Biography

Birth date: 18 February 1861
Birth place: United Kingdom: Scotland, Greenock
Death date: 18 May 1915
Death place: Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Gallipoli
Final rank: Major General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)
Units:
  • 1 Division Headquarters
  • Australian Division
  • SPECIAL SERVICE OFFICERS
  • Staff
  • Army Corps Headquarters

William Throsby Bridges was born at Greenock, Scotland, on 18 February 1861. As a youth he moved to Canada, where he later entered the Royal Military College but failed to graduate. In 1879 Bridges moved to Australia and joined the civil service, working in Braidwood, Murrurundi, and Narrabri. He returned to military life in 1885, taking a permanent commission in the artillery, and that same year married his wife, Edith. For the next few years he held various positions at the School of Gunnery and attended several gunnery courses in England, passing them with distinction. Bridges served with the British army in South Africa from 1899 until he was evacuated with enteric fever in 1900. In January 1909 he became Australia's first chief of the general staff and the next year was tasked with founding Australia's first military college, the Royal Military College at Duntroon.

By the time the First World War had broken out Bridges had attained the rank of brigadier general and was given the task of raising an Australian contingent for service in Europe. He was promoted to major general in August 1914 and was appointed the commander of the new Australian Imperial Force. Bridges travelled to Egypt with the first contingent in October and started to record his experiences in a diary from early 1915. From this diary we can observe the evolution of planning for the Gallipoli campaign, including his meetings with commanders like Lieutenant General William Birdwood and General Sir Ian Hamilton and with various Australian commanders who would rise to prominence in the years to come.

Bridges' division was the first ashore at ANZAC Cove on 25 April 1915 and very soon after he argued for immediate evacuation, owing to what he saw as a hopeless situation. The force stayed and he began paying routine visits to the firing line, showing disregard for his own safety. On 15 May a sniper's bullet severed his femoral artery and he died three days later on board a hospital ship. He became the only Australian killed in the First World War to have his remains returned to Australia; he was buried at Duntroon.

Rolls and Awards

Roll of Honour

  • Rank: Major General
  • Date of Death: 18 May 1915
  • Unit: 1 Division Headquarters

Pre First World War Conflicts Nominal Rolls

  • Rank: Major
  • Unit: SPECIAL SERVICE OFFICERS
  • Conflict: South Africa, 1899-1902 (Boer War)

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 21 October 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Army Corps Headquarters
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: Staff
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

006329

1941-03. RECONSTRUCTION OF ROADS AND BRIDGES DESTROYED BY THE ITALIANS IN THEIR HASTY RETREAT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST TASKS UNDERTAKEN BY THE A.I.F. ENGINEERS. (NEGATIVE BY F. HURLEY).

006329

023850

TRIPOLI, SYRIA. 1942-03. SYRIAN LABOURERS USING A CEMENT MIXER UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF LANCE CORPORAL V.A. RUSSELL AND SAPPER E.J. CATTELL OF THE 2/13TH FIELD COMPANY. ROYAL AUSTRALIAN ENGINEERS. THEY ASSISTED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE ANTI-TANK DITCH AND BRIDGES.

023850

100125

Studio portrait of Major General Sir William T. Bridges, Commandant, Royal Military College, Duntroon from 1910-1914.

100125

102027

Canberra, ACT. The memorial plaque in remembrance of Major-General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG, mounted on a wall in St John's Church by members of the 1st Division, Australian Imperial Force.

102027

126522

CANBERRA, ACT. 1946-03-25. THE GRAVE OF MAJOR GENERAL (MAJ-GEN) SIR WILLIAM THROSBY BRIDGES, ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, DUNTROON. MAJ-GEN BRIDGES WAS MORTALLY WOUNDED AT GALLIPOLI AND DIED ON THE WAY TO MALTA. HE WAS THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE COLLEGE.

126522

126523

CANBERRA, ACT. 1946-03-25. THE GRAVE OF MAJOR GENERAL (MAJ-GEN) SIR WILLIAM THROSBY BRIDGES, ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, DUNTROON. MAJ-GEN BRIDGES WAS MORTALLY WOUNDED AT GALLIPOLI AND DIED ON THE WAY TO MALTA. HE WAS THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE COLLEGE.

