Biography

Birth date: 22 July 1894
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Death date: 06 March 1960
Final rank: Lieutenant Colonel
Service number: 221 - First World War, 1914-1918
NX393 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 36th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • 2/1st Pioneer Battalion

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Sergeant
  • Date of embarkation: 09 June 1915
  • Place of embarkation: Fremantle

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Military Cross

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Military Cross

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Officer of the Order of the British Empire

  • Unit: 2/1st Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 2/1st Pioneer Battalion
  • Conflict: Second World War, 1939-1945

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 28th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Collection Items

Photograph

125890

DARWIN, NT. 1946-02-28. PORTRAIT OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL ARNOLD BROWN DSO OBE MC (TWICE MID), PRESIDENT OF THE WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL. HIS MILITARY RECORD INCLUDES SERVICE AT GALLIPOLI AND IN FRANCE DURING WW1 AND THE MIDDLE EAST AND THE ISLANDS DURING WW2. HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF...

125890

125906

EMERY POINT, DARWIN, NT. 1946-03-01. MEMBERS OF THE COURT MARTIAL CONVENED TO TRY JAPANESE PRISONERS OF WAR CHARGED WITH WAR CRIMES. LEFT TO RIGHT: MAJOR D. F. FIELD, MEMBER; MAJOR G. J. RUSE, JUDGE ADVOCATE; LIEUTENANT COLONEL ARNOLD BROWN, PRESIDENT; AND CAPTAIN W. A. SMITH, MEMBER. THIS WAS THE...

125906

NWA1042

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-01. Members of the court sit behind the table to hear the accused during the trials of suspected Japanese war criminals. Left to right: Major (Maj) D. F. Field of Kew, Vic; Maj G. J. Ruse of West Perth, WA, the Judge Advocate; Lieutenant Colonel Arnold Brown DSO OBE MC, of...

NWA1042

NWA1045

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-01. Members of the court sit behind the table at the war crimes court to hear the accused during the trials of suspected Japanese war criminals. Left to right: Major (Maj) D. F. Field of Kew, Vic; Maj G. J. Ruse of West Perth, WA, the Judge Advocate; Lieutenant Colonel Arnold...

NWA1045

NWA1046

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-01. Members of the court sit behind the table at the war crimes court to hear the accused during the trials of suspected Japanese War Criminals. Left to right: Major D. F. Field of Kew, Vic; Major G. J. Ruse of West Perth, WA, the Judge Advocate; Lieutenant Colonel Arnold Brown...

NWA1046

NWA1065

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-03. This is the pressmen's view of the courtroom during the Japanese War Criminal trials, with members of the court in the foreground, a Japanese witness in the witness chair, with interpreter at his side, and the defending counsel and prisoners at rear. Left to right: Captain...

NWA1065

NWA1067

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-03. This is the spectators' view of the Japanese War Criminal trials. At left (out of sight) are nine of the Japanese on trial. Sitting in front of them are their defending counsel. Members of the court, in centre rear from left: Major (Maj) D. F. Field of Kew, Vic; Maj G. J....

NWA1067

NWA1069

Darwin, NT. 1946-03-04. A Japanese witness is sworn in during the Japanese War Criminal trials. Left to right: Superior Private Ohara, third Japanese witness; NX204427 Sergeant G. L. Maitland, interpreter, of Rockdale, NSW; WX22057 Major G. J. Ruse, Judge Advocate, of West Perth, WA (standing), and...

NWA1069

Art

Lieutenant Colonel Arnold Brown

Depicts a head and shoulders portrait of NX393 Lieutenant Colonel Arnold Brown, DSO, OBE, MC, Area Commandant, Bulldog Lines of Command area in New Guinea during the Second World War.

