriation and Demobilisation, AIF. This file, originally part of Book 23, covers 24 September 1919 to 26 December 1919 and includes material relating to the of publishing the 'History of the...

RCDIG0000644

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1919

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1919 diary. These items include newspaper clippings and handwritten notes. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping, no title [report on Gallipoli],...

RCDIG0000011

Correspondence with Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch, 1916 -1918

This folder contains 21 letters written by Sir Keith Arthur Murdoch to Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood between 23 October 1915 and 10 June 1918. Also included is a telegram sent by Murdoch to The Sun newspaper in relation to the promotion of Monash to Corps Commander. Some of the topics...

RCDIG0000035

Series 2: Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This series includes official and personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Henry Goddard. This series contains: Official Correspondence, 1915-1919; Personal Correspondence, 1917-1955.

RCDIG0000652

Sub Series 1: Official Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This sub-series consists of Official Correspondence written and received by Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard between 1915 and 1919. It contains letters from other officers regarding the conduct of troops, and letters from Brigadier General Goddard concerning Villers-Brettonneux.

RCDIG0000653

Sub Series 2: Personal Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This sub series consists of letters of a personal nature received and sent by Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard during the years 1917 and 1955. This includes letters sent by Goddard's son during 1917 and numerous letters from soldiers of the 9th Infantry Brigade congratulating their...

RCDIG0000654

Series 3: Unit Records collected by Henry Arthur Goddard

This series consists of records relating to the First World War service of Berigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. It conatins service records for the 17th Battalion, 35th Battalion and the 9th Infantry Brigade, Australian Imperial Force. The records include army correspondence books kept by...

RCDIG0000655

Sub-series 2: 35th Battalion (1916-1918)

Army correspondence books, official messages and miscellaneous material relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard, 35th Battalion. The army books and correspondence were used by Brigadier General Goddard between 1916 and 1919, whilst in command of the 35th...

RCDIG0000657

Sub-series 3: 9th Infantry Brigade (1916-1918)

Correspondence material relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard, 9th Brigade. The messages and other correspondence were kept by Brigadier General Goddard between 1917 and 1919, and relate to his time as commanding officer of the 9th Infantry Brigade in...

RCDIG0000658

Official correspondence received by Henry Arthur Goddard

Official correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. The letters written to Brigadier General Goddard concern the conduct of troops under his command, including a letter requesting the whereabouts of 1455 Private Alexander Albert Ayerst. Letter...

RCDIG0000786

Personal correspondence received by Henry Arthur Goddard

Personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. This file includes letters from Brigadier General Goddard's family, friends and fellow soldiers. This file contains: Letter from Leo [son] to Father [Goddard], 27 May 1917; Letter from Leo...

RCDIG0000788

Army Correspondence Book of Henry Arthur Goddard, 1917

Army Book 152 relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard, 35th Battalion. This correspondence book was used by Brigadier General Goddard between 16 March 1917 and 17 April 1917. Inside, the book is inscribed with the name of Captain J. A. Love. It contains...

RCDIG0000795

Papers of the 9th Infantry Brigade compiled by Henry Arthur Goddard

Papers of the 9th Infantry Brigade relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. File contains: Proceedings of a court and Inquiry, in the field, 21 December 1917; Letter from John Monash to Lieutenant Colonel Goddard, 8 April 1917; Transcript of General...

RCDIG0000806

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1295 Driver John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 5th Divisional Ammunition Column. This is the fifth of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in 1918, originally written 1 January 1918 and 31 August...

RCDIG0001110

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1918-1919

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1295 Driver John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 5th Divisional Ammunition Column. This is the last of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in the latter half of 1918 and early 1919, orginally written...

RCDIG0001111

Transcript of diary of Reginald Harriman Heywood, 1918-1919

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Captain Reginald Harriman Heywood, Australian Army Veterinary Corps (AAVC). Entries cover the period 18 July 1918 to 31 June 1919 and detail his service in the final months of the war and his subsequent journey back to Australia....

RCDIG0001209

Heraldry

Identity disc : Colonel J Monash, 4 Australian Infantry Brigade, AIF

Circular aluminium disc with a rounded section at the top. This is threaded with a white cotton cord. The disc is impressed with 'COL J MONASH H Q 4AIB J'.