126523

126524

CANBERRA, ACT. 1946-03-25. THE TOP OF THE TOMBSTONE SHOWING THE MARBLE SWORD ON MAJOR GENERAL SIR WILLIAM THROSBY BRIDGES' GRAVE, ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, DUNTROON.

126524

126525

CANBERRA, ACT. 1946-03-25. THE GRAVE OF MAJOR-GENERAL SIR WILLIAM THROSBY BRIDGES, IN A BUSHLAND SETTING NEAR ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, DUNTROON. MAJ-GEN BRIDGES WAS MORTALLY WOUNDED AT GALLIPOLI AND DIED ON THE WAY TO MALTA. HE WAS THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE COLLEGE.

126525

A00712A

Group portrait of staff Officers at Mena Camp. Left to right: back row: Historian Captain (Capt) Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean; Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith; Capt J T Fitzgerald; Major T Matson; Capt W J Foster; Capt T Griffiths; Lt E C P Plant; Capt S M E R L de Bucy; Lt R G Casey, (later Governor...

A00712A

A00867

The original 1st Divisional Headquarters. General Bridges' dugout (centre) can be seen with 'GOC' posted over it. The shelter to the right was used by the general staff as an office. Inside the mess shelter on the left, Colonel CBB White was hit by a spent bullet and Major J Gellibrand was...

A00867

A00878

A signed, informal portrait of Captain WJ Foster (later Colonel) CB CMG DSO, Order of the Nile, GSO1, Australian Mounted Division, Aide de Camp to General Bridges.

A00878

A02700

The funeral at Alexandria of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG, Commander of the Australian Imperial Force and the 1st Australian Division, who was mortally wounded on 15 May 1915 during the Gallipoli Campaign. His body was exhumed on 27 July 1915 and reinterred on Mount Pleasant...

A02700

A02701

The funeral at Alexandria of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG, Commander of the Australian Imperial Force and the 1st Australian Division, who was mortally wounded on 15 May 1915 during the Gallipoli Campaign. His body was exhumed on 27 July 1915 and reinterred on Mount Pleasant...

A02701

A02867

Studio portrait of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG.

A02867

A04157

Lady Bridges standing with Babby Bridges and Dorothy next to a BE2a aircraft at Point Cook in Victoria. See also A04158.

A04157

A03872

Group portrait of Commonwealth Headquarters Staff. Identified left to right, back row: Captain P N Buckley; Mr Petherbridge; Surgeon General W D C Williams; Mr F Savage. Front row: Colonel H Le Mesurie; Colonel Hoad; Colonel McCoy, Minister of Defence; Colonel W T Bridges, Mr J A Thompson.

A03872

A01521

The shelter where General William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG lay after receiving the wound from which he succumbed a few days later on 18 May 1915.

A01521

C01686

The transport HMAT Orvieto (A3) seen from the transport HMAT Wiltshire (A18) at the Egyptian port. An Orient liner, the Orvieto was requisitioned for use as an Australian transport and was the flagship of the first Australian convoy; she was fitted to carry 209 officers, 1425 other ranks and 22...

C01686

C05276

Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges and his staff gathered on a bridge. This is one half of a stereo image. The full image is held at C05276A.

C05276

C05276A

Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges and his staff gathered on a bridge. This is a stereo image. One half of the image is held at C05276. (Donor C. S. Ryan)

C05276A

C05291

Kantara, Egypt. c 1915. Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges and his staff gathered on a bridge. This is one half of a stereo image. The full image is held at C05291A.

C05291

C05291A

Kantara, Egypt. c 1915. Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges and his staff gathered on a bridge. This is a stereo image. One half of the image is held at C05291. (Donor C. S. Ryan)

C05291A

G00881

A scene on the Atlantic transport liner Minnewaska [A11], which left Alexandria on 10 April 1915, having on board the headquarters of the 1st Australian Division and the Australian and New Zealand Corps, besides the personnel of the 1st Australian Battalion. In the background, General Cunliffe Owen...

G00881

G00933

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. 3 May 1915. At General Bridges' first Headquarters at Anzac, during lunch. The officers in the photograph, reading from left to right, are: General Bridges, (in dugout); Lieutenant Riches; Private Wicks (Batman to General Bridges); Captain Foster (Aide-de-Camp); Major...

G00933

G00976

Gallipoli Peninsula, Turkey. c. 31 May 1915. A view of Monash Gully, Anzac, where General Bridges was shot by a sniper on 15 May 1915. Traverses were afterwards built to minimise the danger.

