Biography

Birth date: 13 June 1920
Birth place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Death date: 1972
Death place: Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Final rank: Lieutenant
Service number: NX191007 - Second World War, 1939-1945

Douglas Watson, one of the youngest official war artists of the Second World War, was born in Sydney on 13 June 1920. He studied at the East Sydney Technical College and on graduating in 1940, was awarded a state scholarship to study overseas, but because of the war he was not able to leave Australia.

In 1941, at the age of 21, Watson applied to become an official war artist. He had spent six months travelling around Western Australia, sketching in the hope of getting work as a war artist, and he had written to the Commonwealth Art Advisory Committee to express his interest.

Watson enlisted in July 1942. He was assigned to 4 Camouflage Training Unit, then transferred to the Military History Section in August 1943. He became an official war artist with the rank of lieutenant in November 1943 and was sent to Townsville to begin his commission. On the way he stopped in Sydney to document the activities at the Sydney Graving Dock.

Watson's commission spanned the last two years of the war and most of 1946. He covered military activities throughout Australia, New Guinea and Borneo.

After the war Watson traveled extensively, studied in Europe and the United Kingdom, and exhibited at the Royal Academy in London and with the Contemporary Art Society in Sydney. Watson was the youngest artist to be awarded the Wynne prize, which he won in 1942, and again in 1945.

Watson died in Sydney in 1972.

Rolls and Awards

Collection Items

Photograph

061619

MELBOURNE, VICTORIA. 1943-12-20. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

061619

061620

MELBOURNE, VIC. 1943-12-20. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, LAND HEADQUARTERS.

061620

074696

MILNE BAY, NEW GUINEA. 1944-07-19. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION ATTACHED TO HEADQUARTERS, NEW GUINEA FORCE.

074696

071591

SONG RIVER, FINSCHHAFEN AREA, NEW GUINEA. 1944-03-26. N181937 LIEUTENANT E. H. D. WATSON (1), AND OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST SKETCHING NATIVES WEARING HEADDRESS USED FOR A SING-SING AT THE AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT COMPOUND.

071591

072065

KAKAKOG, NEW GUINEA. 1944-04-06. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, AN OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST OF THE MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, AT WORK AT HEADQUARTERS AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT.

072065

072066

KAKAKOG, NEW GUINEA. 1944-04-06. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, AN OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST OF THE MILITARY HISTORY SECTION, AT WORK AT HEADQUARTERS AUSTRALIAN NEW GUINEA ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT.

072066

071471

SATTELBERG AREA, NEW GUINEA. 1944-03-27. NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON (1), AND VX93432 CAPTAIN R. C. HODGKINSON (2), MILITARY HISTORY SECTION WAR ARTIST, AT WORK IN THE AREA.

071471

110405

AT SEA. 1945-06-29. A SECTION FO THE CONVOY TRAVELLING TO BALIKPAPAN FOR THE OBOE 2 OPERATION. LIEUTENANT E. A. D. WATSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, 7 MILITARY HISTORY FIELD TEAM, SHOWN STANDING IN BOW OF LANDING SHIP, TANK (LST) 938, SKETCHING.

110405

119937

LABUAN ISLAND, NORTH WEST BORNEO. 1945-10-11. 1ST PRISONER OF WAR CAMP (JAPANESE). NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. DOUGLAS WATSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION LAND HEADQUARTERS, DRAWING MAJOR GENERAL TSUCHIDA, INTENDANT GENERAL (QUARTERMASTER) OF THE 37TH JAPANESE ARMY.

119937

119938

LABUAN ISLAND, NORTH WEST BORNEO. 1945-10-11. 1ST PRISONER OF WAR CAMP (JAPANESE). NX191007 LIEUTENANT E. A. DOUGLAS WATSON, OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, MILITARY HISTORY SECTION LAND HEADQUARTERS, DRAWING MAJOR GENERAL TSUCHIDA, INTENDANT GENERAL (QUARTERMASTER) OF THE 37TH JAPANESE ARMY.