REL/00805.001

Fragment of metal from a German Zeppelin : Major General J Monash, 3 Division AIF

Segment of duraluminium (alluminium alloy) framework from a German Zeppelin. The piece is cross shaped and is made up of two pieces of framework joined together by four rivetts.

REL/00808

Flag pins : Lieutenant General J Monash, AIF

Collection of flag pins made from steel pins threaded through pieces of paper. The pieces of paper have ship names typed or handwritten on them, sometimes with quota numbers, or information on types of passengers, for example invalids, families and munitions workers. Some flag pins have notes...

REL/00814

Pin flags in tin : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division, AIF

Collection of 77 pin flags, made from glass head pins threaded through rectangular paper tags. Written on each side of the paper tags is a large number in red or brown ink, with most of the tags also having a smaller number, or letter written in a corner in black ink within a circle, or in graphite...

REL/00815.001

Pin Flags : General J Monash, Australian Corps, AIF

Ten rows of pin flags attached to a thin wad of paper. The 97 flags are made from glass headed pins threaded through rectangular, square, oval circular or diamond paper tags, which are plain or coloured to reflect unit cloth patches that were worn on Australian uniforms. Most have the names of the...

REL/00815.002

Full dress tunic : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Army

Scarlet superfine wool dress tunic with black superfine stand collar and slash cuffs. The collar has 20 mm wide 'general officer oak leaf pattern' gold lace around the edges and is fastened by two brass hooks and eyes. White piping trim is around the top of the collar, along both front panels,...

REL/00126.001

Signet ring : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Signet ring made from 18 carat gold. The face of the ring is impressed with a lion rampant holding a compass. In a scroll below is the latin motto 'MARTE ET ARTE' [By war and arts]. These words are impressed in the reverse to enable the ring to be used as a seal. The inner band of the ring is...

REL/12508.023

Bronze memorial plaque, Australian Army Medical Corps : Sir J Monash

Large bronze badge showing a variant version of the Australian Army Medical Corps badge: a snake coiled around a staff within a circle bearing the words 'AUSTRALIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS', all within a laurel wreath. The central device is mounted on an eight pointed star, with a King's Crown placed...

RELAWM15051

Flag carried by Lieutenant General Sir J Monash during the Victory Parade in London, 1919

Red wool bunting flag with white cross of St George. The upper left canton has been stencilled in white paint 'AUS.I.F.'. There is extensive staining beneath this where a word in white lettering (unreadable) has been overpainted in red oil based paint. This paint has bled into the the surrounding...

RELAWM15054

Piece of shrapnel in box : Brigadier J Monash, 4 Australian Infantry Brigade, AIF

Small piece of shrapnel in a cardboard box. The recatangular box has a removable lid and is made from yellow and red cardboard. The top of the box has a white label stuck to it which reads 'SPECIALLY MADE IN PARIS FOR ALCOCK & Co, PROP. Ltd'. Written faintly in pencil on top of the box is 'Fragment...

RELAWM15083

Aerial bomb fragments : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division AIF

Four aerial bomb fragments contained in a white cardboard lidless box which has a damaged label on the side with the following handwritten information: ' Fragments of Air Bomb - which fell and exploded [illegible - could be 'at my'] Head Q[ua]rters [illegible - could be 'at'] ...elsberg [place name...

RELAWM15122

Frock coat : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Army

Dark blue superfine wool frock coat with blue velvet stand collar and 80 mm round cuffs. The collar is secured by two large black metal hooks and eyes and a black fabric tab protects the throat. The frock coat is double-breasted with two rows of buttons down the front, seven in each row. All the...

RELAWM11909

Patrol Blues tunic : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Army

Australian Army general officers patrol blues wool twill tunic with gilt brass rank insignia of lieutenant general. The general officer's red gorgets fitted to the collar are embroidered with bullion wire oak leaves and have small gilt brass buttons. The general officers buttons (crossed sword and...

RELAWM11910

Dress trousers : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Army

Australian Army officers blues dress fine wool twill trousers with 65 mm wide scarlet superfine wool stripes down the outside of each leg. The front is secured with a concealed six-buttoned fly. The high 'v' backed waist has six buttons evenly spaced to attach suspenders. All the buttons are black...

RELAWM11912

Framed coat of arms : General Sir John Monash

Hand drawn and coloured picture of the Monash coat of arms, which has been signed vertically 'R K PEACOCK'. The image shows a blue shield divided horizontally by a gold band. Above the band are five eight pointed gold stars. Beneath the band is a sword with two laurel branches, all in gold. A...