G00976

G01606

Group portrait of the staff of 1st Australian Division. Left to right, back row: Lieutenant (Lt) W. Smith, AD, Remounts; Captain (Capt) J. T. Fitzgerald, Field Cashier; Major (Maj) J. Gellibrand, Deputy-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General; Maj T. Matson, ADVS; Capt W. J. Foster, Aide-de-Camp (ADC)...

G01606

G01620

Mena, Egypt. March 1915. 1st Australian Division manoeuvres in Sahara Desert. Getting out the Operation Order. Second stage - the artillery order already being drawn up (on right) by O.C. Artillery (Colonel (Col) J. J. T. Hobbs and Major S.M. Anderson). General Bridges and Col White drawing up...

G01620

H15439

Portrait of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG Commander of the Australian Imperial Force and of the 1st Australian Division who was mortally wounded on 15 May 1915 during the Gallipoli Campaign.

H15439

H15440

Portrait of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG Commander of the Australian Imperial Force and of the 1st Australian Division who was mortally wounded on 15 May 1915 during the Gallipoli Campaign.

H15440

H15442

Portrait of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG Commander of the Australian Imperial Force and of the 1st Australian Division wearing dress uniform. He was mortally wounded on 15 May 1915 during the Gallipoli Campaign.

H15442

H15624

DUNTROON, ACT, 1929-04-25. ANNUAL ANZAC DAY MEMORIAL SERVICE AT THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE BESIDE THE GRAVE OF MAJOR GENERAL SIR W.T. BRIDGES, GOC 1ST AUSTRALIAN DIVISION AND THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE.

H15624

H15625

DUNTROON, ACT, 1929-04-25. SCENE DURING THE ANNUAL ANZAC DAY MEMORIAL SERVICE AT THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE BESIDE THE GRAVE OF MAJOR GENERAL SIR WILLIAM BRIDGES, GOC 1ST AUSTRALIAN DIVISION AND THE FIRST COMMANDANT OF THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE. LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR HARRY CHAUVEL ADDRESSED THE...

H15625

J02151

Portrait of 63 Private Albert Henry Wicks, Batman to General Bridges, of Duntroon, Federal Capital Territory, standing outside General Bridges' tent at Mena Camp, Egypt.

J02151

J00203

A portrait of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges.

J00203

J00352

The original 2nd Infrantry Brigade passing Parliament House, Melbourne. This brigade was part of the 1st Australian Division which, with the 1st Light Horse Brigade, formed the first contingent of the AIF to be sent overseas. Behind the Governor-General (in dark uniform) and Colonel the Hon J W...

J00352

J00357

The original 2nd Infrantry Brigade passing Parliament House, Melbourne. This brigade was part of the 1st Australian Division which, with the 1st Light Horse Brigade, formed the first contingent of the AIF to be sent overseas. Behind the Governor-General (in dark uniform) and Colonel the Hon J W...

J00357

J05591

Informal portrait of Second Lieutenant (2nd Lt) Harold Arthur Barker, Machine Gun Section, 7th Battalion and 1663 Quartermaster-Sergeant (QMS) Herbert Barker, 3rd Reinforcements, 8th Battalion, in front of a dugout which overlooked the spot where General Bridges was shot, and just below Colonel...

J05591

P00151.006

MAJOR-GENERAL SIR W. T. BRIDGES, KCB, CMG, COMMANDANT OF THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE ( CENTRE FRONT ) PICTURED WITH MILITARY AND ACADEMIC STAFF AT DUNTROON.

P00151.006

P01152.009

CANBERRA, ACT, 1915-09-03. PROCESSION OF CADETS AND THE BAND FROM THE ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE (RMC) DUNTROON MAKING THEIR WAY ALONG A DIRT ROAD DURING THE FUNERAL OF GENERAL BRIDGES, WHOSE BODY WAS BROUGHT FROM GALLIPOLI AND REINTERRED ON MOUNT PLEASANT, OVERLOOKING THE COLLEGE. (DONOR J. MCNAIR)

P01152.009

P02029.002

Canberra, ACT. 1914-03-30. Group portrait of military and civil staff (officers and instructional (academic) staff) of the Royal Military College, Duntroon, on the occasion of the visit of Sir Ian Hamilton, inspector general of overseas forces for the British Army. Left to right: back row: Second...

