Biography

Birth date: 28 April 1911
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney, Ashfield
Death date: 1993
Final rank: Captain
Service number: VX93432; Captain - Second World War, 1939-1945

Born in Sydney in 1911, Hodgkinson studied at the Royal Art Society of New South Wales under Dattilo Rubbo, and at the Central Technical School under Raynor Hoff. Educated as an illustrator and cartoonist, Hodgkinson worked from 1929 to 1931 on the Daily Guardian and the Sun in Sydney before moving to Melbourne to become an artist on the Herald.

From 1938, Hodgkinson spent two years in Europe, travelling and producing works of art. In 1939, he held exhibitions of his drawings of ballet dancers of the widely acclaimed De Basil company.

On his return to Australia, Hodgkinson enlisted as a trooper in the Armored Division and was made an official war artist in February 1942. In this capacity, he travelled widely, recording the war in northern Australia, New Guinea, India, Ceylon and Burma.

His scenes of northern Australia, mostly of Darwin, included graphic drawings of the Japanese raid on Darwin in 1942 and the raid's aftermath. He depicted Australian gunners, bomb damage to buildings and ships, and Japanese aircraft that had been shot down. Hodgkinson also drew the troops at rest and play, including fights in the canteen between men, smokos and the troops travelling.

In his drawings from New Guinea, Hodgkinson included scenes of jungle warfare, soldiers sitting in the trenches, views of the troops and tanks tracking through the jungle and the low level attacks of the American air force. He also recorded scenes from the Australian casualty clearing stations - the hospitals and facilities, operations taking place, injured soldiers and the treatment of tinea, which almost every soldier suffered in the humid New Guinea conditions.

The trip from New Guinea across the Indian Ocean is also well documented by Hodgkinson in his works depicting life at sea and shore leave in Colombo, Ceylon. Many of the pictures he produced in Burma portray the everyday life of the barracks.

Because of his illustration background, Hodgkinson's pictures from the war are almost cartoon-like in their accessibility to the viewer. This is enhanced by his choice of subject matter, which captures the everyday and the extraordinary, often at the same time. Hodgkinson allows the details in his works to capture the mood and surroundings of the characters portrayed.

The Memorial published many of Hodgkinson's sketches, pen and wash drawings and comic cartoons in its service annuals and postwar As you were series. Hodgkinson retired as chief artist for the Melbourne Herald in 1976 and died in 1993.

Rolls and Awards

Collection Items

Photograph

014311

1943-02-04. NEW GUINEA. WAR ARTIST ROY HODGKINSON SKETCHES NATIVE BOY BOSKI WHO COMES FROM RABAUL. HE WAS ONE OF A NUMBER TAKEN FROM NATIVE VILLAGE BY THE JAPANESE AND MADE TO ACT AS CARRIERS IN NEW GUINEA. (NEGATIVE BY BOTTOMLEY).

014311

043232

A SPOTTING PLANE DIRECTS A RESCUE BOAT TO THE SCENE OF AN AIRCRAFT CRASH ON THE LALOKI RIVER, 1943-12. DRAWN BY WAR ARTIST ROY HODGKINSON AND PUBLISHED IN AUSTRALIA IN THE WAR OF 1939-45, MEDICAL, VOL 4, MEDICAL SERVICES OF THE RAN AND RAAF, PAGE 334.

043232

058022

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-10-22. VX93432 CAPTAIN R. HODGKISON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

058022

058023

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-10-22. VX93432, CAPTAIN R. HODGKINSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

058023

061959

PORT MORESBY, NEW GUINEA. 1943-12-19. A CRASH BOAT OF THE ROYAL AUSTRALIAN AIR FORCE MARINE SECTION WITH VX93432 CAPTAIN R. C. HODGKINSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, AUSTRALIAN MILITARY HISTORY SECTION ABOARD MOVING AWAY FROM THE WHARF ON A TWO DAY SEARCH FOR A CRASHED UNITED STATES AIRCRAFT.

061959

073427

ALEXISHAFEN, NEW GUINEA. 1944-05-22. VX93432 CAPTAIN R. C. HODGKINSON (1), OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, SKETCHING A JAPANESE SIGN POST NEAR THE NORTH ALEXISHAFEN JETTY.

073427

072177

PORT MORESBY, NEW GUINEA. 1944-04-10. MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, WITH HEADQUARTERS NEW GUINEA FORCE. IDENTIFIED PERSONNEL ARE, LEFT TO RIGHT:- VX72048 SERGEANT F. MCKECHNIE (1); VX93432 CAPTAIN R.C. HODGKINSON (2); VX123484 SERGEANT N.B. STUCKEY (3); VX88782 SERGEANT R. KEAM (4).

072177

071470

VX93432 Captain Roy Cecil Hodgkinson, a Military History Section war artist, working in the area.

071470

071471

SATTELBERG AREA, NEW GUINEA. 1944-03-27. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON (1), AND VX93432 CAPTAIN R. C. HODGKINSON (2), MILITARY HISTORY SECTION WAR ARTIST, AT WORK IN THE AREA.

071471

080079

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. 1944-09-15. VX93432 CAPTAIN R.C. HODGKINSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION.

080079

P00932.001

FINSCHHAFEN, NEW GUINEA, C 1943. WAR ARTIST ROY HODGKINSON AT WORK ON A DRAWING. (DONOR: R. HODGKINSON)

P00932.001

Art

Battin' the breeze (Sergeant Frederick Nielsen (USAAF) and Private Sam Brook (Australian))

Depicts Sergeant F. K. Nielsen, 9 Fighter Squadron USAAF on the left chatting with Private Sam Brook, returned for Middle East, Darwin. The objective of this drawing was to capture a typical American GI and typical 'digger'. The American phrase 'battin' the breeze' was a colloquial reference to...

