Biography

Birth date: 16 September 1896
Birth place: Australia: Victoria: Sebastopol
Death date: 21 September 1978
Death place: Australia: Victoria, Ballarat
Final rank: Private
Service number: 622 - First World War, 1914-1918
Units:
  • Medical, Dental and Nursing
  • 1st Australian Field Ambulance

Herbert Vincent Reynolds was born at Sebastopol, Victoria, on 16 September 1896. He left school after year 8 to work at the local chemical gold processing plant, using the income to support his mother and siblings, as his father had died in 1906. With the outbreak of the First World War Reynolds was left with a difficult choice: he wanted to serve, but going off to war would deprive his family of the income he was making at the gold processing plant. In the end he decided to enlist and, after getting his mother's written permission (required by those under the age of 21), the 18-year-old enlisted with the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) on 10 September 1914. Reynolds departed Melbourne with reinforcements for the 1st Australian Field Ambulance aboard HMAT Berrima on 22 December 1914.

On the morning of 25 April 1915, Reynolds and elements of the ambulance landed on Gallipoli, an event he would describe in his diaries in great detail. They commenced carrying the wounded from the forward posts back to the beach where they could be evacuated to hospital ships waiting offshore. Reynolds continued to treat and transport the wounded until he was evacuated to England in September due to sickness. He rejoined the ambulance in March 1916 and went with it to the Western Front. In July the ambulance entered the field of operations at Pozières and Reynolds resumed his role as an orderly attending to and transferring the wounded. In his diaries he described the never-ceasing stream of severely wounded cases that continued day and night through the heavy shell-fire. For the remainder of 1916 and 1917 Reynolds would perform vital work despite the extremely cold weather, constant enemy artillery barrages, and frequent gas attacks. During the fighting around Menin Road on 20 September 1917 Reynolds sustained shrapnel wounds to the left ear. After recovering in England he rejoined the ambulance in late April 1918. In August the ambulance was relieved from the line and began the process of returning home to Australia, Reynolds leaving on 13 October. The following year he was formally discharged from the AIF on 20 March 1919.

After the war Reynolds married and worked as a builder. He enlisted for Second World War service in 1942 but due to his age was precluded from active service, and he joined the 20th Battalion of the Volunteer Defence Corps instead. Reynolds' involvement in the local council led to his election as the mayor of Sebastopol during 1953-54. Herbert Reynolds died on 21 September 1978 at Ballarat.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Private
  • Date of embarkation: 22 December 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Photograph

P09114.002

Studio portrait of 622 Private (Pte) Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Pte Reynolds, a joiner from Sebastopol, Vic prior to enlistment, embarked with the 1st Reinforcements from Melbourne on HMAT Berrima on 22 December 1914. He was evacuated from Gallipoli with illness and...

P09114.002

P09114.003

Studio portrait of 622 Private (Pte) Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Pte Reynolds, a joiner from Sebastopol, Vic prior to enlistment, embarked with the 1st Reinforcements from Melbourne on HMAT Berrima on 22 December 1914. He was evacuated from Gallipoli with illness and...

P09114.003

P09114.013

Studio portrait of five members of the 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Standing; left to right: 195 Private (Pte) Charles Vivian Owers MM; 622 Pte Herbert Vincent Reynolds; Pte Jacobs. Seated; left to right: 101 Pte Robert Ervald "Ernie" Brown MM (died of wounds 28 September 1917); 203 Pte Robert...

P09114.013

P09114.015

Outdoor group portrait taken at Broadmeadows Camp, Victoria . Identified are; back row centre: 622 Private (Pte) Herbert Victor (Bert) Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance; front row centre: 437 Pte Ellis Andrew Stokes, 7th Battalion. Also believed to be in the photograph is 603 Pte George...

P09114.015

P09114.016

Outdoor group portrait of wounded soldiers wearing hospital supplied uniforms, possibly at No 3 Command Depot, Hurdcott. The men had been in No 16 Ward, 1st Australian Auxilliary Hospital, Harefield. On the far right of the middle row with his head bandaged is 622 Private Herbert Vincent (Bert)...

