Biography

Birth date: 29 August 1882
Birth place: Australia: Queensland, North Queensland, Townsville
Death date: 23 May 1976
Death place: Australia: Queensland, Brisbane
Final rank: Temporary Brigadier General
Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918
Second World War, 1939-1945
Units:
  • 8th Infantry
  • 3rd Australian Division
  • 11th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • 15th Australian Infantry Battalion

Rolls and Awards

First World War Embarkation Roll

  • Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Date of embarkation: 22 December 1914
  • Place of embarkation: Melbourne

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 11th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 11th Australian Field Artillery Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Brevet Colonel

  • Unit: 8th Infantry
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 3rd Australian Division
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation) : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards (Recommendation)

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 15th Australian Infantry Battalion
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of the Bath

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Mention in despatches

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Belgian Croix de Guerre

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Honours and Awards : Distinguished Service Order

  • Unit: 11th Australian Infantry Brigade
  • Conflict: First World War, 1914-1918

Photograph

065311

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER IN HONOUR OF NX35000 LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE, CB, CBE, DSO., AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, KBE, DSO, MC, ED., BY VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED., AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. IDENTIFIED...

065311

065312

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER IN HONOUR OF NX35000 LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE, CB, CBE, DSO., AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, KBE, DSO, MC, ED., BY VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED., AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. THEY ARE,...

065312

065313

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. AN INFORMAL GROUP OF GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER GIVEN BY GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB,...

065313

065314

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1944-03-31. AN INFORMAL GROUP OF GUESTS AT COCKTAILS BEFORE A FORMAL DINNER GIVEN BY GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY TO LIEUTENANT GENERAL V.A.H. STURDEE AND LIEUTENANT GENERAL SIR EDMUND HERRING, AT THE ATHENAEUM CLUB. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- VX63396 MAJOR GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT, CB,...

065314

068648

HOWARD SPRINGS, NT. 1944-08-21. THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA, VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, (3)' EXAMINING A MAP OF THE AREA WITH SENIOR OFFICERS DURING HIS INSPECTION OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY FORCE UNITS. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:...

068648

068649

HOWARD SPRINGS, NT. 1944-08-21. THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA, VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, (4) EXAMING A MAP OF THE AREA WITH SENIOR OFFICERS DURING HIS INSPECTION OF THE AREA WITH SENIOR OFFICERS DURING HIS INSPECTION OF NORTHERN...

068649

068650

HOWARD SPRINGS, NT. 1944-08-21. THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA, VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, (4) AND HIS PARTY INSPECTING THE SPRINGS DURING THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF'S TOUR OF INSPECTION OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY FORCE UNITS. IDENTIFIED...

068650

068656

HUMPTY-DOO, NT. 1944-08-21. THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA, VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, (3) AND HIS PARTY INSPECTING THE KITCHENS AT THE NEW AUSTRALIAN ARMY CAMP SITE. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- NX384 COLONEL O.G. MEYER, CHIEF...

068656

068673

BERRY SPRINGS, NT. 1944-08-21. VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA (1) ACCOMPANIED BY NX2 MAJOR GENERAL A.S. ALLEN, CB, CBE, DSO, VD, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING, NORTHERN TERRITORY FORCE (2) AND VX89075 MAJOR GENERAL...

068673

068675

BERRY SPRINGS, NT. 1944-08-21. VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA (3) AND THE OFFICIAL PARTY LEAVING THE SPRINGS AFTER INSPECTING THE AREA. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- NX76156 CAPTAIN S. ELLIOT (1); VX89075 MAJOR...

068675

068680

ADELAIDE RIVER, NORTHERN TERRITORY, AUSTRALIA. 1944-08-22. THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF, ALLIED LAND FORCES, SOUTH WEST PACIFIC AREA, VX1 GENERAL SIR THOMAS BLAMEY, GBE, KCB, CMG, DSO, ED, (1) ACCOMPANIED BY Q70532 MAJOR L.A. CAMPBELL (2) AND VX89075 MAJOR GENERAL J.H. CANNAN, CB, CMG, DSO, VD, (3)...

