Biography

Birth date: 11 March 1892
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, Warwick
Death date: 19 May 1968
Death place: Australia: Victoria, Melbourne
Final rank: Lieutenant General
Service number: First World War, 1914-1918
TX2050 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • 1 Corps
  • Divisional Artillery 2nd Battery
  • Permanent Military Forces
  • 2nd Australian Divisional Artillery
  • 1st Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • 4th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • 2nd Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Royal Australian Artillery
  • 11 Australian Division

At Milne Bay, Cyril Clowes won the first land victory against the Japanese in the Second World War but he soon joined the ranks of senior officers removed from their posts during the Papuan campaign.

Born on 11 March 1892 at Warwick in Queensland, Clowes entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon in 1911. He graduated in August 1914 and was appointed as a lieutenant in the AIF and posted to the 1st Field Artillery Brigade. He landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, serving as a forward observation officer and directing naval gunfire against Turkish positions. Clowes was wounded on Gallipoli but recovered and was promoted to captain in the 2nd Divisional Artillery in Egypt during January 1916.

On the Western Front during 1916, Clowes served as the 2nd Division's Trench Mortar Officer and was awarded the Military Cross. He received a promotion to major in January 1917 and the following year was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his work at Villers-Bretonneux. He returned to Australia in April 1919 and his appointment with the AIF was terminated in late June.

The following year Clowes took up a post as instructor at Duntroon, remaining there until 1925, the year in which he married Eva Magennis. The couple moved to Brisbane where Clowes undertook staff, training, and command duties until 1930. Similar postings to Sydney and then Darwin followed and in 1936 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He undertook a gunnery staff course in England before returning to Australia as the Chief Instructor at Sydney's School of Artillery. In August 1939 he was given command of Australia's 6th Military District - which covered Tasmania - and received a promotion to colonel the following November.

The Second World War having begun, Clowes was made a temporary brigadier in the AIF and in April 1940 was appointed commander of the Royal Australian Artillery, 1 Corps. He arrived in the Middle East in December 1940 and served in the ill-fated Greek campaign in 1941, where he performed with distinction. He returned to Australia in January 1942, was promoted to temporary major general, and given command of the 1st Division. In July he was sent to Port Moresby and given command of what became known as Milne Force. He reached Milne Bay and assumed command of the Australian troops there just four days before the Japanese began landing.

His forces proved victorious after a long and difficult fight in the most trying of conditions. Despite having won a most important victory, Clowes was attacked by General MacArthur and received little support from General Blamey. After a period of leave, he contracted malaria, a common occurrence in Papua. He continued to command Milne Force but with the battle over, this held little challenge.

He returned to Australia in 1943 and held various postings until the end of the war. Clowes retired from the Army with the rank of lieutenant general in June 1949. He died on 19 May 1968 at Heidelberg Hospital in Melbourne.

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Date of embarkation: 18 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Sydney

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Divisional Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Divisional Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Divisional Artillery 2nd Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Medal

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Divisional Artillery 2nd Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 4th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Australian Field Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Field Artillery Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Honorary Captain

  • Unit: Permanent Military Forces
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Divisional Artillery 2nd Battery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Royal Australian Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Greek War Cross, First Class

  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Military Cross

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Divisional Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 1 Corps
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11 Australian Division
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: Royal Australian Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Serbian Order of the White Eagle, Third Class

  • Unit: Royal Australian Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Royal Australian Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Photograph

002661

A group of senior officers watching as troops at the Puckapunyal Army Base march past in review during a visit by the Governor General of Australia (Lord Gowrie). Seated left to right are: Major General (Maj Gen) E A Drake-Brockman; Maj Gen G J Rankin; Brigadier C A Clowes; Maj Gen T R Williams;...

002661

003018

1940-09. BRIGADIER CLOWES. (NEGATIVE BY CRANSTONE).

003018

013337

1942-10-01. NEW GUINEA. MILNE BAY. MAJOR-GENERAL CYRIL CLOWES COMMANDER OF THE AUSTRALIAN FORCES IN THE MILNE BAY AREA, PHOTOGRAPHED AT MILNE BAY SHORTLY AFTER THE UNSUCCESSFUL JAPANESE ATTACK.

013337

021321

TRIPOLI, SYRIA. 1941-11. SOME OF THE OFFICERS WHO WATCHED THE DISPLAY GIVEN BY MEN OF THE 7TH BATTALION, GREEN HOWARDS, ON METHODS OF COMBATING BARBED WIRE ENTANGLEMENTS. FROM THE LEFT:- COLONEL F.K. NORRIS (ASSISTANT DIRECTOR MEDICAL SERVICES, 7TH AUSTRALIAN DIVISION), BRIGADIER J.E.S. STEVENS...