119938

P01626.001

JAPAN, 1930'S. A JAPANESE FAMILY PORTRAIT, FORMERLY IN THE POSSESSION OF THE WORLD WAR 2 OFFICIAL WAR ARTIST, LIEUTENANT EDWARD ALBERT ALEXANDER WATSON, AND PRESUMABLY FOUND AMONG THE EFFECTS OF A DEAD JAPANESE SOLDIER. THE MAN SEATED AT THE FAR LEFT IS WEARING THE PRE-1937 UNIFORM OF THE IMPERIAL...

P01626.001

Art

Hauling gun into position

Three men hauling a gun into position, San Remo, Cairns, Queensland.

ART21025

Corporal Dickinson operating wireless, Signal Store 1944

Corporal Dickenson of 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron testing a wireless set in the Signal Store of the Squadron in Atherton, North Queensland.

ART21030

Overhauling a Mitchell bomber, New Guinea

This work depicts a B52 Mitchell Bomber being overhauled on Dregar airstrip, New Guinea.

ART21032

Looking from Kokakoc towards Scarlet Beach, Finschhafen

At Kokakoc the Japanese were well dug in and resisted solidly. In the distance is Scarlet Beach where the initial landing of the Finschhafen campaign took place, New Guinea.

ART21034

Kumawa - Sisi Junction

Kumawa is halfway up the Sattelberg Road. 2/23th Australian Infantry Battalion relieved 2/15th Australian Infantry Battalion in the Kumawa area. From this area extensive preliminary patrolling took place. "B" Company, 2/23rd Australlian Infantry Battalion, advancing from Kumawa via Sisi village,...

ART21035

New Guinea native

Depicts a portrait of an unidentified Papuan native, Lae, New Guinea.

ART21291

Japanese prisoner, Dr Young

A portrait drawn in Kokakoc, New Guinea, of Dr Young who was a Japanese prisoner of war. He was captured on New Britain.

ART21292

Sergeant Sato: Japanese prisoner

Portrait drawn in Kokakoc, New Guinea of Japanese Army Sergeant Sato, who was a Japanese prisoner of war captured in New Britain.

ART21293

Lieutenant K Allan

Depicts a portrait of Lieutenant K T Allan, Officer Commanding Native Labour Compound, ANGAU member of Australian New Guinea Administration Unit. Served with 20th Battalion, A.I.F in World War I in France, and with 8 Australian Garrison Battalion in World War II at Buna, Wau and Lae, New Guinea.

ART21294

LAC Dave (Wimpy) Wellington

Depicts a portrait of Leading Aircraftsman Dave 'Wimpy" Wellington, cook, Supply and Despatch Unit, Royal Australian Air force, Noemfoor, Dutch New Guinea.

ART21295

Abdoel, Javanese labourer

Portrait of a Javanese labourer, who was brought from Java by the Japanese to work on the airfields at Noemfoor, Dutch New Guinea.

ART21296

Barbed wire entanglements

Barbed wire entanglements along a beach in Melbourne. Edward Albert Douglas Watson born 1920, served as an official war artist in Australia, New Guinea and Borneo from 1943 to 1946. He became the youngest artist to take the Wynne Prize in 1942, and then won it again in 1945. He died in 1972.

ART22195

Munition worker

Portrait depicting an unidentified man, working in a forge shop, Ordnance Workshops, Maribyrnong, Melbourne.

ART22259

Destroyed Japanese lorries, Madang

Two Japanese lorries are seen overturned into Merio River, Madang, Papua New Guinea. The bridge was constructed by the Japanese.

ART22261

L.S.T. at Dreger

Landing Ship, Tanks (LST) being loaded for the Aitape campaign. HMAS Westralia is in the left background, New Guinea.

ART22263

L.S.Ts at Dreger at night

Loading the Landing Ship Tanks (LSTs) for the Hollandia campaign, New Guinea.

ART22264

Dead Japanese on Kamiri airstrip, Noemfoor Island

This work depicts the corpses of two unidentified Japanese soldiers on Kamiri airstrip.

ART22305

Despatch rider (Sergeant Rex Beggs)

Portrait depicting Sergeant Rex Biggs, VX101560, Despatch Rider wearing greatcoat with white over royal blue armbands, leather gauntlets, peaked motor cycle helmet (not usual despatch rider's helmet) and goggles.

ART22357

Sergeant George Bowles

Portrait depicting a side profile of Sergeant George Vernon Bowles, V83912, Military History Section. During the First World War, Bowles served with the British Expeditionary Forces.

