Biography

Birth date: 16 April 1865
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Tabulam
Death date: 04 March 1945
Death place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne
Final rank: General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • Australian Division
  • Staff
  • Australian Imperial Force in Egypt
  • Divisional Headquarters
  • Desert Mounted Corps
  • 1st Australian Division
  • New Zealand and Australian Division
  • 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • 7th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

Harry Chauvel was born in Tabulam, New South Wales, on 16 April 1865. He began his education at Sydney Grammar School before moving to Toowoomba in Queensland and attending Toowoomba Grammar. Chauvel's father was a major in the militia and had raised his own unit, the Upper Clarence Light Horse, into which Harry was commissioned at the age of 21.

By the time of the Boer War, Chauvel was a captain in the Queensland permanent forces. He commanded A Squadron of the Queensland Mounted Infantry in South Africa and returned to Australia to take command of the 7th Commonwealth Light Horse; the war ended before they saw action. Chauvel then served as Chief of Staff with the Northern Rivers District until 1911. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1909 and in July 1914, as a full colonel, he became Australia's representative on the Imperial General Staff in London.

Chauvel served on Gallipoli as commander of the 1st Light Horse Brigade. Arriving on 12 May, he took command of a sector that included Quinn's Post, Courtney's Post, and Steele's Post, each the scene of heavy fighting. Illness forced his evacuation and he spent June and July in hospital, returning to take command of the New Zealand and Australian Division in September 1915. In November he was given command of the 1st Australian Division and was promoted to major general.

Given his choice of commands in Egypt after the evacuation, Chauvel took charge of the Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division; in June 1916, he became the General Officer Commanding, AIF in Egypt. Chauvel won the first decisive British victory of the war when he defeated the Turks at Romani, stopping their second attempt to reach the Suez.

In August 1917 Chauvel became the first Australian to permanently command a corps: the Desert Mounted Corps, comprising British, Australian, and New Zealand units. His appointment followed two failed attempts to take Gaza. The third attempt involved a flanking manoeuvre necessitating the capture of Beersheba, duly achieved through the famous mounted charge by the 4th Light Horse Brigade. Success there opened the way for the eventual advance through Palestine that ended with the Turkish surrender in October 1918. Chauvel has been described as a commander that understood the capabilities of his mounted troops; used them wisely, taking calculated risks and withdrawing when necessary; and kept losses to a minimum.

Chauvel returned to Australia in late 1919 and was appointed Inspector General, the Army's most senior post; he retained that position until 1930. Meanwhile, he had been promoted to lieutenant general and appointed Chief of Staff. In November 1929 he was promoted to general, becoming the first Australian to reach that rank. He retired from the Army in April 1930.

During the Second World War, Chauvel took up the post of Inspector General of the Volunteer Defence Corps; he held this post until his death on 4 March 1945.

Rolls and Awards

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Captain
  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Lieutenant-Colonel
  • Unit: 7th Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 21 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian Imperial Force in Egypt
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian Imperial Force in Egypt
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: New Zealand and Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Divisional Headquarters
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Promotion to Lieutenant General

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Egyptian Order of the Nile, Third Class

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Egyptian Order of the Nile, Second Class

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Desert Mounted Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

027445

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1942-11-01. GENERAL SIR HENRY CHAUVEL KCMG KCB, THE FAMOUS AIF DESERT MOUNTED CORPS LEADER OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR, AND NOW AUSTRALIAN COMMANDANT OF THE VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS, AT THE MARCH OF THE CORPS THROUGH THE CITY OF MELBOURNE.

027445

027446

MELBOURNE, AUSTRALIA. 1942-11-01. GENERAL SIR HENRY CHAUVEL GCMO KCB, THE FAMOUS AIF CAVALRY LEADER OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR CHATTING TO STAFF OFFICERS DURING THE MARCH THROUGH THE CITY OF MELBOURNE OF THE VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS OF WHICH HE IS COMMANDANT.

027446

027447

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1942-11-01. GENERAL SIR HENRY CHAUVEL KCMG KCB, THE FAMOUS AIF CAVALRY LEADER OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR AND NOW COMMANDANT OF THE VOLUNTEER DEFENCE CORPS. PHOTOGRAPHED AT THE MARCH OF THE CORPS THROUGH THE CITY OF MELBOURNE. THE FIGURE ON THE EXTREME LEFT IS MAJOR-GENERAL C. H. BRAND...

027447

056610

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-09-16. SIR HARRY CHAUVEL GCMG, KCB, OPENING THE AUSTRALIAN WAR ARTISTS EXHIBITION AT THE NATIONAL ART GALLERY.

056610

065832

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-04-25. GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL, GCMG., KCB., KGMG., CB., CMG., (1) PARTICIPATING IN THE ANZAC DAY MARCH WHICH WAS LED BY LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, KBE., DSO., DSC., MC., ED., CHIEF JUSTICE OF VICTORIA.

065832

087278

The coffin being carried down the steps of St Paul's cathedral during the funeral of Sir Harry G Chauvel.

087278

087279

Three truck loads of flowers follwing the hearse from St Paul's Cathedral during the funeral of Sir Harry G Chauvel.