RELAWM12571

Epaulette of Drum Major of drum and fife band : Germany Army

A semi-circular piece of grey wool, piped in scarlet along its straight edge. This piped edge, is also lined with patterned white cotton lace. Running at rightangles from this lace, and giving a striped effect, is a series of eight pieces of the same lace which terminate along the curved edge of...

RELAWM15070

German Army bandsman's epaulette : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Bandsman's semi-circular field grey wool epaulette or wing, piped in scarlet along its straight edge. A band of white cotton lace runs inside the length of the piping. Seven bands of the same lace, placed at right angles to the straight edge, extend to the curved inner edge, creating a striped...

RELAWM15071

Cap badge : Lieutenant Colonel J Monash, Australian Intelligence Corps (militia)

Voided gilded brass and enamel cap badge showing a white enamelled map of Australia, including Tasmania, within a blue garter bearing gold lettering, 'AUSTRALIAN INTELLIGENCE CORPS'. Above is a brass King's crown; beneath a blue enamelled scroll with gold lettering, 'FOREWARNED FOREARMED. The badge...

REL/12508.015

Flattened section of copper organ pipe, St Martin's Cathedral, Ypres : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Rectangular sheet of 1 mm copper, with impact and burn marks. A square of paper, cut from an old administrative letter, is glued to the reverse, with the following caption written in ink: 'This Sheet of Copper has been beaten out flat from a piece of one of the organ pipes of the Cathedral at YPRES...

REL/00730

Map pins : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division, AIF

Brass cigarette box containing 137 pins, each with a paper label. The tin, which contained 'MAHALIA CIGARETTES' has a paper label adhered to the top with the handwritten note: 'Flags used to mark, on fighting maps, location of all units of Third Australian Division [underlined]'. Each pin has a...

REL/00801

Pair of identity discs : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division, AIF

Pair of octagonal compressed fibre identity discs punched with a hole on each end. A small piece of white cord joins the two discs through these holes. Both discs are impressed with 'MAJ.GEN.JOHN MONASH 3 AUS DIV J'.

REL/00805.002

Map Reading Scale : Lieutenant General J Monash, AIF

Silver coloured tin with hinged lid, containing a double sided map reading scale. The lid of the tin has a handwritten label attached which reads 'MAP READING/ SCALE / (BRITISH)'. On one side is a grid on a corner at the scale of 1;10,000 with an arrow pointing into the corner. On the opposite...

REL/00806

French Croix de Guerre with Palm awarded to Lieutenant General Sir J Monash : Miss E Bentwitch

French Croix de Guerre with Palm. A bronze cross pattee with crossed swords between the arms. The obverse medallion in the centre has the head of 'La Republique' facing right and 'REPUBLIQUE FRANCAISE' over laurel branches within the surrounding circle. The reverse medallion has the dates '1914'...

REL/06756

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 32 German soldier’s shoulder straps and officer's shoulder boards removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of 16 straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line....

RELAWM15049.001

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 31 German soldier’s shoulder straps and officer's shoulder boards removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line. The...

RELAWM15049.002

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 28 German soldier’s shoulder straps removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of 14 straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line. The paper is also ruled...

RELAWM15049.003

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 32 German soldier’s shoulder straps and officer's shoulder boards removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of 16 straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line....

RELAWM15049.004

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 32 German soldier’s shoulder straps and officer's shoulder boards removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of 16 straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line....

RELAWM15049.005

Mounted German regimental shoulder straps : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps Headquarters, 1918

Wooden board with a piece of white paper attached to the front. Attached to the board and paper with tacks are 28 German soldier’s shoulder straps removed or cut from uniforms. They are arranged in two rows of 14 straps/boards separated by a ruled horizontal line. The paper is also ruled...

RELAWM15049.006

Red brassard : Major General J Monash, 3rd Division AIF

Scarlet superfine brassard with buckle fastening, and black embroidered Rising Sun in centre with silver bullion `3' in centre for 3 Australian Division.

RELAWM15056.001

German 13 Infantry Regiment (1 Westfalisches) shoulder strap : General Sir J Monash, AIF

German soldier's shoulder strap for the 13th Westphalian Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '13'.