068680

078977

AITAPE, NEW GUINEA. 1945-02-09. VX17 MAJOR GENERAL J. E. S. STEVENS DSO ED, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING, 6TH DIVISION (1) GREETING VX63396 LIEUTENANT GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT CB MVO, CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF AND CHIEF OF THE AUSTRALIAN SECTION OF THE IMPERIAL GENERAL STAFF (2), VX89075 MAJOR GENERAL...

078977

078999

MALMAL VILLAGE, NEW BRITAIN. 1945-02-09. AM1439 THE LAUNCH OF THE GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING, 5TH DIVISION PULLING INTO THE VILLAGE WHARF WITH VX63396 LIEUTENANT GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT, CB, MVO, CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF AND CHIEF OF THE AUSTRALIAN SECTION OF THE IMPERIAL GENERAL STAFF, VX19 MAJOR...

078999

079001

MALMAL VILLAGE, NEW BRITAIN. 1945-02-09. VISITING AUSTRALIAN GENERALS ON THE WHARF AT HEADQUARTERS, 5TH DIVISION. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- VX27 MAJOR-GENERAL A.H. RAMSAY, CBE, DSO, ED, GENERAL OFFICER COMMANDING, 5TH DIVISION (1); VX63396 LIEUTENANT-GENERAL J. NORTHCOTT, CB, MVO, CHIEF OF THE...

079001

120565

VX89075 MAJOR-GENERAL J. G. CANNAN CB,CMG,DSO,VD.

120565

128949

TARSHIHA-UMM AL FARAJ, PALESTINE. 1941-06-07. COMMANDER 21ST INFANTRY BRIGADE, BRIGADIER J. E. S. STEVENS, ED, ISSUES FINAL ORDERS FOR THE SYRIAN CAMPAIGN. IDENTIFIED: BRIGADIER KINGLSEY NORRIS, COMMANDING OFFICER, NORTH SOMERSET YEOMANRY (1); LIEUTENANT R. W. C. CAMERON, BRIGADE INTELLIGENCE...

128949

044253

MELBOURNE, 1942-03-28. THE 6 DIVISION RETURNS. AT THE MARCH OF 17TH BDE (L TO R) GEN SIR T. BLAMEY, SIR WINSTON DUGAN, MR DUNSTAN, MAJ-GEN CANNAN, MAJOR TODD, LT-GEN MACKAY, MAJ-GEN STANTKE, MAJ-GEN BOASE, MAJ-GEN HUGHES. (DONATED BY LADY MACKAY).

044253

A02745

Crowds line Collins Street, Melbourne, to watch the parade of Colonel John Monash's 4th Infantry Brigade. Pictured are the 15th Battalion commanded by Lieutenant Colonel James Harold Cannan. The Brigade had left Broadmeadows Camp at 7am that morning.

A02745

Film

Lieutenant General Morshead reviews 1 Australian Corps Troops AASC

Accompanied by the QMG VX89075 Major General James Harold Cannan CB, CMG, DSO, VD NX8 Lieutenant General Sir Leslie James Morshead KCB, KBE, CMG, DSO, ED - GOC 1 Aust Corps reviewed AASC units at Wongabel. Units were HQ Comd Corps Tps AASC, 2/34 Aust General Tpt Coy, 3 Aust Supply Depot Coy and 1...

F07547

Private Record

Mundell, William Twynam (Major, b. - d.1917)

Collection relating to the service of Major William Twynam Mundell, 15 Battalion, Australia, Gallipoli, Western Front, 1914-1917. Collection consists of eleven letters (typed copies) written by Mundell to various family members in Australia, a copy of a photograph of Major Mundell in uniform, a... Maker: Mundell, William Twynam

1DRL/0523

Digitised Collection

Miscellaneous letters and telegrams, 17 March - 27 August 1918

File relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file consist of programs, letters and telegrams collected by Monash between 17 March 1918 and 27 August 1918. This file contains: Description of acts for the opera 'Manole', in...

RCDIG0000571

Series 3: First World War Papers, 1914-1918

This series consists of papers relating to the First World War service of General Sir John Monash. The folders, originally bound together as 23 books, were organised by Monash and other family members and are arranged chronologically. The files include official war records, published material,...