021321

021322

TRIPOLI, SYRIA. 1941-11. A.I.F. OFFICERS DISCUSSING THE DEMONSTRATION OF METHODS OF COMBATING BARBED WIRE ENTANGLEMENTS GIVEN BY MEN OF THE 7TH BATTALION, GREEN HOWARDS. FROM THE LEFT:- BRIGADIER C.A. CLOWES (COMMANDER CORPS ARTILLERY), COLONEL F.K. NORRIS (ASSISTANT DIRECTOR MEDICAL SERVICES, 7TH...

021322

026705

PORT MORESBY, PAPUA. 1942-09. MAJOR-GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, GENERAL-OFFICER-COMMANDING MILNE FORCE.

026705

026706

PORT MORESBY, PAPUA. 1942-09. SENIOR OFFICERS OF MILNE FORCE. LEFT TO RIGHT:- COLONEL F.O. CHILTON, GSO I, MAJOR GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING THE FORCE, AND COLONEL JOHN LITCHFIELD, ASSISTANT ADJUTANT AND QUARTERMASTER GENERAL.

026706

026707

PORT MORESBY, PAPUA. 1942-09. SENIOR OFFICERS OF MILNE FORCE. LEFT TO RIGHT:- COLONEL F.O. CHILTON, GSO I, MAJOR GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING THE FORCE, AND COLONEL JOHN LITCHFIELD, ASSISTANT ADJUTANT AND QUARTERMASTER GENERAL.

026707

057524

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-10-09. TX2050 MAJOR GENERAL C. A. CLOWES CBE DSO MC, TAKING THE SALUTE IN SWANSTON STREET AT THE MARCH PAST OF THE AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES AND THE AWAS DURING THE FOURTH AUSTRALIAN LIBERTY LOAN RALLY. NOTE THE LARGE CROWD OF SPECTATORS.

057524

057527

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-10-09. TX2050 MAJOR GENERAL C. A. CLOWES CBE DSO MC, TAKING THE SALUTE IN SWANSTON STREET AT THE MARCH PAST OF THE AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES AND THE AWAS DURING THE FOURTH AUSTRALIAN LIBERTY LOAN RALLY.

057527

057927

DOBODURA, NEW GUINEA. 1943-10-11. GROUP PORTRAIT OF OFFICERS OF THE ORIGINAL MILNE BAY FORCE WHO TOOK PART IN THE MILNE BAY CAMPAIGN UNDER MAJOR GENERAL C. A. CLOWES CBE DSO MC. LEFT TO RIGHT:- BACK ROW: NX141302 CAPTAIN (CAPT) W. A. CONWAY, LEGAL OFFICER; NX103966 CAPT C. A. DONALDSON, AUSTRALIAN...

057927

066941

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. 1944-06-27. VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE., KCB., CMG., DSO., ED., COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA (1) ACCOMPANIED BY THE OFFICER- IN- CHARGE, INSPECTING THE GUARD OF HONOUR AT ESSENDON AERODROME ON HIS ARRIVAL FROM THE UNITED...

066941

066942

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. 1944-06-27. VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE., KCB., CMG., DSO., ED., COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA (1) INSPECTING THE GUARD OF HONOUR AT ESSENDON AERODROME ON HIS ARRIVAL FROM THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL...

066942

064495

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. 1944-03-06. VX63396 MAJOR GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT, CB., MVO., CHIEF-OF-GENERAL STAFF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA (LEFT) AND TX2050 MAJOR-GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, CBE., DSO., MC., GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIA LINES OF COMMUNICATIONS AREA (RIGHT)...

064495

064498

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-06. GUESTS AT THE COCKTAIL PARTY GIVEN BY VX79 MAJOR GENERAL C.H. SIMPSO, CBE MC VD, TO UNITED STATES OFFICERS AND BUSINESSMEN AT "ILLOURA", ST KILDA ROAD. SHOWN ARE LEFT TO RIGHT:- VX12396 MAJOR-GENERAL L.E. BEAVIS, CBE DSO, MASTER GENERAL ORDNANCE, ALLIED LAND FORCES,...

