Biography

Birth date: 23 September 1876
Birth place: Australia: Victoria, St Arnaud
Death date: 13 August 1940
Death place: Australia: Australian Capital Territory, Canberra
Final rank: General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Second World War, 1939-1945
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 1 Division
  • Chief of the General Staff (HQ & HQ Units)
  • Headquarters 5th Army
  • Royal Australian Garrison Artillery 1st Australian Division
  • RAust Garr Art
  • Royal Australian Garrison Artillery
  • Staff
  • BGGS Anzac
  • Headquarters Staff
  • Australian Field Artillery
  • Australian Imperial Force
  • Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
  • I Anzac Corps
  • II Anzac Corps
  • 1st Australian Division
  • 1st Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse

White was one of the founders of the AIF and rose to become Chief of the General Staff. He was born on 23 September 1876 at St Arnaud, Victoria. He became a bank clerk at the age of 16 and in 1896, aged 20, he joined the 2nd Queensland Regiment.

White transferred to the permanent forces and was commissioned into the Queensland Regiment of the Royal Australian Artillery in June 1899. In February 1902 he sailed for South Africa with the Australian Commonwealth Horse, arriving late in the war he saw little action and returned to Australia in July.

In 1904 White was appointed Aide-de-Camp to the General Officer Commanding the Australian Military Forces (AMF) and the following year, in November, he married Ethel Davidson. In 1906 he became the first AMF officer to attend the British Staff College. Returning to Australia in 1908, he was promoted to captain, joined Colonel William Bridges' staff but soon returned to England on exchange to the War Office.

Having been promoted to major in 1911, White returned to Australia in 1912 to take up the post of Director of Military Operations at Army Headquarters, Melbourne where he formulated plans for raising, equipping, training and despatching the Australian component of a combined Australian/New Zealand division should war arise. White was made acting Chief of the General Staff in July 1914 and upon the outbreak of war August, having prepared, was able to meet the Government's offer to Britain of a force of 20,000 men for overseas service.

He became Chief of Staff of the 1st Australian Division, AIF, had the first contingent in Egypt by December 1914 and planned the landing at Gallipoli. He was promoted to brigadier general in October 1915, and planned and supervised the evacuation of Anzac. Back in Egypt he was largely responsible for overseeing the AIF's expansion and he went to France as Brigadier General, General Staff, AIF.

Although the AIF was commanded by the British general William Birdwood, White has been credited as being the driving force behind its operation on the Western Front. In January 1917 he was promoted to temporary major general. That July he rejected an offer to command the Australian Corps and remained a member of Birdwood's staff. The following June, White followed Birdwood, now appointed to command the British 5th Army, and became Major General, General Staff, 5th Army.

In November 1918 White was promoted to temporary lieutenant general and made Chief of Staff, having briefly presided over the Demobilisation and Repatriation Branch. He returned to Australia in June 1919 and worked on the future organisation of the AMF. He retired in 1923 and was appointed Chairman of the Commonwealth Public Service Board, becoming responsible for overseeing the transfer of departments from Melbourne to Canberra. Upon retiring in 1928, he continued to serve on a number of business and charitable boards, including the Board of the Australian War Memorial.

In 1940 he was recalled to become Chief of the General Staff, but his tenure was short-lived. On 13 August 1940, White was killed in an aircraft crash near Canberra airport.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: General
  • Date of Death: 13 August 1940
  • Unit: Chief of the General Staff (HQ & HQ Units)

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Unit: 1st Battalion, Australian Commonwealth Horse
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 21 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Headquarters 5th Army
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: Royal Australian Garrison Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: Royal Australian Garrison Artillery 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Headquarters 5th Army
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Headquarters Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: RAust Garr Art
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Portuguese Grand Officer of the Military Order of Avis

  • Unit: Australian Imperial Force
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: II Anzac Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: I Anzac Corps
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: Australian Imperial Force
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Australian Field Artillery
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: RAust Garr Art
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: BGGS Anzac
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, Second Class

  • Unit: Australian Imperial Force
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Montenegrin Medal for Merit, Gold

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

A00867

The original 1st Divisional Headquarters. General Bridges' dugout (centre) can be seen with 'GOC' posted over it. The shelter to the right was used by the general staff as an office. Inside the mess shelter on the left, Colonel CBB White was hit by a spent bullet and Major J Gellibrand was...