ART22431

Ack Ack Battery in action

This painting depicts two groups of soldiers from an artillery battery operating two guns at night.

ART22433

Destroyed Japanese aircraft

This work depicts Japanese aircraft that were destroyed during the initial bombardment of Kamiri airstrip. Both bomber and fighter planes were destroyed on this airstrip in Noemfoor, Dutch New Guinea.

ART22437

Captain James Mellor

Portrait depicting Captain James Corry Mellor, SX13831, Camp Commandant, Headquarters, 9th Australian Division, formerly Royal Australian Artillery, 2/7th Australian Field Regiment, 7th Australian Division.

ART22438

Private Ray Jones

Portrait depicting Private Ray Cyril Jones, SX5842, of the 2/43rd Australian Infantry Battalion.

ART22439

Captain John Searle

Portrait depicting Captain John Edward Searle, NX21876, DCM, Liaison, 9th Australian Division Headquarters, formerly 2/13th Australian Infantry Battalion.

ART22440

Sikh Ralasingh, Indian army

This is a portrait of a man from the Indian army, whose title Sikh Sih Ralasingh is written in cursive writing in the lower right corner of the work. A Sikh is a follower of Sikhism.

ART22441

The bell tower

A partially destroyed bell tower stands surrounded by rubble from nearby buildlings that have been demolished by bombs.

ART22442

Disembarkation, Balikpapan, 5 July 1945

This work depicts a landing craft tank (LCT), unloading a supply truck and a 3.7 inch heavy anti-aircraft gun. The truck appears to be carrying rolls of barbed wire and sand matting. There was only one Australian anti-aircraft unit landed at Balikpapan, which was the 2/1 Composite Anti-Aircraft...

ART22443

Unloading vehicles and stores, Balikpapan, 1945

Stores and vehicles are being unloaded from a barge in Balikpapan during the last stages of the Second World War in 1945.

ART22444

A captured Japanese naval civilian, Balikpapan

Sketched portrait of a captured Japanese naval civilian in Balikpapan, Borneo. The soldier's name, as translated from the Japanese characters written in cursive on the front of this work, is Yataroo Iwata. In Japanese the surname is written first, followed by the person's given name. The surname...

ART22445

Three dead Japanese soldiers, Parramatta Feature, Balikpapan

This work depicts three dead Japanese soldiers in Balikpapan during the last stages of the Second World War in 1945.

ART22446

Wounded Japanese soldier, Balikpapan

Sketch of a wounded Japanese soldier in Balikpapan.

ART22447

Forward observation post overlooking cracking plant feature, Balikpapan

A field artillery battery commander and another soldier sit with their backs to the viewer, behind a row of plants, in this position of forward observation post. One of the men is using a portable telephone and the other is resting against his back pack with this hands behind his head.

ART22448

Three dead Japanese soldiers, Balikpapan

This work depicts three dead Japanese soldiers in Balikpapan during the later stages of the Second World War in 1945, Balikpapan.

ART22449

Two dead Japanese

This work portrays two dead Japanese soldiers in Borneo. One soldier is lying face down and the soldier next to him is face up.

ART22450

Destroyed oil tank

This work depicts a destroyed oil tank surrounded by rubble.

ART22451

Portion of the devastation of the oil refineries, Balikpapan

This artwork depicts the immense devastation caused to a section of the oil refineries in Balikpapan, Indonesia during the last stages of the Second World War.

ART22452

Destroyed workshop, oil distilling area, Balikpapan

This work depicts a workshop that has been destroyed by bombing in Balikpapan, Indonesia.

ART22453

Devastation no 1, oil refineries, Balikpapan

This work depicts damage done to oil refineries in Balikpapan during the Second World War in the Pacific.

ART22454

Devastation no 2, oil refineries, Balikpapan

This work depicts the partial destruction of buildlings surrounding an oil refinery in Balikpapan.

ART22455

Devastation No. 3, oil refineries, Balikpapan

This work depicts damage to oil refineries in Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22456

Sapper Frederick Greenwell

Portrait depicting Sapper Frederick Edgar Greenwell, NX200873, Royal Australian Engineers, 2/9th Field Company, lying in a bed with bandaged head and hand at the 2/2 Australian Casualty Clearing Station. He was a patient in 2/2 Aust CCS after being wounded in head, arm and hip at an airstrip in...