064498

090761

MILNE BAY, NEW GUINEA. 1942-09-21. ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERS TROOPS REPAIRING THE BRIDGE ON THE MAIN ROUTE BETWEEN PONTOON WHARF AND THE GILI GILI - WAIGANI AREA. THE BRIDGE ENDS WERE WASHED AWAY AS A RESULT OF 10 INCHES OF RAIN IN 48 HOURS. MAJOR-GENERAL C. A. CLOWES (1), STANDS IN THE BACKGROUND.

090761

088774

FAWKNER PARK, MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. 1945-04-26. MOST REVEREND ARCHBISHOP J.J. BOOTH, MC, (2), ALONGSIDE MAJOR GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIA LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA, (1), FOLLOWING THE DEDICATION OF ST. MARK'S CHAPEL, 33 AUSTRALIAN WOMEN'S ARMY SERVICE BARRACK.

088774

086889

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1945-02-27. THE DUKE OF GLOUCESTER, GOVERNOR GENERAL OF AUSTRALIA, (4), RETURNS THE SALUTE GIVEN BY COLONEL D J THOMAS, (1), DURING HIS ARRIVAL AT 115 (HEIDELBERG) MILITARY HOSPITAL. MAJOR GENERAL CLOWES, (2), STANDS IN THE BACKGROUND.

086889

100401

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-03-31. Officers sitting around a table waiting to be served dinner given by General Sir Thomas Blamey to Lieutenant General (Lt Gen) Sir Edmund Herring and Lt Gen V. A. H. Sturdee at the Athenaeum Club. Left to right: far side of table: Major General (Maj Gen) C. S. Steel; Lt...

100401

107750

1944. Portrait of TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes CBE DSO MC, Commander Victorian Lines of Communication Area.

107750

107752

1944. Portrait of TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes CBE DSO MC, Commander Victorian Lines of Communication Area.

107752

108969

BANDIANA, VICTORIA, 1945-06-16. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUST ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJ-GEN C.A. CLOWES, GOC VIC L OF C AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, THE PARADE ASSEMBLED PRIOR TO THE ARRIVAL OF MAJ-GEN CLOWES. THE UNITS ON PARADE ARE:...

108969

108973

BANDIANNA, VICTORIA, 16 JUNE 1945. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C A CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, THE PARADE ASSEMBLED PRIOR...

108973

108974

BANDIANNA, VICTORIA, 16 JUNE 1945. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C A CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN MAJ-GEN CLOWES INSPECTING 1...

108974

108977

BANDIANA, VICTORIA, 1945-06-16. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUST ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK, MAJ-GEN C.A. CLOWES, GOC VIC L OF C AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, MAJ-GEN CLOWES MEETING CAPT W.R. BRIGHT, OC 4 COMPANY, 1 BASE ORDNANCE DEPOT....

108977

108979

BANDIANNA, VIC. 1945-06-16. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C A CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, MAJ-GEN CLOWES INSPECTING MEMBERS...

108979

108980

BANDIANNA, VICTORIA, 16 JUNE 1945. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C A CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, MAJ-GEN CLOWES MEETING...

108980

108985

BANDIANNA, VICTORIA, 16 JUNE 1945. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUSTRALIAN ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C A CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, MAJ-GEN CLOWES TAKING THE...

108985

125919

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1946-02-28. THE WAR CABINET IN SESSION. SEATED LEFT TO RIGHT: LIEUTENANT GENERAL V. STURDEE, CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF; MR FRANK FORDE, MINISTER OF THE ARMY; MR R. SINCLAIR, SECRETARY OF THE ARMY; MAJOR GENERAL C. CLOWES, ADJUTANT GENERAL, MR A KEMSLEY, BUSINESS MEMBER; STANDING...

125919

125920

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1946-02-28. THE WAR CABINET IN SESSION. SEATED LEFT TO RIGHT: LIEUTENANT GENERAL V. STURDEE, CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF; MR FRANK FORDE, MINISTER OF THE ARMY; MR R. SINCLAIR, SECRETARY OF THE ARMY; MAJOR GENERAL C. CLOWES, ADJUTANT GENERAL, MR A KEMSLEY, BUSINESS MEMBER; STANDING...

125920

126241

MAJOR-GENERAL C. A. CLOWES CBE DSO MC, ADJUTANT GENERAL, AT HIS DESK AT HQ AUSTRALIAN MILITARY FORCES, VICTORIA BARRACKS.

126241

140821

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-04-19. His Excellency Major General Sir Winston Dugan, KCMG CB DSO, Governor of Victoria, takes the salute from members of the 7th Australian Division during the unit "Parade of Honour" through the city. Also seen: VX63396 Lieutenant General J. Northcott, CB MVO (2); Lady...

