Biography

Birth date: 28 July 1911
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Lewisham
Death date: 05 August 1994
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Final rank: Group Captain
Service number: 402107 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • 1 Wing RAAF
  • No. 250 Squadron (RAF)

Clive Caldwell was born in Sydney on 28 July 1911. He began his flying career in 1938 when he joined the Aero Club of New South Wales. Nevertheless, by the time the Second World War began he had logged only 11 hours of solo flying. He was 29 years old when he joined the Empire Air Training Scheme, completing the entire course in Australia and graduating as a pilot in January 1941.

Caldwell was sent to the Middle East, posted to No. 250 Squadron, RAF. The squadron flew Tomahawks and in late June Caldwell scored his first victory, against a BF 109. After that his score rose quickly and he became known for practicing gunnery against the shadow of his own aircraft over the desert.

When his score had reached 18 enemy aircraft, Caldwell was transferred to No. 112 Squadron, RAF as commanding officer. By the time he joined them, the squadron was equipped with Kittyhawks; and not long after the squadron began to convert to a fighter-bomber role. But before the conversion was complete, Caldwell was on his way to Australia. With Japan having entered the war, experienced airmen were needed at home. Before he left, Caldwell - who had served with many Polish airmen in RAF squadrons - was awarded the Polish Cross of Valour.

Caldwell was made Wing Leader of No. 1 Fighter Wing, which comprised three Spitfire squadrons. There he emphasised the importance of gunnery. The wing flew operations over northern Australia and was involved in the defence of Darwin. By June 1942 he was a group captain in command of No. 1 Fighter Wing; in August, having raised his tally to 28.5, he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and appointed Chief Flying Instructor at an operational training unit.

In May 1944 Caldwell returned to an operational posting, being appointed Wing Leader of No. 80 Fighter Wing. The unit was based in Morotai but was employed in a ground-attack rather than a fighter role. For Caldwell and other fighter pilots, this meant the chance to increase his score had passed. By the end of 1944, having been left out of the main battle, RAAF pilots in the Pacific were aggrieved at having to fly dangerous - but in their eyes - unimportant operations against heavily defended ground targets. With nothing having been done to meet the pilots' concerns, Caldwell and other senior officers resigned in protest. An investigation resulted in two senior officers being relieved of their appointments. Caldwell and the other officers that had resigned were cleared and each was reinstated.

After the war Caldwell went into business. His effectiveness as a fighter pilot had earned him the nickname "Killer". Though the name stuck, it brought him no pleasure. Caldwell was the highest scoring RAAF pilot of the Second World War. He died on 5 August 1994 and was cremated.

Rolls and Awards

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Flying Cross

  • Unit: No. 250 Squadron (RAF)
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Bar to Distinguished Flying Cross

  • Unit: No. 250 Squadron (RAF)
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 1 Wing RAAF
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Polish Cross of Valour

  • Unit: No. 250 Squadron (RAF)
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Photograph

014485

DARWIN, NT. 1943-03-24. ACE FIGHTER PILOT WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL DFC WITH WARRANT OFFICER CORNISH AND SQUADRON LEADER GALVIN. CALDWELL LEADS AN RAAF SPITFIRE SQUADRON AT DARWIN.

014485

015291

1943-07-28. NORTHERN AUSTRALIA. WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, ONE OF AUSTRALIA'S BEST KNOWN AIR ACES.

015291

015294

1943-07-28. NORTHERN AUSTRALIA. WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, ONE OF AUSTRALIA'S BEST KNOWN AIR ACES.

015294

015507

DARWIN, NT. 1943-08-11. AN RAF SPITFIRE SQUADRON IN NORTHERN AUSTRALIA WELCOMES NEW MEMBERS TO THE MESS. LEFT TO RIGHT: P/O. B. MAHONEY RAF, FLT/LIEUT. J. THOMPSON RAF, W/CDR CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, RAAF SQUADRON LEADER, C.E. WOODMAN (RAAF) AND SQUADRON LEADER. J.A. CAMPBELL RAAF.

015507

015846

1943-09-28. NORTHERN AUSTRALIA. ACE AIRMEN KEEP THEIR EYE IN WITH CLAY PIGEON SHOOTING. WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL LETS FLY AT THE TARGET.