RELAWM15098.016

German soldier's shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

German soldier's field grey wool strap with white piping. The chain stitched regimental number has been removed, but appears to have been a '3' or an '8'.

RELAWM15098.021

German 1st Infantry Regiment (Bayerisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

German soldier's shoulder strap for the 1st Bavarian Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '1'.

RELAWM15098.026

Piece of oak moulding from the Cloth Hall, Ypres : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division

Length of oak corner moulding with a triangular cross-section. The decorative face is stained; the other two faces are plain. Each end of the length has been sawn. A white adhesive label is attached to outer face, inscribed in ink 'Oak from the Cloth Hall, YPRES'.

RELAWM15133

Slouch hat : Lientenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Khaki fur felt slouch hat complete with five pleated cotton puggaree, brown leather chin strap and black leather sweatband. An oxidised, brass Rising Sun badge is pinned to the turned-up left brim, underneath two ventilation holes that are reinforced with metal eyelets. An oxidised brass general...

RELAWM11900

Scotch College Diamond Jubilee badge : John Monash

Scotch College Diamond Jubilee badge.

REL/12508.016

German 65th Infantry Regiment (Rheinisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 65th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '65'. With the strap is a handwritten note in graphite pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads: 'Shoulder / strap / of / 65th I.R. / 185th Div. / captured by /...

RELAWM15098.011

German 137th Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 137th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool shoulder strap with Borten [grey wool Non Commissioned Officer (NCO) lace] for an Offizier-Stellvertreter (Deputy or Acting Officer). The Borten appears to be a later addition, as small holes in the field grey wool indicate that the...

RELAWM15098.004

German 13th Minen Werfer [Trench Mortar] Company shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 13th Minen Werfer [Trench Mortar]. Black wool strap with red piping and red chain stitched letters 'MW' over '13'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: '13th MW AbHq / (Heavy MW) / 13th Div. /...

RELAWM15098.005

German 28th Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 28th Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '28'. A piece of string is tied around the strap. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indellible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that read:s...

RELAWM15098.008

German 15th Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 15th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '15'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads: '15th I.R. / 1st & 2nd Bttn / 13th Div. / captured by / 4th...

RELAWM15098.002

German 419th Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

German soldier's shoulder strap for the 419th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '419'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads, '419th I.R. / 1st Bttn. / 77th Res. Div. /...

RELAWM15098.025

Iron Cross 2nd Class 1914 - 1918 (long ribbon) : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

Iron Cross 2nd Class. A cross patee made of of a blackened iron with a two piece silver beaded edge. Obverse: The Prussian crown over 'W' in the centre and 1914 below. Reverse: The Prussian crown over 'FW' (Friedrich William) on the top arm, a three oak leaf spray in the centre and '1813' on the...

RELAWM15126.001

Handwritten note associated with two Iron Crosses 2nd Class 1914 - 1918 : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

A handwritten note that reads: 'German Iron Crosses / portion of a quantity / held ready for issue by / the II German Corps / Captured at Headquarters / of 51st German Corps / near Harbonnieres / Aug 8/1918' refering to the Iron Crosses RELAWM15126.001 and RELAWM15126.002.

RELAWM15126.003

Iron Cross 2nd Class 1914 - 1918 (short ribbon) : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

Iron Cross 2nd Class. A cross patee made of of a blackened iron with a two piece silver beaded edge. Obverse: The Prussian crown over 'W' in the centre and 1914 below. Reverse: The Prussian crown over 'FW' (Friedrich William) on the top arm, a three oak leaf spray in the centre and '1813' on the...

RELAWM15126.002

German 201st Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 201st Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '201'. With the strap is a handwritten note in graphite pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads, 'Shoulder- / Strap / 201st R.I.R. / 43rd Res. Div. /...

RELAWM15098.014

Tin containing blossoms and a leaf : Lieutenant General J Monash, AIF

Small silver coloured metal tin with a hinged lid containing a dried leaf from a copper beech tree and the remains of several blossoms from a chestnut tree. The tin has a paper label which reads 'Souvenirs from / St Gratien Chateau [underlined] / May/21/1918 / Blossom of a Chestnut Tree / Leaf of a...

REL/00803

German 232rd Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 232nd Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '232'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in graphite pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: '232nd R.I.R. / 3rd Bttn. / 107th Div. / captured by...

RELAWM15098.001

German 449th Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 449th Infantry Regiment. Field grey strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '449'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: '449th I.R. / 233rd Div. / captured by / 5th Div. on / 16/6/18...