RCDIG0000572

Personal Files Book 1, 15 December 1914 - 5 January 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 1, covers 15 December 1914 to 5 January 1915 and includes further instructions on the establishment of Battalions and the appointment of their commanding officers....

RCDIG0000576

Personal Files Book 4, 1 May - 3 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 1 May to 3 May 1915 and includes operation orders and official correspondence relating to the defence of Australian positions at Gallipoli. A number of...

RCDIG0000584

Personal Files Book 4, 2 May - 4 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 4, covers 2 May to 4 May 1915 and includes official correspondence relating to the concerted Turkish attacks of 2 May on Commonwealth-held positions. The messages...

RCDIG0000585

Personal Files Book 5, 6 May - 16 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 6 May to 16 May 1915 and includes messages exchanged by the 4th Brigade relating to operations on Gallipoli, particularly around Quinn's Post. This file...

RCDIG0000587

Personal Files Book 5, 16 May - 25 May 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 16 May to 25 May 1915 and includes messages, signals and other official correspondence relating to troop movement, defensive action, various operations,...

RCDIG0000588

Personal Files Book 5, 25 May - 10 June 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Colonel John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 5, covers 25 May 1915 and 10 June 1915 and includes information on the distribution of troops in the 4th Brigade, coordination of trench relief, reports on key...

RCDIG0000589

Personal Files Book 6, 3 August - 7 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 6, covers 3 August 1915 to 7 August 1915 and includes extensive official documents and communications relating to the attack on Hill 971, carried out...

RCDIG0000592

Personal Files Book 7, 8 August - 15 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 8 August 1915 to 15 August 1915 and includes summaries of events during the attack on Hill 971, information on the 15th Infantry Battalion,...

RCDIG0000593

Personal Files Book 7, 15 August - 22 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 7, covers 15 August 1915 to 22 August 1915 and includes official documents, operation reports, and intelligence reports on Turkish troop movement...

RCDIG0000594

Personal Files Book 8, 29 August - 30 August 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 8, covers 29 August 1915 to 30 August 1915 and includes information on the movement of officers within the brigade, a report on the use of new grenade...

RCDIG0000598

Personal Files Book 9, 2 September - 9 September 1915

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 9, covers 2 September 1915 to 9 September 1915 and includes a Special Order from Sir Ian Hamilton congratulating the Australian troops on the Lone Pine...

RCDIG0000600

Personal Files Book 11, 8 January - 31 January 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 8 January 1916 to 31 January 1916 and includes a letter from Sir Godley refusing special recognition of Lieutenant Crabbe's actions during the...

RCDIG0000608

Personal Files Book 11, 31 January - 29 February 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 11, covers 31 January 1916 to 29 February 1916 and includes an exchange of messages between Monash and Lieutenant Colonel Sydney Herring regarding the...

RCDIG0000609

Personal Files Book 13, 1 June - 1 July 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Brigadier General John Monash, 4th Infantry Brigade. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 1 June 1916 and 1 July 1916 and includes a number of documents relating to the movement of 4th Brigade to France. This includes Ship's...

RCDIG0000613

Personal Files Book 13, 16 August - 30 September 1916

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 13, covers 16 August 1916 to 30 September 1916 and includes documents relating to the visit of King George V to inspect the 3rd Australian Division,...

RCDIG0000615

Personal Files Book 14, 1 December 1916 - 10 February 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 14, covers 1 December 1916 to 10 February 1917 and includes an extensive report on weather patterns in France, a circular on rationing of stores,...

RCDIG0000617

Personal Files Book 15, 1 April - 10 May 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 1 April 1917 to 10 May 1917 and includes a number of documents titled 'Magnum Opus', relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917. These...

RCDIG0000619

Personal Files Book 15, 10 May - 9 June 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 10 May 1917 to 9 June 1917 and includes documents and messages relating to the Messines Offensive of June 1917, timetables for specific attacks...

RCDIG0000620

Personal Files Book 15, 10 June - 31 July 1917

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 15, covers 10 June 1917 to 31 July 1917 and includes documents relating to the aftermath of the Messines Offensive and the beginning of the Battle of...

RCDIG0000621

Personal Files Book 17, 1 November 1917 - 13 January 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 17, covers 1 November 1917 to 13 January 1918 and includes orders, operation documents and plans relating to the third phase of fighting at Ypres. It...