087279

087280

Sir Harry Chauvel's horse with the rider's boots set in reverse. The horse followed the gun carriage during the funeral procession to Springvale Crematorium.

087280

087281

The coffin of Sir Harry G Chauvel being transferred to the gun carriage during en route to Springvale Crematorium.

087281

087282

Mourners accompany the coffin on the gun carriage of Sir Harry G Chauvel in slow time.

087282

087283

The gun carriage moving through the Springvale Crematorium during the funeral of Sir Harry G Chauvel.

087283

087284

Pall bearers prepare to place the coffin in the chapel at Springvale Crematorium during Sir Harry G Chauvel's funeral.

087284

141177

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-05-16. VX9 Major General G. A. Vasey, CB CBE DSO, Commanding 7th Australian Division, speaking at a Legacy Club luncheon. Seated next to Major General Vasey is General Sir Harry Chauvel, GCMG KCB.

141177

140049

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-11-22. MAJOR GENERAL R. H. DEWING, BRITISH ARMY, GOC, UK ARMY AIR LIAISON STAFF IN AUSTRALIA, OPENING THE BRITISH OFFICIAL WAR ARTISTS EXHIBITION AT THE LA TROBE GALLERY. SEATED LEFT TO RIGHT: MR DARYL LINDSAY, DIRECTOR NATIONAL GALLERY; MR J. D. G. MEDLEY, VICE CHANCELLOR OF...

140049

136466

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1942-06-14. GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL, GCMG KCB, RECEIVES HIS RATION BOOK AT THE CHRIST CHURCH MEMORIAL HALL, SOUTH YARRA.

136466

A02746

Looking from the Mount of Olives. From left to right are: Sir Edmund Allenby the Bishop of Jerusalem, Lieutenant Colonel Murray, Military Secretary to His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught, Major General J S M Shea, Sir E S Bulfin, General Sir Harry Chauvel and Sir Philip Chetwode. Sir Philip...

A02746

A02746A

Looking from the Mount of Olives. From left to right are: Sir Edmund Allenby the Bishop of Jerusalem, Lieutenant Colonel Murray, Military Secretary to His Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught, Major General J S M Shea, Sir E S Bulfin, General Sir Harry Chauvel and Sir Philip Chetwode. Sir Philip...

A02746A

A04554

LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL INSPECTING NO. 1 SQUADRON AUSTRALIAN FLYING CORPS (AFC). LEFT TO RIGHT: LT. COL. F G NEWTON (ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GENERAL ATTACHED DESERT CORPS); LT. GEN. CHAUVEL; LT COL. WILLIAMS AND MAJOR NEATE (BRITISH INTELLIGENCE CORPS).

A04554

A04993

Portrait of Captain H G Chauvel as an officer of the Queensland Mounted Infantry with which unit he served as a volunteer in the South African campaign. He was later to become Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel GCMG KCB. During his Army career, Chauvel commanded the 1st Light Horse Brigade,...

A04993

A03096

General Sir Harry Chauvel GCMG KCB, photographed on his mount, as a Lieutenant in the Upper Clarence Light Horse.

A03096

A03097

Some members, including Captain C H E Chauvel and Lieutenant C M C Chauvel, of the Tabulum Troop, Upper Clarence Light Horse.

A03097

A03098

Portrait of trooper J Maloney of the Tabulam Troop, Upper Clarence Light Horse, mounted on his charge.

A03098

A03452

Informal group portrait of Staff Officers of the Desert Mounted Corps. Left to right: Captain ? Aide de Camp (ADC) to High Commissioner; Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) Learson Commander Royal Engineers (CRE); His Excellency Sir Reginald Wingate High Commissioner; Lieutenant (Lt) W G Lyons ADC; Lt Col...

A03452

A01575

Informal portrait of General Sir H G Chauvel GOC, Desert Mounted Corps (centre) with Brigadier General R G H Howard-Vyse CMG DSO, his Brigadier General, General Staff (BGGS) (left) and Captain W G Lyons MC (right), one of his Aide de Camps (ADC). The previous day the town was captured as a result...

A01575

A01582

Informal portrait of General Sir H G Chauvel GOC, Desert Mounted Corps (centre) with Brigadier General R G H Howard-Vyse CMG DSO, his Brigadier General, General Staff (BGGS) (left) and Captain W G Lyons MC (right), one of his Aide de Camps (ADC). The previous day the town was captured as a result...

A01582

A01595

General Sir Harry Chauvel, mounted far left, addressing soldiers prior to the presentation of decorations.

A01595

A01596

General Sir Harry Chauvel presenting decorations to soldiers.

A01596

A01722

A Turkish naval gun on Mount Carmel, captured by Mysore Lancers. General Sir Harry Chauvel (left) and an unidentified officer are standing next to the gun.

A01722

A01964P

The 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade, awaiting the arrival of Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, General Officer Commanding (GOC) Desert Mounted Corps. The camp and horselines are in the distance. This is a digitally combined composite panorama made up of two separate images. it...