A00867

A00877

An informal portrait of Colonel CBB White, DSO, who at the time was GSO No 1, 1st Australian Division, sitting at a table in his dugout reading a paper and smoking his pipe.

A00877

C01815

Lieutenant Colonel Cyril Brudenell Bingham White works at a table at the entrance to his dugout. White served in the Boer War with the 1st Australian Commonwealth Horse; after that he spent two years at the British Staff College for officers in Camberley near London, the first Australian to win a...

C01815

G01329

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. August 1915. Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) C. B. B. White and Lt Col N. R. Howse VC, outside the 1st Divisional Headquarters, White Gully.

G01329

G01620

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres in Sahara Desert. Getting out the Operation Order. Second stage - the artillery order already being drawn up (on right) by O.C. Artillery (Colonel (Col) J. J. T. Hobbs and Major S.M. Anderson). General Bridges and Col White drawing up...

G01620

P01138.001

SYDNEY, NSW. 1908-1909. GROUP PORTRAIT OF SENIOR MILITARY PERSONNEL. LEFT TO RIGHT: BACK ROW: BRIGADE MAJOR J. PATRICK MCGLINN, WARRANT OFFICER COSTELLO, CAPTAIN (CAPT) W. J. SMITH, UNKNOWN, CAPT C. B. BRUDENELL WHITE, CAPT F. B. HERITAGE, CAPT ALEXANDER HORE-RUTHVEN VC (AIDE-DE-CAMP TO THE...

P01138.001

001110

Portrait of General Sir Cyril Brudenell Bingham White KCB KCMG KCVO DSO. General White served with distinction during the First World War in Egypt, Gallipoli and France and was regarded as a most effective staff officer in his various senior appointments. He subsequently served as Chief of the...

001110

001594

1940-05-15. GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL WHITE C.G.S. INSPECTING ANTI AIRCRAFT GUN.

001594

002590

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL WHITE (CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF), LIEUTENANT...

002590

002591

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL WHITE (CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF), LIEUTENANT...

002591

002592

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL WHITE (CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF), LIEUTENANT...

002592

002593

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD WITH THE SHRINE OF REMEMBRANCE IN THE BACKGROUND. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL...

002593

002594

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL ARRIVING AT ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. A FLAG DRAPED COFFIN IS BEING CARRIED TOWARDS THE CATHEDRAL ENTRANCE. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY),...

002594

002595

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PREPARING TO LEAVE ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. TWO FLAG DRAPED COFFINS ARE BEING CARRIED FROM THE CATHEDRAL. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY),...

002595

002596

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL ARRIVING AT ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. TWO FLAG DRAPED COFFINS ARE BEING CARRIED INTO THE CATHEDRAL. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL...

002596

002597

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD AFTER COMPLETION OF THE FUNERAL SERVICE AT ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. THE PROCESSION IS APPROACHING PRINCES BRIDGE. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER...

002597

002598

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL FORMING UP AFTER THE SERVICE AT ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. TWO FLAG DRAPED COFFINS ARE BEING CARRIED FROM THE CATHEDRAL. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR...

002598

002599

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL PASSING ALONG ST KILDA ROAD BOUND FOR THE CEMETERY FOLLOWING A SERVICE AT ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE ARMY), GENERAL...

002599

002600

1940-08-15. STATE FUNERAL FORMING UP FOR A PROCESSION TO ST PAULS CATHEDRAL. A COFFIN IS ON A CARRIAGE BEING TOWED BY A MOTOR VEHICLE. THE FUNERAL WAS FOR EIGHT PEOPLE KILLED IN THE CRASH OF A RAAF LOCKHEED HUDSON AT CANBERRA. THE EIGHT PEOPLE CONCERNED WERE BRIGADIER G.A. STREET (MINISTER FOR THE...

002600

E00559

Informal portrait of Brigadier General C B B White, of 1st Anzac Corps Headquarters, in his office, at the Chateau of Henencourt.

E00559

A03083

Group portrait of senior officers of the Australian Imperial Force at Victoria Barracks. Identified from left to right in back row: to the front is Brigadier General (Brig Gen) Herbert William Lloyd (later Major General (Maj Gen)); to the back is Brig Gen Thomas Albert Blamey (later Field Marshal);...