ART21346

Bomber Pilot (Flying Officer Edward Harding)

Royal Australian Air Force, No 13 Reconnaisance Bomber Squadron; Flying E A Harding, Captain Pilot of Hudson bomber, RAAF; raids on, and shipping in nearby waters

ART21348

Rendering mines safe, Melville Island

Two members of the Royal Australian Navy rendering a Japanese mine that washed up on Melville Island safe. The detonator of these mines usually withdraws when breaking adrift but failed to operate due to heavy marine growth, mainly around the detonator. One horn was broken on this mine, rendering...

ART21349

One Sunday afternoon in Townsville

A Sunday afternoon on a beach in the heart of Townsville. The unidentified men and women on the beach represent the Australian Military Forces, United States Provost Corps, Australian Army Intelligence and the Royal Australian Navy. Defensive barbed wire entanglements can be seen in the background...

ART21350

Taking a foxhole, Sanananda, New Guinea

Sanananda; three unidentified Australian soldiers attacking Japanese positions; wearing American style gaiters; Japanese defensive positions in background

ART21352

Wounded gunner home from Lae (Sergeant David Duncan and Flying Officer Harold Rowell)

401641 Flight Sergeant David O Duncan, wireless operator, 22 Squadron RAAF, (being lifted from gunner's cockpit), 406958 Flying Harold M Rowell, pilot, 22 Squadron RAAF (astride the plane), six unidentified men also assisting to take Duncan from aircraft; fuselage of Boston aircraft; (Third member...

ART21353

2/14 Australian Field Regiment (Jungle Division)

Second World War; 1944; Sio Bogadjim area, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea. Depicts five unidentified Australian soldiers involved in jungle operations, members of the Royal Australian Artillery, 2/14th Australian Field Regiment with a 25 pounder gun.

ART21354

No. 8 RAAF Convalescent Depot, Sogeri (Flight Sergeant L M Scott)

Shows 416894 Flight Sergeant L M Scott, Navigator, 24 Squadron RAAF, recovering from fractured foot, No 8 RAAF Convalescent Depot, New Guinea.

ART21355

Boiler clean, HMAS Kapunda (Stoker Herbert Taylor)

Stoker Herbert ley Richard Taylor; holding a drill with a belling brush attached, for internal cleaning of boiler tubes

ART21357

Tropical ear (Leading Supply Assistant L Lopsley and Sick berth Attendant M G Williams)

Drawn in the Sick bay of H.M.A.S Kapunda. It is an order that all personnel who have been swimming in the harbours will report to sick bay to have their ears attended in order to prevent infection. The patient, Leading Supply Assistant L. Lopsley, is holding a kidney tray. On the left is Sick Berth...

ART21358

Airman - Milne Bay

Sketch depicting an unidentified airman, wearing tin (protective) helmet and gum boots.

ART21684

Air Picquet (Gunner K Thompson)

The subject of this drawing is 261617 Lieutenant Colonel Kenneth William Thompson, ED. Thompson died on 5 November 2001 aged 77 years (BS). Royal Australian Artillery, 14 Anti Aircraft Battery; Gunner K Thompson. It depicts him seated and holding a pair of binoculars, while a cockatoo with...

ART21686

First 'Zero' Japanese fighter brought down on Australian mainland

The wreckage of an aircraft shot down over the mainland in Darwin on 19 February 1942. This aircraft is not actually a Zero as it is referred to by the artist but instead is a Aichi D3A carrier based dive bomber. Two of these aircraft were shot down on February 19, one on the mainland and one in...

ART21687

Flying Officer Richard Overhue

Portrait depicting Flying Officer Richard F. Overhue, of the Royal Australian Air Force, relaxed, writing home in the Darwin bush outside his tent, with his feet propped on his improvised bathroom rigged on a pandamus palm. Flying Officer Overhue has carried out 26 bombardment missions on Timor,...

ART21689

Pilot Officer Douglas McKenzie

Portrait depicting Pilot Douglas McKenzie, RAAF, observer, gunner, bomb aimer and navigator, seated on a bed in the soldiers encampment Darwin, pulling on his boots.

ART21690

Hudsons over Oro Bay

Depicting an incident which happened whilst the artist was sitting on the beach at Oro Bay. Two Hudson's of the Royal Australian Air Force had taken off from Dobodura, with wounded and sick for general hospital. As soon as these planes were airbourne 14 Japanese Zeros first strafed the airship and...

ART21695

General Stuart American 1936 vintage tanks

These 13 ton tanks which contributed to the fall of Buna were manned by "B" Squadron, 26th Australian Armoured Regiment. The pictured shows one of the tanks being unloaded from the "Marjory Jean", one of the small vessels plying between Oro Bay and Buna.

ART21698

Buna bound - SS Bantam (Sapper D Bryant, Sapper Roy Lewis, Sapper Rex Briggs)

Seen sitting on the ships raft are, left Sapper D. Bryant, 2/4th Australian Field Company, Royal Australian Engineers; centre, an American sapper of 43 U.S.A Engineers; right, Sapper R.Lewis, and back to artist, Sapper R. Briggs of the same unit. The voyage from Milne Bay was punctuated by air...

ART21699

2/12 Infantry Battalion 18 Brigade AIF at Oro Bay

Showing the 2/12 Australian Infantry Battalion setting out on a march to Cape Endaiadere in the Buna battle area. They arrived from Milne Bay by sea transport and marched 15 miles through swamp, rivers, Kunai grass, coconut plantations and dense jungle in battle order. The Battalion had previouslty...

ART21700

Four Americans from 565 Signallers AW Battalion (PFC James Janava)

Depicts Private First Class James E Janava, No 32096974, from ? and three unidentified men from the United States Army, 565 Signals Air Warning Battalion.