140821

141061

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-04-29. TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of Communication Area, taking the salute from schoolboy militia cadets during their march through the city streets in support of the First Victory Loan.

141061

141185

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-05-18. TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of Communication Area, inspecting a guard of honour during his visit to the Xavier College militia camp.

141185

141186

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-05-18. TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of Communication Area, watching Xavier College militia cadets taking part in a target shoot during his visit to their camp.

141186

141630

Watsonia, Vic. 1944-08-26. Army cadets from city schools at a training camp give "eyes right" as they move past the saluting base where TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of Communications, takes the salute.

141630

141633

Watsonia, Vic. 1944-08-26. TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of Communications Area, taking the salute from school army cadets at a training camp.

141633

141705

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-09-16. TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, strolling in the grounds of Government House with his young daughter Elizabeth after receiving his decoration at the investiture.

141705

141838

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-10-20. VX1 General Sir Thomas Blamey, GBE KCB CMG DSO ED, Commander Allied Land Forces, South West Pacific Area, taking the salute during a march of service personnel through the city. Also seen: TX2050 Major General C. A. Clowes, CBE DSO MC, Commanding Victorian Lines of...

141838

139841

HEIDELBERG, VIC. 1943-10-08. TX2050 MAJOR GENERAL C. A. CLOWES, CBE DSO MC, COMMANDING, VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA, TAKING THE SALUTE FROM A PARADE OF SERVICEMEN AND WOMEN DURING A 4TH LIBERTY LOAN RALLY.

139841

140328

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-01-20. TX2050 MAJOR GENERAL C. A. CLOWES, CBE DSO MC, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VICTORIAN LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA, PERFORMING THE OPENING CEREMONY AT THE AUSTRALIAN ARMY CANTEEN WOMEN'S SERVICES CLUB IN DEGRAVES STREET.

140328

140771

Melbourne, Vic. 1944-04-14. Air Vice Marshal W. H. Anderson, CBE DFC RAAF (1) taking the salute at the Town Hall during a combined Services March through the city in support of the First Victory Loan. Also seen: VF143893 Colonel Sybil H. Irving, MBE, Controller of the Australian Women's Army...

140771

A05490

1914-02. HORSE DRAWN ARTILLERY PIECES, WITH GROOMS ON THE LIMBERS, BEING TAKEN ALONG A DIRT ROAD (PROBABLY WHAT IS NOW LAVARACK ROAD, ON THE SIDE OF MOUNT PLEASANT) INTO DUNTROON MILITARY COLLEGE. THE FIRST TEAM IS W. J. URQUHART OF QUEENSLAND IN THE LEAD; E. W. T. SMITH OF SOUTH AUSTRALIA IN THE...

A05490

P00474.006

Melbourne, Vic. 1941-12. Group portrait of five officers in Spencer Street. Left to right: Lieutenant General Sir Stanley G. Savige, Air Commodore F. M. Bladin, Major General Cyril A. Clowes, Major General J. H. Cannan, Major General S. F. (Sydney) Rowell. Savige and Clowes had just returned from...

P00474.006

065313

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. AN INFORMAL GROUP OF GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER GIVEN BY GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB,...

065313

065314

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. AN INFORMAL GROUP OF GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER GIVEN BY GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- VX63396 MAJOR GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT, CB,...

065314

108978

BANDIANA, VIC. 1945-06-16. A FULL CEREMONIAL PARADE OF AUST ARMY ORDNANCE CORPS, WAS HELD AT 1 ORDNANCE VEHICLE PARK. MAJOR-GENERAL C.A. CLOWES, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING VIC LINES OF COMMUNICATION AREA INSPECTED THE PARADE AND TOOK THE SALUTE. SHOWN, MAJ-GEN CLOWES MEETING CAPTAIN B.I. ROGERS,...

108978

119587

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA 1945-11-30. SENIOR ENGINEERS MESS, BATMAN AVENUE. FAREWELL DINNER GIVEN BY SENIOR OFFICERS ON THE RETIREMENT OF THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY. AT THE SENIOR OFFICERS TABLE, LEFT TO RIGHT, LIEUTENANT GENERAL F. H. BERRYMAN, LIEUTENANT GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT,...

119587

Private Record

Film

Milne Bay

Milne Bay, New Guinea, 20 September 1942. Major-General C.A. Clowes, DSO, MC, GOC Milne Force, Squadron-Leaders K.W. Truscott, DFC, and L.D. Jackson are shown in this film, together with shots of captured Japanese equipment, climate and terrain conditions; the capsized M. Anshun; Kittyhawks of 75...