RELAWM15098.003

German 97th Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 97th Infantry Regiment. Field grey strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '97'. With the strap is a handwritten note,in graphite pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: 'Shoulder strap / 97th I.R. / 108th Div. / captured / by / 2nd Aust....

RELAWM15098.006

German 68th Field Artillery Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 68th Field Artillery Regiment. Field grey wool strap with red felt applique bursting grenade and chain stitched number '68'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on piece of grid paper, that reads: '68th F.Art.Rgt. / 24th Res. Div. / captured by / 4th...

RELAWM15098.007

German 202nd Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 202nd Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '202'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indellible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: '202nd R.I.R. / 1st, 2nd, 3rd Bttn. / 43rd Res....

RELAWM15098.009

German 332nd Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

German soldier's shoulder strap for the 332nd Infantry Regiment. Field grey strap wool with white piping and red chain stitched number '332'. With the strap is a handwritten note written in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads '332nd I.R. / 2nd Bttn. / 97th Res....

RELAWM15098.010

German 203rd Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 203rd Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '203'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads 'Shoulder-Strap / 203. R.I.R. / 43 R Div / captured...

RELAWM15098.012

German 55th Infantry Regiment (6th Westfalisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 55th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '55'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads, '55th I.R. / 1st & 3rd Bttns / 13th Div. / captured 4/7/18 / by...

RELAWM15098.013

German 52nd Reserve Infantry Regiment (6th Brandenburgisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 52nd Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '52'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads '52nd R.I.R. / 2nd Bttn 3rd Bttn / 107th Div. / captured...

RELAWM15098.015

German 231st Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 231st Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '231'. With the strap is a handwritten note in graphite pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads, '231st Res. Inf. Rgt. / 3rd Bttn. / 50th Res. Div. /...

RELAWM15098.017

German 13th Infantry Regiment (1st Westfalisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 13th Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '13'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indellible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads: '13th I.R. / 1st & 3rd Bttn / 13th Div. / captured by...

RELAWM15098.018

German 265th Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 265th Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '265'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard, that reads: ' 265th Reserve Inf. Rgt / 2nd Bttn. / 108th Div. /...

RELAWM15098.019

German 81st Infantry Regiment (1 Kurhessisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 81st Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '81'. With the strap is a handwritten note, in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads: '81st Inf. Rgt. / 1st Bttn. / 21st Inf. Div. / captured by /...

RELAWM15098.020

German 137th Infantry Regiment (Elsassisches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 137th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '137'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads, '137th I.R. / 3rd Bttn / 108th Div. / captured 4/7/18 / by...

RELAWM15098.022

German 84th Infantry Regiment (Schewigsches) shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Shoulder strap for the 84th Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '84'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads: 'Shoulder / Strap / of / 84th I.R. / 54th Div. / captured / by...

RELAWM15098.023

German 257rd Reserve Infantry Regiment shoulder strap : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

German soldier's shoulder strap for the 257th Reserve Infantry Regiment. Field grey wool strap with white piping and red chain stitched number '257'. With the strap is a handwritten note in indelible pencil on the back of a piece of a German postcard that reads '257th R.I.R. / 2nd Bttn / 77th Res....

RELAWM15098.024

Small Australian flag, staff car : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Small printed blue wool Australian flag with an unbleached linen hoist.

RELAWM15062

Arm band : Major General J Monash, 3rd Australian Division, AIF

Red woollen armband. The armband is secured around the upper arm with a buckle attachment. It is stamped in black ink with the emblem of the 3rd Australian Division: a number 3, enclosed in a rising sun.

RELAWM01115

Red and white brassard with 'Rising Sun' badge : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australia Corps, AIF

Scarlet serge brassard with white serge central stripe and brass 'Rising Sun' hat badge attached to centre. Brassard fastens with buckle.

RELAWM15056.002

Model of British Mk V Tank : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

Model of British Mark V Tank made from German shell-cases and driving bands. The model is mounted on a brass edged wooden base which has green felt stuck to its underside. A brass nameplate on the front of the base is engraved; 'MODEL OF MK. V. TANK / TO / LIEUT. GEN. SIR J. MONASH. KCB. /...

RELAWM15132

Service dress tunic : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Army

Officer's khaki tunic complete with Sam Browne belt, medal ribbons and general's rank insignia.