ART21701

Fragment of battlefield at Sanananda, New Guinea

Depicts the Sanananda Track (Road), with a General Stuart tank, abandoned Japanese foxholes and equipment.

ART21702

Frederick Boski

Frederick Boski, escaped from the Japanese. This native was impressed by the Japanese at Rabaul, forced onto a ship and taken to Salamaua where he was used as a carrier by the Japanese over the Kokoda Trail and over the Owen Stanley until the Japanese were forced back. Eventually he reached Gona...

ART21703

Will the batmen have batmen, Alice Springs

Depicts two unidentified men sitting on the ground, one washing articles of clothing in a bowl. Hodgkinson's title references a semi-humorous take on the term batman, a British military officer's orderly, and the Australian service's inclination to clean and wash for oneself.

ART21707

Burial of an airman killed in action

Padre Flight Lieutenant Campbell Begbie of 22 Squadron RAAF, conducts the funeral of Sergeant Arthur Taylor, also of 22 Squadron, who was killed in action on 24 May 1943. The pall bearers and mourners are unidentified members of 22 Squadron. The New Guinean man sitting in the foreground was...

ART21708

Airmen and gear (Flying Officer Skinner and Flying Officer Harold Rowell)

Depicts Flying Officer Skinner and 406958 Flying Officer Harold M Rowell, both of No 22 Squadron RAAF, preparing for air attack, May 1943 at Ward's Drome.

ART21709

A Boston crew, 22 Squadron, RAAF (Flight Sergeant Alexander Mackay, Sergeant Phoenix, Wing Commander Charles Learmonth)

Flight Sergeant Alexander Mackay, Sergeant Phoenix (?), and the Commanding Charles Learmonth, 22 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force are seen walking to aircraft to take off from Ward's Drome to bomb Lae, Port Moresby, New Guinea.

ART21711

Target sighted - Boston pilot (Flight Lieutenant C Sladen)

Portrait depicting Flight Lieutenant Claude Robert Sladen 1765 (later Squadron Leader, DFC), 22 Squadron RAAF, at the controls of a Boston aircraft, with bomb release and gun firing switch depicted. He wears headphones for communicating with two wireless air gunners in the rear of the aircraft.

ART21712

Armourers (Warrant Officer James McMillan and Corporal Wilcox)

Warrant James McMillan (front), Corporal Wilson (or Wilcox) (rear); Browning testiing and cleaning .50 calibre machine guns of aircraft.

ART21713

Bombing up a Boston (Flying Officer Francis Fethers and Corporal Athol Bulmer)

Members of the Royal Australian Air Force loading bombs into a Boston aircraft, Port Moresby, New Guinea. Depcits Corporal Athol Bulmer on the left and Flying Officer Richard Francis Fethers on the right. There are 250 pound bombs on the trolley under the wing of the Boston aircraft.

ART21715

The incident for which Flight Lieutenant W. Newton was awarded the V.C.

Picture shows the attack on the Isthmus and foreshore. The aircraft in foreground is strafing down the Isthmus, setting fire to the damaged stores buildings. After dropping their bombs on the south shore of the harbour, smoke was rising up. The illustration depicts the intrepid low-level attacks...

ART21716

Delousing captured Japanese equipment (Lieutenant James Baldwin

Royal Australian Engineers, 2nd Australian Corps Headquarters; VX48750 Lieutenant James Baldwin, RAE; Japanese explosives including: two 70 mm artillery shells (white noses), one 50 mm mortar bomb, a 75mm smoke shell, a 75mm armour piercing shell, an 82 mm mortar bomb, and a small land mine hanging...

ART21717

A soldier and his doover (Private Charles Dury)

Portrait depicting Private Charles T Dury VX48227, driver to Brigadier Whitehead, Commanding Officer of the 26th Australian Infantry Brigade. Private Dury is standing in front of his 'doover', an improvised tent or shelter, made from any materials available.

ART21721

2/3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station (Captain Constance Box)

Australian Army Nursing Service; SFX10151 Captain Constance Clara Box, AANS; stainless steel drums containing autoclaved masks are on an overbed or 'heart' table, (caps and masks are worn by staff in Theatre, and are put on by nursing and medical staff BEFORE scrubbing-up; Captain Box is sister of...

ART21722

2/3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station (Lieutenant Joan Box)

Australian Army Nursing Service; SFX27412 Lieutenant Joan Box, AANS; having 'scrubbed up' (both arms from the elbows down for a minimum of 3 minutes, using scrubbing brush, soap and hot water) a sterilised gown is put on over other clothes, and sterilised gloves on hands (and over cuffs of gown)...

ART21723

'Come 'Ngetit', Finschhafen

The stoves are standard mobile kitchen equipment. The cook is seen shouting "Come and get if or I'll chuck it out!" In the sawn-off 40 gallon drumon the left may be seen the empty tins of the ration from which the meal has been prepared. The unit is a 9th Australian Division one in the Finschhafen...

ART21726

Ship's barber (Signaller Petty Officer William Bradbury and Signaller Roderick Campbell)

Signaller Petty Officer William Coley Bradbury, Royal Australian Naval Reserve (RANR), is cutting Signaller Roderick William Campbell hair. Bradbury is cutting hair in the port of waist section of HMAS Kapunda, New Guinea.

ART21727

'Rabbits' (Frank O'Neill and Able Seaman John Burke)

Drawing made to depict some well known humour to be used in the AWM Christmas Book "H.M.A.S Mark lll". Seen walking towards us is B2081 F.J. O'Niell, Royal Australian Naval Reserves (RANR). Able Seaman J.F Burke is the other figure. O'Niell is H.M.A.S Kapunda chief "rabbiteer". He makes souvenirs...