P09114.016

P09114.024

Veterans participate in an Anzac Day march. The man at the rear wearing the hat and a light suit is Herbert Vincent (Bert) Reynolds. Mr Reynolds enlisted as 622 Private (Pte) Herbert Vincent Reynolds and served with the 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Pte Reynolds, a joiner from Sebastopol, Vic...

P09114.024

P09114.027

Six unidentified soldiers behind dugouts. This photograph in the form of a postcard was sent by 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds. The rear of the postcard is inscribed as follows: This photo was taken behind the firing line it is some of our bivouacks [sic]. Oct 19th 1915 AustralianBase...

P09114.027

P09114.029

Anzac Cove, Gallipoli.This postcard was sent by 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds. The rear of the postcard is inscribed as follows: Monte Video Camp Nov 24th 1915 Dear Mother, This view of Anzac Cove as far as I can judge must have been taken about the end of May. The pier which was there when...

P09114.029

P09114.030

Beach scene where the "Anzacs" landed (Dardanelles).This postcard was sent by 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds. The rear of the postcard is described as follows: This view shows Anzac Cove after a few weeks note the large stacks of stores. The pier has been constructed by our engrs & is a...

P09114.030

P09114.031

Landing at Anzacs Cove (Dardanelles) 25 April 1915. This postcard was sent by 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds. The rear of the postcard is described as follows: AB Depot Weymouth Dear Mother These are some views of Galipolli (sic) which are being sold in the camp for 2d each. This one shows...

P09114.031

P09114.035

Studio portrait of 622 Private (Pte) Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Pte Reynolds, a joiner from Sebastopol, Vic prior to enlistment, embarked with the 1st Reinforcements from Melbourne on HMAT Berrima on 22 December 1914. He was evacuated from Gallipoli with illness and...

P09114.035

Heraldry

Box for Australian Red Cross Society Christmas package, 1918 : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Brown cardboard box for a Christmas gift issued by the Australian Red Cross Society. The box opens at the top and has a colour label on the lid portraying a spray of flowering wattle. The front panel has a label showing a map of Australia with a large red cross at its centre. This label also shows...

REL41495

Princess Mary Christmas gift tin : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Embossed brass tin with a hinged lid and remnants of an overall gilt finish. The lid features, at its centre, the profile head of Princess Mary within a circular wreath, flanked on each side by the letter 'M'. There is a decorative border portraying heraldic and military devices, and the words...

REL41500

Sea kit bag : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Cream cotton sea kit bag with fine rope drawstring. '622' is printed on one side.

REL41505

Wallet : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Black leather folding wallet with gold embossed writing, 'FROM AUSTRALIAN COMFORTS FUND VIC. DIV.' stamped on front. Inside are three pockets and one small stamp compartment. A leather marker strip is attached at the lower edge.

REL41506

Kit bag : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Black canvas kit bag. The tubular bag has 12 brass eyelets placed around its opening, and is reinforced with a second layer of canvas at the base. Stencilled in white paint on the side is 'No 622 H.V. REYNOLDS 1ST FIELD. AMB 1ST REF AAMC', 'AAOD' and a [broad arrow symbol] '1913' and a large white...

REL41503

Leather pouch : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Black leather pouch to carry a shaving mirror. Gold impressed lettering on the front reads, 'From the Ol[indecipherable] Good Luck'.

REL41520

Red Cross arm band : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Australian Field Ambulance, AIF

White cotton armband with a red felt Geneva cross sewn in the centre. The armband is curved - wider at the centre and tapering to either end, forming straps. The band is fastened by a two-clawed metal buckle sewn into one end of the armband. 'A. [broad arrow symbol] S' is stamped on the back of the...

REL41510

Iodine ampoule : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Cardboard tube containing a full glass iodine ampoule protected by cotton wool. Printed on white paper are the instructions for its use. 'IODINE AMPOULE FOR EXTERNAL USE. INSTRUCTIONS. PUSH THE GLASS AMPOULE OUT OF THE TUBE. HOLD IT IN A VERTICAL POSITION AND STRIKE THE PADDED END DOWNWARDS A(?) MW...

