Biography

Birth date: 14 June 1906
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Strathfield
Death date: 08 June 1986
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Service number: NX37175 - Second World War, 1939-1945
Unit: 2/9th Field Regiment

Harold Frederick Abbott was a portrait painter and teacher of art by profession. From 1923 he began studying art part time at the Sydney Art School under Julian Ashton and Henry Gibbons. In 1931, after being awarded the NSW Society of Artists Travelling Scholarship, Abbott moved to London where he spent the next two years studying at the Royal Academy, returning to Australia in 1933. Abbott became highly accomplished in portraiture, still life, and genre paintings, winning the Sulman Prize in 1940. Portraiture was of particular interest to Abbott. His dedication to depicting his subjects with great honesty and likeness is evident in all of the portraits he produced thoughout his career. Characteristics of his style were his simplicity in approach, an awareness of compositional balance, use of light to create depth and shadow, and his narrative painterly style.

In 1941 Abbott enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force , and in 1943 was appointed acting lieutenant as a war artist in 2/9 Australian Field Regiment. Abbott spent the next two years serving as an official war artist, during which time he produced a large body of work documenting scenes and portraits that reflected his experiences.

Abbott's skills in genre painting were well suited to his duties as a war artist; he constructed highly balanced scenes with a strong underlying narrative that provided a comprehensive and truthful documentation of Australia's involvement on the home front, in the Pacific Islands, and in Singapore during the Second World War. Abbott focused on specific elements that formed a part of every soldier's day-to-day life. His genre works provide eyewitness accounts of everyday life at war, ranging from hygiene an recreation, to machinery and repairs, as well as camp scenes which incorporate the local flora, fauna, and surrounding landscapes.

In a marked departure from the relatively calm documentation of daily activities, Abbott produced a confronting triptych depicting the fall of Singapore and prisoners of war working on the Burma-Thailand railway. The three panels "A triptych of suffering" include "defeat", "Singapore", On the Thailand Railway 1" and "On the Thailand Railway 2". Abbott is no longer concerned with the subtler elements of war and portrays the traumatic and depict disturbing devastation he witnessed in Singapore. Sombre images of emaciated prisoners of war disintegrating under the weight of hard labour and destruction confront and shock the viewer. These works are demonstrative of Abbott's engagement with emotions and drama - a theme he revisits later in life.

As a war artist Abbott also produced many portraits, each one reflecting his skill in being able to capture likeness. his subjects ranged from high-ranking officials and officers to local natives and Japanese prisoners of war. For all of whom he made portraits, Abbott endeavoured to collect as much information a possible; he would spend time talking with them and observing their behaviour, consequently producing works of a very sincere and personal nature.

In the 20 years following the war, Abbott did very little painting and exhibiting. he instead applied himself to teaching at the National Art School in Sydney, where he later became the head and State Supervisor of Art. In the late 1960s, when he was in retirement, he resumed painting again; his style, however, was markedly different. Narrative and figurative works in oil and watercolours gave way to bold abstract compositions in acrylics. Prior to his death, Abbott held eight solo exhibitions and his work is held in the collections of the National Gallery of Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, as well as various regional art galleries across Australia.

Rolls and Awards

Collection Items

Photograph

061682

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-12-27. NX37175 LIEUTENANT H. F. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AUSTRALIAN MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

061682

061683

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-12-27. NX37175 LIEUTENANT H. F. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AUSTRALIAN MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

061683

066520

WONDECLA AREA, QLD. 1944-05-23. NX37175 LIEUTENANT H. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, WORKING ON A PAINTING, EXTENDED LINE WITH VX13459 SERGEANT L. R. MCCOLE AS HIS MODEL.

066520

064570

ATHERTON, QLD. 1944-02-26. NX37175 LIEUTENANT H. F. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AUSTRALIAN MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, PAINTING IN A SIGNALS OFFICE.

064570

092818

SORAKEN AREA, BOUGAINVILLE. 1945-06-07. LIEUTENANT H. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION (1), WORKING ON A PAINTING OF A BARGE LANDING POINT ON LALUM BEACH. HE IS WATCHED BY PERSONNEL OF 31/51 INFANTRY BATTALION TACTICAL HEADQUARTERS. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE:- LANCE CORPORAL...

092818

120498

THAILAND. 1945-10-22. NEAREST THE CAMERA AND SEATED IS LIEUTENANT ABBOTT, AUSTRALIAN OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST. HE IS CHECKING WITH A DUTCH OFFICER A MEAL LIST WHICH WAS SUBMITTED BY THE JAPANESE ORDERLY ON THE RIGHT. PHOTOGRAPH TAKEN AT WAMPO AFTER THE PARTY HAD DINED. (PHOTOGRAPHER SGT F. A. C. BURKE,...

120498

126635

SYDNEY, NSW. 1946-04-11. LIEUTENANT H. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AT WORK ON ONE OF HIS PAINTINGS.

126635

126636

SYDNEY, NSW. 1946-04-11. LIEUTENANT H. ABBOTT, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AT WORK ON ONE OF HIS PAINTINGS.

126636

P00911.001

NX37175 PRIVATE HAROLD ABBOTT (FRONT) OPERATING A RADIO SET IN THE FIELD. FROM 1944 TO 1946 ABBOTT WAS AN OFFICIAL AUSTRALIAN WAR ARTIST. DONOR: G. ABBOTT

P00911.001

P00911.002

NX37175 PRIVATE HAROLD ABBOTT OPERATING A RADIO SET IN THE FIELD. FROM 1944 TO 1946 ABBOTT WAS AN OFFICIAL AUSTRALIAN WAR ARTIST. DONOR: G. ABBOTT

P00911.002

Art

Sergeant Leslie Ralph McCole

Portrait of Sergeant Leslie Ralph McCole (VX13459), veteran of Libya, Syria and New Guinea in battle order, done by the artist as a study for his painting 'H-5 Hours'.

ART21282

Corporal William (old Bill) Green

Portrait of Corporal William Lindsay 'Old Bill' Green (VX4357). Corporal Green provided service overseas in both wars; he was a Pack store Corporal, 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. He saw action in the Middle East at Libya, as well as in Syria, Ceylon, Greece, and Crete. 'Old Bill's' reputed...

ART21283

A and D tent in the scrub

A sketch of an Admission and Discharge reception tent pitched in thick jungle scrub during exercises of 6th Australian Division Medical units.

ART21284

Tent lines

Characteristic of any tent lines in 6th Australian Division area. Dark coloured tents in eucalyptus bush, on reddish soil, though not so red as in other parts of the district. In the distance is part of a large sergeants mess.