P02029.002

P02088.002

Duntroon, ACT. c.1913. Group portrait of military and academic staff at the Royal Military College (RMC) Duntroon. Left to right: back row: Lieutenant (Lt) H. Shappere (Instructor in Mounted Drill and Riding), Captain (Capt) A.M. Ross (Instructor in Tactics), Capt P.A.R. Lalor (Doctor),...

P02088.002

P05290.001

Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, KCB, CMG, Commander of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and of the 1st Australian Division in 1914-1915, holding the bridle of his favourite charger, Sandy. The horse is a 15.3 hands high bay gelding with a white star. They are standing in front of the...

P05290.001

J02136

Portrait of 68 Private William John Crook, 1st Divisional Army Service Corps, of Wonthaggi, Vic, mounted on one of General Bridges' horses, thought to be called Pascha, at Mena Camp, Egypt. The donor, Arthur W Bazley was appointed batman to the Charles E W Bean, the Australian Official...

J02136

J02154

Portrait of 68 Private William John Crook, 1st Divisional Australian Army Service Corps, of Wonthaggi, Vic. He is mounted bareback, with one leg casualy slung over the horses' wither, on 'Pascha', a black horse of General Bridges' at Mena Camp, Egypt .

J02154

G01600

Egypt. December 1914. Sir George Reid's visit to Mena camp. Left to right: Sir George Reid, Sir John Maxwell, and General Bridges.

G01600

Private Record

Bridges, William Throsby, Sir, KCB, CMG (Major General, b.1861 - d.1915)

Collection relating to the First World War service of Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB CMG. Collection consists of a 1915 diary (and transcript) kept by Bridges while on Gallipoli. The rest of the collection consists of documents relating to his death, burial and commemoration. Maker: Bridges, William Throsby

2DRL/0469 (With records)

Godlee, Francis Lister (Sergeant, b.1890 - d.1963)

Collection relating to the First World War service of 138 Sergeant Francis Lister Godlee of the 3rd Light Horse Regiment covering the period August 1914 to December 1915. Collection consists of a pencil written diary describing his enlistment and voyage to Egypt on the SS Port Lincoln and provides... Maker: Godlee, Francis Lister

PR01507 (With records)

Morgan, Price Jacob (Major, b. - d.1917)

Collection relating to the service of Major Price Jacob Morgan, 9 Battery, 3 Australian Field Artillery Brigade and 51 Private Gomer William Morgan, 46 Battalion, AIF, Egypt, Gallipoli, 1914-1915. Copies of letters made by Australian War Memorial. Location of originals unknown. Maker: Morgan, Gomer William

1DRL/0510

Art

Major General Sir William Bridges

A posthumous portrait of Major-General Sir William Throsby Bridges, KCB, CMG (18 February 1861 - 18 May 1915). At the outbreak of the First World War, Bridges was selected to raise and command an Australian force for overseas service that, at Bridges suggestion, was called the Australian Imperial...

ART03355

General William Bridges and his staff watching the manoeuvres of the 1st Australian Division in the desert in Egypt, March 1915

Depicts a group portrait of officers of the Australian Imperial Force, 1st Australian Division in the desert in 1916, some standing and some seated at tables. Standing l-r: Colonel N R Howse VC, Colonel J J Hobbs, Colonel W G Patterson, Colonel J McCay, Colonel E G Sinclair-MacLagan DSO, seated...

ART09425

NSW Officers at the Front

Depicts a group portrait of members of the New South Mounted Infantry, New South Citizens' Bushmen's Contingent, Imperial Bushmen's Contingent, New South Irish Rifles, New South Corps of Engineers No 1 Field Company, New South Artillery including Colonel the Honourable James Alexander Kenneth...

ART50125

Record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War (A.I.F.) Aug. 4th. 1914 to June 28th. 1919

A commemorative colour poster published c.1920 as a record of Australia's voluntary effort in the Great War. The composition is similar to that of an Honour Roll and features in the top centre a depiction of the rising sun badge within a wreath. A framed portrait of King George IV is positioned...

ARTV06073

Manuscript

Coulthard-Clark, C D

Manuscript titled "A Heritage of Spirit : A Biography of Major-General Sir William Throsby Bridges". Discusses Bridges' role in military aspects of Federation, the establishment of Duntroon College, the formation of the 1st AIF and the Gallipoli campaign.

