Biography

Birth date: 22 August 1881
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, Highton
Death date: 19 March 1949
Death place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne, Caulfield
Final rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Service number: 2 - First World War, 1914-1918
2354 - South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 4th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

James Newland was born at Highton, Victoria. He served in the Boer War before becoming a regular soldier. In August 1914 he transferred to the AIF. He took part in the Gallipoli landing; he was soon wounded and evacuated and, later that year, commissioned. In 1916 he went to France as battalion adjutant, and was Mentioned in Despatches at Pozières.

Newland was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions on three occasions over 7 9 April, and 15 April 1917. Near Boursies and Lagnicourt, France, he led strong attacks and repelled enemy counter-attacks. "It was [his] tenacity and disregard for his own safety that encouraged the men to hold out." In early May, Newland was again wounded.

Returning to Australia, Newland served in the army until 1941. He worked briefly for the Red Cross then joined the inspection staff at Footscray Ammunition Factory, Melbourne, until his death in 1949.

As well as the Victoria Cross Newland received service medals for the Boer War and First and Second World Wars, the King George VI Coronation Medal, and long and meritorious service medals. The oak leaf denotes that Newland was Mentioned in Despatches.

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Rolls and Awards

  • Rank: Private
  • Unit: 4th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
  • Rank: Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant
  • Date of embarkation: 20 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Hobart
  • Recommended for: Mention in despatches
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: French Croix de Guerre
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Military Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Recommended for: Military Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Awarded: Victoria Cross
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
  • Awarded: Mention in despatches
  • Unit: 12th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Digitised Collection

Timeline

Date of birth 1881-08-22
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1899 Served with the 4 Battalion Australian Commonwealth Horse (VIC) in South Africa as a Private - service number 2354.
Other 1914-08-22 Transferred to AIF and joined 12 Battalion.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-20
Date wounded 1915-05 Wounded at Gallipoli.
Date promoted 1915-05-22 Appointed 2nd Lieutenant.
Date promoted 1915-10 Appointed Lieutenant.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-09-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-10-06
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-01-19
Date of honour or award 1917-04-08 - 1917-04-15 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at West of Boursies and Lagnicourt, France whilst serving with 12 Battalion, 3 Brigade, 1 Division as a Captain.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-04-18
Date of death 1949-03-19