REL41507

Service chevrons : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

One red chevron (representing 1914) and four blue chevrons (representing 1915-1918), machine embroidered on to a single piece of khaki woollen fabric.

REL41498

Medical bag : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

White cotton bag with cotton drawstring and appliqued red fabric cross on the front.

REL41493

Cardboard tube to hold iodine ampoule : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Cardboard tube to hold an iodine ampoule from a field dressing, with a white paper label reading: 'IODINE AMPOULE FOR EXTERNAL USE. INSTRUCTIONS. PUSH THE GLASS AMPOULE OUT OF THE TUBE. HOLD IT IN A VERTICAL POSITION AND STRIKE THE PADDED END DOWNWARDS A(?) MW HARD SURFACE SO AS TO (?)END OF (?)...

REL41507.001

Holdall : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

White cotton Army issue holdall with a pocket at one end, and finished with an arrowhead shape at the other with cotton ties to secure the kit in a rolled up position. A folded cotton band down the inside centre line is divided into eight sections that can be used to secure cutlery or shaving...

REL41496

Iodine ampoule : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Full glass iodine ampoule protected by cotton wool. Originally held in a cardboard sleeve within a field dressing.

REL41507.002

German army field cap : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

German army field grey woollen field cap (feldmutze) with integral scarlet hat band and scarlet piping around the crown. A national red, white and black painted pressed metal cockade is attached by cotton stitching to the front although most of the coloured enamel worn has worn off. A Bayern...

REL41492

Prussian Erastz (substitute) pickelhaube : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Prussian enlisted man's wartime Erastz (substitute) pickelhaube with steel helmet plate. The body of the helmet is made from a field grey coloured felt. At the top of the helmet is a detachable steel spike with a steel spine running down the rear of the helmet. The helmet plate at the front,...

REL41491

German army shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Field grey wool shoulder strap which has been cut short and had the backing removed. The strap carries a red felt appliqued crown over a red machine chain stitched 'FRW' over the roman numeral 'IV'representing the 2nd Grenadier Regiment (1 Pommersches). The back of the strap has exposed grey...

REL41515

Crucifix : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Handmade wooden crucifix. One side depicts the Virgin Mary with infant Jesus, with cross hatching and two small cut out rectangles, one of green colouring next to Mary. The other side shows Jesus on the cross with two cut out sections, one coloured green above the his head, and cross hatching below...

REL41497

German shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

German army yellow wool cloth shoulder strap with button hole. The strap carries a red Russia braid appliqued 'FAS' and appliqued crossed red wool flaming cannons for the Training Regiment of the Foot Artillery Gunnery School. The underside of the strap is of field grey wool.

REL41519

Trench art letter opener : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Decorative trench art letter opener with a German 7.92mm Mauser round as a handle. The blade, which has a flower pattern engraved into it, is constructed from brass sheet and is hafted into the bullet.

REL41509

German shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Field grey wool shoulder strap with button hole. The strap carries a red cotton chainstitch crown above the letters 'GE' representing the 95th Infantry Regiment.

REL41516

German shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

German army red wool cloth shoulder strap with button hole. The strap carries a yellow chainstitch embroidered '6' for the 6th Strecher Bearer Battalion. The underside is of field grey wool flannel.

REL41518

German wound badge : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Oval German army wound badge in pressed blackened steel, showing a German steel helmet over crossed swords within a laurel wreath tied at the base with a bow. The back carries a vertically placed brooch pin.

REL41508

Holdall : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Khaki cotton holdall with two pouches. The lower pouch closes with two light brown celluloid buttons, the upper pouch with two similar buttons and an angled flap. Sewn between the two lower buttons is a small woven patch showing the flags of Great Britain, Russia, France and Belgium. A strip of...

REL41512

Service dress tunic : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance Reinforcements

Other ranks' pattern khaki wool twill service dress tunic with stand and fall collar. The collar is fastened by a brass hook and eye with additional pop fastener under celluloid button. A further four buttons fasten the front of the tunic. The collar bears oxidised brass Rising Sun badges attached...