A03083

Art

General William Bridges and his staff watching the manoeuvres of the 1st Australian Division in the desert in Egypt, March 1915

Depicts a group portrait of officers of the Australian Imperial Force, 1st Australian Division in the desert in 1916, some standing and some seated at tables. Standing l-r: Colonel N R Howse VC, Colonel J J Hobbs, Colonel W G Patterson, Colonel J McCay, Colonel E G Sinclair-MacLagan DSO, seated...

ART09425

Film

[Departure of AIF troops from Melbourne]

Filmed by one of Australia's premier cinematographers, Damien Parer, this unedited film in two parts shows the departure of 6th Division troops from Melbourne beginning in 1939. note that audio is extant only for last two or so minutes of the sequence. Part 'A': Filmed 16 December 1939, the advance...

F01001

Private Record

Verney, Guy (Dr)

Research papers of Dr. Guy Verney used in compiling his 1982 thesis "The Army High Command and Australia's defence policy, 1901-1998." Includes originals and copies of correspondence, reports and diary entries relating to General Sir Brudenell White, Sir Ronald Munro, A W Jose, Field Marshall Sir... Maker: Verney, Guy

PR85/083

White, Sir Cyril Brudenell Bingham KCB, KCMG, KCVO, DSO, (General, b.1876 - d.1940)

Collection of personal and official papers of Brudenell White spanning his military career from pre-federation times, through the Boer War, First World War, the inter war period and until his untimely death during the early stages of the Second World War. Includes copies of diaries from 1895-1940;... Maker: White, Cyril Brudenell Bingham

3DRL/1400

Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey' (Brigadier); CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD

Collection relating to Brigadier Harold Edward 'Pompey' Elliott, CB CMG, DSO, DCM, VD, 1901-1968. It comprises a range of papers documenting his military service in South Africa, 1900-1901; service during the First World War as commanding officer of 7 Battalion and 15 Brigade; and post war career... Maker: Elliott, Harold Edward 'Pompey'

2DRL/0513

Digitised Collection

Series 1: Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s Personal Diaries, 1915-1920

Six handwritten diaries compiled by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood spanning 1915 - 1920. The diaries commence on 1 January 1915 and cover the period before the landing at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915. Daily entries record events at Gallipoli including the landing, the armistice in May, Lord...

RCDIG0000001

Personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood, 1 January – 31 December 1918

At the beginning of this personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood are recorded several names and addresses as well as a list of London Gazette references. The diary entries commence on 1 January 1918. Some of the personalities mentioned in these diary entries include Rawlinson, Hobbs,...

RCDIG0000008

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1918

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1918 diary. These items include name cards, newspaper clippings and official messages. The contents of this file includes: Newspaper clipping titled 'Hope for British...

RCDIG0000009

Personal Files Book 11, 1 December - 25 December 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 1 December 1915 to 25 December 1915 and includes documents relating to the preparations for and eventual evacuation of Gallipoli as well as...

RCDIG0000606

Personal Files Book 12, 1 March - 29 April 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 1 March 1916 to 29 April 1916 and includes documents relating to troop training, specifically on machine guns and grenades, a booklet...

RCDIG0000610

Personal Files Book 13, 1 June - 1 July 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 1 June 1916 and 1 July 1916 and includes a number of documents relating to the movement of 4th Brigade to France. This includes Ship's...

RCDIG0000613

Personal Files Book 14, 1 December 1916 - 10 February 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 1 December 1916 to 10 February 1917 and includes an extensive report on weather patterns in France, a circular on rationing of stores,...

RCDIG0000617

Personal Files Book 17, 1 November 1917 - 13 January 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 1 November 1917 to 13 January 1918 and includes orders, operation documents and plans relating to the third phase of fighting at Ypres. It...

RCDIG0000625

Personal Files Book 17, 11 February - 18 March 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 11 February 1918 to 18 March 1918 and includes documents relating to a number of raids carried out in February and March. In particular, it...

RCDIG0000627

Personal Files Book 18, 28 March - 20 April 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 28 March 1918 to 20 April 1918 and includes correspondence regarding the defensive action at Morlancourt, statements supporting Sergeant...

RCDIG0000628

Personal Files Book 18, 21 April - 8 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 21 April 1918 to 8 May 1918 and includes an account of the death of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (the Red Baron) drawn from eyewitness...

