Biography

Birth date: 06 June 1876
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, Tiaro
Death date: 04 July 1955
Death place: Australia: Queensland, Brisbane
Final rank: Major General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 1 Division
  • General List
  • Staff
  • Unattached List
  • General List 1st Division
  • 1st Australian Division
  • 4th Australian Division
  • 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry

William "Bill" Glasgow was one of the most renowned Australian soldiers of the First World War, a politician, and later a diplomat. He was born on 6 June 1876 near Maryborough in Queensland. After finishing school, Glasgow found clerical work and joined the Queensland Mounted Infantry with whom he fought as a lieutenant in the Boer War, winning the Distinguished Service Order.

He ran his father's grocery store after returning from South Africa and married Annie Stumm in April 1904. Glasgow also remained in the military and by 1912 had reached the rank of major in the Australian Military Forces. He enlisted as a major in the 2nd Light Horse Regiment at the beginning of the First World War and landed at Gallipoli on 12 May 1915.

In August he took command of his regiment and served as a lieutenant colonel until after the evacuation. Having been made temporary brigadier and given command of the 13th Infantry Brigade on the Western Front, Glasgow led his men through many famous battles: Pozières; Messines; Passchendaele, Mouquet Farm and Dernancourt. He was promoted to major general on 30 June 1918 and given command of the 1st Division, which he led through the final months of the war. A stern disciplinarian, Glasgow lobbied for the death penalty for a group of Australian deserters, but he was also said to have worked hard to ensure the welfare of his men, a labour that continued during the postwar years.

Glasgow was demobilised in August 1919 having been awarded several French decorations, the Belgian Croix de Guerre, and a knighthood but continued to serve as a reserve officer. At the 1919 election, Glasgow won a senate seat, becoming Minister for Home and Territories and later Minister for Defence. He was Deputy Leader of the Opposition in the Senate during the Scullin Government but lost his seat in 1931.

After his political career ended, Glasgow directed several companies, sat on the Queensland Board of Advice of the National Bank of Australasia, and was President of the Queensland Branch of the United Australia Party. In 1939 he became Australia's first High Commissioner to Canada, working on the Empire Air Training Scheme and regularly visiting Australian airmen during their training. Glasgow's tenure was marked by a close and productive relationship with Canada's prime minister; he was a strong advocate for closer liaison on Pacific strategy and attended the 1944 conferences between Churchill and Roosevelt, receiving briefings and representing Australia's interests.

He returned to Australia in 1945 and died in Brisbane ten years later, on 4 July 1955.

Rolls and Awards

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Lieutenant
  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Major
  • Date of embarkation: 24 September 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Brisbane

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Italian Commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: Unattached List
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 4th Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: General List 1st Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: Unattached List
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: Unattached List
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : French Officer of the Legion of Honour, Fourth Class

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2nd Australian Light Horse Regiment
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 13th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: General List
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

Honours and Awards : French Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 1st Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

008837

CANADA, 1941. (LAC). LEADING AIRCRAFTMEN KINNANE OF ADELAIDE, SOUTH AUSTRALIA, AND LAC L. W. SCOTT OF SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES, (TWO ON LEFT) HAVE JUST RECEIVED THEIR PILOT'S WINGS FROM SIR WILLIAM GLASGOW AUSTRALIAN HIGH COMMISSIONER IN CANADA, AT NO. 2 SERVICE FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL, OTTAWA. LAC'S...

008837

A02103

Portrait of Major General Sir T W Glasgow CB CMG DSO.

A02103

E03952

Christmas Dinner at the 1st Divisional Headquarters in Presles, attended by General T. W. Glasgow and Staff Officers of the Division. Identified: Sapper (Spr) W. G. Reay (1); 3146 Private (Pte) E. D. Weir (2); Pte E. Lockhart (3); Corporal (Cpl) A. Carruthers MM (4); Gunner (Gnr) L. G. Campbell...

E03952

E03952K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Christmas Dinner at the 1st Divisional Headquarters, attended by General T. W. Glasgow and Staff Officers of the Division. Identified: Sapper (Spr) W. G. Reay (1); 3146 Private (Pte) E. D. Weir (2); Pte E....

E03952K

E03953

Group portrait of General Officer Commanding (GOC) 1st Australian Division, Major-General (Maj Gen) T. W. Glasgow (seated) and his staff officers taken on Christmas Day.

E03953

E03955

Group portrait of Major General (Maj Gen) T. W. Glasgow CB CMG DSO, Commanding 1st Division, with his Staff Officers. Identified: Lieutenant Athol Norrie MC (1); Captain (Capt) G. F. Priestley MC (2); Capt W. G. Cornish MC (3); Major (Maj) R. Morell DSO (4); Colonel A. H. Marks DSO (5); Maj Gen T....