REL/00125

Map pins (9) : Major General J Monash, 3 Australian Division, AIF

Nine (9) map pins, each with a paper label. Originally housed by Monash in a tin which had contained 'MAHALLA CIGARETTES' with a paper label adhered to the top with the handwritten note: 'Flags used to mark, on fighting maps, location of all units of Third Australian Division [underlined]'. Each...

REL/00801.001

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, neck decoration and breast star.

REL/12508.002

Grand Officer of the French Legion d'Honneur breast star : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Grand Officer of the French Legion d'Honneur breast star.

REL/12508.003

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George. Includes collar chain, neck badge, breast star and two sashes.

REL/12508.001

British War Medal 1914-1920 : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

British War Medal. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL/12508.006

Victory Medal : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

Victory Medal. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL/12508.007

Breast star of a Grand Officer of the Belgian Order of La Couronne (the Crown) : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Grand Officer of the Belgian Order of La Couronne (the Crown) breast star.

REL/12508.004

French Legion D'Honneur : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

French Legion of Honour, 2nd Class Grand Officer. Unnamed as issued.

REL/12508.009

United States Distinguished Service Medal : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, AIF

United States of America Distinguished Service Medal.

REL/12508.012

French Croix De Guerre : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

French Croix De Guerre with two palms. Unnamed as issued.

REL/12508.010

Belgian Croix De Guerre : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

Belgian Croix De Guerre. Unnamed as issued.

REL/12508.011

1914-1915 Star : Colonel J Monash, 4 Infantry Brigade, AIF

1914-1915 Star. Impressed on reverse with recipient's details.

REL/12508.005

Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officer's Decoration : Major J Monash

Colonial Auxiliary Forces Officer's Decoration (EDVII). Engraved on reverse with recipient's details.

REL/12508.008

Pair of ankle boots : Lieutenant General Sir J Monash, Australian Corps, AIF

Pair of custom-made brown leather, officer's pattern ankle boots with toecaps, six pairs of metal rivetted eyelets and leather laces. The broad, lightweight leather tongues are rivetted in place with eyelets so that small pebbles and other debris cannot easily enter the boot once it is laced up....

RELAWM11896

Private Record

Monash, Sir John KCMG KCB, (General, b.1865 - d.1931)

Collection of papers of General Sir John Monash, chiefly 1914-1919 covering his wartime military career and his related activities as Director-General, Repatriation and Demobilisation from 1918-1919. Consists of records relating to court martials, training instructions for protection against gas... Maker: Monash, John

3DRL/2316 (With records)

Monash, John (Lieutenant General GCMG, KCB)

INVITATION TO THE WEDDING OF MONASH'S DAUGHTER, 1921. NEW YEARS CARD FROM MONASH Maker: Monash, John

3DRL/6925

Taylor, Charles Herbert (Private, b.1897 d.1935)

Collection relating to No 908 Private Charles Herbert Taylor who served with 34 Battalion during the First World War. The collections consists of two original diaries for 1918 (one appears to be a duplicate); 7 letters written between 1916-1918; typed transcript of one of the diaries and typed... Maker: Taylor, Charles Herbert

PR03112

Thomas, William Charles (Lieutenant, b.1890 - d.?)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant William Charles Thomas, 14 Battalion, France. Collection consists of a handwritten diary with detailed daily entries from 30 March to 24 September 1918. It describes military action in France, camp site descriptions, the weather,... Maker: Thomas, William Charles

PR82/002

Film

Prime Minister Rt Hon W M Hughes visits Western Front

The Right Honorable William Morris Hughes, Sir Joseph Cook (Australian High Commissioner to Great Britain) and General Sir W R Birdwood visiting the 5th Divisional Headquarters at St Gratien on 2 July 1918 and later with the 2nd Division troops near Camon on 3 July 1918 during a tour of the...

F00014

The road to Armistice (Australians at war)

General Sir John Monash and the men of the 1st AIF saved the day in March 1918 when the Germans smashed the Allied lines in France.

F08004

Spirit of Anzac

Shows AIF embarking aboard troopship in 1914. Anzac day 1929 at Parliament House Melbourne. Motorcade passes Parliament House. Commander in Chief General Sir John Monash leads his old troops. Victorian Governor Lord Somers leads the Imperial troops. Memorial service at the Cenotaph Sydney. ...