015846

015849

1943-09-28. NORTHERN AUSTRALIA. ACE AIRMAN WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL IS A FINE PISTOL SHOT. HE IS PICTURED GETTING SOME PRACTICE IN A NORTH AUSTRALIAN AREA.

015849

011943

WESTERN DESERT. 1942-01. SQUADRON LEADER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL OF SYDNEY, NSW. HE IS AT PRESENT LEADER OF THE FAMOUS "SHARK" SQUADRON NO. 112 RAF. WITH HIM IS FLIGHT LIEUTENANT P. M. HUMPHRIES, AN ENGLISHMAN.

011943

011944

Squadron Leader Clive “Killer” Caldwell and pilots of the “Shark” Squadron R.A.F. Fighter Unit in the Western Desert standing beside the nose of the aircraft.

011944

011946

WESTERN DESERT. 1942-01. SQUADRON LEADER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, HOLDER OF THE DFC AND BAR, AWARDED SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR OPERATIONS AGAINST ENEMY AIRCRAFT.

011946

044996

GROUP CAPTAIN CLIVE R. (KILLER) CALDWELL, DSO, DFC AND BAR, POLISH CROSS OF VALOUR, LEADING RAAF FIGHTER ACE OF WORLD WAR 2 WITH 28.5 AIRCRAFT DESTROYED. THIS PHOTOGRAPH WAS TAKEN WHEN HE WAS A WING COMMANDER WEARING HIS DFC AND BAR.

044996

054815

NOONAMAR, NT, 1943-07-30. DISCUSSING THE NEXT BOUT AT THE NO. 14 LINES OF COMMUNICATION SUB AREA BOXING TOURNAMENT, ARE: 402107 WING COMMANDER C. R. (KILLER) CALDWELL DFC (1); 117379 FLYING OFFICER K. S. NETTHEIM, TIMEKEEPER (2); NX70177 CAPTAIN A. H. SARGENT, JUDGE (3); PADRE FLIGHT LIEUTENANT A....

054815

MED0177

Portrait of Flight Lieutenant Clive Caldwell RAAF of Sydney, NSW, a member of No. 250 (Tomahawk) Squadron RAF. When leading No. 250 Squadron in the area of El Adem on 5 December 1941, Caldwell engaged a formation of forty Junkers Ju-87 Stuka dive bombers and in the ensuing air battle created the...

MED0177

NWA0261

Strauss, NT. 25 April 1943. Informal outdoors portrait of Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell of Illabo, NSW, Commanding Officer of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF, who has a brilliant service record in the Middle East, Britain and now in the NT. His combat record includes twenty four and a...

NWA0261

NWA0262

Strauss, NT. 25 April 1943. Group portrait of pilots of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF in front of one of the Squadron's aircraft. Left to right: Back row: 404491 Flying Officer (FO) J. P. Adams of Qld; 402675 FO Williams; 403070 Flight Sergeant McDowell of NSW; Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer)...

NWA0262

NWA0347

Strauss, NT. c. June 1943. Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell, Wing Leader of No. 1 (Fighter) Wing RAAF comprising No. 452 and 457 Squadrons (RAAF) and No. 54 Squadron RAF, seated on the wing of his Spitfire aircraft CR-C, smoking a pipe.

NWA0347

NWA0349

Strauss, NT. c. June 1943. Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell, Wing Leader of No. 1 (Fighter) Wing RAAF comprising No. 452 and 457 Squadrons (RAAF) and No. 54 Squadron RAF, seated on the wing of his Spitfire aircraft which has painted on it the letters "CR-C".

NWA0349

NWA0403

Strauss, NT. c. June 1943. Squadron Leader H. S. McDonald (left) and Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell DFC and Bar, Commanding Officer of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF, relaxing near their tent.

NWA0403

NWA0404

Strauss, NT. c. June 1943. Pilots of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF relax in their recreation tent. Left to right: Sergeant W. M. (Bill) Coombes of NSW; Flight Sergeant (Flt Sgt) Frank Turnbull of NSW; Squadron Leader H. S. MacDonald of Qld, Commander; Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell...