ART21285

Maintenancing 'Matildas', 3

One of three studies of Armoured Fighting Vehicle fitters doing maintenance work on a Matilda Mark IV tank. Front view of one of the Matilda Mark IV tanks of 2/9th Australian Armoured Regiment showing the partially removed tracks with one of the bogeys on the nearest track. The crew commander's...

ART21286

General Blamey Drive, II

Looking down General Blamey Drive from 'Sanananda Corner' at the New Guinea Force Headquarters in Lae, New Guinea. The four messes on the left are 'Princes' (Officers'), 'Zeigfields' and 'Christies' (Sergeants'), and 'Adams' (Other Ranks). 'Birtley Towers', a construction supporting three water...

ART21287

Anti-mite precautions

Troops applying the anti-mite fluid Di Butyl Thallali (DBT), an effective precaution against the bite of the mokka. Infected mokkas were the carriers of Scrub Typhus, a disease that caused many fatal casualties. Using the hands, the DBT fluid was applied to the inner side of the garments, with...

ART21288

Mt Bagana from the vehicle park

Measuring 1750 metres in elevation and dominating the Torokina landscape, Mount Bagana was, and continues to be, one of the most active volcanoes in the world. According to Abbott's observations, the volcano was usually seen best early in the day, and steam seemed to come out of great fissures...

ART21289

The petrol dump

The petrol dump at Headquarters 2 Australian Corps in Bougainville depicts the routine work performed at petrol dumps, and also highlights the importance of petrol supplies and vehicle maintenance in areas such as the Pacific Islands. At the Headquarters different companies were utilised for...

ART21290

Lieutenant Charles H. Johnson

Portrait of Lieutenant Charles Hamilton Johnson, Volunteer Defence Corps, receiving final orders as a section leader before taking up a position for attack. Done by the artist as a study for his painting 'Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol'

ART21399

Lance Corporal M Nisbet

Portrait of Lance Corporal M. Nisbet, Volunteer Defence Corps, No 3 Platoon, B Company, receiving final orders for night patrol. Done by the artist as a study for his painting 'Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol'

ART21400

Sergeant George R. Edyvane

Portrait of Sergeant George Reginald Edyvane (V364288), Volunteer Defence Corps, No 3 Platoon, B Company, receiving final orders for night patrol. Done by the artist as a study for his painting 'Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol'

ART21401

Private William J. Dawe

Portrait of Private William James Dawe, Volunteers Defence Corps, No 3 Platoon, B company, receiving final orders for night patrol. Done by the artist as a study for his painting 'Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol'

ART21402

Sergeant Fred C. Warren

Portrait of Sergeant Fred Caleb Warren (V364324), Volunteer Defence Corps, No 3 Platoon, B Company, receiving final orders for night patrol. Done by the artist as a study for his painting 'Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol'

ART21403

Signaller Alan McCallum

Portrait of Signaller Allan Cameron Linvingstone McCallum (V351129). Done by the artist as a study for his painting ‘Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps’

ART21404

Corporal Charles Rowe

Portrait of Corporal Charles William Rowe (V367531), 11 Battalion Volunteer Defence Corps. Done by the artist as a study for his painting ‘Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps’

ART21405

Private Roderick Algie

Portrait of Private Roderick Algie (V367523), 11 Battalion Volunteer Defence Corps. Done by the artist as a study for his painting ‘Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps’

ART21406

Sergeant Henry V. Rowe

Portrait of Sergeant Henry Vivian Rowe (V367522), recruit for Sub Mounted units. Done by the artist as a study for his painting ‘Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps’

ART21407

Private A. B. Bell

Portrait of Private A. B. Bell, a hospital patient in Ward West 1, 115 Australian General Hospital, Melbourne.

ART21408

Repairing jack hammer drill

Two soldiers are shown at work repairing a jack hammer drill

ART21409

Private Guy Richardson-Johnson

Portrait of Private Guy Richardson-Johnson (NX46469), 2/5 Australian Infantry Battalion. Pte Richardson-Johnson served in Greece, Syria, and New Guinea in battle order with Owen Gun. This portrait was done by the artist as a study for his painting 'H-5 Hours'.

ART21410

Private Keith Drabble

Portrait of Private Keith Drabble (WX13303), 17th Australian Infantry Brigade, done by the artist as a study for his painting 'H-5 Hours'.

ART21411

Inside Officers' Mess

Inside the Officers' Mess in Atherton, Queensland.

ART21412

Private Richard Passey

Portrait of Private Richard Dawson Passey (NX92357), 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. Pte Passey saw service in both wars, he enlisted in 1915 and served in France during the First World War, and in the Second World War he enlisted in 1942 and saw action in Wau, New Guinea.

ART21413

Sergeant William (Mick) Morgan

Portrait of Sergeant William John "Mick" Morgan (VX2495), a nursing sergeant in 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. Sgt Morgan's conscientiousness and interest in the treatment of patients under his care earned him the respect of many in the Brigade. He provided service in the Middle East, the Western...

ART21414

Sergeant Keith McLean

Portrait of Sergeant Keith Hallam McClean (VX6617), of the Australian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. Sgt McClean saw action in the Middle East, the Western desert, Greece, Crete, Syria, and Ceylon, as well as in Wau, New Guinea.

ART21415

Private Patrick (Paddy) Kealy

Portrait of Private Patrick Thomas Andrew (Paddy or "Battle axe") Kealy (VX45209), 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. He enlisted in early 1940 and joined his unit in April 1941. He saw action in the Middle East, Greece and Crete, and also in Syria, Ceylon, and New Guinea. Kealy was a great builder of...

ART21416

Sergeant James Nyland

Portrait of Sergeant James Michael John Nyland (VX2432), who was a stretcher bearer for 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance in the Second World War. Sgt Nyland served in the Middle East, Greece, Crete, Syria, and New Guinea.

ART21417

Sergeant James McKenzie

Portrait of Sergeant James McKenzie (VX7161), Red Cross Sergeant, 2/2 Australian Field Ambulance. Sgt McKenzie served in the Middle East, Greece, Syria and New Guinea.

ART21418

Lieutenant Charles Cullen

Portrait of Lieutenant Charles Kitchener Cullen (VX7516), Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE), signal officer, 2/5 Australian Infantry Battalion. Lt Cullen served in Libya and Greece, was awarded the Africa Star, and was reputedly fearless, tough, and a good soldier.

ART21419

Lieutenant Stuart Heilbron

Portrait of Lieutenant Stuart Heilbrun (QX3723), an Intelligence Officer with 49th Australian Infantry Battalion in New Guinea. Lt Heilbrun later joined 2/5th Australian Infantry Battalion after being commissioned in January 1944.