F01216

Milne Bay

Cinesound newsreel extract showing the first pictures to come out of Milne Bay. (See also F01216 for Department of Information unedited footage.)

F01614

1. Important arrivals 2. Usherettes learn to handle fire bombs 3. Army champs in heavy workout. (Fox Movietone News Vol. 13 No. 5)

1. (1 min 22 sec) Major-Generals Murray, Clowes and Savige back from Middle East. Major-General Odlum, Canadian High Commissioner to Australia. 2. (2 min 32 sec) Sydney, theatre usherettes learn how to cope with fire bombs under instruction from the NSW Fire Brigade. 3. (1 min 39 sec) AIF physical...

F00328

Australian contingent to take part in the victory parade London. Australian contingent film out takes.

This film shows the story of the teo hundred and fifity servicemen and women who were chosen to represent the RAN, AIF and RAAF at the Victory Parade held in London on 8 June 1946. It starts with the AIF contingent being kitted out and training in marching and arms drill at Watsonia Camp, VIC, and...

F07438

Heraldry

Victory Medal with MID : Major C A Clowes, 2 Division Artillery

Victory Medal with Mention in Despatches oak leaf. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32877.006

Serbian Order of the White Eagle, 5th Class, with swords : Captain C A Clowes, 4 Field Artillery Brigade, AIF

Serbian Order of the White Eagle, 5th Class, with crossed swords. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.014

George V Silver Jubilee Medal : Colonel C A Clowes

George V Silver Jubilee Medal. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.013

Military Cross : Captain C A Clowes, 2 Division Artillery, AIF

Military Cross. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.003

British War Medal 1939-45 with MID : Major General C A Clowes

British War Medal 1939-45 with Mentioned in despatches oak leaf. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32877.011

Commander of the Order of the British Empire : Major General C A Clowes

Neck badge of a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.001

British War Medal 1914-20 : Major C A Clowes, 2 Division Artillery

British War Medal 1914-20. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32877.005

Pacific Star : Major General C A Clowes, 1st Infantry Division

Pacific Star. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.009

Defence Medal : Major General C A Clowes

Defence Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32877.010

Australia Service Medal : Major General C A Clowes

Australia Service Medal. Impressed around edge with recipient's details.

REL32877.012

Distinguished Service Order : Major C A Clowes, 2 Division Artillery, AIF

Distinguished Service Order. Unnamed as issued.

REL32877.002

1914-15 Star: Lieutenant C A Clowes, 1 Field Artillery Brigade, AIF

1914-15 Star. Impressed reverse with recipient's details.

REL32877.004

Timeline

Date of birth 1892-03-11 Warwick, QLD.
Date of birth 1892-03-11
Other 1911 Entered the Royal Military College at Duntroon.
Date promoted 1914 Clowes graduated from the Royal Military College and was appointed lieutenant with the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, AIF.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-18
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Other 1915-05-25 Landed at Gallipoli.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916
Date promoted 1916-01 Appointed staff captain, 2nd Divisional Artillery.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-07
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-10-02
Date promoted 1917-01 Appointed major.
Date of honour or award 1917-01-01 Awarded Military Cross (MC) for actions on the Western Front the previous year.
Date of honour or award 1917-02-15 Gazetted Serbian Order of the White Eagle - 3rd Class.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-04
Date of honour or award 1919-01-01 Awarded Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for actions at Villers Bretonneux the previous year.
Date returned to Australia 1919-04
Date of discharge 1919-06 Appointment with the AIF terminated.
Other 1920 - 1925 Took up position as an instructor at Duntroon.
Other 1925 - 1930 Undertook staff, training and command duties.
Date promoted 1936 Promoted to lieutenant colonel.
Other 1939-08 Given command of Australia's 6th Division Military District.
Date promoted 1939-11 Appointed temporary brigadier.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1940-04-22 Enlisted in the 2nd AIF and appointed commander of the Royal Australian Artillery, 1 Corps.
Other 1940-12 Arrived in the Middle East.
Other 1941 Served in the Greek campaign.
Date promoted 1942-01 Returned to Australia and was promoted to temporary major general and given command of 1st Division.
Other 1942-07 Sent to Port Morseby and given command of Milne Force.
Date returned to Australia 1943
Date of honour or award 1943-05-28 Gazetted Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE).
Date of discharge 1949-06 Retired from the army with the rank of lieutenant general.
Date of death 1968-05-19 Died at Heidelberg Hospital in Melbourne.