ART22457

Corporal Henry Johnston

Portrait depicting Corporal Henry Thomas Johnston, NX43723, of the 2/33rd Australian Infantry Battalion, lying in a bed with an injured arm and hand at the 2/2 Australian Casualty Clearing Station.

ART22458

Patient in 2/2 Australian C.C.S

This work depicts a patient in the 2/2 Casualty Clearing Station (CCS), Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22459

Sketch of a couple of patients in 2/2 CCS

Sketch of patients in the 2/2 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22460

Corporal Wilfred Saunders

Portrait depicting Corporal Wilfred Norman Saunders, NX18821, of the 2/1st Australian Pioneer Battalion with a bandage wrapped around a wound on his head.

ART22461

Morphia (Private Percy Asher; Private William Spozetta and Corporal Roy Rodgers)

Depicts Private Percy Ashe, QX58584, giving Private William Spozetta, NX203630, an injection of morphia after Pte Spozetta was wounded. In the background is the scout Corporal Roy Rodgers, NX67255, all three soldiers are of the 2/33rd Australian Infantry Battalion. Private Ashe is wearing a pistol...

ART22462

Infantryman (Sergeant J.F.M. O'Halloran)

Sketch of Infantryman Sergeant JFM O'Halloran, sitting holding an Owen gun, Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22463

Interior of the mosque, Balikpapan

This work depicts the remaining interior structures of a mosque in Balikpapan following destruction caused by bombing.

ART22464

Discharging an EY Discharger Cup (Private Henry Maris)

QX61195 Private Henry Richard Maris, 2/33rd Australian Infantry Battalion; using a rifle grenade launcher with EY (Edward Yule - inventor) discharger cup (these were ordinary .303 rifles no longer suitable for use as a rifle, but with the discharger cup fitted they were used as grenade launchers,...

ART22465

Infantryman and dead Japanese

An Infantryman of 2/33 Australian Infantry Battalion standing over a dead Japanese whom he had shot, Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22466

2" light mortar crew in action, Balikpapan

This work depicts a two-man 2" mortar crew in action in Balikpapan, Indonesia.

ART22467

Typical Infantryman resting after a patrol

This work portrays an infantryman resting after a patrol in Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22468

Subador Labh Singh

Portrait depicting Subadar Labh Singh Bahadoro, Second-in-Command of the 2/15th Punjab Regiment, Indian Army (Sabador - rank, Junior Commissioned, Bahadoro - warrior, indicates that he was particularly brave and had risen from the ranks). He was a recovered Indian prisoner of war, captured and...

ART22469

Jemadar Kkbar Shih

Portrait depicting Jemadar Akbar Shah, of the 2/15th Punjab Regiment, Indian Army, a recovered Indian prisoner of war, captured in and taken to work for the Japanese. Jemadar is the most junior rank of an Indian Commissioned Officer, equivalent to a Lieutenant in the British Army.

ART22470

Jemadar Hazari Singh

Portrait depicting Jemadar Hazari Singh, 2/15th Punjab Regiment, Indian Army, a recovered Indian prisoner of war, captured and taken to work for the Japanese. Jemadar is the most junior rank of Indian Commissioned Officer, equivalent to a Lieutenant in the British Army.

ART22471

Javanese in Nica Hospital, Balikpapan

This native of Java is one of the many in the hospital suffering from dysentry and starvation caused when working as slaves for the Japanese in Balikpapan, Borneo.

ART22472

Unloading LSTs at night, Balikpapan

This work depicts the unloading of LSTs (Landing ships, tank) at night in Balikpapan, Indonesia. LST is a military acronym for naval vessels that were created during the Second World War. LSTs were designed to carry a large number of vehicles, cargo and landing troops and deliver them directly onto...

ART22473

Disembarkation from HMAT "Manoora"

Disembarkation of 2/48th Australian Infantry Battalion from HMAT Manoora, onto Landing Craft Vehicle Personnel (LCVP), which took them to the beach head, Tarakan, Borneo.

ART22476

Infantry resting on tank knoll

Depicts men of the 2/48th Australian Infantry Battalion among ruins of oil tanks on a hill just inland from their landing point on Red beach.