RCDIG0000629

Personal Files Book 18, 8 May - 25 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 8 May 1918 to 25 May 1918 and includes correspondence regarding damage to civilian property in France by Australian personnel, a translated...

RCDIG0000630

Personal Files Book 19, 4 June - 24 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 19, covers 4 June 1918 to 24 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ongoing assessment of the Australian Corps and plans for the Hamel...

RCDIG0000632

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Technology

Component of aircraft instrumentation : RAAF Lockheed Hudson A16-97

A rotor (flywheel) from an unknown gyroscopic instrument such as the directional gyo, artificial horizon or auto-pilot from the instrumentation of RAAF Lockheed Hudson A16-97.

REL24329

Car number plate : General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Rectangular black steel number plate with 'VIC' down the side in enamelled white lettering and '42' across the front. Each side has a reinforced hole for attachment to the car.

REL31503

Heraldry

Four large and one small Victorian Permanent Artillery buttons : Lieutenant C B B White, Victorian Permanent Artillery

Set of four large and one small brass Victorian Permanent Artillery buttons featuring the artillery insignia of a cannon and rammer pointing to the left. The reverse of each has a shank around which is impressed, 'FIRMIN & SONS LD LONDON'.

REL32564

Pair of Small Royal Australian Artillery Buttons : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Pair of small brass Royal Australian Artillery buttons featuring the artillery insignia of a cannon and rammer pointing to the left, surmounted by a King's crown. The reverse has a shank around which is impressed, 'FIRMIN & SONS'.

REL32565

Four Royal Australian Artillery Buttons : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Four brass Royal Australian Artillery buttons featuring the artillery insignia of a cannon and rammer pointing to the left, surmounted by a King's crown. The reverse has a shank around which is impressed 'JENNENS & CO LONDON'

REL32566

Five Royal Australian Artillery Ball Buttons : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Five brass Royal Australian Artillery ball buttons featuring the artillery insignia of a cannon and rammer pointing to the left, surmounted by a King's crown. The reverse has a shank around which is impressed 'JENNENS & CO LONDON'.

REL32567

Pair of Royal Australian Artillery collar badges : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Pair of brass Royal Australian Artillery collar badges, each featuring a voided 'RAA' above scrolls with the words, 'CONSENSU STABLILES' [By public opinion unwavering] and surmounted by a King's crown. The reverse has two shanks and a split pin.

REL32568

Binocular case : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Curved brown leather case for binoculars. The lid is attached to the case with a strip of leather at the back and is stamped on the top below a small leather handle 'LIEUT.C.B.B.WHITE'. The case fastens at the front with a strap and leather covered buckle. On either side of the case is a loop...

REL29675

Pair of saddle wallets : Lieutenant C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Pair standard issue brown leather, officer's saddle wallets. Wallets have adjustable stud fastenings and flaps lined with brown checked waterprooof fabric. The linking strap has slit in leather and a short buckle and strap for attachment to the pommel of the saddle. The underside of the linking...

REL29676

Souvenir pencil from Princess Mary gift tin : Lieutenant Colonel C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Pencil from Princess Mary's Gift Tin. Brass .303 cartridge case inscribed with Princess Mary's monogram. In the top of the case sits a small graphite pencil with a sterling silver 'bullet' base.

REL29677

Matchbox holder from HMS Renown : Lieutenant General Sir Brudenell White

Brass matchbox holder containing an empty box of 'THREE STARS SAFETY MATCHES'. An enamelled ship's crest is attached to the top of the holder. It shows a wreath, surmounted by a crown, surrounding a flaming torch. The tip of the torch is enamelled in red. Underneath the wreath is a blue enamelled...

REL29678

Canvas folding chair seat : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

An improvised folding chair back or seat which has been cut from a larger piece of thin canvas and crudely sewn with hems and foldovers to create pockets for the seat to slot into. The longer base has had two lengths of leather sewn to it, one fitted with a black painted buckle and the other with...

REL29680

Folding chair canvas back : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Backing for a canvas folding chair, consisting of a sheet of faded and heavily stained green canvas 34.5 cm high by 41.5 cm wide, hemmed top and bottom, and tacked to two 58.4 cm high wooden seat uprights by nine brass tacks either side. Two flat, black painted steel bars, hinged together...