ART21420

Private James Troup

Portrait of Private James Binnie Troup (NX81305). Pte James Troup enlisted in the Australian Army in June 1941 and spent six months as an instructor in demolitions at Canungra Training Camp with 2/5th Australian Infantry Battalion (he was previously with Pioneer Battallion).

ART21421

The watering point

One of those everyday scenes with which every soldier is familiar. The water trucks drive backwards and forward to the watering points to keep the various tanks, situated in camps near the kitchen and ablution places, constantly replenished. There are always a number of trucks waiting. It takes...

ART21422

Jeep

A three-quarter back study of a Jeep, made mainly to show detail.

ART21423

Maintenancing 'Matildas', 1

One of three studies of Armoured Fighting Vehicle fitters doing maintenance work on a Matilda Mark IV tank. A Matilda Mark IV tank of the 2/9 Australian Armoured Regiment is shown, three quarter rear view, with its gear box and racham louvers raised to enable the Armoured Fighting Vehicle fitter to...

ART21424

Maintenancing Matildas, 2

One of set of three studies of Armoured Fighting Vehicle fitters doing maintenance work on a Matilda Mark IV tank. A view of a Maltilda Mark IV tank of the 2/9 Australian Armoured Regiment shown with the engine louvers raised. Two smoke shell discharge brackets can be seen on the side of the...

ART21425

The workshop section

An attempt to catch the atmosphere of the mobile workshop section of the 2/9 Australian Armoured Regiment. All the heavy machinery is mounted on 4x4 trucks enabling it to be put to use at short notice at any place. On the right a captured Italian lathe is being used. The truck also contains a...

ART21426

The mobile blacksmith

Showing the interior of the 2/9 Australian Armoured Regiment mobile blacksmith truck with a craftsman using the heavy pedestal grinder. The cylinder on the left is an acetylene generator for welding. The forge and the anvil have been lifted out of the truck and can be seen on the left. In the...

ART21427

The Jeep and the Air Raid Alarm

Through a clump of palm trunks a jeep can be seen on one of the tracks running through the area of Headquarters, New Guinea Force. The air raid alarm is an old petrol drum hung from a cross beam. Various administration huts can be seen, native built constructions of tree trunk framework and palm...

ART21428

'Guinea Gold' print shop

A linotype machine, operated by Private Sidney Francis Hughes (QX50863) is seen in the back. In the foreground is compositer Private V Henderson (N251189 ), working on the composing stone, while the other compositor is, Private Bruce Francis Lionel Brady (QX44827).

ART21429

The engine house

The shed in which the generator for "Guinea Gold", the Army newspaper is housed. Produced under difficult conditions, the paper was distributed free to both Australian and American troops serving in New Guinea. This shows the construction of native huts including the use of 'sac sac', sago palm...

ART21430

General Blamey Drive, I

Troops and natives can be seen walking along the drive which makes a sweep through the New Guinea Force Headquarters camp, past offices and messes to rejoin the Butibum Road. It is lined with a rich variety of tropical vegetation. On the left is "F" Mess 'Romanos', similar in shape and size to most...

ART21431

Native built Army chapel

Pictured whilst still in its constructive stages, this chapel was built on the usual cruciform plan but was constructed in the traditional native manner thus regaining much of the natural dignity that had been lost in so many wooden churches of the time. On the left the west end of the nave can be...

ART21432

Study for background, Lae

As seen from the artist's tent at Lae, on a wet day. A varied group of local foliage with little vegetable gardens surrounded with large pebbles in the foreground, typical of the gardens to be found in many camps. Tomatoes, radishes, lettuces and a variety of decorative plants and flowers were...

ART21433

Parachutes in the drying Shed

Whenever practical, parachutes were dried out of doors, but wetness of climate necessitated construction of special drying sheds in which the parachutes were hung. Pictured, the canvas buckets are on the ground. These parachutes were used for supply dropping.

ART21434

After the pictures

This shows the crowd leaving at the end of the evening. The jeeps and various other vehicles waiting in the car park in 'Buna Square' light their headlights ready to start, when the pedestrians have passed by. Most carry boxes, oil drums and folding chairs. Places were reserved by putting large...

ART21435

Interior of chapel

Looking across the transept during a church parade. The chancel is on the left. The alter is decorated with the cross of St George, only portions of which can be seen. Note the ubiquitous oil drums, two variaties of collapsible forms used by the army, and the Padre's black tie only worn for...

ART21436

Knock-off time

At the staging camp, an old camp site built on the banks of the swift flowing Butibum River. Everyone's first thought at the end of the day is to get into the river as quickly as possible, where clothes are washed as well. The rich variety of tropical foliage, which makes the site a beautiful one,...

ART21438

The Armourer's shop

Two men are inspecting the unit's rifles. The nearer is cleaning the bore and the other is inspecting the bore. Two cleaning rods hang on the side of the bench and rifles that have been finished have been placed on the right. A large tin of oil is on the floor. On the left is Lance Corporal Hugh...

ART21439

Washing in the Butibum River

Depicting the Butibum River. The batmen are busy doing the daily wash whilst others bathe or enjoy the sun on the pebbles on the opposite bank.

ART21440

Malaria control team

A soldier using a 'Rega' knapsack sprayer is covering pools with malaria oil to kill the mosquito larvae. His relief stands by. The inevitable washing is in the background. Personnel are Corporal William Simpson (VX77695) and Private Douglas Alderson (VX147445), who is using the knapsack.

ART21441

Sergeant H T Hong Choy

Portrait of Sergeant H T Hong Choy, 6th Division Corps Signals. In the lower right of the image the artist has included some Chinese characters. Sergeant Hong Choy could speak and write in Chinese and Japanese and had a working knowledge of Italian and Yugoslavian. His first duties in the...

ART21442

Hanging out the washing

A scene of everyday camp life. A 'batman' hangs out his officer's washing and someone else is cleaning his teeth. A bucket, dish, and washing board are at the base of a palm. The tents are a pale green colour inside and a tarry colour on the outside. In the foreground is the top of a 'pissaphone',...

ART21443

The raw camp - I - The GOC's office

At the base of an ancient banyan tree, the General Officer Commanding's crude new office has been erected. Around it are unpacked crates as the camp has not yet been tidied.

ART21444

The raw camp - II - Outside the men's kitchens

On the left is the pantry, where stocks are kept and food is prepared behind fly-proof screening. The cooks are watching the sawyers where the water is boiled and other cooking done. Beyond, the water cart is filling up the tanks, whilst men draw water from the taps at the far end. Behind the truck...