ART21728

War of nerves (Captain Vernon Clarke and Private Norman Bowman)

An Army Dental Surgeon of "D" Section, 2/1st Australian Dental Unit drilling a soldier's tooth by the aid of the dental treadle engine. The dental officer is SX27936 Captain H Vernon Clarke. The patient in the chair, which is the portable field dental type with spittoon and tray attached, is...

ART21729

Sub Lieutenant Peter Ailwood

Acting Sub-Lieutenant P.E. Ailwood, Royal Australian Navy Reserves of HMA Motor Launch 426, serving as an additional officer in that ship.

ART21730

Oerlikon gunners

20 M.M.H.M.G. means 20 mm. heavy machine gun, that is, the Oerlikon. H.M.A.M.L. stands for His Majesty's Australian Motor Launch. The left figure in the drawing has been identified as R.M.J. Stutsel (Jack Stutsel) by his grandson Matthew Stutsel (23 July 1999). Jack Stutsel's name was mispelt in...

ART21731

[Oil tanks ablaze, 16 June 1942]

The Japanese patterned-bombed the township of Darwin. On this occasion the oil tanks were hit, burning furiously for 3 days. In the foreground are the workshops and yards attached to the Boom Defence installations on the end of the Headland. Sheltering the oil tanks is the beginning of the...

ART26629

7th Australian Cavalry Regiment, Sanananda, New Guinea

Depicts unidentified members of 7th Australian Infantry Division, 2/7th Cavalry Regiment (at this time serving as infantry), in action along the Sanananda Track near Higgins Road Block, Sanananda, New Guinea.

ART27778

Second portable hospital, USA (Captain Carl Hammer, Sergeant Fred Gaspar and First Lieutenant F Eldridge)

A hospital designed to provide definite treatment close to the front. The personnel have been taken from various organised hospitals of the U. S Medical Corps. The surgeon here is exploring a gunshot wound suffered by an Australian infantryman during the battle for Buna. The assistant surgeon is...

ART22167

Milne Bay mine field picquets (Private Roy Hartley and Sergeant Noel Lovell)

These men are on duty at the mine field firstly, to inform our troops of the presence of the minefield and also to be on the lookout for any small parties of Japanese that may have infiltrated into Allied area. During the three weeks fighting at Milne Bay the rainfall was abnormal. On the left is...

ART22169

Air sea rescue is not confined to open water

This painting depicts a "spotter" plane dropping a message to a RAAF Air Sea Rescue Launch carrying out a rescue in an inland Papuan river. A plant with colourful red flowers appears down the right edge of the composition.

ART22413

Jackson strip on the old Seven Mile

Showing the hazardous country surrounding this airstrip. One plane is on the airstrip whilst four others are airborne in the distance. It is named after the late Squadron Leader John Jackson, famous Commanding Officer of the notorious 75 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force, of which...

ART22416

Townsville foreshore and breakwater

The foreshore and breakwater of Townsville, Queensland. Red-roofed buildings and vegetation in the foreground.Shark-proofed bathing area in foreshore. Warships moored at the breakwater; hills in the distance.

ART22417

Temperature 104 degrees

Shows a group of unidentified Australian soldiers, some engaged in a scuffle, others watching, in an outdoor canteen. This canteen was built under the shade of trees known as "Burke and Wills".

ART22714

Smoko on Anzac Hill, Alice Springs

Shows three unidentified soldiers resting on a hill. These men also do work for Labour Corps, unloading at railhead for convoys. Shows the McDonald Ranges in the background, Northern Territory.

ART22715

14 Australian Antiaircraft Battery (Militia) Fixed Defences, Darwin

14 Australian Antiaircraft Battery (Militia) Fixed Defences, Darwin. This crew saw action when the Japanese first bombed Darwin. The Battery of 4 guns had, shot down 2 planes certain, one probable. They had 150 alerts and had been in action 17 times, 15 were raids, two were reconnaissance planes....

ART22719

Lewis gun attached to 14 Australian Anti-aircraft Battery, Darwin (Gunner Tommy Hill and Gunner Neil Cook)

Depicts anti-aircraft defences of the 14th Anti-Aircaft Battery. The image shows gunners Thomas Hill (left) and Neil Cook operating a Lewis machine gun in a sandbagged gun pit.

ART22720

Lieutenant Don Brown and Sergeant John Ash

Depicts Lieutenant D.N.B Brown and Sergeant J. Ash. Lieutenant D.N.B Brown, section commander of Anti-Aircraft, Light Machine Gun Section, 14th Australian Anti-Aircraft Battery who were defending the oil tanks on the edge of the harbour during the big Japanese raid.

ART22722

14 Australian Anti-aircraft Battery (Bombardier William Richards)

Bombardier William Charles Richards, NX146567, of the 14th Australian Anti-Aircraft Battery, carrying a 3.7 inch anti-aircraft shell. He is standing in front of an ammunition storage recess in a gun emplacement during the Japanese raid on Darwin, 19 February 1942.

ART22724

Darwin harbour

Showing unidentified Boom Defence vessel in foreground and two of the nine ships sunk by enemy air action. The "Manna-Loa" (right) and the "Meggs". In the far background is the leper island, geographically known as Channel Island, Darwin.

ART22725

Gunner Jackie Peacock

Depicts a portrait of Gunner Jackie Peacock, 14 Australian Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Australian Artillery. In the background is a headland, on the end of which is located the boom on a defence wharf, which was the only workable wharf in Darwin, during the Blitz.

ART22727

No 2 Bombardment Squardron RAAF, Darwin [Hudson bomber pulling away from mast-high attack]

Attack on 5000 tons Japanese cargo ship in Bay of Ambon. On this occasion five bombers attacked five ships, each bomber selecting a ship. Two made direct hits - one of them, an ammunition ship, blew up and blow the bomber with it, the other ship ws definitely sunk. Two other planes scored near...