REL29681

Royal Australian Artillery collar badge : Lieutenant C B B White, RAA

Padded Royal Australian Artillery collar badge in the shape of a flaming grenade, embroidered in gold bullion thread.

REL29683

Top for collapsible table : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Top for collapsible camp table. The table top is made up of twenty 800 mm long wooden slats, covered by a sheet of heavy khaki canvas, which is attached to the two outermost slats by a row of tacks. On the underside are three equally spaced leather straps, which run across the slats, and are...

REL29684.001

Legs for collapsible table : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Folding set of four sided legs for collapsible camp table. The legs are made up of diagonal wooden struts with pivoting metal braces at their centres, each side forming an 'X' shape. The four sides are joined at top and bottom by metal brackets, and there are a pair of metal struts across the...

REL29684.002

Medallion featuring Major General Sir C B B White

Circular bronze medallion in blue, velvet and silk lined presentation box. The medallion features the profile, in low relief, of Cyril Brudenell Bingham White and is inscribed on the outer edge in raised lettering 'MAJOR GENERAL SIR BRUDENELL WHITE K.C.M.G. K.C.V.O. C.B. D.S.O.'. This dates the...

REL29685

Box of "Eddystone" Torch matches : Lieutenant General Sir Brudenell White

Complete cardboard box of large matches. The front of the box has a red abrasive strip across the middle for lighting the matches and in red writing reads 'The "EDDYSTONE" Torch TEN SURE LIGHTS.' The back of the box has maker's details and the promise that 'This Torch will burn for fifteen or...

REL29686

Leather coin purse : Lieutenant General C B B White, Australian Imperial Force

Brown leather purse with two pockets. The front pocket has a flap closed by a plastic covered stud. The front of the purse is impressed 'THE "CARNTAKE" PURSE'. A metal pin is threaded through a leather loop at the top of the purse. Inside is a small scrap of paper with the handwritten note 'This...

REL29687

Box for 1914-15 Star : Lieutenant General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Small cardboard box in two sections, the lid and base. Each section has been flattened with the corners torn. The front of the lid has a piece of paper attached typed with 'Of.Dtls/1A Lieut.Col, C.B.B. White, 1/Div.HQ, A.I.F. 6002/MD 3'. On the inside of the lid written in pencil are the words...

REL29688

Signature stamp : Lieutenant General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Signature stamp made of a rounded black painted handle attached to a red varnished piece of wood. The handle is designed to be joined to a black foam rubber pad with the signiature block attached. The signature block, and another casting, are made of metal and both read 'C B B White'.

REL29689

Monacle and case : Lieutenant General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Black leather kidney shaped case open at one end for the monacle to be inserted. The case is embossed in faded gold lettering with the maker's details. The monacle is a round glass within polished brass frame. A long thin black cotton string is attached to the side.

REL29690

Small engraved shield : Major C B B White, Australian Military Forces

Small thin silver shield with Chester hall marks for 1910 at the top and the remains of a fastening on the back. The front of the shield has been scratched with 'C B B W/1911'. The shield may once have been part of a presentation trophy.

REL29692

Hand cut 'Australia' shoulder title : Lieutenant C B B White, 1 Commonwealth Horse

Unofficial hand-cut curved brass shoulder title with the voided word 'AUSTRALIA'. Some solder remains where the lugs were attached.

REL29693

Burnt and corroded uniform insignia : General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of the General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Collection of insignia consisting of one 'Australia' brass shoulder title; two large brass 'Australian Military Forces' (AMF) buttons; two small brass AMF buttons; two large and one small brass rank pips; three crowns (one still retaining a vestige of red velvet); and two crossed sword and baton...

REL29696

Collection of badges : General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Collection of six gilded brass badges for the rank of General. They consist of two King's crowns, two officer's pips, two crossed sword and batons and two George V cypher badges.

RELAWM14051

Top for collapsible table : Captain C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Top for collapsible camp table. The table top is made up of thirteen 625 mm long wooden slats. On the underside, at the outer edges, are a pair of leather straps, which run across the slats, and are screwed to them. On the central slat are the broken remains of a leather buckled strap, intended to...