ART22477

Norwegian freighter in Dry Dock

Norwegian Freighter in Dry Dock, Williamstown Dockyard, Melbourne.

ART22683

Norwegian freighter in Dry Dock

This work depicts a Norwegian freighter in a dry dock, Williamstown Dockyard, Melbourne.

ART22684

Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Allan

Portrait depicting NX12229 Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Trangmar Allan, OBE, MC, MID, Commanding Base Sub-Area, Finschhafen. Served with 30th and 5/45 Infantry Battalions and awarded Military Cross, 1914-18 War. Served with 2/17th Australian Infantry Battalion, Brigade Major, 20th Australian Infantry...

ART22685

Lieutenant Ronald Ansell

Depicts a standing portrait of a member of the 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, NX140939 Lieutenant Ronald William Ansell, 2/5 Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron during the Second World War.

ART22686

Lieutenant Malcolm Wylie

WX11075 Lieutenant Malcolm Withers Wylie, 2/5 Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, Atherton, Queensland.

ART22687

Australian soldier

Portrait depicting an unidentified Lieutenant Colonel, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22688

Maieta, New Guinea native

Portrait of a New Guinea native.

ART22689

Tonginta

Portrait depicting a New Guinea native, 'Tonginta'.

ART22690

Japanese anti-aircraft gun

View of Japanese anti-aircraft gun in gun position, Finschhafen, New Guinea.

ART22691

Lieutenant L MacLeod

Lieutenant G L B MacLeod 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22692

Japanese prisoner

Portrait depicting an unidentified Japanese prisoner of war, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22693

Sergeant Laurence Carlton

Sergeant Laurence Richard Carlton, 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22694

Mihari, Bougainville native

Portrait of a man who was native to Bougainville, Papua New Guinea.

ART22695

Private Mumford

Portrait depicting Private Mumford, 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22696

Lieutenant Ronald Ansell

Portrait depicting NX140939 Lieutenant Ronald William Ansell, 2/5th Australian Cavalry Commando Squadron, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22697

New Guinea native

Portrait depicting an unidentified New Guinea native, Lae, New Guinea.

ART22698

Sergeant G Iwago

Portrait depicting Sergeant Iwago, GM (awarded GM in landing), native Police Boy awarded George Cross in Scarlet Beach Landing, Kokakoc, New Guinea.

ART22699

Talop

A New Guinea native who worked at the Native Labour Compound at Kokakoe, Finschhafen. He was at Finschhafen at the time of the Japanese occupation. To avoid capture he went bush, returning to that area on re-occupation by the 9th Australian Division, Finschhafen, New Guinea.

ART22700

Wing Commander Allan Mumchin

Portrait depicting 270916 Wing Commander W Allan Minchin, Chief Signals 9 Group and Northern Command, later RAAF Signals Liaison Fifth Air Force and 10 Grouop, Chief Signals Southern Area Royal Australian Air Force.

ART22701

Leading Aircraftsman F. J. Ryan

Portrait depicting Leading Aircraftsman Francis J Ryan, Royal Australian Air Force, 13 Salvage and Repair Depot, Neomfoor Island.

ART22702

Corpral. H. J. Clarke

Portrait depicting 40508 Corporal Horace James Chenezer Clarke, transport corporal, Royal Australian Air Force, 13 Supply and Despatch Unit, Noemfoor Island.

ART22703

Flying Officer A. E. Smith

Portrait depicting 128246 Flying Alexander Edward Smith, Royal Australian Air Force, 13 Supply and Despatch Unit, Noemfoor Island.

ART22704

Japanese Community Grave

This work depicts the burial site of a Japanese soldier in the foreground. A plank of wood has been stuck into the dirt mound, marking the site, and has Japanese text written on it. In the background of the work is an anti aircraft gun and a shed. The grave depicted is located in Madang, New Guinea.

ART22705

Three soldiers at Madang

This work depicts three soldiers at Madang, New Guinea.

ART22706

Destroyed Government Offices and Japanese A.A Defence - Madang

Destroyed government offices and Japanese defences, Madang, New Guinea.

ART22707

Madang

Showing the wharves with two submarine-chasers tied up (right), Madang, New Guinea.