ART26173

Timeline

Date of birth 1894-07-22 Sydney NSW
Date and unit at enlinstment (ORs) 1915-03-05
WW1 Service 1 1915-03-05 B Company 28th battalion
WW1 Service 2 1915-05-24 SGT
Date of embarkation 1915-06-29
WW1 Service 3 1915-09-04 Embarked fro Gallipoli
WW1 Service 4 1916-01-10 arrived Alex. ex Gallipoli
WW1 Service 5 1916-02-12 2lieutenant
Date commissioned 1916-02-16
WW1 Service 6 1916-03-21 arrived France
WW1 Service 7 1916-06-30 lieutenant
WW1 Service 8 1916-09-01 captain
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-09-17
WW1 Service 9 1916-11 wounded in action (gun shot wound Neck) 16(18?)
WW1 Service 10 1917-01-17 arrived France
WW1 Service 11 1917-01-25 returned to unit
WW1 Service 12 1917-02-08 Military Cross
WW1 Service 13 1917-04-04 temporary major
Date of recommendation honour or award 1917-05-12
WW1 Service 14 1917-07-02 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
WW1 Service 15 1917-08-04 major
WW1 Service 16 1917-09-28 wounded in action (gun shot wound lf arm & legs)
WW1 Service 17 1917-11-07 Mention in Despatches
WW1 Service 18 1918-02-25 arrived France
WW1 Service 19 1918-02-26 returned to unit
WW1 Service 20 1918-07-03 - 1918-08-04 course senior officers School Alde
WW1 Service 21 1918-09-29 returned to unit
WW1 Service 22 1919-04-05 Returned to Australia
WW1 Service 23 1919-07-30 demobilised
Interwar Service 1 1920-07-01 major Reserve of Officers
Interwar Service 2 1920-07-12 Removed from Reserve of Officers
Career summary 1 1939-10-09 enlisted Citizens Military Force
Career summary 2 1939-10-13 major Reserve of Officers
Career summary 3 1939-10-13 2 Grn battalion
Career summary 4 1940-05-01 2/1st Pioneer battalion
Career summary 5 1940-05-10 enlisted 2AIF
Career summary 6 1940-11-02 arrived Middle East
Career summary 7 1941-03-09 lieutenant colonel commanding officer
Career summary 10 1942-03-31 Returned to Australia (Adel)
Career summary 12 1942-05-18 commanding officer 36th battalion
Appointment 1942-05-18 - 1942-09-02 Battalion: 36th; Rank on appointment: lieutenant colonel; Appointed from: commanding officer 2/1st Pioneer battalion ; Reason for end of appointment: new command -FU: Returned as commanding officer to old unit
Career summary 11 1942-05-29 arrived Moresby
Career summary 13 1942-09-02 commanding officer 2/1st Pioneer battalion
Career summary 14 1943-06-01 seconded commanding officer 2 Base Sub-Area
Career summary 15 1943-12-16 Area Comd Bulldog
Career summary 16 1944-05-17 Dir. Gen Stores and Clothing Equip Div, Master Gen of Ordnance, Land Headquarters
Career summary 17 1944-06-30 commanding officer 5th Australian Adv Rect Depot
Career summary 18 1945-08-12 commanding officer 6th Australian prisoner of war Reception Centre
Career summary 19 1945-09-13 arrived S'pore
Career summary 20 1945-11-06 Returned to Australia (Syd)
Career summary 21 1946-02-08 Member War Crimes Tribunal, Timor
Career summary 22 1946-07-19 Retired Serviceman┬┐s League
Career summary 23 1946-08-30 Reserve of Officers
Date of death 1960-03-06
Citations 1 DSO (WW1):
Citations 2 'For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in organising and leading bombing attacks. His sound judgment and determination were mainly instrumental in bringing about the success of these attacks, whilst his utter disregard of danger throughout set a splendid example to officers and men.'
Citations 4 'TOBRUCH- Apr/Aug 41. Lt. Col. Brown has commanded 2/1 Aust.Pnr.Bn. most ably throughout the whole campaign in Cyrenaica. In addition to the normal functions so creditably performed in the earlier statges, this unti was called upon from April to take its full part as an Infantry Battalion in the offensive defense of the perimeter. Their work for long periods in holding portion of the FDLs has been extremely satisfactory. Lt. Col. Brown has, by his personal example of respoluteness and courage, set an inspiring example to his officers and men which resulted in the slendid work produced by the unit.'
Citations 5 -LG Supp 35526/42 -Rec'md Morshead.
Served 1914-1918 Command: ; Service: Gallipoli, Western Front