RELAWM14052.001

Legs for collapsible table : Captain C B B White, Royal Australian Artillery

Folding set of legs for collapsible camp table. The legs are made up of two sets of crossed black-painted wooden struts, pivoting at their centres. The two are joined by pivoting 'X' shaped metal brackets, and there are a pair of metal struts across legs to lock them open. The top of each leg has a...

RELAWM14052.002

Stationery trunk : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Black steel trunk with hinged lid. The trunk is painted black and has two handles soldered to the sides and a lock at the front. Each bottom corner is reinforced with a steel bracket and three strips of steel are welded across the top of the lid and the base for extra strength. On top of the lid in...

REL29697

Turkish identity tag and page from Koran : Brigadier General C B B White, Headquarters, Anzac Corps, AIF

Handmade leather Turkish identity tag, possibly cut from a boot - there is a metal eyelet at the apex of the tag, through which a length of red cord has been tied. The smooth side of the leather has the wearer's details written in blue ink. The number 4 has been written on the reverse in pencil....

REL29694

'PH' Gas Helmet bag : Brigadier General C B B White, I Anzac Corps, AIF

Khaki cotton satchel to hold the 'PH' gas helmet. The satchel has a 90 cm shoulder strap, adjustable for length by a series of three black plastic buttons. The bag itself has two compartments, one in front of the other, and is closed by an overlapping flap with two button holes.

REL29679

Winter service dress tunic : General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Officer's khaki wool gabardine winter service dress tunic lined with brown polished cotton. There are two pleated breast pockets with triple pointed flaps and two large expanding pockets, with plain flaps, below the waist. The sleeves have pointed cuffs. There is a centre back vent extending the...

REL29682

Watch : Lieutenant General C B B White, Australian Imperial Force

Round silver watch with a white dial and smaller second hand dial at the bottom. All the numbers are black, except for the '12' which is in red. The hands are made of blue metal. The brown leather has a metal buckle. It widens in the middle to cover the back of the watch.

REL29691

Wingspar fragment from Manfred von Richthofen's Fokker DR1 : Major General C B B White, Australian Imperial Force

Small rectangular piece of plywood which has been painted black on one side and which displays evidence of having been glued on the other side. There are two lines of dried glue running across the piece, 7 cm apart, plus three nail holes. The black paint is semi matt in finish and has been applied...

REL29695

Cased Photograph of White family : Lieutenant Colonel C B B White, Chief of Staff, AIF

Black leather case contains a hand-coloured photograph of Lieutenant Colonel White's wife, Ethel and three children, Margaret, Jim and Pat. The case closes with a brass clasp, is lined with green grosgain cotton and contains a leather fold-out panel, in which the photograph is housed behind...

REL32569.001

Leather pocket for photograph of White family : Lieutenant Colonel C B B White, Chief of Staff, AIF

Fine leather pocket made by Ethel White from a glove. The pocket closes with a button-down flap, inside which is marked, '6 1/2, E 223, MADE IN FRANCE, MEDAILLE D'OR 1849, JOUVIN & CIE, MEDAILLE D'OR 1898, [illegible]'. Also marked in pen is ' CBB WHITE OCT 1914'.

REL32569.002

Vest light : Lieutenant Colonel C B B White, Chief of Staff, AIF

This leatherette battery-operated vest light has chrome-plated metal end caps, a walleye lens and a push-button operating switch. The initials 'C.B.B.W.' and a year [illegible] are stamped in gold lettering on one side. Glued to the casing is a white paper label upon which is handwritten in black...

REL32570

Hip flask and cover : Lieutenant Colonel C B B White, Chief of Staff, AIF

A leather-bound glass hip flask with a removable Electro-Plated Nickel Silver cup base and featuring a domed bayonet cap impressed with the maker's mark, 'JD&S' and maker's trademark trumpet and pennant at the collar. The cup base is engraved 'BRUDENELL WHITE RAA' in script and impressed on the...

REL32571

Khaki service dress tunic : Major General C B B White

Khaki barathea wool tunic with reefer style collar decorated with scarlet superfine gorget patches on the back lapels. Each gorget patch has silver bullion oak leaf embroidery and a single small gilt General Staff button. Khaki shoulder straps have gilt crossed baton and sword insignia and star for...