REL41502

German shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Field grey wool shoulder strap with buttonhole. The strap carries a red cotton chainstitch crown above the letters 'WE', as worn by the 94th Infantry Regiment in 1917 and 1918.

REL41517

Spare Eyepiece for German gas mask : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance

Spare, unused eyepiece for a German gas mask, wrapped in a waxed paper bag with the words 'Klarscheiben vor Feuchtigkeit schutzen nicht wischen, nur am Rand anfassen, so einlegen:' ('For protection from moisture do not wipe, hold by edges to insert.') printed in black upon it. The eyepiece is of...

REL41501

German shoulder strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Field grey wool shoulder strap which has been cut short and had the backing removed. A red cotton '478' is chain stitched on the strap representing the 478th Infantry Regiment. The back of the strap has exposed white interfacing cloth supporting the embroidered numeral.

REL41514

Green drawstring bag : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Faded green cotton bag with narrow cotton drawstring. A white cotton patch is sewn on the front.

REL41504

Embroidered silk handkerchief : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Square white silk chiffon handkerchief with drawn thread work border. there are five coloured silk embroidered flags in the right hand corner. They are from left to right; Italy, a British Red Ensign, representing the Commonwealth Countries; France; Russia and Belgium. 'SOUVENIR FROM FRANCE' is...

REL41521

Modified stretcher strap : Private H V Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Brown leather modified leather strecher strap with brass buckle and metal rivet. It has 'A.A.O.D. [broad arrow symbol] V 2/07' impressed near the buckle. The original strap has had an extra section stitched on to it from another strap. A strip of fine leather is woven through the eyes at the end of...

REL41511

Manuscript

Reynolds, Herbert Vincent (Private, b.1896 - d.1978)

Collection relating to the service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF, Australia, At Sea, Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front, England, 1914-1919. Collection consists of a bound copy of 'An Anzac's story: the story of H.V. Reynolds from his letters, diaries, documents and...

MSS1666

Private Record

Reynolds, Herbert Vincent (Private, b.1896 - d.1978)

Collection relating to the service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1 Field Ambulance, AIF, Australia, At Sea, Egypt, Gallipoli, Western Front, England, 1914-1918. Collection consists of five small notebooks used as diaries by Private Reynolds between 1914 and 1918, and four small... Maker: Reynolds, Herbert Vincent

PR00039 (With records)

Digitised Collection

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1914-1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Field Ambulance. In this diary, kept between 10 September 1914 and 31 December 1915, Reynolds details the period from his enlistment to his later convalescence in England. He describes his embarkation from...

RCDIG0001012

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1914-1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. Covering the period from 2 December 1914 to 23 August 1915, this diary details the time from Reynold's embarkation to his later medical evacuation from Gallipoli. He describes the...

RCDIG0001013

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1916-1917

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1916 and 19 January 1917, Reynolds details his convalescence in England in early 1916 and his return service on the Western Front in early...

RCDIG0001014

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1917-1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1917 and 24 [April] 1918, Reynolds details his service on the Western Front with 1 Australian Field Ambulance. He describes the frequently...

RCDIG0001015

Diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. In this diary, kept between 6 May 1918 and 20 [December] 1918, Reynolds describes his continuing service on the Western Front with the 1st Australian Field Ambulance and his...

RCDIG0001016

Paper silhouettes of Herbert Vincent Reynolds, [date unknown]

Paper silhouettes relating to the First World War service of 622 Private Herbert Vincent Reynolds, 1st Australian Field Ambulance. These four small cut-paper silhouettes were found between the pages of Reynolds' diaries and portray natural and aviary themes. This file contains: Small cut-paper...

RCDIG0001017

Technology

Kodak Vest Pocket Autographic Camera with original box : Private H V Reynolds 1 Field Ambulance, AIF

Rectangular shaped Kodak Vest Pocket model Autographic camera. It has rounded ends, a white metal alloy body and has been finished in black. The lens housing is mounted to a blackened white metal plate which is connected by a chromed brass lattice to a collapsible, black paper bellows. Some of the...

REL41494

Timeline

Date of birth 1896-09-16
Date of embarkation 1914-12-22
Date of death 1978-09-21