A01964P

B00003

The Jewish village of Deiran, on the Philistine Plain, a few miles south of the Jaffa-Jerusalem Road in Palestine. Immediately after its occupation by the Light Horse, Deiran became the headquarters of General Chauvel's Desert Mounted Corps.

B00003

B00059

The Moslem pilgrim- shrine at Nebi Musa in the wilderness of Judah. Early in February 1918 the Anzac Mounted Division, under General Chauvel, cooperated with the 60th Infantry Division (Londoners) in the advance from Jerusalem upon Jericho. The Londoners operated down the main road, while the...

B00059

B00223

The entrance to the conference room attached to General Chauvel's headquarters in the wilderness, a few miles from the Jordan Valley. The thatched wall has been sandbagged.

B00223

B00313

General Chauvel riding at the head of the Desert Mounted Corps during the official entry of the Allied forces into the town.

B00313

B00326

Portrait of General Chauvel and his charger.

B00326

C01428

The 3rd Brigade marching past Brigadier Henry George Chauvel, who was temporarily commanding the 1st Australian Division, on Christmas Day on the Greek island that the Allies had used as a base during the Gallipoli campaign.

C01428

B01453

A group of prominent staff officers in the Palestine Campaign. The names are: Left to right, sitting, Brigadier General (Brig Gen) C A C Godwin BGGS, Desert Mounted Corps. Major General (Maj Gen) Sir E W C Chaytor, General Officer Commanding (GOC) Anzac Mounted Division, Lieutenant General Sir H G...

B01453

B01483

Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir H G Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Desert Mounted Corps, and Australian Imperial Force in Egypt and Palestine, mounted on his horse.

B01483

B01484

Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir H G Chauvel, GOC, Desert Mounted Corps and Australian Imperial Force.

B01484

B01485

Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir H G Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Desert Mounted Corps, and Australian Imperial Force mounted on his horse.

B01485

B01516

Lieutenant-General Sir H.G. Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Desert Mounted Corps.

B01516

B01660

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel on a visit to inspect No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), in front of one of the squadron's Bristol F.2B fighter aircraft. The officers are from left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) F G Newton, Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Lt Col R...

B01660

B01762

Portrait of Lieutenant-General Sir H G Chauvel, General Officer Commanding, Australian Imperial Force in Egypt, mounted on his horse.

B01762

B02043

An inspection by General Sir H G Chauvel, of the No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel. A partially obscured Bristol FE2c and two RE8 aircraft are in the background (left) and a hangar in front of which are five other aircraft.

B02043

B02044

An inspection by General Sir H G Chauvel, of the No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel. Three aircraft can be seen to the left in the background, left is a Bristol FE2C and right are two RE8 aircraft and on the right hand side a hangar and other aircraft.

B02044

B02045

An inspection by General H G Chauvel, of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps. In front of the hangar are four aircraft, from left is a Bristol FE2c, a Martinsyde and two RE8 aircraft. Note the white dog possibly a mascot in front of the Squadron.

B02045

B02046

General H G Chauvel, inspecting the FB2 Fighter aircraft serial A7200 of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B02046

B02047

General Sir HG Chauvel presenting medals at an inspection of the No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B02047

B02048

An inspection by General Sir H G Chauvel, of the Bristol Fighter aircraft of the No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B02048

B02048A

An inspection by General Sir H G Chauvel, of the RE8 aircraft of the No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B02048A

B02049

Captain Hurley, an Official Photographer, being introduced to General Sir H.G. Chauvel, during an inspection of the Bristol Fighters of the 1st Squadron, Australian Flying Corps, at Mejdel.

B02049

C02579

A group of dignitaries visiting Maadi camp, among them General H G Chauvel and Sir George Reid, High Commissioner for Australia in England. The occupants of the Rolls Royce motor car are being entertained by 'Guttas George,' a Greek attached to one of the messes. They are parked outside a large...

C02579

C02587

Colonel Sir Henry George Chauvel, the Brigadier, and the 1st Australian Light Horse Brigade on parade at Ma'adi Camp, on the occasion of the visit of Sir George Reid, High Commissioner for Australia in England. Sir George (not in view) addressed the troops while standing in the back of his Rolls...

C02587

G00794

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Commander in Chief, who commanded the desert mounted troops in Palestine, leading the Australian Army Light Horse riding towards a parade through the city streets.

G00794

G01014

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. General Chauvel, who was in command of Pope's, Quinn's and Courtney's Posts, from the end of May 1915 till August 1915, with Major E.M. Williams, Brigade Major of the 1st Australian Light Horse (left) and Staff Captain Walter Percy Farr (right) at Anzac.

G01014

G01015

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. May 1915. General Godley (right) outside Quinn's Post, Anzac. Brigadier-General Chauvel is seen on the left. The officer in his shirt sleeves is Lieutenant Colonel J.H. Cannon. At the left, front, is Captain Durrant.

G01015

H13790

General Sir H.G. Chauvel, Commanding ANZAC Mounted Division, with the Sheik of El Arish. (Donor Mrs A. Caines)

H13790

H15614

THE INAUGURATION OF THE AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL ON ANZAC DAY 1929. HIS EXCELLENCY THE GOVERNOR GENERAL LORD STONEHAVEN TAKING THE ROYAL SALUTE UPON HIS ARRIVAL. LEFT TO RIGHT: THE PRIME MINISTER (MR. BRUCE), LORD STONEHAVEN, THE MINISTER FOR HOME AFFAIRS AND CHAIRMAN OF THE WAR MEMORIAL BOARD (THE...