E03955

E03955K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. Group portrait of Major General (Maj Gen) T. W. Glasgow CB CMG DSO, Commanding 1st Division, with his Staff Officers. Identified: Lieutenant Athol Norrie MC (1); Captain (Capt) G. F. Priestley MC (2); Capt...

E03955K

E04010

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in company with Major General (Maj Gen) T W Glasgow CB CMG DSO, General Officer Commanding 1st Division, after having presented medals to members of the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade. The Prince is seen here leaving 'Ste Ouvriere St Francois-Xavier' after...

E04010

E04010K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, in company with Major General (Maj Gen) T W Glasgow CB CMG DSO, General Officer Commanding 1st Division, after having presented medals to members of the 3rd...

E04010K

E04015

The Prince of Wales leaving the 'Ste Ouvriere St Francois-Xavier' building and bidding goodbye to officers of the 3rd Australian Infantry Brigade after having presented medals to members of the brigade. Major-General (Maj-Gen) T W Glasgow (right) is talking with the Prince and Maj-Gen Sir J J...

E04015

E04016

The Prince of Wales standing outside the 'Ste Ouvriere St Francois-Xavier' building, about to leave Chatelet after having visited troops of the 1st Australian Division billeted in the area. Major-General (Maj Gen) Sir J J Talbot Hobbs (Australian Corps Commander) and Maj Gen T W Glasgow (right)...

E04016

E04421

An outdoors group portrait of Major General (Maj Gen) T W Glasgow CB CMG DSO, General Officer Commanding 1st Division (front row, centre) and a group of officers of the 1st Australian Division. Also identified is Brigadier (Brig) General H Bennett CB CMG, (front row, fifth from the right). In the...

E04421

P00048.135

CANADA, 1941. A GROUP OF AUSTRALIAN AIRCREW TRAINEES PICTURED WITH SQUADRON LEADER J.R. GORDON (4TH LEFT FRONT ROW), FROM THE AUSTRALIAN AIR LIAISON MISSION IN OTTAWA AND THE AUSTRALIAN HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA. SIR THOMAS GLASGOW. (5th FROM LEFT FRONT ROW). THE OCCASION WAS THE OFFICIAL OPENING...

P00048.135

P00048.136

CANADA, C.1941. SQUADRON LEADER J.R. GORDON FROM THE AUSTRALIAN AIR LIAISON MISSION ADDRESSING GUESTS AT THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE ANZAC CLUB, CANADA. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS W ILLIAM GLASGOW IS AT TABLE ON EXTREME LEFT; WEARING A SPOTTED TIE. (DONOR: B....

P00048.136

P00048.137

CANADA, C.1941. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW SEATED AT TABLE EXTREME LEFT, AND SQUADRON LEADER J.R. GORDON FROM THE AUSTRALIAN AIR LIAISON MISSION IN OTTAWA SEATED AT TABLE EXTREME RIGHT, LISTEN TO FLIGHT LIEUTENANT E.J. BRAMMAL FROM NEW ZEALAND...

P00048.137

P00048.138

CANADA C.1941. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW WATCHES AS SOME AIRCREW TRAINEES TEST THEIR SKILLS AT SNOOKER AT THE BILLIARD TABLE IN THE ANZAC CLUB CANADA, AFTER ITS OFFICIAL OPENING. (DONOR: B. GORDON)

P00048.138

P00048.139

CANADA, C.1941. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW SPEAKS WITH SOME AIRCREW TRAINEES OF THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN, IN THE LOUNGE OF THE ANZAC CLUB, CANADA, AFTER ITS OFFICIAL OPENING. (DONOR: B. GORDON)

P00048.139

P00048.140

CANADA, C.1941. NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN AIRCREW TRAINEES RELAXING WITH 'COKES'. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW IS BEHIND THE BAR ON THE LEFT. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN IN THE CANTEEN OF THE ANZAC CLUB, CANADA, AFTER THE CLUB'S OFFICIAL OPENING. (DONOR: B....

P00048.140

P00048.141

CANADA, C.1941. FLIGHT LIEUTENANT E.J. BRAMMAL FROM NEW ZEALAND ADDRESSING THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE ANZAC CLUB IN CANADA. AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONERS TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW IS SEATED SECOND FROM LEFT AND SQUADRON LEADER J.R. GORDON FROM THE AUSTRALIAN AIR LIAISON...