NWA0404

NWA0429

Strauss, NT. 1943. Air Commodore F. M. Bladin, Air Officer Commanding North-Western Area RAAF (left), Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell, Commanding Officer No. 1 (Fighter) Wing RAAF (centre), and a pilot of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF near tent lines at the base.

NWA0429

NWA0458

Strauss, NT. c. 1943. Portrait of Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell DFC, Commanding Officer of No. 1 (Fighter Wing), wearing an issue fur felt hat.

NWA0458

NWA0483

Strauss, NT. c. 1943. Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell DFC (left), Commanding Officer of No. 1 (Fighter) Wing RAAF, Wing Commander W. G. Leer DFC (centre) and another officer relax with a beer in the No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF Officers Mess.

NWA0483

NWA0576

Strauss, NT. c. July 1944. Wing Commander Clive R. (Killer) Caldwell (centre), Commanding Officer of No. 1 (Fighter) Wing RAAF, and Squadron Leader Spence of Brisbane, Qld, Commanding Officer of No. 452 (Spitfire) Squadron RAAF (right) entertain Dr Thomas Wood, author of the book "Cobbers" (left),...

NWA0576

NWA0648

Darwin area, NT. 1944-10. Wing Commander Clive (Killer) Caldwell of Illabo, NSW, inspects the rifle of one of the RAAF trainee guards at a North-West Area station.

NWA0648

NWA0649

Darwin area, NT. 1944-10. Wing Commander Clive (Killer) Caldwell of Illabo, NSW, inspecting a RAAF Guard of Honour at a North-West Area Station.

NWA0649

NWA0650

Darwin area, NT. 1944-10. Wing Commander Clive (Killer) Caldwell of Illabo, NSW, looks down the barrel of a rifle held by a RAAF infantry trainee guard, checking its cleaning.

NWA0650

P00323.001

German Luftwaffe pilot Erbo Graf Von Kageneck, holder of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, standing in front of his Messerschmitt Bf 109 E whilst being assisted by two ground crew personnel. Von Kageneck, responsible for the destruction of 69 allied aircraft, was later shot down...

P00323.001

P00610.001

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE FIRST IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR 'DINAH', BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL).

P00610.001

P00610.002

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE SECOND IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR 'DINAH', BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL).

P00610.002

P00610.003

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE THIRD IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR 'DINAH', BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL).

P00610.003

P00610.004

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE FOURTH IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR 'DINAH', BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL).

P00610.004

P00610.005

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE FIFTH IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR 'DINAH', BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL).

P00610.005

P00610.006

DARWIN AREA, 1943-08-17. THE LAST IN A SEQUENCE OF SIX PRINT STRIPS DEPICTING THE SHOOTING DOWN OF A JAPANESE AIRCRAFT OR "DINAH", BY CLIVE CALDWELL OF NO 1 FIGHTER WING, NORTH WEST AREA (NWA) DARWIN. (DONOR: C. CALDWELL.)

P00610.006

P01734.001

NT. 1943. PORTRAIT OF WING COMMANDER CLIVE `KILLER' CALDWELL DFC, NO. 452 SQUADRON RAAF, IN THE COCKPIT OF AN AIRCRAFT. (ORIGINAL HOUSED IN AWM ARCHIVE STORE) (DONOR M. HERIOT)

P01734.001

P01734.004

DARWIN, NT. 1943-06. GROUP PORTRAIT AT LANGOAN AIRFIELD. LEFT TO RIGHT: FLYING OFFICER ERN BAKER (ADJUTANT 1 FIGHTER WING), LIEUTENANT MAL COLENSO (ARMY CAMOUFLAGE OFFICER), PILOT OFFICER IAN GOVE (SIGNALS OFFICER 1 FIGHTER WING), FLIGHT LIEUTENANT NORMAN HERIOT, FLYING OFFICER BENNETT (5FS,...

P01734.004

P02056.002

NT. 1943. Portrait of Wing Commander Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell, DFC and bar, DSO, Wing Leader of No. 1 Fighter Wing comprising No. 452 and 457 Squadrons RAAF and No. 54 Squadron RAF, standing with a pipe in front of his Spitfire Mk V aircraft. Caldwell was Australia's leading fighter ace of...