REL/00112

Pair of officer's tan knee boots : Brigadier General C B B White

Pair of private purchase brown leather knee or field boots with leather soles. The top of each boot is fitted with an external leather loop and two white internal cloth loops for pulling the boot on. There are nine pairs of metal lace eyelets and the soles have been fitted with rubber cleats...

RELAWM14035.001

Pair of officer's brown knee boots : Brigadier General C B B White

Pair of private purchase brown leather knee or field boots with leather soles. The top of each boot is fitted an external leather loop and two white internal cloth loops for pulling the boot on. The leather loop on the proper left boot has a 40 cm long leather strap and buckle fed through for...

RELAWM14035.002

Officers' mounted service breeches : General Sir Brudenell White, Chief of General Staff, Australian Military Forces

Officers' custom made Bedford cord breeches, strapped at the knees with suede for mounted service. The breeches have a five-button concealed fly, with a larger button at the waist. There are six further buttons located around the outside of the waistband for the attachment of braces. Below the...

RELAWM14038

'British Warm' Overcoat : Major General C B B White, Australian Imperial Force

Khaki woollen double-breasted overcoat of the type known as a 'British Warm'. The coat is knee length, and has a single vent at the rear. Closure is by six plaited leather buttons, arranged in two rows of three. There is a small open pocket on the left breast and a pocket at each hip with an...

RELAWM14050

Timeline

Date of birth 1876-09-23 St Arnaud
Date commissioned 1897 Commissioned into the 2nd Queensland Regiment.
Other 1898 Passed an exam for a commission in the Permanent Military Forces, in the Queensland Artillery.
Date commissioned 1899-06 Was commissioned into the Queensland Regiment of the Royal Australian Artillery.
Other units 1902-02 Served in the Boer War as a junior officer with the Commonwealth Light Horse.
Date returned to Australia 1902-07
Other 1904 Appointed Aide de Camp to Major General Hutton, the general officer commanding the AMF.
Other units 1906 - 1907 Attended the British Staff College at Camberley, England. Was the first AMF officer to attend the college.
Date promoted 1908 Promoted to captain after he returned to Australia, and posted to the staff of the Chief of Intelligence.
Other units 1908 - 1911 Returned to England on an exchange posting to the War Office.
Other 1911 Recalled to become the Director of Military Operations, with the rank of major.
Other 1914-07 Acting Chief of General Staff, AIF.
Other 1914-08 Chief of staff of the 1st Australian Division, AIF, with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-21
Date of honour or award 1915-06-03 Created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) in recognition of his service assisting with the plans for the landing at Gallipoli.
Date promoted 1915-10 Promoted to brigadier general.
Date of honour or award 1916-03-14 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-10
Date promoted 1917-01-01 Promoted to temporary major general.
Date of honour or award 1917-03-09 Montenegrin Medal for Merit - Gold.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-03-21
Other 1917-07 Rejected an offer to command the Australian corps
Date of honour or award 1918-01-01 Companion of the Order of St Michael and St John (CMG).
Other units 1918-05-31 Appointed major general General Staff of 5th British Army.
Date of honour or award 1918-07-12 Belgian Croix de Guerre.
Date promoted 1918-11-30 Promoted to temporary lieutenant general.
Date of honour or award 1919-01-01 Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG).
Date returned to Australia 1919-07
Date of honour or award 1919-08-21 Portuguese Military Order of the Avis - Grand Officer.
Other 1920-01 Appointed to the committee to examine the future structure of the Army.
Date promoted 1920-02 Promoted to the substantive rank of major general, back dated to 1 January 1919.
Other 1920-06-01 - 1923-06-01 Appointed Chief of General Staff, AIF.
Date of honour or award 1920-10-15 Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).
Date of honour or award 1921-01-21 Japanese Order of the Rising Sun - 2nd Class.
Date of honour or award 1921-02-03 French Croix de Guerre.
Other 1923 Resigned from the Army to become the first Chairman of the Public Service Board.
Date of discharge 1923-06-01 White resigned from the Army to become the first Chairman of the Public Service Board.
Date of honour or award 1927-07-08 Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
Other 1928 Retired from position as first Chairman of the Public Service Board.
Other 1940-03-15 Recalled to active duty and enlisted in the 2nd AIF. White was promoted to full general and reappointed as Chief of the General Staff.
Date of death 1940-08-13 Killed in a plane crash near Canberra airport.