ART21445

Between tent rows

A characteristic scene in local camps. Australian tents are supported by rough posts to which cross pieces have been tied. The tents are attached to this frame work instead of to pegs in the ground, and have all been raised higher by putting the poles on oil drums to allow the air to circulate....

ART21446

Fry's Crossing

A rainstorm is starting just as the Pioneers are returning from the other side of the River Doiabi, where the artillery, engineers, Australian New Guinea Administration Unit and the Advanced Dressing Station are situated. On the extreme left at the top can be seen a ridge that has been bared by...

ART21447

The Advanced Dressing Station

The operating theatre is the building in the centre where a patient is being carried in. The long building on the left is a ward and the roof of the other ward and dispensary can be seen on the right. The orderly room is in front of that and nearer still on the opposite bank is the kitchen. The...

ART21448

The road head

A truck full of supplies has arrived at the Details Issue Depot. Troops belonging to 9th Australian Infantry Battalion are awaiting transport as they have been relieved by 25th Australian Infantry Battalion. One of the local General Service vehicles is crossing the ford.

ART21449

The Details Issue Depot

Detail Issue Depot, 224 Australian Supply Depot Platoon. A Brigade provost Corporal controls the traffic while a truck is being unloaded of rations and stores, some being carried away by native boys from Buka and New Guinea. The Detail Issue Depot was built for storing and distributing basic...

ART21450

Tactial Headquarters, Martin's Knoll

After the taking of Artillery Ridge, it was necessary to move Tactical Headquarters from down in the valley which was too far away. The Headquarters was moved forward to Barges Hill and later, when 25th Australian Infantry Battalion took over, to Martin's Knoll. Here the ground falls away steeply...

ART21451

Attack on 'Pearl Ridge'

Drawn from Artillery Ridge during the action. Pearl Ridge is on the skyline and from there it is possible to see the other side of Bougainville island. Air bombing and strafing were followed by artillery, and smoke can be seen rising from the valleys. Japanese snipers were holding up the attack by...

ART21452

Japanese shelter - Pearl Ridge

One of a group of Japanese shelters below Pearl Ridge on the far side of the hill, pictured on the third day after troops of A and D Companies, 25th Infantry Battalion captured the ridge. The roof and walls were banana leaves on a bamboo framework and the floor was split bamboo. It was built on a...

ART21453

Giants' Combat

Two giant banyan trees, a species of 'strangler' fig tree, are locked together in an epic struggle. Such trees were common in the Bougainville area, and often had huge trunks of extremely complex structure on which parasites would profusely grow. Trailers from the ubiquitous creepers are shown...

ART21454

Captured Japanese 150mm Howitzer

Drawn on the day after capture when the site was comparatively undisturbed. This gun had been responsible for a certain amount of shelling during weeks previous to its capture. The gun had obviously been in position for a considerable period as there were no signs of the struggle necessary to get...

ART21455

From the Observation Post

Looking down from an Observation Post onto the many regular activities of a camp. The Officers' Mess is the long building, centre back, with the kitchen at the rear. Two lads are drawing water from a local-pattern well, consisting of two 44-gallon drums sunk to a suitable depth. There are a number...

ART21456

No. 5 Barge Point, Empress Augusta Bay

This drawing gives an idea of the scene beside the bay in the Jaba River area, where barge points, with their characteristic signs, are suitably placed. These markers were very useful, for natural landmarks were almost non-existent owing to the flatness of the land and the thickness of the...

ART21457

Signs and symbols

An interesting collection of signs and signals outside Headquarters, 7th Australian Infantry Brigade. The Brigade sign is in the immediate foreground and the koala denotes 3rd Australian Division. On the tree, the orange triangle denotes Brigade, for recognition from the sea. On the ground, the...

ART21458

Watering point, on the Tagessi River

The Tagessi River flows into the bay not far from the watering point pictured. A native ferry can be seen, which is the outcome of a combination of native and army ideas, with its 44-gallon drums and outrigger. A native canoe can be seen coming down the river laden with 'sac sac' (roofing material...

ART21459

Getting the 3-tonner ashore at Toko

Whilst the Australian Landing Craft were invaluable for conveying personnel and equipment in this area, the heavy surf often created a great deal of trouble. In this case the vehicle, a 3-ton truck, stalled when it's wheels were just off the ramp and it became necessary to use a tractor to drag it...

ART21460

Jungle Light Aid Detachment

241 Light Aid Detachment (LAD), attached to 7th Australian Infantry Brigade show the workings of a typical LAD unit . The LAD units were responsible for the repair and maintenance of the regiment's vehicles and equipment. Here, a large tent fly covers the main benches where a variety of mechanical...

ART21461

Left flank at Slater's Knoll

A study of the site used for Abbott's painting 'Death at Slater's Knoll'. The marks of the Projector Infantry Tank Attack (PITA) projectiles can be seen on the buttress roots of the big tree.

ART21462

From the centre of Slater's Knoll defences

The main Japanese attack was made directly on to this front at Slater's Knoll, however only one Japanese soldier penetrated beyond the barbed wire. There was thick foliage in the background.

ART21463

Occupational therapy at night

A scene in the occupational therapy department at 115 Australian General Hospital in Heidelberg, Melbourne. The various activities that the patients undertook in therapy such as weaving, toy and boot making, helped the war effort and also to facilitate recovery in the use of their arms, wrist and...

ART26610

The bugler

A sketch believed to have been submitted by the artist as an example of his work when he applied for an appointment as a war artist.

ART26883

The RAP Corporal

Portrait of a Regimental Aid Post Corporal. This sketch is believed to have been submitted by the artist as an example of his work when he applied for an appointment as a war artist.

ART26884

The rug maker

A sketch believed to have been submitted by the artist as an example of his work when he applied for an appointment as a war artist.

ART26885

Lieutenant Commander Leon Goldsworthy

Lieutenant Commander Leon Verdi Goldsworthy, GC, DSC, GM. A mining engineer from Broken Hill, New South Wales, Goldsworthy's initial attempt to enlist in the navy was thwarted by his small stature. His second attempt saw him accepted as a probationary sub-lieutenant in the Royal Australian Naval...

ART27503

Patient awaiting plastic surgery (Private Mark O'Bryan)

Portrait of Private Mark James O'Bryan, VX34394, 2/2nd Australian Infantry Battaliion, 6th Australian Divisional Army Service Corps, with a deep scar on his left cheek.