H15614

H15625

DUNTROON, ACT, 1929-04-25. SCENE DURING THE ANNUAL ANZAC DAY MEMORIAL SERVICE AT THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE BESIDE THE GRAVE OF MAJOR GENERAL SIR WILLIAM BRIDGES, GOC 1ST AUSTRALIAN DIVISION AND THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE. LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL ADDRESSED THE...

H15625

H15626

Lieutenant General Sir H. G. Chauvel presenting the Long Service Medal to Regimental Quartermaster Sergeant A.W.D. McEachern AIC on the parade ground of the Royal Military College. The two other officers are Lieutenant C.C.C. Farran, ADC to General Chauvel, and Colonel E.F. Harrison, Commandant of...

H15626

H15753

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Generals Sir Harry Chauvel, Sir Alexander Godley and Sir William Riddell Birdwood holding a conference in the open. (Donor Reveille. Sydney)

H15753

H16931

Amiens, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel placing a wreath on the Amiens Town Memorial. (Donor R.W. Murphy)

H16931

H16932

Amiens, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel with French Military officers saluting after placing a wreath on the Amiens Town Memorial. (Donor R.W. Murphy)

H16932

H16935

Villers Bretonneux, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel and Colonel F. Lind with French officers on the steps leading to the Stone of Remembrance at the Military Cemetery during a visit by members of the Australian Army Coronation Contingent.

H16935

H16936

Villers Bretonneux, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel and a French Military Officer laying wreaths on the Stone of Remembrance at the entrance to the Military Cemetery. (Donor R.W. Murphy)

H16936

H16937

Villers Bretonneux, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel and a French Military Officer saluting after laying wreaths on the Stone of Remembrance at the entrance to the Military Cemetery. (Donor R.W. Murphy)

H16937

H16938

Villers Bretonneux, France. 25 May 1937. General Sir Harry Chauvel, Colonel F. Lind, Mr R.W. Murphy and other personnel talking during a visit to the Military Cemetery. (Donor R.W. Murphy)

H16938

H16939

Villers Bretonneux, France. May 1937. Members of the Australian Army Coronation Contingent at a school playground facing scholars who are singing the French National Anthem. The man second from the left is Colonel F. Lind and to the right of him are Mr R.W. Murphy (Imperial War Graves Commission),...

H16939

H10659

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Commander in Chief, Desert Mounted Corps riding through the city at the head of the Australian Army Light Horse. The following is a quote from Chauvel's letters to his wife about the official entry into Damascus: "head of the column are my Corps police, chiefly...

H10659

H10660

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Commander in Chief, leading the Australian Army Light Horse towards a parade through the city streets.

H10660

H10705

The Duke of Connaught decorating Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel with the KCMG CB and Order of the Nile near the Tower of David. (Donor British Official Photograph Q12547)

H10705

H02327

GENERAL HARRY CHAUVEL, COMMANDER MOUNTED DIVISIONS, INSPECTING 1ST AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE FIELD AMBULANCE, MOUNTED BEARERS SECTION, AT TEL-EL-MARAKEB. (DONOR A. ALLEN)

H02327

H02328

Tel-el-Marakeb, Palestine. c. 1916. Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Commander of the AIF in Egypt and Palestine, inspecting the 1st Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance. Identified personnel, from the right, are, Brigadier C.F. Cox, General Chauvel, next two unknown, Brigade Major Hutson,...

H02328

H00572

Lt General Chauvel addressing the 1st Brigade on parade.

H00572

H03791

Sheikh Zowaiid, Sinai. c. 1916. British General Lynden-Bell (on the left) speaking to Australian Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel who was Commander of the Desert Mounted Corps.

H03791

J00503

Portrait of General Sir Henry (Harry) George Chauvel GCMG KCB at Maribyrong camp during the Citizen Military Force (CMF) (Light Horse) camp held there in March 1923.

J00503

J00504

Portrait of General Sir Henry (Harry) George Chauvel GCMG KCB mounted on his horse at Maribyrong camp during the Citizen Military Force (CMF) (Light Horse) camp held there in March 1923.

J00504

J00505

Portrait of General Sir Henry (Harry) George Chauvel GCMG KCB mounted on his horse at Maribyrong camp during the Citizen Military Force (CMF) (Light Horse) camp held there in March 1923.

J00505

J00506

Portrait of General Sir Henry (Harry) George Chauvel GCMG KCB taken at Maribyrong camp during the Citizen Force (Light Horse) camp held their in March 1923. Near side view, horse walking.

J00506

J00902

General Sir Phillip Chetwode, General Officer Commanding, landing at El Arish. Major General Harry Chauvel is in the lead. General Chetwode led the newly reorganised Desert Column (mounted advance units) from December 1916; Major General Chauvel was his Second in Command and assumed command in...

