Biography

Birth date: 11 April 1918
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Marrickville
Death date: 11 June 2008
Death place: Australia: Australian Capital Territory, Canberra
Final rank: General
Service number: 227 - Korea, 1950-1953
NX176126 - Second World War, 1939-1945
NX322 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • Darwin Mobile Force
  • Australian Army Service Corps
  • CDF
  • 2 Corps HQ
  • 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment
  • 3 Australian Division
  • 2/3rd Australian Infantry Battalion

Frank Hassett was born on 11 April 1918 in Marrickville, Sydney. He ended his career 59 years later as Australia's most senior soldier, the Chief of Defence Force Staff.

Hassett left school at the age of 15 and found work in the Department of Tramways. He soon grew bored with clerical work and sought a place at the Royal Military College, gaining entry only after receiving special consideration from Colonel Lavarack, the Chairman of the College's Selection Board. Hassett began his course in March 1935 aged 16 and by his third year in 1937 proved himself an able athlete and boxer. In 1938 he was promoted to under officer (senior cadet in a company, equivalent to company sergeant major).

Upon graduation, Hassett was posted to the Darwin Mobile Force and given command of a rifle platoon. At the outbreak of the Second World War he was posted to the 2/3rd Battalion of the 6th Division as Adjutant and sailed with the division for the Middle East in 1940. His first experience of battle came at Bardia and he was wounded on the eve of an attack on Tobruk. Having recovered he was sent to the British Army Staff College at Haifa and then promoted to major. Shortly afterwards he was posted as Brigade Major to the 18th Brigade in Syria.

When Japan entered the war, Hassett planned and controlled the brigade's embarkation from Suez and return to Australia, learning on his arrival that he had been promoted to lieutenant colonel. At 23 he was the youngest army officer to attain that rank. Postings - usually training appointments - in New South Wales, Queensland and New Guinea followed. He ended the Second World War as a staff officer with the 3rd Division on Bougainville without having had an operational command.

Hassett returned to Australia at the end of the war and worked as an instructor at the Australian Staff College, marrying Hallie Roberts in 1946. In 1948 he was posted as General Staff Officer (GSO) 1 to the 2nd Division, remaining there until March 1951 when he took command of the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR). Three months later he was sent to Korea to command 3RAR. Hassett led the battalion through the battle of Maryang San, often exposing himself to artillery, mortar and small arms fire, and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order. He was considered by his men to be an inspirational leader.

After returning from Korea, Hassett took up a senior post at the Royal Military College Duntroon. He commanded the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group in Malaya between 1960 and 1963, became General Officer in Command of Australia's Northern Command in 1968, and in 1971 was promoted to Vice Chief of the General Staff. After two years in this position he was made Chief of the General Staff and in 1975 became Chief of the Defence Force Staff. Ill health forced his retirement in 1977. Hassett died in Canberra on 11 June 2008.

Rolls and Awards

Honours and Awards : Officer of the Order of the British Empire

  • Unit: 2 Corps HQ
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Commander of the Order of the British Empire

  • Unit: Australian Army Service Corps
  • Conflict: Unlinked Conflict

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2/3rd Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: Australian Army Service Corps
  • Conflict: Unlinked Conflict

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 3 Australian Division
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment
  • Conflict: Korea, 1950-1953

Collection Items

Photograph

065746

MAREEBA, QLD. 1944-04-13. NX132 CAPTAIN G.C. QUONOEY, STAFF CAPTAIN, 2/1ST AUSTRALIAN MOVEMENT AND CONTROL GROUP, LEFT (2), GREETING QX6062 BRIGADIER R.J.H. RISSON, DSO., OBE., CHIEF ENGINEER, HEADQUARTERS, SECOND AUSTRALIAN CORPS, RIGHT (1), NX13939 MAJOR C.R. BIRD, DEPUTY ADJUTANT AND...

065746

065748

MAREEBA, QLD. 1944-04-13. AUSTRALIAN ARMY PERSONNEL SCANNING THE SKY FOR THE SECOND AIRCRAFT OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY AIR CORPS WHICH IS CARRYING THE REMAINDER OF THE ADVANCE PARTY OF HEADQUARTERS, 2ND AUSTRALIAN CORPS DURING THE TRANSFER FROM NEW GUINEA TO THE MAINLAND. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:-...

065748

067950

TRINITY BEACH, NORTH QUEENSLAND, AUSTRALIA. 1944-08-02. OFFICERS OF THE STAFF AND COMMAND COURSE HEADQUARTERS, 1ST AUSTRALIAN CORPS. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- WX11143 CAPTAIN F.R. HIGGS (1); NX322 LIEUTENANT COLONEL F.G. HASSETT (2); NX124613 CAPTAIN J.B. MICHELL (3); NX125727 CAPTAIN F.L. MASON...

067950

071432

FINSCHHAFEN AREA, 1944-03-21. NX322 LIEUTENANT COLONEL F. G. HASSETT, GENERAL STAFF OFFICER I, 2ND AUSTRALIAN CORPS

071432

071433

FINSCHHAFEN AREA, NEW GUINEA, 1944-03-21. VX48010 CAPTAIN J. SUMMERTON (1) WITH NX322 LIEUTENANT COLONEL F.G. HASSETT (2), AT ADVANCED HEADQUARTERS, 2ND AUSTRALIAN CORPS.