ART22207

Volunteer Defence Corps Night Patrol

Depicts the Volunteer Defence Corps night patrol, No 3 Platoon, B Company being given orders by their commanding officer; l-r: Lance Corporal M Nisbet, Lieutenant C H Johnson (seated), Sergeant G Edyvane (rear view), Sergeant F Warner, Private W J Dawe.

ART22208

Three typical volunteers, Volunteer Defence Corps

Depicts three volunteers of the Volunteer defence Corps; Private Jennyns (left) worked for essential industry, Sergeant Gibson (centre) was in permanent forces and served in the First World War, and Sergeant Ellis (right) also served in the First World War.

ART22209

Army Workshop

An electrical and mechanical workshop of 12 Australian Army Troops Company. The central figure is QX41927 Sapper Edward "Shorty" Kellow, shown welding, assisting him is Q153295 Sapper Roy Edward Emery. Crouching, in middle distance setting up a bearing is Q149108 Sapper Henry Caplin and beyond...

ART22210

RAP sick parade

A scene at Atherton General Details Depot showing the Medical Officer, Captain Neville Francis Babbage ( NX140308 ), of 2/12th Australian Field Ambulance attached to 2 Australian Corps Reception Camp, seated in the Regimental Aid Post of the Depot interviewing a patient, Corporal J W Kershaw (...

ART22290

Drawing a Batch

Depicts three soldiers baking bread, and removing the bread from oven. 3 Australian Field Bakery Company, General Details Issuing Depot; Corporal G A Moore, Private R K Brennan, Private C Oakes (all Bakery Company). The man on the right is using a 'peel' to draw tins out of the oven. The man in the...

ART22291

Telegraph Room at Signals Centre

The inside of a signal station, including telegraphists and a dispatch rider in the 89 Australian Operating Section, Advanced Land Headquarters Signals. Seated in the foreground are Signaller Lorna Mae Walker (VF346945) operating the Teleprinter, and Signaller Jean Isabel McCoy (NF409762) who...

ART22292

H-5 hours

The time at which the advance was to commence in an exercise by troops of the 17th Australian Infantry Brigade. The section in the foreground consists of riflemen, plus one Bren and two Owen gunners. The Sergeant is VX13459 Sergeant Leslie Ralph McCole.

ART22294

Jeep Ambulance

The subject is a Jeep ambulance of the 2/2 Field Ambulance climbing out of a creek bed. Jeeps were adapted for use as ambulances by the addition of a steel frame, which was placed in position after the windscreen had been removed. As is shown they can carry three patients on stretchers, and there...

ART22295

Chiropodist

At the end of a day's march the Chiropodist is a busy man, when he has to attend to many minor complaints such as blisters and abrasions. He also does massage where necessary. His work is frequently done by artificial light. The Chiropodist in the picture is Corporal Eric William Burgess, NX44921,...

ART22296

Occupational therapy, Melbourne

Depicts two soldiers weaving on a loom as part of their occupational therapy at a hospital in Melbourne. Private Herman Edward Praetorius, VX51050, wearing trousers of hospital blue and jersey. The weaving on this loom, and by using boat shaped shuttles, gives active movement of arms, wrist and...

ART22317

Commando weaving

A portrait of Private Paul Leonard (Peter) Friemel ( X76296 ), of 5th Australian Independent Company, weaving in the occupational therapy department of 115 Australian General Hospital. Private Friemel suffered a gunshot wound to his left shoulder whilst in action at Mubo, New Guinea.

ART22318

Portrait of an MO

Portrait depicting medical officer Major Douglas William (Dougal) MacPherson, WX3357, Australian Army Medical Corps. Major MacPherson served in Greece as a medical officer with 2/5 Australian Infantry Battalion in 1941and continued with the battalion through Syria, Ceylon, and New Guinea. Private...

ART22319

'A and D' tent in the scrub

An Admission and Discharge tent during an exercise of the 6th Australian Division in New Guinea. Here patients and casualties were interviewed, classified and relieved of their kits and rifles.They were provided with medical treatment and, in urgent cases, operative treatment. Patients were usually...

ART22320

Medical ward 14A

A scene at the 115 Australian General Hospital is depicted. The nurse at the bedside is Private Willa 'Whimpey' Joan Sylvester, NX162183, of the Australian Army Medical Women's Services, and the other nurse is Sister C.M. Fleming of the Australian Army Nursing Service. The patient in the bed is...

ART22333

The Vegetable Garden

From the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 until 1953 Stonnington house and grounds were used by the Australian Red Cross Society as a convalescent hospital. Depicts the vegetable garden at Stonnington Red Cross Convalescent Home.

ART22334

Carpenter's Shop

From the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 until 1953 Stonnington house and grounds were used by the Australian Red Cross Society as a convalescent hospital. Depicts the carpenter's workshop at Stonnington Red Cross Convalescent Home.

ART22335

Refolding parachutes for Kai-Bombers

The store of 43 Field Ordinance Depot, in which the parachutes for supply dropping are stored and refolded. Two long tables are used for each parachute, a broad one on which the actual folding is done and a narrower one to support the bucket and cords. Personnel seen in the picture are, Private R.N...

ART22480

Start of the Piaterapia Trail

This trail leads up a very steep mountain and along a razor back ridge from the 9 Battalion road head on the Numa Numa trail to George, Little George Hills and Arty Ridge where the 9 Battalion saw its first action in this area. A soldier who has just come down the trail waits whilst two others...

ART22481

The Aiming Point

The bright yellow light of the aiming point can be seen within a group of buildings; a river in the foreground; trees at centre right. Short 25-pound guns are firing onto Arty Ridge in Bougainville in the early evening. The difficulty of this target, a razor back with the battery in a deep valley,...

ART22482

Jaba River, building a boom

Depicts a group of sappers preparing to construct a boom across the Jaba River to arrest the force of logs coming downstream that could damage the piers of the bridge. Mt Bagana, an active volcano nicknamed "Smokey Joe" by the lads, is seen steaming in the background. Sapper Pinchen is the artist...

ART22483

Movement seen

A corporal and two privates are cautiously approaching a Japanese position which they imagine to be neutralised. One proposes to go forward to make sure whilst he is covered by the other two. In the foreground is Private M.L Durham (QX37925); crouching at tree with an Owen gun is Corporal R.C...

ART22484

Disembarkation at Toko

A frequent scene ay Toko during the Second World War; men, equipment and stores are hurriedly disembarked and the stores hastily stacked all ready to be carried on to the forward areas within half an hour. The pile of boxes are from a previous barge; from the present one come men with all their...