J00902

J00903

The day following the allied occupation of El Arish, General Sir Phillip Chetwode, commanding the Desert Column, landed. There five or six senior officers in this group waiting for the for the boat.

J00903

J00970

Group portrait of General Allenby, Sheikh of Mecca (centre of the group near the shutters) and General Chauvel (right of group near the shutter) on the balcony of the Victoria Hotel.

J00970

J06007

GENERAL CHAUVEL AT AUSTRALIAN DIVISIONAL HEADQUARTERS, PLAIN OF ESDRAELON, IN 1918. (DONATED BY MR. J.A. HENDERSON.)

J06007

J06145

THE TURKISH NAVAL GUN ON MOUNT CARMEL CAPTURED BY THE MYSORE LANCERS. (DONATED BY GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL.)

J06145

J06708

SIR HARRY CHAUVEL. PORTRAIT BY MCINNIS.

J06708

J00201

General Sir H G Chauvel and escort riding at the head of the Desert Mounted Corps during the official entry of the Allied forces into the town.

J00201

P00054.001

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL SIR HENRY GEORGE CHAUVEL ON HORSEBACK. (DONOR: MAJOR J. FREWEN)

P00054.001

P00859.018

KATIA, SINAI, EGYPT, C. 1916-08. AUSTRALIAN LIGHT HORSE MEN WATERING THEIR HORSES AT A WELL IN THE DESERT. AT LEFT, WEARING A FEATHERED HAT, IS MAJOR-GENERAL HARRY CHAUVEL, COMMANDING OFFICER (CO) OF THE ANZAC MOUNTED DIVISION. IN THE CENTRE, THE SOLDIER HOLDING THE HORSE THAT IS DRINKING FROM A...

P00859.018

P01184.004

PALESTINE. C. 1917. A GROUP OF SENIOR AUSTRALIAN FLYING CORPS (AFC) OFFICERS KITTED OUT IN FLYING GEAR IN FRONT OF A BRISTOL FIGHTER A-7198 AIRCRAFT. LEFT TO RIGHT: MAJOR R. WILLIAMS DSO, OFFICER COMMANDING OF NO. 1 SQUADRON, AFC; GENERAL HARRY CHAUVEL; COLONEL NEWTON AND CAPTAIN (CAPT) SYD...

P01184.004

P02648.016

Gallipoli Peninsula. c May 1915. General Sir H. G. Chauvel sitting outside his headquarters at Monash Valley. This is a stereo image. One half of the image is held at P02648.034. (Donor R. G. Casey)

P02648.016

P02648.034

Gallipoli Peninsula. May 1915. General Sir H. G. Chauvel sitting outside his headquarters at Monash Valley. This is one half of a stereo image. The full stereo image is held at P02648.016. (Donor R. G. Casey)

P02648.034

P03631.042

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel on a visit to inspect No 1 Squadron, Australian Flying Corps (AFC), in front of one of the squadron's Bristol F.2B fighter aircraft. The officers are from left to right: Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) F G Newton, Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel, Lt Col R...

P03631.042

P03206.001

Informal group portrait of British and Australian Army officers. The twelve officers identified wearing bush hats with light coloured puggarees and emu feather plumes are officers of the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent. Identified in the group are: sitting on a chair on the right holding...

P03206.001

J00506A

Portrait of General Sir Henry (Harry) George Chauvel GCMG KCB mounted on his horse at Maribyrong camp during the Citizen Military Force (CMF) (Light Horse) camp held there in March 1923.

J00506A

000505

1940-01-24. MELBOURNE - LADY CHAUVEL, DAME MARY HUGHES GEN. SIR HARRY CHAUVEL, R. HON. W.M. HUGHES SHAKING HANDS WITH NAVY OFFICERS. MARCHES. A.I.F. (NEGATIVE BY E.L.C.)

000505

J06146

HEADQUARTERS OF THE DESERT MOUNTED CORPS AT ALEPPO. (DONATED BY GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL.)

J06146

B00256

A scene in the dust at Lejjun (Megiddo) during the advance on Damascus, showing the Australian Light Horse advancing and prisoners by the wayside.

B00256

B00854

A view of Magdhaba, looking south-east, east, and north-east. The enemy settlement where some 2,000 Turkish troops, having retired before the British about twenty-five miles up the Wady el Arish, south of El Arish village, occupied a series of entrenched posts surrounding the buildings shown in the...

B00854

A01720

General Sir Harry Chauvel (left) and two unidentified officers all with walking canes standing outside the Corps Headquarters. Five Indian Army Lancers are standing to the left, each one is holding an 1868 pattern bamboo lance.

A01720

A00049

Lieutenant General (Lt Gen) Sir Philip Chetwode General Officer Commanding (GOC) XX (twenty) Corps (foreground), Lt Gen HG Chauvel, (GOC) Desert Mounted Corps and Brigadier General JR Royston, Commanding Officer, (CO) 3rd Australian Light Horse Brigade, conversing.

A00049

H03813

Palestine. c. 1917. Three senior officers of the Desert Mounted Corps. Left to right: Unidentified British Lieutenant Colonel, Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel AIF and Brigiadier J R Royston AIF. Royston had previously been identified as Lieutenant Colonel W J Brown".