ART22730

Americans and Aborigines

Originally titled 'Australian Aborigines rescue shot down U.S. pilot'. Depicts the story associated with the rescue of 2nd Lieutenant Clarence T Johnson, 7th Squadron, 49th Fighter group, USA. On 15 June 1942, his plane was damaged in combat over the sea, and ran out of fuel at 20,000 feet, west of...

ART22732

Over Ambon, No. 2 General Reconnaissance Squadron

On this operation new tactics were used on enemy shipping in the Bay of Ambon. The painting shows a tangle of Lockheed Hudson bombers, No 2 General Reconnaissance Squadron and Mitsubishi A6M Reisen 'Zero' fighters, Japanese Air Force, while Hudson of the first flight were attempting to regain...

ART22733

"I made a pass" (American pilot P40E (Kittyhawk), Second Lieutenant John Landers and Flight Lieutenant Robert Dalkin, RAAF)

United States Air Force, 9 Fighter Squadron, 49 Fighter Group, No 13 Recconnaissance Bomber Squadron; l-r: 2nd Lieutenant John D Landers (Ace), USAF, 260612 Flight Lieutenant Robert N Dalkin (later Group Captain, DFC), No 13 Recce Sqdn RAAF; Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk and Jeep in background.

ART22734

US Fighter Ace

A portrait of Lieutenant Andrew J Reynolds, an American pilot with the 9th Fighter Squadron in the United States Air Force. He flew P40E Kittyhawks and was described as a fighter ace.

ART22735

Bomb damage to Darwin township, 19 February 1942

Depicts an image of the coast and city of Darwin and the bomb attacks as a result of Japanese attacks 19 February 1942.

ART22736

Milne Bay concert party, New Guinea

Australian Military Forces; members of Concert Party l-r: Sergeant Will Handley (comedian, with top hat, seated), Corporal Terry Hughes (female impersonator), brothers Private R Holden and Private L Holden hold up Private T McElvogue (clown), and; finally, Staff Sergeant F Tupper (compere, looking...

ART22737

Barge landing, Oro Bay, New Guinea

Oro Bay; troop movements; unidentified Australian soldiers landing on beach from barges, naval vessels standing out to sea; Sanananda, and campaigns; second man is carrying mortar tube, man bebind him has bipod and last man is carrying a case with mortar bombs

ART22739

Anti-submarine defences, Darwin

An unidentified crew on fo'csle of boom defence vessel looking towards the horns; second boom defence vessel in background. Anti-submarine boom across Harbour maintained and serviced by boom defence vessels following attacks on Darwin.

ART22740

Boston pilots back from Salamaua (Flight Officer John McMaster, Flight Lieutenant Robert Wines and Flight Lieutenant Henry Craig)

This picture tells its own story, showing four pilots of the Royal Australian Air Force just back from a strike over Salamaua and directly after the interrogation. Included in the picture are:- Flying Officer John. W. McMaster, Flight Lieutenant R. A. Wines, DFC, and 402228 Flight Lieutenant Henry...

ART22742

Extraordinary incident

Depicts a Japanese Zero being shot down by an Australian Wirraway, Pilot Officer J. S. Archer of No. 4 Army Co-Operational Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force. The Wirraway was on a reconnaissance flight in the Sanananda area when the pilot sighted the Zero. The Zero was apparently unaware of the...

ART22743

Interrogation scene (Squadron Leader Cuthbertson Learmonth, Captain Ray Hodgson, Flying Officer Harold Rowell, Flying Officer Vernon Hunt)

Scene in the Intelligence room of a squadron after the return of crews from a mission. Included in the picture are:- 385 Squadron Leader (later Wing Commander) Charles Cuthbertson, DFC, No 22 Squadron RAAF, Captain Ray Sutherland Hodgson, AIF, Air Liaison Force, 406958 Flying Harold Milford Rowell,...

ART22744

Air sea rescue, 1943 (Flying Officer John Shelton, warrant officer Fred Ring, Flying Officer A Filear, Sergeant S.J. Bell, Lega and US Pilot Lieutenant George Wicks)

Bootless Bay; air-sea rescue, launch; 45 Operational Base Unit, Air-Sea Rescue Unit; l-r: Flying A J Filear, Commanding RAAF Flying Boat Base and Marine Section, Sergeant G J Bell, coxswain of crash boat, Warrant Frederick Ring, Lieutenant George Wicks, USAF, Flight Lieutenant John Grantley...

ART22745

Study of Illebe Creek Battle

Troops formed up in Illebbe Creek in deep banks, come up climbing steeply and assaulted Japanese positions dug around a small vegetable garden. The enemy was routed, suffering 51 killed; the remainder fled. Our troops (two platoons of "B" Company, supported by one platoon of "A" Company) were led...

ART22753

Study for Illebe Creek battle

Troops formed up in Illebbe Creek in deep banks, come up climbing steeply and assaulted Japanese positions dug around a small vegetable garden. The enemy was routed, suffering 51 killed; the remainder fled. Our troops (two platoons of "B" Company, supported by one platoon of "A" Company) were led...

ART22754

Scarlett Beach landing

Troops of 2/15th Australian Infantry Battalion landing from a Infantry Landing Craft approximately half an hour after the first wave of troops had landed. They had not, at this stage, fully overcome the resistance on the beach, with the rest that the second wave come under heavy fire. The port ramp...

ART22755

Operating in the field Finschhafen, 2/3 Casualty Clearing Station (Captain Ray Kaines, Major Clive Mendelsohn, Sergeant West and R.H Cheney)

Shows Captain Ray H Kaines, Australian Army Medical Corp, surgeon, removing a foreign body from the pectorals major. Major A.C Mendelsohn, Australian Army Medical Corps, physician, on extreme right is shown given an intravenous injection of pentothal, which takes the place of usual anaesthetic and...