ART22485

Bren Gunner (Sergeant Reginald Rattey) VC

A portrait of Sergeant Reginald Roy Rattey VC, NX102964, A Company, 25 Battalion Australian Military Force holding a Bren gun. Corporal Rattey was an exceptional rather than a typical member of the 25th Battalion, aged twenty seven at the time when this was painted. He was well developed and...

ART22486

As the tree falls

This is not a particular wayside grave but is like many others that were seen. There would usually be a simple fence, a cross made from split bamboo or wood, and an inscription punched by mail on a square piece of tin - which was often difficult to read.

ART22487

Recorded music

The original sketch for this painting was made on the back of the programme while the artist was enjoying the concert. These concerts were organised by Army Education Service, and were varied - usually featuring one or two of the best symphonies and concerti. The concerts were often of two hours...

ART22488

Embarkation at Freddie Beach

Freddie Beach is between Tsimba Ridge and Soraken peninsula, where the swell is broken by the various islands, coral, and otherwise that can be seen in the distance in the painting. The large island is Taiof, and the low one in front of it but nearer is Saposa. Several effective observation posts...

ART22489

Captain Hugh F. McCay

Portrait of Captain Hugh Finlay McCay (V354615), of the Volunteers Defence Corps. Done by the artist as a study for his painting ‘Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps’

ART22651

Entrance to Headquarters 2 Australian Corps

The petrol dump at the entrance to Headquarters 2 Australian Corps in Bougainville. At the Headquarters different companies were utilised for providing specialised services, such as medical aid, technical aid, and in this instance the 2/107 General Transport Company were in charge of the petrol...

ART22652

The 25th ford

The Numa Numa trail runs across the centre of Bougainville Island from Torokina to Numa Numa Harbour and Plantation. George, Little George Hills and Artillery Ridge are on this route and to serve them a roadhead was established on the Doiabi River at the point where the trail begins to ascend the...

ART22653

The Banyan Tree - Next Day

An important landmark on Artillery Ridge which was taken by 'C' Company, 9th Australian Infantry Battalion, 1944. At the foot of this tree was a Japanese Observation Post (OP) that Australian artillery, 4th Field Regiment and mortars were able to get direct hits on days previous to the Japanese...

ART22654

Approach to Artillery Ridge

The approach to Artillery Ridge is one that gives defenders maxiumum assistance in the form of a narrow ridge and steep slopes with little cover. The approach was made under a mortar and artillery barrage using smoke and high explosive shells and supported by 2 Vickers machine guns, 1000 yards...

ART22655

Bougainville battlefield

Showing the desolation of Artillery Ridge, which was captured by 9th Australian Infantry Battalion. A track has been cut around the side of the ridge by the Pioneers to avoid the steep climb over the hill, and a banyan tree is shown on the skyline in the top left.

ART22656

Ward West 1

115 Australian General Hospital, Surgical Ward, interior 'pavilion' ward , Heidelberg Military Hospital. In the foreground is Private Cassidy of the Australian Army Medical Women's Service (AAMWS), wheeling in a meal. The nurse near the window is Sister Martin of the Australian Army Nursing...

ART22823

Mobile Printers

Depicts the 1 Australian Army Mobile Printing Unit which was formed in 1942 to operate with Headquarters 1st Australian Army. Its function, in accordance with Field Service Regulations, to print orders and any administrative printing required by Army Headquarters and, in urgent cases, standard Army...

ART22861

Printing 'Table Tops'

The printing office of the "Tableland Examiner", Atherton is shown, which has been taken over and supplemented with modern equipment by the First Australian Army Press Unit. The Unit printed 'AIF News' in the Middle East. The publication "Table Tops" is issued in two editions - the air special,...

ART22862

Bootmaker

The bootmaker at work at his bench is surrounded with the implements of his trade, and boots in all stages of repair and disrepair. The horseshoes for the heels are on the sloping piece of board on the left and in the bottom left hand corner can be seen the drum of water in which the soles are...

ART22863

"Guinea Gold" on the press

The four-page printed newspaper 'Guinea Gold' was published daily, seven days a week with an American edition of 40,000 and an Australian of 20,000. It was first published on 19 November 1942 with 6,700 copies. Originally printed at Port Moresby, it later went to press in Lae, serving the South...

ART22884

Occupation of Hill B1

Occupation of Hill B1 at Millaa Millaa in the Atherton Tablelands, Queensland. Troops of 2/5th Australian Infantry Battalion are taking part in a 17th Australian Infantry Brigade exercise. The time is approximately 1530 hours, the objective of the day has been captured and sections are marching in...

ART24080

The Thomas Splint

Four stretcher bearers are practising the application of the Thomas splint (used for severe leg injuries). It's application is the most frequently used life saving measure available to stretcher bearers. The splint is about to be suspended to the suspension bar, after which the blankets, now left...

ART24081

Troops camped in a Roman vault

A reconstruction from description by Major Arthur Campbell Bennett (VX7499 ), 2/5th Australian Infantry Battalion. Whilst the 17th Brigade was in Cyrene North Africa in March 1941, two platoons of the 2/5 Battalion were camped in an ancient Roman burial vault. The weather had been wet and cold so...

ART24082

Personal gear

A collection of personal odds and ends that would typically have been found in the pack of any soldier. Included are a large pack, a hat, a pair of boots, a tin cup, a sewing kit ('housewife'), boot cleaning gear,shaving gear, tooth brush and paste, and a few odd letters.

ART24083

[soldiers at work]

Frequently on the track when passing a carrying party, they remarked that they were ' White Boongs'. In 9th Australian Infantry Battalion a great deal of this work was done by the Tank Attack Platoon. The personnel pictured are (left to right) Private Dudley Wilksch (V506540), Private Leonard...

ART24084

Forward Scout

Portrait of Private Thomas Hanley, N452848, Forward Scout in 9 Australian Infantry Battalion, his rifle slung across his left shoulder and wearing a green beret. At the time when this portrait was painted, Pte Hanley had been with the battalion for six months, seeing his first action in...

ART24085

Top of Banyan Knoll , Artillery Ridge

The top of the hill bared by shell fire. An unfinished weapon pit is on the right facing the enemy position of a grave. Behind it a Japanese helmet on a stick donates the position of the grave. Someone's personal gear is scattered in the foreground, apparently whilst the owner digs in. The bareness...

ART24399

On the boat deck, HMT Duntroon

Members of 2 Australian Prisoner of War (POW) reception group travelled to Singapore aboard HMT Duntroon to establish reception camps for Australian prisoners of war released from Japanese prison camps. Here, the personnel are shown relaxing on deck.