H03813

A03083

Group portrait of senior officers of the Australian Imperial Force at Victoria Barracks. Identified from left to right in back row: to the front is Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Herbert William Lloyd (later Major General (Maj Gen)); to the back is Brig Gen Thomas Albert Blamey (later Field Marshal);...

A03083

Private Record

Chauvel, Sir Henry George (Harry) (General, b.1865 -d.1945)

Papers relating to the Palestine campaign including correspondence, orders and reports. Also some correspondence with Mrs. Alica Chisholm of Kantara regarding rest facilities in Jerusalem for the troops. Maker: Chauvel, Henry George (Harry)

2DRL/0793

Chauvel, Sir Henry George (Harry) (General, b.1865 -d.1945)

Collection of papers relating to General Sir Henry George Chauvel, consisting of diaries, letters, photographs, reports and albums. Relates to his early military training with the Darling Downs Mounted Infantry and involvement in the shearers's strike in 1891; his service in the Boer War with the... Maker: Chauvel, Henry George (Harry)

PR00535

Chauvel, Sir Henry George (Harry) (General, b.1865 -d.1945)

COPIES OF 3 LETTERS, WITH ORIGINAL COVERING NOTE, BY CHAUVEL TO LIEUTENANT T W WHITE CONTAINING DETAILS OF THE FORMATION OF THE 15TH LIGHT HORSE AIF. Maker: Chauvel, Henry George (Harry)

PR89/128

Monash, Sir John KCMG KCB, (General, b.1865 - d.1931)

Collection of papers of General Sir John Monash, chiefly 1914-1919 covering his wartime military career and his related activities as Director-General, Repatriation and Demobilisation from 1918-1919. Consists of records relating to court martials, training instructions for protection against gas... Maker: Monash, John

3DRL/2316 (With records)

Pearce, Sir George Foster (b.1870 - d.1952)

The papers of Sir George Pearce document his life from 1910-1937, chiefly as Minister for Defence during the First World War. They comprise diaries, correspondence, official papers and reports relating to naval defence, the development of the Australian Imperial Force, First World War operations... Maker: Pearce, George Foster

3DRL/2222

Merrington, Ernest Northcroft (Chaplain Colonel, b.1876 - d.1953)

MANUSCRIPT BASED ON PERSONAL EXPERIENCES OF SERVICE ON GALLIPOLI - "WITH THE ANZACS 1914-1915". COPY OF INTRODUCTION - ANNOTATED AND SIGNED BY CHAUVEL Maker: Merrington, Ernest Northcroft

3DRL/3237

Fraser, William (Chaplain)

Diary written by Chaplain William Fraser, 3 Light Horse Brigade, 1917. It records an account of the Battles of Magdhaba and Gaza told to Chaplain Fraser by Brigadier General John Robinson Royston while they were in 14 Australian General Hospital in Cairo, 1917. Also included are newspaper cuttings... Maker: Fraser, William

PR03456

Art

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel

Portrait in right profile with moustache of General Sir Harry Chauvel KCMG, KCB and Croix de Guerre. He is wearing a shoulder strap with crossed sword and baton badge, and Sam Browne belt. Chauvel began his active military career in the Boer War in 1900. In 1915 he commanded the first Light Horse...

ART02734

Leaders of the Australian Light Horse in Palestine, 1918

Jordan Valley; 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th Australian Light Horse Brigades; a group of ten officers, all mounted, in a desert landscape, l-r: Brigadier General George Macleay Macarthur-Onslow, DSO, 5 ALH Bde; Brigadier General William Grant, DSO, 4 ALH Bde; Lieutenant Colonel John Gilbert Browne,...

ART09557

Record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War (A.I.F.) Aug. 4th. 1914 to June 28th. 1919

A commemorative colour poster published c.1920 as a record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War. The composition is similar to that of an Honour Roll and features in the top centre a depiction of the rising sun badge within a wreath. A framed portrait of King George IV is positioned...

ARTV06073

Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel

Portrait of Lieutenant General Sir Harry Chauvel mounted on his horse. Chauvel had written to Treloar requesting that McInnes paint him with his horse (Chauvel, letter to Treloar, 30 June 1936). General Sir Harry Chauvel GCMG, KCB (1865-1945) was both the first Australian to become a...

ART13521

Film

Volunteer Defence Corps parade at Government House Melbourne

Volunteer Defence Corps (VDC) parade before the Victorian Governor, His Excellency Major General Sir Winston Dugan, KCMG, CB, DSO, Honorary Colonel of VDC, in grounds of Government House, Melbourne, Victoria General Sir Henry Chauvel, GCMG, KCB, Inspector-in-Chief VDC, and Maj-General E C P Plant,...

F07040

The desert column (The Anzac story)

Episode six from 'The Anzac story' television series. A brief history of the part played by Australian Light Horse in the campaigns in the Middle East during the 1914-1918 war. Devised and produced by Frank Hunter in co-operation with the Australian Broadcasting Commission and Supreme Sound...