ART22756

Old and Bold (Private James Burke and Private Arthur Goodall

Shows WX4401 Private James Patrick Burke, (left), VX28963 Private Arthur Ernest Goodall, both 26 Brigade Australian Military Force. Private Burke's legs are bandaged because of infected mite bites, near their tent is a captured Japanese RAP sign, New Guinea.

ART22757

Private Alfred Rolfe

NX86223 Private Alfred J Rolfe, DCM, (for action at Illebee Creek, Finschhafen) of 2/13th Battalion, anti-gas cape used instead of bed roll which was too cumbersome in jungle warfare, Kakakog.

ART22758

Operation at 2/3 Casualty Clearing Station (Colonel CWB Littlejohn)

A rapid sketch of Colonel C. W. B Littlejohn, Consultant Surgeon to Land Headquarters, operating on an unidentified patient, unidentified orderly assisting him obscures anaesthetist, campaigns Australian Army Medical Corps, New Guinea.

ART22759

Tinea treatment

Shows an unidentified Infantryman being treated at the Forward Regiment Aid Post for tinea under the arms and at the back of the legs by an unidentified orderly, Finschhafen area, New Guinea.

ART22760

Anopheles Joe

A member of the Malaria Control Unit attached to 2/3rd Australian Casualty Clearing Station. Extra precaution has to be taken with malaria control in the vicinity of a Casualty Clearing Station. The picture shows some of the equipment used to pump and spray oil scum on stagnant water, New Guinea.

ART22762

Helping a wounded comrade

Infantryman of the 9th Australian Infantry Division helping his comrade to the Regimental Aid Post. This is often a necessary occurrence when, owing to a temporary shortage of stretcher bearers, a wounded man's mates would take him to the Regimental Aid Post, Finschhafen, New Guinea.

ART22765

R.A.N ships paste Japanese posts

Shows unidentified gun crew in action at sea in support of land forces. Mark 19, 4 inch gun, Australian made and known as the 'Woolworth Special', portion of deck of HMAS Kapunda, HMAS Barcoo in background.

ART22766

Firing a depth charge

A depth-charge crew of H.M.A.S Kapunda reloading a thrower after having fired one charge. Two of the crew are hoisting a depth-charge while a third hand steadies and guides the stalk into the thrower. The men are not in battle dress because of the sudden contact and necessity for the dropping of an...

ART22767

Spud barbers, HMAS Kapunda (Able Seaman Emmet Dwyer, Able Seaman John Coop, Cook Eli Landow and Able Seaman Robert Hall)

Although routine orders forbid the peeling of potatoes, this has to be done in forward areas owing to the rough handling of potatoes in transit. Drawing done in the waist of H.M.A.S Kapunda during anti-submarine patrol. l-r: B3654 Able Seaman Emmet Joseph Orchard Dwyer, PM5102 Able Seaman John...

ART22768

Souvenir hunters

A street scene in the Pettah, a trading centre of Colombo. Two unidentified Australian sailors are seen haggling with a Sinhalese jeweller about the price of a necklace, beating him down to one rupee from his original price in double figures. In the right foreground is a rickshaw, a common form of...

ART22772

Rough going in an Australian Corvette

In the foreground can be seen the cook of the mess trying to steady himself and retain the bucket of washing-up water. On the left a rating with obvious feelings is making his way to fresh air, whilst in the background can be seen a peep of supper-time in the tropics of the interior of a Corvette,...

ART22773

Mess deck life on a Corvette

This drawing is timed at 1600 hours - 4 pm - teatime, when the matelot "wets the leaves" and the day's deck work is over. Hammocks may then be slung and those off watch can get their heads down for an hour or two. Generally, at 1600 hours the ship is awake and, in the drawing, a watch keeper , who...

ART22774

R.A.N. at Colombo

A street scene in Colombo showing two unidentified members of the Royal Australian Navy on shore leave about to start on a tour of the city by rickshaw, the cheapest and most effective means of exploring the city, Colombo, Ceylon.

ART22775

Mess deck of HMAS Nepal, 7th Destroyer Flotilla

Showing four unidentified sailors, of the crew HMAS Nepal, in the confined space of their living quarters. One is ironing a shirt, one sewing on a button, one is "flaked out", or relaxed, on a form, whilst the other is completely "flakers" (asleep) over the table - oblivious to the racy...

ART22776

HMAS Napier entering Colombo graving dock

Showing HMAS Napier entering the dock from a bottom scraping etc., after returning from the Arakan. The natives, Sinhalan, Tamil's etc., employed around the dock, are seen tending the securing lines prior to the pumping out of the docking. The First Lieutenant is shown standing supervising the...

ART22777

Chipping ship's side, HMAS Napier

The task of chipping and painting an iron ship is endless. Whenever possible, hands suspend themselves over the side in large numbers with shipping hammers, red leads and grey paint to fight the corrosion. The water gushing over the plank is the cooling water discharge from the diesel. The two...

ART22778

A 'nor easter' or 'not entitled' (Lieutenant Peter Martin, Petty Officer George Howe)

Shows a situation during open muster payment on HMAS Napier. The bos'n's mate pipes "clear lower decks, hands fall in for payment abaft the tubes. A sailor is seen standing in the correct manner ready to receive his pay (he hopes) only to find by some circumstance is "not entitled" (insufficient...

ART22779

First air-raid on Australia, 19 February 1942

This work was drawn from a small set of photographs taken by an able seaman on a corvette on the day that the Japanese first bombed Darwin. The SS Neptuna was bombed whilst berthed at the Darwin Jetty. The ship was loaded with mixed cargo and depth charges, it caught alight and eventually blew...

ART22831

Flying Officer Garnet Burns

Shows Flying Officer G. Burns, navigator serving with the Royal Australian Air Force, seen taking a bath outside his tent. In the background are fixtures he has salvaged from a crashed Dakota aircraft to add to the comforts of tent life, including a small sink and water tank, Burma.