P00048.141

P00048.144

OTTAWA, CANADA, 1941-05. THE AUSTRALIAN PRIME MINISTER ROBERT GOR DON MENZIES (CENTRE) ACCOMPANIED BY AUSTRALIA'S HIGH COMMISSIONER TO CANADA MAJOR GENERAL SIR THOMAS WILLIAM GLASGOW (LEFT) IS GREETED BY CANADA'S PRIME MINISTER WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE KING (RIGHT) ON HIS ARRIVAL IN OTTAWA. (DONOR:...

P00048.144

P01121.001

PROBABLY GYMPIE, QLD, 1913. GROUP PORTRAIT OF MEMBERS OF REGIMENTAL STAFF, GYMPIE LIGHT HORSE. LEFT TO RIGHT: BACK ROW: PIONEER SERGEANT A.R. WHITE, SERGEANT COOK E. GODBER, FARRIER SERGEANT G.H. KIDD, ORDERLY SERGEANT P. STUMM, SERGEANT TRUMPETER H. MILLER, ARMOURER SERGEANT J.F. ALLEN. MIDDLE...

P01121.001

P03206.001

Informal group portrait of British and Australian Army officers. The twelve officers identified wearing bush hats with light coloured puggarees and emu feather plumes are officers of the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent. Identified in the group are: sitting on a chair on the right holding...

P03206.001

E01719

Group portrait of the officers of the 13th Brigade Staff. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) E. H. Churcher, 52nd Battalion, Gas Officer; Lt W. Lee, 4th Division Signals Company, Signal Officer; Lt R. J. Rudall, 50th Battalion, Court Martial Officer; Adjutant Georges Chirtaine, French...

E01719

G01327

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 1915. Captain P. Fiaschi of Australian Army Medical Corps, Colonel Glasgow of 1st Light Horse Brigade and Major H. Pope of 16th Battalion, at Destroyer Hill.

G01327

E02449

The U.13 sailboat at the 13th Brigade sports on the Somme Canal. Identified: Brigadier General T. W. Glasgow (1); Captain Nicholson, 13th Brigade Headquarters (2); Major (Maj) Loutit, 49th Battalion (3); Maj Fowler, 50th Battalion (4); unidentified (5). See E02449K for position of those named in...

E02449

E02449K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. The U.13 sailboat at the 13th Brigade sports on the Somme Canal. Identified: Brigadier General T. W. Glasgow (1); Captain Nicholson, 13th Brigade Headquarters (2); Major (Maj) Loutit, 49th Battalion (3);...

E02449K

E02135

Brigadier General (Brig Gen) T. W. Glasgow CB CMG DSO and staff, standing at the door to the 13th Brigade Headquarters. In the early morning of the day before, the Germans attacked and captured Villers-Bretonneux, but the village was retaken as the result of the operation at night by the 13th and...

E02135

E02807

An informal portrait of Brigadier-General (later Major General) T. W. Glasgow CB CMG DSO (left) and two Staff Officers on the 1st Division, Lieutenant A. Norrie MC (centre), and Captain G. F. Priestley MC.

E02807

E03961

His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, with Major General (Maj Gen) Sir J J Talbot Hobbs KCM KCMG DSO, Australian Corps Commander, Maj Gen T W Glasgow, Commanding 1st Division, and Staff Officers of the 1st Division. Identified: Major (Maj) W J Christie (1); Captain (Capt) W G Cornish MC (2);...

E03961

E03961K

Reference image only to provide position detail for those named. This image is not for sale. His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales, with Major General (Maj Gen) Sir J J Talbot Hobbs KCM KCMG DSO, Australian Corps Commander, Maj Gen T W Glasgow, Commanding 1st Division, and Staff Officers of the...

E03961K

Private Record

Grove, Leander Nicol de Lorme (Lieutenant)

Collection relating to the service of Lieutenant Leander Nicol de Lorme Grove, 2 Light Horse & 49 Battalion, Egypt, France. Collection includes letters written to his father in Sydney between January 1915 and May 1916. Maker: Grove, Leander Nicol de Lorme

1DRL/0326

Zahnleiter, William Ernest, MM (Sergeant)

Collection relating to the service of Sergeant William Ernest Zahnleiter, MM, 47 Battalion, France, 1917. Collection consists of one letter written by Zahnleiter to a friend [unnamed] in Australia. Maker: Zahnleiter, William Ernest

1DRL/0403

Merrington, Ernest Northcroft (Chaplain Colonel, b.1876 - d.1953)

Collection relating to the service of Chaplain Ernest Northcroft Merrington, Gallipoli, 1915. Collection consists of typescript extracts from Merrington's diary, supplemented by comments added by Merrington at a later date. The extracts relate to his time on Gallipoli, from 12 May 1915 to 27... Maker: Merrington, Ernest Northcroft

1DRL/0496

Art

Major General William Glasgow

Portrait of Major-General (later Sir) Thomas William Glasgow, CB, CMG, DSO, Commanding 1st Division AIF and had previously served in the South African War. Born in Queensland, Glasgow worked as a junior clerk in the office of a mining company in Gympie. He joined the Wide Bay Regiment, Queensland...