F10065

With the Australian forces in Palestine

Opens with title 'with the Australian Forces in Palestine'. The advance on Magdhaba, December 1916, and the return with Turkish prisoners, the capture of Beersheba and the entry of the Camel Corps. The Light Horse on manoeuvers in the desert near Esdud, January 1918. The 11th Light Horse Regiment...

F00042

With the forces on the Palestine front

With the forces on the Palestine front includes; views taken on the armoured car expedition to Siwa when the grand Senoussi was driven from his strong hold. To reach Siwa the cars travelled over two hundred miles of trackless desert. Desert column returning from Magdhaba with prisoners. Gaza. ...

F00084

Published Collection

Seven Pillars of Wisdom: a triumph by T E Lawrence

In 1935 the Australian War Memorial acquired a copy of the rare 1926 subscriber's edition of "Seven pillars of wisdom, a triumph" by T.E. Lawrence, popularly known as "Lawrence of Arabia". The book contains Lawrence's account of his involvement in the Arab revolt during the Great War. Lawrence...

MON01397

Manuscript

Chauvel, Sir Henry George (Harry) (General, b.1865 -d.1945)

Annotated typescript autobiography of the military career of General Sir "Harry" Chauvel. Account briefly relates his early service in the Clarence River district, movement to the Queensland Permanent Staff, service in South Africa 1899-1900 and 1902, posting to the Australian Permanent Forces and...

MSS1406

Digitised Collection

Personal Files Book 5, 6 May - 16 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 6 May to 16 May 1915 and includes messages exchanged by the 4th Brigade relating to operations on Gallipoli, particularly around Quinn's Post. This file...

RCDIG0000587

Personal Files Book 5, 25 May - 10 June 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 25 May 1915 and 10 June 1915 and includes information on the distribution of troops in the 4th Brigade, coordination of trench relief, reports on key...

RCDIG0000589

Personal Files Book 7, 15 August - 22 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 15 August 1915 to 22 August 1915 and includes official documents, operation reports, and intelligence reports on Turkish troop movement...

RCDIG0000594

Personal Files Book 10, 12 November - 18 November 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 10, covers 12 November 1915 to 18 November 1915 and includes several reports by members of the 14th and 16th Battalions stationed at Durrant's Post in...

RCDIG0000603

Series 2: Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This series includes official and personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Henry Goddard. This series contains: Official Correspondence, 1915-1919; Personal Correspondence, 1917-1955.

RCDIG0000652

Sub Series 2: Personal Correspondence to and from Henry Arthur Goddard

This sub series consists of letters of a personal nature received and sent by Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard during the years 1917 and 1955. This includes letters sent by Goddard's son during 1917 and numerous letters from soldiers of the 9th Infantry Brigade congratulating their...

RCDIG0000654

Personal correspondence received by Henry Arthur Goddard

Personal correspondence relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General Henry Arthur Goddard. This file includes letters from Brigadier General Goddard's family, friends and fellow soldiers. This file contains: Letter from Leo [son] to Father [Goddard], 27 May 1917; Letter from Leo...

RCDIG0000788

Diary of Gordon Colin Cooper, 1917-1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of 475 Private Gordon Colin Cooper, 1st Light Horse Regiment. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1917 and 3 January 1918, Cooper records his service as part of 1st Light Horse Regiment. Among his obervations about military life are descriptions of...

RCDIG0000904

Diary of Philip Arthur Chambers, 1917-1918

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Philip Arthur Chambers, 12th Light Horse Regiment. In this diary, kept between 12 January 1917 and 31 December 1918, Chambers provides an officer's observations and account of 12th Light Horse Regiment of which he was a commanding officer....

RCDIG0000910

Letters relating to Oliver 'Trooper Bluegum' Hogue, 1915-1927

Letters relating to the First World War service of Major Oliver 'Trooper Bluegum' Hogue, 14th Light Horse Regiment. In a series of letters to members of his family as well as his colleague at the Sydney Morning Herald, William Farmer Whyte, Hogue details his experiences in the First World War....

RCDIG0000997

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Heraldry

Khaki service dress tunic: General Sir Harry Chauvel

Khaki wool twill, single breasted tunic with open lapel collar decorated with red wool gorget patches that have a line of gold oakleaf embroidery down the centre and a small gilt general staff button. Wool twill shoulder straps each with gold metal rank badges for the rank of general, fastened to...

REL/04259

General officer's gold braid aiguillette : General Sir Harry Chauvel

Decorative shoulder cords of plaited round gold cord with crimson silk or cotton thread incorporated into the cord. Some sections of cord are plaited together and loops are formed with single sections of cord. The plaits and cords, front and back are joined together with a rectangle of scarlet wool...

REL/04261.001

General officer's full dress scarlet tunic : General Sir Harry Chauvel

Scarlet superfine tunic with dark blue wool stand collar and rounded cuffs. Collar edged all round with gold oak leaf pattern lace and white wool piping along upper edge and opening. At the shoulders, brass fittings covered with red wool to take shoulder slides of gold cord which attach to shoulder...

