Major Ian Graham McNeill
|Birth date:||12 June 1933|
|Birth place:||Australia: Victoria, Melbourne|
|Death date:||3 October 1998|
|Death place:||Australia: Australian Capital Territory, Canberra|
|Service number:||335073 - Vietnam, 1962-1975|
Ian McNeill, soldier and military historian, was born in Melbourne on 12 June 1933 but grew up and was educated in Wagga Wagga, New South Wales. In 1950, at the age of 17, McNeill entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon and, showing early signs of his later vocation as a writer, topped his class in English over each of his three years there. A keen outdoorsman he also joined the college's snow skiing club.
McNeill graduated in 1954 and the following year was posted as a rifle platoon commander to the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1RAR) then serving in Korea. Shortly after returning, McNeill published his first piece army life had not dimmed his enthusiasm for writing. In 1957 he became a founding member of 1 Special Air Service Company as a platoon commander and served with the company until 1961 when he joined the headquarters of the Australian Army Force in Singapore. He visited South Vietnam for a brief inspection tour in November 1962.
In 1965 he was selected to join the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) and served a one-year tour of duty as Senior Australian Adviser in the northern I Corps region of South Vietnam from August 1965 to August 1966. He developed a genuine affection for the Vietnamese people and their culture during his service there and the experience was the beginning of a life-long association with that country.
McNeill returned to Australia and attended the Staff College at Queenscliff in Victoria before going on to serve in the 1st, 3rd and 5th Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment. In 1971, while still a soldier, he participated in the final anti-war Moratorium march. McNeill had come to believe that the government was following a flawed strategy and that Australian soldiers were dying needlessly in Vietnam while the government prevaricated about bringing them home.
In 1972 he joined the Military History Cell at Army Headquarters in Canberra where he conducted historical research, wrote, and interviewed army commanders about their Vietnam experiences. He also undertook part-time study, gaining a Master of Arts degree and proving himself to be an excellent scholar. During this period, McNeill wrote The team, a history of the unit with which he had served in Vietnam. He left the Army as a major in 1982 and joined the Australian War Memorial's Official History Unit in 1984. There he researched and wrote the first official history volume on ground operations in Vietnam, To Long Tan. Published in 1993 this outstanding piece of historical work earned McNeill the Templer Medal, the Commonwealth's most prestigious award for military history writing.
McNeill went on to write a number of further articles and book chapters on the Vietnam War. His skill in writing battle pieces is most evident in his chapter on the battle of Long Tan in To Long Tan, now recognised as a model of the genre. In 1997 he was awarded a Doctorate of Letters for The team and To Long Tan from the University of New England, an achievement of which he was particularly proud. McNeill had not long before undergone vascular surgery but had returned to work in the Official History Unit. Just a year after receiving his doctorate, on 3 October 1998, McNeill suffered a fatal heart attack and died in Canberra Hospital. At the time of his death he was working on the successor volume to To Long Tan, which was published as two volumes completed by his co-author Ashley Ekins, On the offensive (published in 2003) and Fighting to the finish (published in 2012).
Rolls and Awards
(2781294) David Rae Sabben as a second lieutenant Officer Commanding 12 Platoon D company 6th Battal S00038
Major William Roger Deane as a captain adviser Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV), South S01480
Brigadier James Graham Ochiltree OBE (Rtd) as Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion The Royal Australian S00369
Colonel Francis Adrian Roberts (Rtd) as a lieutenant troop commander 1st Armoured Personnel Carrier S01475
Ian McNeill (Official History Unit, Australian War Memorial) with the commander of Military Region 7, Lieutenant General Nguyen Thoi Bung, outside his Headquarters. General Bung was the commander of the Viet Cong (VC) 275 Regiment which, with VC Regiment D445, fought D Company, 6th Battalion, The...P01509.008
I Corps South Vietnam. Miscellaneous scenes taken by Major Ian McNeill, Senior Australian Advisor I Corps and GSO3 Training on HQ I Corps Da Nang, August 1966. "Australia House" Da Nang, the up-country headquarters of the AATTV (Australian Army Training Team Vietnam). Warrant Officers (WOs) manned...F04757
Ian Graham McNeill as a Military Historian, Official History Vietnam War interviewed by Greg Swanborough for 'The sharp end'
Scene 6 Takes 1 Roll 9. The strategy of operation Rolling Thunder was to bomb North Vietnam to bring them to conference table; the strategy didn’t work and on 6 March US Marines landed in Da Dang; bombing persisted through the entire war and only in December1972 when B-52 bombed Hanoi did it...F10607
(2781294) David Rae Sabben as a second lieutenant Officer Commanding 12 Platoon D company 6th Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment, South Vietnam 1966-1967, interviewed by Ian McNeill
Sabben speaks of his participation in the Battle of Long Tan, 18 August 1966. A transcript of this recording may be available. For further information please contact the Sound section.S00038
Major William Roger Deane as a captain adviser Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV), South Vietnam 1969-1970, interviewed by Ian McNeill
Deane speaks of his tour of duty with 354th Infantry Regiment Army of the Republic of Vietnam and the defence of Fire Support Base Tun Tavern A transcript of this recording may be available. For further information please contact the Sound section.S01480
Brigadier James Graham Ochiltree OBE (Rtd) as Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion The Royal Australian Regiment, Malaya 1955-1957, interviewed by Ian McNeill
Ochiltree speaks of his childhood and education; his early army training; 2 RAR prior to leaving for Malaya in December 1955; the Jungle Training Centre, Canungra; travel to Malaya; 2 RAR's dual roles as part of the Strategic Reserve and as an operational unit, fighting communist terrorists (CTs)...S00369
Colonel Francis Adrian Roberts (Rtd) as a lieutenant troop commander 1st Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron South Vietnam 1965-1967 and as a captain adviser Australian Army Training Team Vietnam, South Vietnam 1970-1971, interviewed by Ian McNeill
Roberts speaks as the Officer Commanding 3 Troop 1st Armoured Personnel Carrier Squadron at the Battle of Long Tan, Phuoc Tuy Province, in 1966 and of his later experiences on his second posting to South Vietnam as a captain adviser Australian Army Training Team Vietnam.S01475
|Date of birth||1933-06-12||Melbourne, VIC.|
|Other||1940||Entered the Royal Military College, Duntroon.|
|Other||1954||McNeill graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon.|
|Other||1955||Was posted as a rifle platoon commander to the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment then serving in Korea.|
|Other||1957||Became a founding member of the Special Air Service Company as a platoon commander.|
|Other||1961||Joined the headquarters of the Australian Army Force in Singapore.|
|Other||1965||Joined the Australian Army Training Team, Vietnam, as a military advisor.|
|Other||1971||Participated in the final anti-war Moratorium march.|
|Other||1972||Joined the Military History Cell at Army Headquarters in Canberra.|
|Other||1982||Resigned from the army with the rank of major.|
|Date of discharge||1984||Joined the Australian War Memorial's Official History Unit.|
|Other||1993||Wrote the first volume of the Vietnam series of the Official History, 'To Long Tan'.|
|Other||1997||Awarded a Doctorate of Letters for 'The Team' and 'To Long Tan' from the University of New England.|
|Date of death||1998-10-03||Died of a heart attack in Canberra, ACT.|
|Other||2003||The companion volume to 'To Long Tan' was published as 'On the offensive'. McNeill was working on 'On the offensive' at the time of his death.|