RCDIG0000625

Personal Files Book 18, 28 March - 20 April 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 28 March 1918 to 20 April 1918 and includes correspondence regarding the defensive action at Morlancourt, statements supporting Sergeant...

RCDIG0000628

Personal Files Book 18, 21 April - 8 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 21 April 1918 to 8 May 1918 and includes an account of the death of Manfred Albrecht von Richthofen (the Red Baron) drawn from eyewitness...

RCDIG0000629

Personal Files Book 18, 8 May - 25 May 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Major General John Monash, 3rd Australian Division. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 8 May 1918 to 25 May 1918 and includes correspondence regarding damage to civilian property in France by Australian personnel, a translated...

RCDIG0000630

Personal Files Book 18, 25 May - 3 June 1918

File of papers relating to the First World War service of Lieutenant General Sir John Monash, Australian Corps. This file, originally part of Book 18, covers 25 May 1918 to 3 June 1918 and includes documents relating to Monash's ascension to comand of the Australian Corps and the make up of the...

RCDIG0000631

Timeline

Date of birth 1882-08-29
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1903-03-27 Commissioned asa second Lieutenant in the 1st Queensland (Moreton) Regiment.
Date promoted 1903-11-27 Promoted to first lieutenant.
Date promoted 1904-09-24 Promoted to captain.
Date promoted 1911-08-14 Promoted to major.
Other units 1912-07-01 Transferred to the 8th Infantry (Oxley) Battalion and took command of it.
Date promoted 1914-05-09 Promoted to lieutenant colonel.
Other units 1914-08-05 - 1914-08-31 Appointed to command the Lytton Defences.
Date and unit at appointment (Officers) 1914-09-23 Appointed to the AIF, commanding the 15th Battalion.
Date of embarkation 1914-12-22
Date of honour or award 1915 For his part in the Gallipoli campaign, he was made a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB).
Other 1915-04-25 Arrived at Gallipoli in the evening.
Other 1915-08-08 Lieutenant Colonel Cannan's brother, Major D H Cannan, killed in the 15th Battalion's attack on the Sari Bair Range.
Other 1915-10 Evacuated sick, rejoining the 15th Battalion in Egypt.
Other 1916-06 The 15th Battalion moved to France and saw action at Poziers and Mouquet Farm.
Other 1916-08-30 Appointed to command the 11th Infantry Brigade. Made Colonel and Temporary Brigadier General.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1916-09-30
Date promoted 1917-06-24 Made a Brevet Colonel.
Date of honour or award 1918 Awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) for the battles of August and September 1918.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-03-04
Date of honour or award 1918-06-03 Companion of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG).
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-09-30
Other units 1918-10-01 - 1920-06-30 Commanded the 2/15th Infantry Battalion.
Date of recommendation honour or award 1918-10-16
Date of honour or award 1919-04-05 Belgiam Croix de Guerre.
Date returned to Australia 1919-08-22
Other 1919-12-13 Appointment to the AIF terminated.
Other 1920-04-01 - 1923-03-21 Aide de Camp to the Govenor General.
Date promoted 1920-07-01 Appointed honorary brigadier general.
Date promoted 1920-07-01 Promoted to colonel.
Other 1920-07-01 - 1921-05-30 Commanded the 2nd Infantry Brigade.
Other 1921-05-01 - 1925-04-30 Commanded the 11th Mixed Brigade.
Other 1925-04-30 Transferred to the unattached list.
Other 1940-05-27 Appointed Inspector General of Administration at the Department of Defence.
Date promoted 1940-07-07 Appointed temporary major general and took over command of the 2nd Division.
Other 1940-10-24 Became Quartermaster General and appointed a member of the Military Board.
Other 1943-09 General Thomas Blamey nominated Cannan for a Knight of the British Empire (KBE) but it was refused.
Other 1946 - 1947 Director of the United Nations Relief and Rehabillitation Administration in the South West Pacific.
Other 1948 - 1957 Director of the Services Canteen Trust.
Other 1950 - 1951 Director of the Queensland division of the Australian Red Cross Society.
Date of death 1976-05-23