REL/04262.001

Corps Commander's Standard : Lieutenant General H G Chauvel, Desert Mounted Corps

Rectangular red cotton Standard for a Corps Commander with a white cross sewn to each side. A pair of cotton tape ties is attached to each end of the hoist so that the Standard can be attached to the lance that was carried by the commander's Standard Bearer.

REL34737

Breast Star: Knight Commander of the Bath: Lieutenant General Sir H G Chauvel, Desert Mounted Corps

Breast Star of a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath.

REL/04258.004

Sash badge and sash: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George : Lieutenant General Sir H G Chauvel

Sash badge of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George. Complete with silk sash.

REL/04258.001

Queen's South Africa Medal: Major H G Chauvel, 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry

Queen's South Africa Medal with bars 'RELIEF OF KIMBERLEY', 'DRIEFONTEIN', 'JOHANNESBURG' and 'DIAMOND HILL'. Impressed around edge withg recipient's details.

REL/04258.008

1914-15 Star: Colonel H G Chauvel, 1 Light Horse Brigade, AIF

1914-15 Star. Impressed reverse with recipient's details.

REL/04258.009

Victory Medal : Lieutenant General Sir H G Chauvel, Desert Mounted Corps

Victory Medal with Mention in Despatches oak leaf clasp. Impressed edge with recipient's details.

REL/04258.011

George V Silver Jubilee Medal: General Sir H G Chauvel

George V Silver Jubilee Medal. Unnamed as issued.

REL/04258.012

George VI Coronation Medal: General Sir H G Chauvel

George VI Coronation Medal. Unnamed as issued.

REL/04258.013

Service dress tunic : Colonel H G Chauvel, 1st Light Horse Brigade, AIF

Officer's custom-made khaki wool gabardine service dress tunic with notched collar, shoulder straps, pointed cuffs with side openings secured by a pair of buttons, pleated breast pockets with triple pointed flaps, expanding hip pockets with rectangular flaps, an integral waistband, and a centre...

REL/00226.001

Breast Star, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael & St George : Lieutenant General Sir H G Chauvel

Breast Star of a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George.

REL/04258.002

British War Medal 1914-20: Lieutenant General Sir H G Chauvel, Desert Mounted Corps

British War Medal 1914-20. Impressed edge with recipient's details.

REL/04258.010

Timeline

Date of birth 1865-04-16 Tabulam, NSW.
Date commissioned 1886 Commissioned into the Upper Clarence Light Horse.
Other 1888 Resigned from the Upper Clarence Light Horse when he moved to Queensland.
Date commissioned 1890 Commissioned into the Queensland Mounted Infantry.
Date promoted 1896 Made captain in the Queensland Mounted Infantry, and adjutant of the Moreton Regiment.
Other 1897 Went to England with the Queensland Jubilee Contingent.
Other 1899 Major in the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry in the war in South Africa, and was in action at the relief of Kimberley, the advance to Pretoria, the battle of Diamond Hill, and operations in eastern Transvaal.
Date returned to Australia 1901 Took command of the 7th Australian Commonwealth Horse, with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Date of honour or award 1901-04-16 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1901-04-19 Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG).
Date promoted 1909 Promoted to lieutenant colonel.
Other 1911 Became adjutant general and second member of the Military Board.
Other 1914-07 Promoted to colonel and appointed Australian representative on the Imperial General Staff in London.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-27
Other 1914-12 Commander of the 1st Light Horse Brigade. Posted to Egypt.
Other 1915-05-12 Arrived at Gallipoli and commanded the sector around Pope's, Quinn's and Courtney's posts.
Other 1915-06 Was evacuated from gallipoli and spent two months in hospital due to illness.
Other units 1915-07 Returned to Gallipoli to take command of the New Zealand and Australian Division.
Date of honour or award 1915-11-05 Mention in Despatches.
Other units 1915-11-06 Given command of the 1st Division.
Date promoted 1915-12 Major general. Later he was made commander of the Australian & New Zealand Mounted Division.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-12-09
Date of honour or award 1916-01-14 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-01-17
Date of honour or award 1916-01-28 Mention in Despatches.
Other units 1916-06 Appointed general officer commanding the Australian Imperial Forces in Egypt.
Date of honour or award 1916-07-13 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1916-10-25 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1916-11-25 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1916-12-01 Mention in Despatches.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917
Date of honour or award 1917-01 Appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) after the battle of Maghdaba.
Date of honour or award 1917-03-09 Egyptian Order of the Nile - 3rd Class.
Date of honour or award 1917-07-06 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1917-08 Placed in command of the Desert Corps.
Date of honour or award 1918-01-25 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1918-04-11 Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-04-15
Date of honour or award 1918-05-23 Mention in Despatches.
Date returned to Australia 1919 Returned to Australia.
Other 1919 - 1930 Appointed Inspector General, the Army's most senior post.
Date of honour or award 1919-01-22 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1919-06-07 French Croix de Guerre.
Date of honour or award 1919-06-09 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG).
Date of honour or award 1919-08-11 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 1919-11-09 Egyptian Order of the Nile - 2nd Class.
Date promoted 1929-11 Promoted to general.
Other 1930-04 Retired from the Army.
Date of death 1945-03-04 Melbourne, VIC.