F00125

Sydney Cenotaph at Anzac Day 1929

Sydney Cenotaph Anzac Day 1929. The NSW Premier Mr Balwin unveils the figures that complete the Sydney Cenotaph. Sir John Monash is present at the ceremony. Officer commanding the march Brigadier General H Gordon Bennett and Commander Boyd HMAS Canberra. Others present include state secretary...

F00138

The Australians' final campaign in 1918

After the third battle of Ypres in September 1917 the Australians were put in to hold the Messines Wytschaete sector and to prepare defences against the expected German spring offensive. The German offensive was launched opposite Amiens and the Australians were sent to meet it. The heaviest...

F00018

Technology

Luger PL08 Artillery Model Pistol : Major General J Monash, 3 Division, AIF

Luger LP08 Artillery semi automatic pistol. Toggle marked 'DWM' and the breech top '1917'. All parts have matching serial numbers except for the magazine. Two piece checkered wood grips and has a T section slide on the back strap for the wooden butt stock.

RELAWM15104.001

British Pattern 1822 Artillery Officer's Sword : Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, AIF

British Pattern 1822 Artillery Officer's sword. The hilt has a nickel plated steel three bar guard and checkered backstrap. The fishskin grip is bound with silver wire and has a silver plate attached with rivets stating 'THIS SWORD WAS USED BY HIS MAJESTY KING GEORGE V WHEN BESTOWING THE ACCOLADE...

REL/16089.001

Published Collection

Gallipoli 1:40,000

For a full catalogue description of this item please refer to the books collection database. Call number : G7432.G1 S65 V.1b.

G7432G1S65V1B

Timeline

Date of birth 1865-06-27 Melbourne, VIC.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1884 Enlisted as a private in the Melbourne University company the 4th Battalion, Victorian Rifles.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1885 Commissioned as an officer in the Garrison Artillery.
Date graduated 1893 Graduated from the University of Melbourne with a Master of Engineering.
Date graduated 1895 Graduated from the University of Melbourne with a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws.
Date promoted 1895 Promoted to captain in the Garrison Artillery.
Date promoted 1897 Promoted to major in the North Melbourne Battery.
Date promoted 1908-03 Selected to command the Victorian Section of the newly formed Australian Intelligence Corps with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Other 1912 Elected President of the Victorian Institute of Engineers.
Date promoted 1913-06-21 Promoted to colonel and given command of the 13th Infantry Brigade.
Other 1914-08-17 Appointed Deputy Chief Censor.
Other 1914-09-15 Appointed to command the 4th Infantry Brigade.
Date of embarkation 1914-12-22 Sailed for Egypt on board the convoy flagship Ulysses.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Other 1915-04-26 Particpated in the landing at Anzac Cove.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-05-14
Date promoted 1915-07 Promoted to brigadier general, backdated to 15 September 1914.
Date of honour or award 1915-10-15 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Other 1915-12-19 Evacuated from Gallipoli with the 4th Brigade.
Other 1916-02 Appointed Commander of the 3rd Division. Monash remained with the 4th Brigade for several more months while the 3rd Division travelled from Australia to its new training areas in the United Kingdom.
Date promoted 1916-07-13 Promoted to major general.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-10-04
Date of honour or award 1918-01 Created a Knight Commander of St Michael and St George (KCMG).
Date of honour or award 1918-01-01 Gazetted Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
Date promoted 1918-05-31 Promoted to lieutenant general and assumed command of the Australian Corps.
Other 1918-11-21 Left the Australian Corps to become Director General of Repatriation.
Date of honour or award 1919-01-01 Created a Knight Grand Cross of St Michael and St George (GCMG).
Date of honour or award 1919-01-29 French Legion of Honour - 2nd Class Grand Officer.
Date of honour or award 1919-04-01 Belgian Croix de Guerre.
Date of honour or award 1919-04-01 Belgium Order of La Couronne - Grand Officer
Date of honour or award 1919-07-12 US Distinguished Service Medal.
Date of honour or award 1919-08-21 French Croix de Guerre.
Date returned to Australia 1919-12-26
Other 1920 Became the manager of Victoria's State Electricity Commission.
Other 1920 Left the Army soon after being appointed to a committee to examine the future structure of the Army.
Date promoted 1929 Promoted to full general in recognition of his wartime services.
Date of death 1931-10-08 Died in Melbourne, VIC. Monash was given a state funeral.