P02056.002

P02056.004

Darwin, NT. 1943. Portrait of Wing Commander Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell, DFC and bar, DSO, Wing Leader of No. 1 Fighter Wing comprising of No. 452 and 457 Squadrons RAAF and No. 54 Squadron RAF, leaning on the propeller blade of his Spitfire Mk V aircraft. Caldwell was Australia's leading...

P02056.004

P02056.005

Richmond, NSW (?). 1942-05. Group portrait, probably of RAAF servicemen from No. 1 Fighter Wing, made up of No. 452 and No. 457 Squadrons RAAF and No 54. Squadron RAF, who passed their proficiency exams. Left to right: Murray Heysman, Angus Duncan, Squadron Leader Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell...

P02056.005

SUK12082

Middle East. C. 1943. Portrait of Wing Commander Clive Caldwell DSO DFC, RAAF.

SUK12082

UK1297

NORTH AFRICA. C. 1942-01. PORTRAIT OF 402107 WING COMMANDER CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL DSO DFC AND BAR, POLISH CROSS OF VALOUR.

UK1297

OG1970

HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLAND EAST INDIES. C. 1945-01-06. GROUP CAPTAIN CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL DSO DFC AND BAR, POLISH CROSS OF VALOUR, THE COMMANDER OF NO. 80 (FIGHTER) WING RAAF, WITH A PET PARROT IN HIS QUARTERS AT MOROTAI FROM WHERE RAAF SPITFIRE AIRCRAFT OPERATED.

OG1970

OG1970A

MOROTAI, HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. C. 1945-01-06. GROUP CAPTAIN CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL DSO DFC AND BAR, POLISH CROSS OF VALOUR, AUSTRALIAN FIGHTER ACE, AND COMMANDER OF NO. 80 (FIGHTER) WING RAAF TOOK HIS PET PARROT TO THE HALMAHERAS WHEN RAAF SPITFIRE AIRCRAFT FLEW THERE TO...

OG1970A

OG1998

Group Captain Clive R. ("Killer") Caldwell DSO DFC, the Officer Commanding, No. 80 (Fighter) Wing RAAF, next to his Supermarine Spitfire Mk VIII aircraft of No. 452 Squadron RAAF on which are depicted his numerous victories against German, Italian and Japanese aircraft.

OG1998

OG2000

MOROTAI, HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. C. 1945-01-23. GROUP CAPTAIN CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, THE AUSTRALIAN FIGHTER PILOT ACE (LEFT), TALKS TO HIS GROUND STAFF LEADING AIRCRAFTMAN (LAC) W. V. FLYNN, WENTWORTH, NSW AND LAC J. MILLER, BRIGHTON, VIC, ON THE FINER POINTS OF THE...

OG2000

OG2001

MOROTAI, HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. C. 1945-01-24. GROUP PORTRAIT OF AUSTRALIAN SPITFIRE PILOTS OPERATING IN THE HALMAHERAS WHO ARE FORTUNATE IN HAVING SUCH AN ACCOMPLISHED MENTOR ON TACTICS AS GROUP CAPTAIN CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL, AUSTRALIAN FIGHTER ACE. HE IS FOURTH FROM LEFT,...

OG2001

OG3380

MOROTAI ISLAND, HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. 1945-01-08. TWO OF THE MOST COLOURFUL PERSONALITIES IN THE RAAF ARE NOW SERVING TOGETHER. AIR COMMODORE A. H. COBBY OBE DSO DFC AND 2 BARS GM OF BRIGHTON, VIC (LEFT), WHO IS NOW AIR OFFICER COMMANDING, FIRST TACTICAL AIR FORCE RAAF, AND...

OG3380

OG3381

MOROTAI ISLAND, HALMAHERA ISLANDS, NETHERLANDS EAST INDIES. 1945-01-08. TWO OF THE MOST COLOURFUL PERSONALITIES IN THE RAAF ARE NOW SERVING TOGETHER. AIR COMMODORE A. H. COBBY OBE DSO DFC AND 2 BARS GM OF BRIGHTON, VIC (LEFT), WHO IS NOW AIR OFFICER COMMANDING, FIRST TACTICAL AIR FORCE RAAF, AND...