ART22708

Liberty Ship and Destroyers in Madang Harbour

Liberty ship and destroyers in Madang Harbour, New Guinea.

ART22709

Japanese anti-aircraft gun, Madang

Japanese anti aircraft gun, Madang, New Guinea.

ART22710

Japanese anti aircraft battery, Madang

This work depicts a Japanese anti aircraft battery in Madang, Papua New Guinea.

ART22711

Blasted Japanese anti aircraft gun, Madang

This work depicts a destroyed Japanese anti aircraft gun in Madang, Papua New Guinea, accompanied by hand written details of the gun's camouflage.

ART22712

Lieutenant General Baba Masao

Lieutenant General Baba Masao (Baba is his surname), General Commanding 37th Japanese Army, surrendered his sword to Major General G F Wooten CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire), DSO, at Labuan, Borneo.

ART22984

Major General Tsuchida Kazuzi

Portriat depicting Major General Tsuchida Kazuzi, Chief of Quartermasters, 37 Japanese Army Borneo (possibly an, British), Borneo.

ART22985

Captain Nakata

Depicts a head and shoulders portrait of a Japanese officer, Captain Nakata. His neck is bandaged as he had tried to commit suicide on a number of occasions. Douglas Watson (1920-1972) served as an official war artist during World War II and exhibited at the Royal Academy in London as well as with...

ART22986

First Lieutenant Genzo Watanabe

Depicts a portrait, in right profile, of First Lieutenant Genzo Watanabe, a Japanese staff officer at the prisoner of war compound in Ranau, Borneo during the Second World War.

ART22987

Captain Hoshijima Susumi

Portrait of Captain Hoshijima Susumu, Camp Commandant, Japanese Prisoner of War Compound, Sandakan, Borneo.

ART22988

Captain Shoichi Yamamoto

Captain Shoichi Yamamoto, Jesselton Battalion Commander, 25th Regiment, 37th Japanese Army

ART22989

Lieutenant Yamamoto

Portrait of First Lieutenant Yamamoto, a doctor in Kuching Prisoner of War Compound, Borneo.

ART22990

First Lieutenant Akutagawa Mitsuya

Portrait of 1st Lieutenant Akutagawa Mitsuya, Commandant of Kempeitai (Military Police) at Keningau, north Borneo.

ART22991

Bombardment, Balikpapan

Depicts the bombardment of beaches immediately prior to landing at Balikpapan. Douglas Watson joined the AIF in 1943 and was an official war artist for Australia, serving in Australia, New Guinea and Borneo from 1943 to 1946.

ART22992

Main Street, Brunei

Depicts a view of Brunei, the remains of wrecked buildings caused by naval gunfire and aerial bombing in main shopping street of Brunei when Australian troops occupied the town. Douglas Watson joined the AIF in 1942 and was an official war artist in Australia, New Guinea and Borneo from 1943 to...

ART22994

Suicide by hanging (Colonel Aikyo)

Depicts the corpse of Colonel Aikyo, Commander of Japanese Forces in the north, a suspected war criminal, who committed suicide by hanging in camp.

ART22999

Sergeant George Bowles

Depicts a seated portrait of V83912 Sergeant George Vernon Bowles, who served with the Military History Section during the First World War.

ART23424

Trooper Ronald Steele

1st Australian Tank Battalion, formerly 7th Divisional Cavalry Regiment, and 2/4th Independent Company; NX56501 Trooper Ronald Robert Steele, 1 Aust Tank Btn; Siki Beach

ART23433

Assembling Beaufort bombers

This work depicts the construction and painting of Beafort bombers inside an aircraft hangar.

ART23504

Private Bill Conway

San Remo; 2/24th Australian Infantry Battalion; VX57458 Private Bill Conway, 2/24 Btn

ART23729

Burnt out Japanese aircraft on Kamiri airstrip, Noemfoor Island

Depicts the remains of a wrecked and burnt Japanese aircraft on the Kamiri airstip on Noemfoor Island during the Second World War.

ART23731

Patient at Alexishafen Hospital

Casualty; possibly a Casualty Clearing Station rather than a hospital; unidentified man reclining on a stretcher, doctor attending another patient in background; campaign

ART23732

Bomb crater, Noemfoor

This work depicts a bomb crater in Noemfoor, Papua, Indonesia.