ART24261

Supremo (Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten)

Portrait depicting Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, KCVO, CB, DSO, Supreme Allied Commander in Chief, South East Asia Command.

ART24262

Water Supply problems, Burma (Flight Sergeant Alan Kelly and Warrant Officer Neil Strongman)

At the forward camp site of 194 Transport Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force. To obtain water, a well was sunk and four large drums with the ends cut away were placed end on end in the well and the earth filled around them. Water then seeps into the well and is drawn by lowering a suitable...

ART24263

Flying Officer Harley O'Regan and Flight Lieutenant A Turnbull

Flying Officer Harley J O'Regan, Transport Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force pilot serving with the Royal Air Force in Burma, is shown being given an anti-cholera inoculation by Flight Lieutenant A.M Turnbull, Medical Officer of 194 Transport Squadron, Royal Air Force. The squatting Indian is a...

ART24264

Gal Hussan Khan (Punjabi bearer)

Portrait depicting Gal Hussan Khan, Punjabi bearer (servant), employed by officers of No 117 Squadron Royal Air Force.

ART24265

Sergeant Kuldip Singh, 6 Indian Company, 1020 Platoon; Royal Indian Army Service Corps

Depicts a portrait of Sergeant Kuldip Singh, 1020 Platoon, 6 Indian Company, Royal Indian Army Service Corps, serving with Air Dipatch, South East Asia Command, who had made many sorties as a 'chucker-out' of air supplies. He was in charge of the packing of containers for parachute loads and 'free'...

ART24266

Wing Commander William McLean

Depicts Wing Commander W. J McLean, DFC, AFC, Royal Australian Air Force, No. 117 Squadron, Royal Air Force, slumped easily in a camp chair after returning from "dicing with the monsoon," while his personal berarer, Gal Hussan Khan, a Punjabi servant, pours him a welcome cup of tea, Burma.

ART24267

Two RAAF groundstaff in Old Delhi Street

Showing two members of the Royal Australian Air Force ground staff in a familiar street scene of Old Delhi. They are seen surrounded by a typical motley crowd of Indians. The location is called Chandi Chaulk or the "richest street in Asia" and is renowned for its merchandising of silver. After...

ART24308

RAAF Aircrew members of No. 52 Transport Squadron, RAF (Flight Lieutenant William Walsh, Pilot Officer Keith Caldwell and Flying Officer Stuart Arnold)

Show on the left, Flight Lieutenant W.E Walsh, navigator, Royal Australian Air Force, No. 52 Transport Squadron, receiving the weather report from the wireless operator, while the co-pilot displays an interest in the proceedings. They have temporarily removed their oxygen masks. On the right, the...

ART24309

Dropping supplies by parachute (Flying Officer Francis Hudson and Pilot Officer William Gerard)

Showing a parachute supply container (Mark V ) being dropped from a Dakota of No. 117 Squadron, Royal Australian Air Force over Sandoway, Burma. Flying Officer F.H Hudson is kicking out a container that had jammed in the doorway of the aircraft, the figure on the right is Pilot Officer W.M Gerard....

ART24310

Incident during monsoon, Kyaukpyu (Squadron Leader Terence Roberts and Flying Officer Owen Sanders)

This drawing depicts an incident which occurred in a severe monsoonal storm which swept over the tented camp of No. 117 Squadron, Royal Air Force on the ocean beach at Kyaukpyu, Ramree Island off the Burmese coast. Squadron Leader Terence G.D. Roberts AFC is seen holding onto a guy rope of his...

ART24312

Wing Commander (Dizzy) Crawford

This sketch of Wing Commander Crawford, a Canadian and Commanding Officer of 194 Transport Squadron, Royal Air Force, was made shortly before he was killed when his aircraft crashed into a hill on Ramree Island in a blinding storm in June 1945. Two Australian air crew were also killed in the...

ART24313

Bomb Damage, Darwin

Depicts two unidentified Australian soldiers, one bending forward, the other smoking a cigarette, near a bomb crater and wrecked house in Darwin, Australia during the Second World War.

ART28042

Huggins Road block on the Sanananda Road, New Guinea

On Sanananda road approaching Sanananda Point. A strategic block astride Japanese Lines of Communications when heavy fighting took place. The drawing was done from life on the spot with the Allies fiercely engaging the Japanese on the east side of the road. Scene at Huggins Road Block on the...

ART28401

Dressing for patrol (Private Alfred Rolfe)

Depicts NX86223 Private Alfred J Rolfe, DCM, 2/13 Battalion dressing for patrol using American (United States Army) gaiters, Kakakog.

ART23148

Bridge, M S Bardistan (Captain William Ellis)

Showing a portion of the bridge of M.S Bardistan during an air alert. The Captain of this ship, Captain William Ellis is signalling with an Aldis lamp to another ship, while the Oerlikon gun's crew stand-to in the background. Before the present run from Australia to India, "Bardistan" did convoy...

ART23150

Air Gunner in Catalina blister (Flight Lieutenant Laurence Court)

The port gunner is firing his .5 automatic Browning which has a mechanical feed and is warding off an enemy aircraft on the port quarter. The unidentified starboard gunner is shown in a disabled state with the unidentified engineer coming to his assistance to give temporary medical aid. The gunner...

ART23151

Make and mend (Telegraphist Leonard Keith Farey)

The needle and thread has been associated from time immemorial with the British sailor. It is one of the traditions of the Royal Navy. The drawing shows S7144 Telegraphist Leonard Keith Farey, Royal Australian Naval Reserve, sitting on a kapok fender on the deck of HMAS 'M.L426' taking advantage of...