OG3381

P02056.001

Livingstone, NT. 1944-12. Group Captain Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell DFC and bar, DSO, No. 80 Fighter Wing RAAF, inspecting his Spitfire Mk VII aircraft, serial no. A58-484. Caldwell was Australia's leading fighter ace for World War 2. This was taken just prior to takeoff for Morotai, Mollucas...

P02056.001

P02056.003

Morotai, New Guinea. 1945. Portrait of Group Captain Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell, DFC and bar, DSO, commanding officer of No. 80 Fighter Wing, in the cockpit of his Spitfire Mk VIIIC aircraft. Note the tally of aircraft shot down painted on the fuselage. Caldwell was Australia's leading...

P02056.003

P02056.006

Morotai, New Guinea. 1945. Portrait of Group Captain Clive (Killer) Robertson Caldwell, DFC and Bar, DSO, No. 80 Fighter Wing RAAF, standing next to his Spitfire Mk VIIIC aircraft. The aircraft has the letters "CR-C" painted on the side. Caldwell was Australia's leading fighter ace in World War 2.

P02056.006

011959

1942-01. WESTERN DESERT. SQUADRON LEADERS OF AN ADVANCED SQUADRON. AMONG THEM ARE TWO AUSTRALIANS, CLIVE "KILLER" CALDWELL (WITH PIPE) AND DIXIE CHAPMAN (LOOKING DOWN) NOW LEADER OF THE FAMOUS NO. 3 SQUADRON RAAF.

011959

P00903.003

Watton, England. An outdoors group portrait of participants in RAF 21 Course at 17 Advanced Flying Unit (17 AFU). Identified: Back row: Unidentified RAF Volunteer Reserve (VR); unidentified RAF VR; unidentified RAF (VR); Sergeant 'Killer' Caldwell RCAF; Sergeant Dave Seton, RCAF; Pilot Officer...

P00903.003

Art

Wing commander Clive Caldwell

Portrait of Wing Commander Clive Robertson 'Killer' Caldwell (402107), DSO, DFC, Commander No 1 Wing, Royal Australian Air Force, depicted wearing the flying suit worn by 'Bluey' Truscott.

ART27852

Clive Caldwell

Portrait of Wing Commander Clive Robertson 'Killer' Caldwell (402107), DSO, DFC, Commander No 1 Wing, Royal Australian Air Force, depicted reclining on a canvas chair in Darwin.

ART27853

Caldwell in the cockpit

Sketch portrait of Wing Commander Clive Robertson 'Killer' Caldwell (402107), DSO, DFC, Commander No 1 Wing, Royal Australian Air Force, seated in the cockpit of a Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft.

ART27858

Clive Caldwell

Portrait of Wing Commander Clive Robertson 'Killer' Caldwell (402107), Royal Australian Air Force.

ART27910

Film

Boys who keep the Spitfires flying

Members of 54 Fighter Squadron RAF at work and play. 54 Squadron arrived in Darwin area in February 1943 (see film F01796). For most of them it was their first time out of England, but they soon settled in and built their own camp in the Australian bush and made pets of the local wild life. Airman...

F01759

1. More Canberra survivors arrive 2. Meet Squadron Leader Clive Caldwell, DFC and Bar 3. Milne bay wounded return 4. Second front vital - says Vladimir Mikheyev 5. Light Horse rides again. (Cinesound News No. 569)

1. (58 sec) Wounded men who survived the sinking of HMAS "Canberra" in the sea battles off the Solomon Islands arrive at an Australian port 2. (44 sec) Young Australian Airman, Squadron Leader Clive Caldwell, returns home with decorations and a wonderful score of enemy planes to his credit - 20...

F00595

Young pilots taught by RAAF Aces

Mute copy of a Movietone News item showing Spitfire pilots and Spitfires taking off and in flight.

F02085

Air power is peace power

Cinesound Review produced to inspire enlistment in the RAAF Includes: Battle of the Bismark Sea. "Black Jack" Walker, "Torchy" Uren, "Bluey" Truscott, "Killer" Caldwell. Biscuit bombers. March past of recruits at Laverton. Electrical fitters. Testing hydralic pump on a Lincoln bomber and Vampire...