ART00107

Record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War (A.I.F.) Aug. 4th. 1914 to June 28th. 1919

A commemorative colour poster published c.1920 as a record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War. The composition is similar to that of an Honour Roll and features in the top centre a depiction of the rising sun badge within a wreath. A framed portrait of King George IV is positioned...

ARTV06073

Digitised Collection

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1916

This folder contains copies of 13 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 23 January and 31 December 1916. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these...

RCDIG0000040

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson, 1917

This folder contains copies of 16 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson between 17 January and 31 December 1917. During this period, Sir Ronald Craufurd Munro Ferguson was the Governor-General of Australia. Some of the topics covered in these...

RCDIG0000041

Series 7: Correspondence with Sir George Foster Pearce, 1915-1919

A series of letters exchanged between Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood and Sir George Foster Pearce whilst Pearce was serving as the Australian Minister of Defence. Topics discussed include the campaign to take Bapaume in France, the appointment of Australian officers, the Australian federal...

RCDIG0000045

Letters written by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce, 1917-1919

This folder contains copies of 36 letters sent by Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood to Sir George Foster Pearce between 17 March 1917 and 10 October 1919. During this period, Sir George Foster Pearce was the Minister of Defence in Australia. The original file cover, located with 7/1 Part 1,...

RCDIG0000047

Personal Files Book 12, 1 March - 29 April 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 12, covers 1 March 1916 to 29 April 1916 and includes documents relating to troop training, specifically on machine guns and grenades, a booklet...

RCDIG0000610

Personal Files Book 21, 3 October - 24 November 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 21, covers 3 October 1918 to 24 November 1918 and includes ephemera and documents related to the end of the war and the demobilisation of troops. It...

RCDIG0000638

Timeline

Date of birth 1876-06-06 Tiaro, Maryborough, QLD.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1897 Volunteered for service in South Africa and served as a lieutenant in the 1st Queensland Mounted Infantry Contingent in the Boer War.
Date of honour or award 1901-04-16 Distinguished Service Order.
Date of honour or award 1901-04-16 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1903 Organised the 13th Light Horse Regiment at Gympie.
Date promoted 1906 Promoted to captain.
Date promoted 1912-05-06 Promoted to major.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1914-08-19 Joined the AIF.
Other 1914-08-19 Appointed with the rank of major in the 2nd Light Horse Regiment.
Date of embarkation 1914-09-24 Embarked for Egypt.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Other 1915-05-12 Landed at Anzac.
Date promoted 1915-08-08 Appointed to command his regiment with the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Other units 1916-03 Appointed to command the 13th Infantry Brigade on the Western Front, with rank of temporary brigadier.
Date of honour or award 1916-06-03 Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG).
Other 1916-09 Led 13th Infantry Brigade in the battle at Mouquet Farm.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-03-08
Other 1917-06 Led 13th Infantry Brigade in the battle at Messines.
Other 1917-09 Led 13th Infantry Brigade in the battle at Polygon Wood.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-09-20
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918
Date of honour or award 1918-01-01 Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-03-09
Other 1918-04 Led 13th Infantry Brigade in the battle at Dernancourt, where the brigade helped stem the German advance.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-05-10
Date promoted 1918-06-30 Appointed major general and given command of 1st Division.
Other 1918-08-08 1st Division arrived at the Somme front and participated in the Battle of Amiens.
Other 1918-08-09 1st Division participated in the Battle of Lihons.
Other 1918-08-23 1st Division participated in the Battle of Chuignes.
Other 1918-09-18 1st Division participated in the battle at the Hindenburg Line.
Other 1919 Elected to the Senate as a Nationalist.
Date of honour or award 1919-01-29 French Legion of Honour - 4th Class Officer.
Date of honour or award 1919-06-09 Created a Knight Commander of the Bath (KCB).
Date of honour or award 1919-08-21 French Croix de Guerre.
Other 1921 Commanded 4th Division.
Other 1926-06-28 Became Minister for Home and Territories.
Other 1927-04 - 1929-10 Minister for Defence.
Other 1931 Lost his seat in the general elections.
Other 1939-12-24 Appointed first Australian High Commissioner to Canada.
Date of death 1955-07-04 Died in Brisbane, QLD. He was given a state funeral and cremated.