ART24400

Lecture on 'A' Deck

Drawn at sea on board SS Duntroon whilst it was conveying 2 Australian Prisoner-of-War Reception Group to Singapore to repatriate ex prisoners-of-war

ART24401

Watching the boxing contest

A scene on board SS Duntroon during the voyage to Singapore taking 2 Australian Prisoner-of-War Reception Group to repatraite liberated Australian prisoners-of-war. The liberated prisoners are seen at a boxing contest.

ART24402

At the pictures

A scene on board SS Duntroon during the voyage to Singapore taking personnel of 2 Australian Prisoner-of-War Reception Group to repatriate liberated Australian prisoners-of-war. The liberated prisoners are seen at the pictures.

ART24403

Ex prisoners-of-war waiting to leave Changi

Australian troops who had been prisoners-of-war in the hands of the Japanese for three and a half years are shown patiently waiting for transport to take them from Changi prison camp, where they had been interned, to the Harbour for embarkation to Australia.

ART24404

Aftermath

Depicting the destruction of the 100-metre huts at Changi Prisoner-of-War Camp which for three long years housed Australian and Allied troops captured by the Japanese. The huts took very little destroying, being composed of bamboo and atap. The high stone wall of the prison and the watch tower are...

ART24405

The derelict

A military truck, devoid of its front wheels, is shown stranded in a coconut grove in Sungei Bulah, Singapore

ART24406

Kan Buri

The Officers' mess at No.7 Indian Medical Field Treatment Unit at Kan Buri. This unit is treating coolie patients that are being brought from the Burma-Thailand Railway. The Japanese brought local labour (referred to as 'coolies'), mostly Tamils and Chinese, from Malaya to work on the line and they...

ART24407

Tamil coolie from Malaya

Portrait of a Tamil labourer (known at the time as a 'coolie') from Malaya. The Tamil people are an ancient civilisation, originating from the Indian subcontinent. Tamil communities are spread out in countries all across the world, including Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Singapore, and South...

ART24408

Chinese coolie from Malaya

Portrait of a Chinese-born Malay labourer. The subject was one of many natives from Malaya whom the Japanese forced into labour gangs for shipment to territories under Japanese occupation.

ART24409

Tamil from Trichinopoly, Madras

Portrait of a Tamil boy from Trichinopoly, India. The Tamil people are an ancient civilisation, originating from the Indian subcontinent. Tamil communities are spread out all across the world, including Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Singapore, and South Africa. During the Second World War when...

ART24410

Chinese coolie from Muar Malay

Portrait of a Chinese-born Malay labourer from the Muar River area. The subject has been pictured after his liberation from the Japanese who had pressed him, along with many of his compatriots, into labour gangs for shipment to other territories under Japanese occupation in the Borneo Group.

ART24411

Chinese Coolie from Muar Malay

Portrait of a Chinese-born Malay labourer from the Muar River area. The subject has been pictured after his liberation from the Japanese who had pressed him, along with many of his compatriots, into labour gangs for shipment to other territories under Japanese occupation.

ART24412

Tamil from Trichinopoly, Madras

Portrait of a Tamil man from Trichinopoly, India. The Tamil people are an ancient civilisation, originating from the Indian subcontinent. Tamil communities are spread out all across the world, including Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Singapore, and South Africa. During the Second World War when...

ART24413

Chinese coolie from Malaya

Portrait of a Chinese-born labourer from Malaya. The subject has been pictured after his liberation from the Japanese who had pressed him, along with many of his compatriots, into labour gangs for shipment to the former British Borneo territories of Sarawak, Brunei, and North Borneo (Sabah) that...

ART24414

Chinese coolie from Malaya

Portrait of a Chinese-born labourer from Malaya. The subject has been pictured after his liberation from the Japanese who had pressed him, along with many of his compatriots, into labour gangs for shipment to the former British Borneo territories of Sarawak, Brunei, and North Borneo (Sabah) that...

ART24415

2/13 Australian General Hospital at Johor Bahru

The hospital occupied by 2/13th Australian General Hospital at Tampoi, Johor Bahru.

ART24416

Haunted House

The Haunted House, Headquarters 8th Australian Division, Johor Bahru

ART24417

Singapore resting place

Showing the graves of Australian Servicemen who fell in the fighting in Singapore previous to the capitulation. They are in the grounds of St. Andrew's Cathedral.

ART24418

Bangkok Canal

Many of the Australian and Allied prisoners-of-war who were sent by the Japanese to work on the Thailand-Burma Railway, passed through Bangkok. After the Japanese surrender, those still in the area spent happy hours in this pleasant city whilst awaiting repatriation.

ART24419

Wat Bencharnabapit, Bangkok

Showing a typical day in Thailand with an example of traditional Thai architecture providing the backdrop. In the foreground sits a native fruit vendor with his baskets. The mode of carrying these baskets is seen in the background where a small girl is carrying her wares. Two Buddhist priests walk...

ART24420

Wat Somanas, Bangkok

Showing Siam locals going about their daily routines in Bangkok, Thailand. In the background is Wat Somanas Vihara,a royal monastery that was established by King Rama IV in 1853.

ART24421

The examinee

The back view of a seated soldier in a greatcoat is shown as he is sitting an examination paper. This work was made for an Australian War Memorial publication, however it did not make it to print.

ART28050

Our draughtsman

A draughtsman is shown working on a drawing board at a trestle table under the light of the pressure lamp which hangs above him. This work was made for an Australian War Memorial publication, however it did not make it to print.

ART28051

Supply Dropping, Freddie Beach

This took place on the new Auster ship at Freddie Beach, which at the time of painting had not yet been used. Twice a week supplies of beef and butter were dropped. The Douglas would circle around releasing a varying number of parachutes on reaching the same spot each time. The parachutes were...

ART22921

VP Day, Canberra

People celebrating VP Day at the Australian War Memorial main building in Augsut 1945, with flags flying, and Mount Ainslie in the background. Two 1940s cars can be seen in the foreground. In the left foreground a returned soldier stands next to his wife holding their baby in his arms, while a a...

ART22923

Ex POWs waiting for transport

A group of ex POWs are waiting for Transport in Changi, Singapore. Changi was the main prisoner-of-war camp in Singapore where some 14,972 Australians captured at the fall of Singapore were imprisoned. Many work forces were assembled in Changi before being sent to the Burma-Thailand Railway and...

ART22924

The Man with the Sickle

Seen through an open section of a decrepit bulding, a group of eight emaciated POWs in Singapore are returning from a working party. The man in the doorway carries a sickle while the other men carry rakes and other tools. The term 'the man with the sickle' can sometimes allude to the figure of...