F02266

Morotai

A general coverage of move from Noemfoor Island to Morotai and activities on and from Morotai. The item has been part edited with some sub-titles. Several types of aircraft shown both RAAF and USAAF (Beaufighter, Dakota, Spitfire, Catalina). Identified RAAF units are: 61 Works Wing, 452 Squadron,...

F02077

Manuscript

Woodward, Keith (Warrant Officer)

Research papers of 425563 Warrant Officer Keith Woodward who served as a navigator with No. 467 Squadron and No. 463 Squadron, RAAF, during World War 2. Woodward was employed as a journalist and photographer both before and after the War and the papers relate mainly to his proposed publication on...

MSS1495

Private Record

Heraldry

Distinguished Service Order : Group Captain C R Caldwell, 1 Fighter Wing, RAAF

Distinguished Service Order (Geo VI). Unnamed as issued.

REL/10554.001

Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF, 250 Squadron RAF

Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar. Cross engraved on reverse lower arm with year of award.

REL/10554.002

Air Crew Europe Star : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Air Crew Europe Star. Engraved reverse with recipient's details.

REL/10554.004

Africa Star : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Africa Star. Engraved reverse with recipient's details.

REL/10554.005

Polish Cross of Valour : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Polish Cross of Valour. Unnamed as issued.

REL/10554.010

1939-45 Star : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

1939-45 Star. Engraved reverse with recipient's details.

REL/10554.003

Pacific Star : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Pacific Star. Engraved reverse with recipient's details.

REL/10554.006

Defence Medal : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Defence Medal. Engraved around edge with recipient's details.

REL/10554.007

British War Medal 1939-45 : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

British War Medal 1939-45. Engraved around edge with recipient's details.

REL/10554.008

Australia Service Medal : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Australia Service Medal. Enraved around edge with recipient's details.

REL/10554.009

Signboard : Group Captain C R Caldwell, RAAF

Painted masonite signboard for the Commanding Officer of 80 Fighter Wing, RAAF. The board is painted in brown, yellow, blue, red, white and black on a white ground, and has a narrow green edge. It features an RAAF crown and eagle above the words 'Commanding Officer.' in white on a blue and red...

REL/10555

Technology

Leica Camera : Group Captain C R Caldwell, DSO, DFC and bar : RAAF

Leica camera manufactured by Ernst Leitz, Wetzlar, Germany, with f/2 lens of 5cm focal length and 2.5cm aperture. Fittings include 0-40 exposure wind-on knob, lens focusser, 20-1000 film speed setting knob, and electronic flash hot-shoe. Body serial no. 316646; lens serial no. 497417. Camera is...

REL23895

Sound

Group Captain Clive Caldwell, DSO, DFC & Bar, Polish Cross of Valour, interviewed by Susan Bogle about his service in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), 1940-1946

Group Captain Clive Caldwell, DSO, DFC & Bar, Polish Cross of Valour, interviewed by Susan Bogle about his service in the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), 1940-1946 A transcript of this recording may be available. For further information please contact the Sound section.

S00356

Timeline

Date of birth 1911-07-28 Lewisham, NSW.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1940-05-27 Joined RAAF.
Other 1941-01 Served in the Middle East with No 250 Squadron RAF.
Other 1941-08-29 Wounded in action.
Date promoted 1941-11 Flight commander.
Other 1941-12-05 Shot down five Ju 87s in a single engagement.
Date of honour or award 1941-12-26 Awarded Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar simultaneously.
Date promoted 1942-01 Appointed squadron leader and took command of No 112 Squadron RAF flying Kittyhawks.
Date promoted 1942-06 Appointed group captain and command of No 1 Fighter Wing based in Darwin.
Date of honour or award 1942-08-02 Polish Croix Des Valliants.
Other 1943-08 Left No 1 Fighter Wing based in Darwin.
Date of honour or award 1943-10-14 Distinguished Service Order.
Other 1944-05 Returned to operational duties commanding No 80 Wing out of Darwin and Morotai. No 80 Wing was confined to strafing and bombing ground targets.
Other 1945-04 In the 'Morotai mutiny' Caldwell and seven other officers tendered their resignations in protest against the RAAF's role in the latter stages of the war.
Date of discharge 1946-03-05 Caldwell resigned from the RAAF.
Date of death 1994-08-05