MSS0741

Ricketts, H G, Warrant Officer I

Typed photocopy of Rickett's history of Middle Head Barracks at Mosman, NSW, plus a chronological biography of William Throsby Bridges. Includes copies of plans of military surveys of the area and buildings.

MSS0762

Digitised Collection

Diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In this diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign. He describes his is time in Egypt visiting the...

RCDIG0001019

Transcript of diary of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Transcript of diary relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. In the original diary, kept between 1 January 1915 and 23 April 1915, Bridges details the preliminary planning for the Gallipoli campaign.

RCDIG0001020

Letters and documents relating to the exhumation and repatriation of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Letters and documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges. These letters and documents detail arrangements for the exhumation of Bridges' body and its repatriation to Australia. This file contains: First Australian General Hospital folder containing...

RCDIG0001021

Letters and documents relating to the proposed memorial for William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Letters and documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges 1st Division Headquarters. Included is a circular detailing the establishment of a committee of officers to provide recommendations on the proposed memorial to Bridges, and a memorandum detailing...

RCDIG0001022

Documents relating to the death and memorial of William Throsby Bridges, 1917-1939

Documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. This series of documents includes correspondence relating to the death and commemoration of Bridges. This file contains: File cover from the Department of Defence, [date...

RCDIG0001023

Documents relating to the death and memorial of William Throsby Bridges, 1915-1929

Documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. This series of documents includes correspondence relating to the death and commemoration of Bridges. This file contains: Death certificate of Major General Sir William Throsby...

RCDIG0001024

Documents relating to the death and memorial of William Throsby Bridges, 1915-1920

Documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. This series of documents includes correspondence relating to the death and commemoration of Bridges. This file contains: Memorandum from the Secretary, Prime Minister's...

RCDIG0001025

Documents relating to the death and memorial of William Throsby Bridges, 1915

Documents relating to the First World War service of Major General William Throsby Bridges, 1st Division Headquarters. This series of documents contains correspondence relating to the death and commemoration of Major General Bridges. This file contains: Memorandum from Colonel Sellheim, Commanding...

RCDIG0001026

Newspaper clippings removed from the personal diary of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood dated 1915

This file contains a bundle of items that were originally interspersed through the pages of Field Marshal Lord William Birdwood’s 1915 diary. These items include dried flowers, name cards, postage stamps and newspaper clippings. The contents of this file includes: Name card for Mr A McIlwaith,...

RCDIG0000003

Personal Files Book 5, 16 May - 25 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 16 May to 25 May 1915 and includes messages, signals and other official correspondence relating to troop movement, defensive action, various operations,...

RCDIG0000588

Diary and photograph of John Adams, 1914-1916

Diary and photograph relating to the First World War service of 255 Lieutenant John Adams, 54th Battalion. Included in this file is a diary that spans the period from 11 August 1914 to 20 July 1916, and a photograph of Adams contained in the front cover pocket that was taken at Gueudecourt in 1916...

RCDIG0000862

Diary of William Stockdale, 1915

Diary relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant William Stockdale, 1st Divisional Train of the Army Service Corps. In this diary, kept between 3 April 1915 and 12 July 1915, Stockdale describes the Gallipoli campaign and provides a detailed account of the landing on 25 April 1915. He...

RCDIG0001008

Diary of Theodor Milton Pflaum, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of Corporal Theodor Milton Pflaum, 8th Machine Gun Company. This diary contains entries ranging from 18 November 1915 to 17 June 1916 and covers: embarkation with the 32nd Battalion in November 1915, the troopship voyage to Egypt; news of the death of...

RCDIG0001103

Diary of John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 1915-1916

Diary relating to the First World War service of 1433 Private John Henry Llewellyn Turnbull, 8th Battalion. This is the second of six detailed diaries transcribed by Turnbull after the war and documents his experiences in the years 1915 and 1916 originally written between 7 November 1915 and 26...

RCDIG0001107

Series 1: Diaries and notebook of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1914-1915

This series contains the diaries and notebook of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. The three diaries cover McCrae’s journey to Egypt in 1914 and his service at Gallipoli the following year. The diaries have been transcribed from originals by McCrae’s father. This series also contains...