ART22925

Murray Griffin

Portrait of official war artist Murray Griffin in uniform. Griffin was the first member of the Contemporary Art Society to be appointed an official war artist. In November 1941 he arrived in Singapore to take up his commission with the 8th Division AIF. In January 1941, Japanese forces invaded the...

ART22926

Defeat, Singapore

Infantryman, his gun emptied of ammunition, looks over his shoulder at a burning building in the background - the Fall of Singapore, February 1942. The surrender of Singapore was one of the largest and most dramatic reverses suffered by British forces in the war, or indeed in modern British...

ART22927

Tamarkan Bridge, Burma

Allied prisoners of war (POWs) engaged in bridge building at Tamarkan, fifty five kilometres north of Nong Pladuk (also known as Non Pladuk) and five kilometres south of Kanchanaburi (Kanburi). The scaffolding, made from bamboo, is at the site of the eleven span steel bridge which was completed in...

ART22928

Valley of the Khwae Noi River

Depicts a scenic view of the Khwan Moi River in Burma.

ART22929

On the Thailand Railway, 1

This work depicts three emaciated, naked prisoners of war working on the Burma-Thailand railway. The men are shown carrying a large, heavy log across a timber bridge platform over the river. The Burma-Thailand railway was constructed by the Japanese using prisoner of war (POW) labour over the...

ART22930

On the Thailand Railway, 2

A group of three emaciated naked prisoners are shown walking away from the river whilst working on the Burma Thailand Railway. Trestles and support bridgeworks are visible in the background. The Burma-Thailand railway was constructed by the Japanese using prisoner of war (POW) labour over the...

ART22931

Recruits for mounted sub-units, Volunteer Defence Corps

Recruiting for Mounted Sub-Units, l-r: unidentified, Private Roderick Algie, Corporal Charles William Rowe, Signaller Alan McCallum (all recruits), Sergeant Henry Rowe (seated), Captain Hugh McCay (standing).

ART23409

Day Room

Depicts Ward West 1, 115 Australian General Hospital. Sketched on visitor's day. Heidelberg Repatriation Hospital commenced on 13 March 1941, and was known as the 115th Heidelberg Military Hospital. The hospital was initially operated by the Army, and on site between 1942 and 1947 was 6th RAAF...

ART23517

Stonnington Red Cross Convalescent Home

From the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 until 1953 Stonnington house and grounds were used by the Australian Red Cross Society as a convalescent hospital. Patients sunning themselves in the grounds of the Home.

ART23518

The Inhalation

This work depicts a soldier using an inhalation treatment at Atherton Details Camp. One of the most frequent sights in any Regimental Aid Post during treatment time was the use of inhalation for colds etc. Here, an old groundsheet has been used to keep in the steam and, like so many other army...

ART23531

Chores by Lake Kathleen

Situated just off the Perimeter Raod, this lake was the scene of much of the early fighting in Bougainville. It is typical of such lakes with their vivid greens and deep blues. The large tree on the right has the curious buttress-like roots common to many tropical trees; numerous accidents from...

ART23576

Death at Slaters Knoll

A reconstruction of the fanatical Japanese charge seen from the left flank of Slater's Knoll. The largest force attack the centre of the position, but this was the scene of bitter fighting. It was early morning and bright moonlight, and our lads were even more prepared than usual owing to one...

ART23577

Car park, Main Street, Atherton

View from a verandah of a Barrett's Railway Hotel on the main street of Atherton. The street is lined with military vehicles, the post office on the right is surrounded by anti-blast barricades and two soldiers stand guard on the corner of the street. On the extreme left of the bank between the...

ART23872

Moving up before dawn

Showing troops moving along the road in tactical formation at approximately 0620 hours before the sun has risen above the hill, during a 17th Australian Infantry Brigade excerise. The troops had bivouaced close by and had breakfast in the dark and are now shown moving up in order to be in position...

ART23873

March-at-ease

An attempt to catch an impression of a route march, during which for miles one only sees the lower half of the man in front, particularly when climbing a hill. The small pack and water bottle are shown, and also the butt of the rifle, which is carried slung.

ART23874

Life on Slater's Knoll

Showing Slater's Knoll a week after the Japanese attacked on the morning of 5 April 1945. The front had now been pushed forward and life was quiet again on Slater's Knoll; the 25th Australian Infantry Battalion had just vacated the position and it was now occupied by troops of 'B' Company, 58/59...

ART23875

Dutch interior, Changi

Soldiers from the Netherlands East Indies Army were captured by the Japanese on Java and later transferred to Singapore where they were imprisoned in Changi. Completed shortly after the liberation of the camp in August 1945, this work depicts a group of thin Dutch prisoners resting in the darkened...

ART23950

The eve of departure

Scene depicting 2/30th Australian Infantry Battalion in one of the 100 metre bamboo huts at Changi prisoner-of-war camp after the surrender of the Japanese. Changi was the main prisoner-of-war camp in Singapore where some 14,972 Australians captured at the fall of Singapore were imprisoned. Some of...

ART23951

Trophies

A collection of items picked up in captured Japanese camps. At the top on the left is the badge of rank of a Sergeant Major. The two little packets alongside contain formalin. A range of bottles containing medicinal drugs are laid out: the large clear vials contain distilled water; the medium clear...

ART25520

Staff Sergeant Thomas E Gawn

Depicts a portrait of QX41929 Staff Sergeant Thomas Emmins Gawn, in charge of 12 Australian Army Troops workshop. It shows a machine on the left which was made in the workshop.

ART26095

Study for On the Thailand Railway

Sketch for Australian Prisoners of War on the Thailand-Burma Railway.

ART29538

Study for On the Thailand Railway

Sketch for Australian Prisoners of War on the Thailand-Burma Railway.

ART29539

Studies for 'Defeat, Singapore'

Three drawings done by the artist as studies for his painting 'Defeat, Singapore'

ART29540

Rear Admiral Harold Farncomb

Rear Admiral Harold Bruce Farncomb, CB, DSO

ART31765

Sergeant Arthur Carson

2/3 Australian Infantry Battalion; Sergeant Arthur Lawrence (or Laurence) Carson, DCM MM; Kokoda Track

ART31766

Reunion at Changi

Showing one of the members of 8th Australian Division greeting one of his countrymen who had just arrived in Singapore to release and succour those who have been incarcerated in the Gaol at Changi, the main entrance of which is shown in the picture. Other ex-prisoners-of-war are idly grouped around...

ART23949

Timeline

Date of birth 1906-06-14
Date of death 1986-06-08