ART23163

Torpedo overhaul on HMAS Napier

Royal Australian Navy, Admiralty Engineer Overseer; l-r: two unidentified Tamil boys employed as 'boiler boys' by Admiralty Engineer Overseer to help clean boilers, red-leading, painting and general cleaning, Able Seaman V, RANR, replacing cover plate, Bosun's Mate A B Menzies, RANR, passing behind...

ART23164

Captain 'D' (Captain Herbert Buchanan, First Lieutenant Gordon Crabb and Lieutenant Commander James Ramsay)

Captain Buchanan is seen on his seat on the bridge of HMAS Napier studying a suspicious ship which has appeared and the First Lieutenant, First Lieutenant Gordon John Branstone Crabb, Royal Australian Navy, is broadcasting orders to the ship's company through the microphone controlling the...

ART23165

Navigator in Catalina (Flying Officer William Lynch)

Depicts 410994 Flying William Eric Lynch in the navigator's compartment of the Catalina flying boat from the Royal Australian Air Force, No 205 Squadron.

ART23166

Co-pilot of Catalina (Warrant Officer Charles Thoday)

Depicts 410179 Warrant Officer Charles J Thoday, RAAF, co-pilot of a Catalina flying boat of the Royal Australian Air Force, No 205 Squadron. With one hand on the pitch control, Thoday's intense gaze into the sky suggests an ascending angle of attack. Thoday trained in the Empire Air Training...

ART23167

Bos'n's mate (Able Seaman John Burke)

Depicts a portrait of S3196 Able Seaman John F Burke, HMAS Kapunda, bosun's pipe (or call) in hand, pipping "Wakey, Wakey, Lash up and stow" which greets the matelots as they roll over in their hammocks about to commence another day at sea resisting His Majesty's enemies - and more watches to keep.

ART23824

Beaching a Catalina at Koggala

Flying boats beaching at Koggala Lake, Ceylon (Sri-Lanka). The Catalina pictured in the foreground bares the markings JX 336. This Catalina was built by Boeing Canada in Vancouver, Canada, for the RAF. It served with 413 (GR) Sdn., RCAF, in Ceylon, as aircraft "C", but remained in RAF ownership...

ART25892

Catalina taking off from Port Moresby for Kavieng

Shows a Catalina Flying Boat, bombed up, taking off from Port Moresby Harbour at 1700 hours to bomb Kavieng.

ART26122

11 Battery 2/3 Australian Tank Attack Regiment

Crew from right section, "K" Troops, 11 Battery, 2/3 Australian Tank Attack Regiment, moving their 6-pounder gun into position at Arndt Point for beach defence task. They are framed by rocks on the left and a tree on the right. In the background, sea cliffs and jungle. The remains of the gun in the...

ART26130

Night patrol returning to base

Depicts a scene of a group of unidentified members of night patrol returning to base

ART29707

Notes on aerial warfare over Port Darwin, 4th April 1942

Arial warfare over Port Darwin. U.S. Air Corps, 5 Fighter Command of 49 Group, 9 Squadron, went up to meet a force of Japanese bombers and Zero fighters. The 14th Australian Anti-Aircraft Battery fired its 3.7 inch guns on a formation of 7Mitsubishi 'Betty' bombers, hitting the extreme left...

ART29708

Transport driver sleeping behind his truck at Larrimah

A transport driver sleeping behind his truck at Larrimah in the Northern Territory. These drivers often had to drive over 200 miles per day in very hot weather, often driving for seven days at a stretch. This driver is suffering from dysentery from the bore water and the heat. Illness was common...

ART92160

Zero trouble over Lae (Pilot Officer Harold Burn)

Depicts Pilot Officer Harold Burn (service number 401025) operating the twin .303 Browning machine gun, in first gunner position on an aircraft. The first gunner also operates the wireless, transmitting and receiving. In an emergency he can fly the aircraft from that position, but can only make a...

ART21710

Operating ASDIC equipment (Sub Lieutenant Dudley Ross and Able Seaman Robert Stutsell)

Anti-submarine equipment of HMAS ML426 (ML is motor launch) a ship built in Australia and known as the Fairmile. Sub Lieutenant Dudley Robin Ross, Royal Australian Naval Volunteer Reserves, on the right, is carrying out an attack on an enemy submarine using the ASDIC (Anti Submarine Detection...

ART22770

'Spirit of protest'

The spirit of the Protest was humorously nicknamed after the Spirit of Progress. This train picks up troops and stores at Larrimah railhead for transport to Darwin. The men sleep and eat en route in cattle trucks during the 24 hour trip - assuming the old locomotive makes the grade. The engine has...

ART22718

Bomb damage, 19 February 1942

The wreckage of the Post Office and Post Master's house in Darwin. The damage was caused through bombing by the Japanese on 19 February 1942. The postmaster and his daughter along with other post office employees were killed in the blast.

ART22723

Australian matelot and Sinhalese tattooist (Able Seaman Stuart J Vaughan and R H Sam)

A 20-year-old B4773 Able Seaman Stuart Jackson Vaughan from the Royal Australian Naval Reserve, serving with the Eastern Fleet, has a Chinese dragon tattooed on his arm by R H Sam, a Sinhalese tattooist, Colombo, Ceylon. Vaughan joined the RAN in May 1943 and served on minesweepers and "N" class...

ART22771

Crew of Hudson Bomber on return from Ambon attack (Sergeants Mossop, Frith, Madin, Flight Lieutenant Ian McCombe and Flight Sergeant Baker)

l-r: Sergeant Mossop, Wireless rear-gunner, Sergeant Firth, wireless air-gunner, Sergeant Madin, observer/ navigator/ bomb aimer, 250813 Flight Lieutenant (later Squadron Leader, DFC) Ian A McCombe, pilot and captain, and Flight Sergeant Baker, NCO in charge of maintenance; rear half of Lockheed...

ART22731

Timeline

Date of birth 1911-04-28
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1943-09-10
Date of discharge 1946-03-22
Date of death 1993