RCDIG0001240

Diary of Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 1915 (Vol. 1)

Diary relating to the First World War service of Major Geoffrey Gordon McCrae, 7th Battalion. This is a handwritten transcription made by McCrae’s father at some stage before the transcription was donated in 1927. The location of the original diary is unknown. This is the first of a two part...

RCDIG0001242

Letters from Florence Narrelle Jessie Hobbes to family, 5 May 1915-7 July 1917

Letters relating to the service, during the First World War, of Sister Florence Narrelle Jessie Hobbes, Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve. In these letters written between 5 May 1915-7 July 1917, Hobbes corresponds with her family. She details her feelings regarding the...

RCDIG0001355

Typescript copies of letters from Florence Narrelle Jessie Hobbes to family, 20 June 1915-7 December 1917

Typescript copies letters relating to the service, during the First World War, of Sister Florence Narrelle Jessie Hobbes, Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve. In these letters written between 20 June 1915-7 December 1917, Hobbes corresponds with her family. She details her...

RCDIG0001356

Technology

British Artillery Officer Sword : New South Wales Artillery

British Artillery Officer Sword. Three bar steel guard, backstrap and pommel that have traces of silver paint. The guard is stamped NSWG over 6 on the outside and 3/93 over CT over I on the inside near the quillon. The grip is fishskin bound with brass wire. The slightly curved blade has a flat...

RELAWM11373

Film

Funeral of Major-General Bridges

The late Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges KCB, CMG, General Officer Commanding the 1st Division Australian Imperial Force mortally wounded at Anzac Gallipoli on 15 May 1915 died on the way to Alexandria 18 May 1915. Film shows scenes of the funeral service at Melbourne 2 September 1915. ...

F00134

A H Noad film

A patriotic montage from various sources. Includes scenes from Ashmead Barlett's footage taken at Gallipoli including several scenes not included in F00069 With the Dardanelles Expedition: heroes of Gallipoli. (see F08484). Re-enactments of Gallipoli landing at Tamarama Bay, Sydney, taken from the...

F00176

Spirit of Anzac

Shows AIF embarking aboard troopship in 1914. Anzac day 1929 at Parliament House Melbourne. Motorcade passes Parliament House. Commander in Chief General Sir John Monash leads his old troops. Victorian Governor Lord Somers leads the Imperial troops. Memorial service at the Cenotaph Sydney. ...

F00125

Timeline

Date of birth 1861-02-18 Greenock, Scotland.
Other 1877 Entered Royal Military College at Kingston, Canada.
Other 1879 Came to Australia.
Other 1886 Applied for and obtained a comission in the New South Wales Permanent Artillery and was stationed at Middle Head, Sydney.
Date promoted 1890 Appointed captain and sent to England for training at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich and the Royal School of Gunnery at Shoeburyness.
Date returned to Australia 1893 Appointed chief instructor at the School of Gunnery Middle Head, Sydney.
Other 1899 Volunteered for service in the Boer War, South Africa.
Date returned to Australia 1900-07 Resumed his position as chief instructor at the School of Gunnery Middle Head, Sydney.
Date promoted 1902-07 Promoted to lieutenant colonel.
Date promoted 1903 Appointed assistant quartermaster general, AIF Headquarters, Melbourne.
Date promoted 1904 Appointed chief of intelligence officer on Australia's first military board of administration.
Date promoted 1906-10 Promoted to colonel.
Date promoted 1909-01-01 Appointed chief of the Australian General Staff.
Other 1909-04-25 Relinquished the post of Chief of the General Staff and travelled to England to become the Australian representative on the Imperial General Staff.
Date of honour or award 1909-06-25 Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG).
Date returned to Australia 1910 Appointed the first Commandant of the Royal Military College at Duntroon with the rank of brigadier general.
Date promoted 1914-05 Appointed inspector general of the Australian Army.
Date promoted 1914-08 Took command of the 1st Australian Imperial Force and was promoted to the rank of major general.
Date of embarkation 1914-10-21
Other 1914-11-30 1st Division arrived in Eygpt.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915
Other 1915-04-25 1st Division landed at Gallipoli.
Date wounded 1915-05-15 Shot by a sniper.
Date of honour or award 1915-05-17 Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB).
Date of death 1915-05-18 Died of wounds. His body was brought back to Australia for burial on Mt Pleasant, Canberra.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1915-05-21
Date of honour or award 1915-08-05 Recieved a posthumous Mention in Despatches.