071433

095050

Portrait of Brigadier A R Garrett, BGS, Headquarters 2 Corps (3), interviewing Major Otsu, the Japanese surrender envoy (1), at Headquarters 3 division. Identified personnel are:- Lieutenant Colonel F G Hassett (2); Lieutenant Colonel T H Winchester (4).

095050

095054

TOKO, BOUGAINVILLE. 1945-08-18. MAJOR OTSU, THE JAPANESE SURRENDER ENVOY (6) AT HEADQUARTERS 3 DIVISION SPEAKING THROUGH AMERICAN INTERPRETERS (1) (2), DURING HIS INTERVIEW WITH BRIGADIER A.R. GARRETT, BGS, HEADQUARTERS 2 CORPS (4). IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- LIEUTENANT COLONEL F.G. HASSETT (3);...

095054

095056

TOKO, BOUGAINVILLE. 1945-08-18. DURING AN INTERVIEW AT HEADQUARTERS 3 DIVISION, BRIGADIER A.R. GARRETT, BGS, HEADQUARTERS 2 CORPS (2), ASKS MAJOR OTSU, THE JAPANESE SURRENDER ENVOY, THE WHEREABOUTS OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL M. KANDA, COMMANDER OF THE JAPANESE FORCES ON BOUGAINVILLE. IDENTIFIED...

095056

P00720.005

MALAY - THAI BORDER, VISIT TO A COMPANY 2ND BATTALION ROYAL AUSTRALIAN REGIMENT (2 RAR) HQ. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT; MAJOR G.J.. LEARY, OFFICER COMMANDING, A COMPANY; LIEUTENANT COLONEL A.B.. STRETTON, COMMANDING OFFICER, 2 RAR; AND BRIGADIER F.G.. HASSETT, BRIGADE COMMANDER. (DONOR BRIAN HONNER)

P00720.005

044485

Senior personnel from the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment (3RAR) were photographed at Battalion Headquarters during operations in the Korean conflict, possibly at the time of the Battle of Maryang San. Members of the group are, left to right: 18026 Captain H W 'Wings' Nicholls; 57546...

044485

Film

Interview with Sir Francis Hassett (The battle of Maryang San)

Interview with Sir Francis Hassett (The battle of Maryang San)

F04833

Interview with General Sir Francis Hassett AC, KBE, CB, DSO, MVO, & Brigadier James Shelton DSO, MC. Finished production. (In retrospect: an oral and visual history. Command and in-theatre training)

Interview with General Sir Francis Hassett AC, KBE, CB, DSO, MVO, & Brigadier James Shelton DSO, MC. Finished production. (In retrospect: an oral and visual history. Command and in-theatre training)

F04854

Brigadier Hassett 28 Brigade Malaysia DPR/TV/30

Brigadier Sir George Francis Hassett answers questions on his reason for visiting Australia. He describes the composition and role of the 28 Brigade Group based in Malaysia. Gives his opinion on how many Communist Terrorists are still active in the region. Describes the living conditions of...

F03648

Sound

General Sir Francis George Hassett AC KBE CB DSO LVO (Rtd) as the lieutenant colonel Commanding Officer 3rd Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR), Korea 1951-1952, interviewed by Colonel David Chinn MBE (Rtd)

Hassett speaks of his service background and experience, as well as training; appointment to command 3 RAR in Korea; the coordination involved in taking over from another battalion in the line; his leadership style and its impact on the battalion; the experience and performance of the servicemen...

S02653

Timeline

Date of birth 1918-04-11 Marrickville, NSW.
Other 1935-03 Entered the Royal Military College.
Date promoted 1938 Promoted to under officer, the senior cadet in a company, which is the equivalent to a company sergeant major.
Other 1938 Posted to the Darwin Mobile Force and given command of a rifle platoon.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1940-03-01 Enlisted in the 2nd AIF.
Date of honour or award 1941-07-08 Mention in Despatches.
Date promoted 1942 Promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, the youngest in the Australian Army.
Date of honour or award 1945-07-19 Officer of the Order of the British Empire.
Date of honour or award 1947-03-06 Mention in Despatches.
Other 1948 - 1951 Appointed General Staff Officer Grade 1 to the 2nd Division.
Other 1951-03 Took command of the 1st Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment.
Other 1951-06 Took command of the 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, in Korea.
Other 1951-10-05 - 1951-10-08 The 3rd Battalion, The Royal Australian Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Francis Hassett, fought the battle of Maryang San.
Date of honour or award 1952-02-01 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order.
Other 1960 - 1963 Commanded the 28th Commonwealth Infantry Brigade Group in Malaya.
Date of honour or award 1966-01-01 Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
Other 1968 Became General Officer in command of Australia's Northern Command.
Date of honour or award 1970-06-13 Companion of the Order of the Bath.
Other 1971 Promoted to Vice Chief of the General Staff.
Other 1973 Chief of the General Staff.
Other 1975-11-24 - 1976-02-08 Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee.
Other 1976-02-09 - 1977-04-20 Chief of the Defence Force Staff.
Date of honour or award 1976-06-09 Companion of the Order of Australia.
Date of honour or award 1976-06-12 Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.
Other 1977-04-20 Retired due to ill health.
Date of death 2008-06-11