ART23813

Buildling a merchant navy vessel

This work depicts the process of buidling a merchant navy vessel with scaffolding and cranes in use.

ART23947

Towinda

Profile portrait depicting Towinda who had previously been a carrier for the Japanese Army on the Kokoda Track, but after escaping he reported to the Australian forces.

ART23948

Surrender on Corvette, Kuching Eastick

surrender ceremony; 9th Australian Division; standing l-r: unidentified USN seaman, SX3295 Brigadier T C Eastick, CMG, DSO, Commanding Force, unidentified Australian soldier, unidentified Japanese slodier, seated: Major General H Yamamura, Commanding of Japanese forces in area signing surrender...

ART25662

Outside Beaufort hangars, Fishermans Bend

This work depicts the Department of Aircraft Production (DAP) assembly plant at Fishermans Bend in Melbourne, Victoria, where Beaufort bombers were built during the Second World War. Two planes can be seen outside the hangar surrounded by vehicles and soldiers.

ART25886

recto: Salamoen, Javanese soldier; verso: [Portrait of soldier wearing helmet and cape]

recto: portrait of a seated Javanese soldier. verso: portrait of a seated soldier wearing a helmet and cape. Both drawn images visually document army uniforms used in the Pacific during the Second World War.

ART25887

Destroyed palms, Noemfoor

This work depicts a group of destroyed palm trees in Noemfoor, Indonesia.

ART25888

Section of cookhouse, RAAF, Noemfoor

This work portrays war damage to a cookhouse and surrounding palm trees in Noemfoor, Papua, Indonesia.

ART25889

Private W.A. Fletcher

This is a portrait of VX46911 Private W A Fletcher, Jeep Driver, 2/14th Australian Infantry Battalion.

ART29787

Two dead Japanese

Preliminary sketch of two dead Japanese soldiers. One man lies face down while the other man lying next to him is pictured face up on the ground.

ART29788

Study for suicide by hanging (Colonel Aikyo)

This is a preliminary sketch of a Japanese Colonel, Colonel Aikyo, who has committed suicide by hanging himself.

ART29789

Study for Wrecked oil tanks on Tank Knoll Tarakan

Sketch of an industrialised landscape with buildings in the background that have been destroyed as a result of war.

ART29790

Bombardment of Lingkas harbour, Tarakan

Preliminary sketch of large rising plumes of dark smoke.

ART29791

Javanese in the NICA hospital

Sketch of a soldier sitting down, wrapped in a blanket, eating food out of a small bowl.

ART29794

Bren gunners in action on Acid Feature, Balikpapan

This work is one of a series of drawings of members of 7 Platoon, A Coy, 2/33rd Australian Infantry Battalion, done in July 1945 in Balikpapan. In a letter to Treloar, 28 July, 1945, 205/2/13 Watson writes "During the last week I have concentrated on the activities of the 2/33 Aust Inf Bn, namely...

ART29795

Bren gunners in action on Acid Feature, Balikpapan

Sketched portrait of two Australian soldiers taking cover behind shrubs. One soldier is aiming his gun while the other soldier watches from behind him.

ART29796

Sergeant J.F.M. O'Halloran

Sergeant J F M O'Halloran, holding Owen gun with skeleton stock.

ART29797

Rifleman

Sketched portrait of a standing Australian soldier, leaning on his rifle.

ART29798

Owen gunner

Portrait of three Australian soldiers. One soldier is positioned in the centre of the work, staring straight at the viewer. A second soldier to the left of this primary soldier stands with his back to the viewer. The third soldier is positioned to the right of the central soldier, sitting down with...

ART29799

Study for Destroyed shopfronts, Victoria, Labuan

Depicts a section of Victoria town destroyed by war, with large doric columns still standing in the foreground.

ART29800

Study for Destroyed shopfronts, Victoria, Labuan

Depicts a destroyed buildling with large doric columns that is still standing with a clock tower in the background. There are handwritten artist's notes regarding what colours to use in the final work.

ART29801

Study for Clock tower, township of Victoria, Labuan

Sketch of a clock tower with artist's notes regarding colours and proportions of the tower.

ART29802

study for Main street, Brunei

Sketch of a town street that has been destroyed by bombing. Only a few doorways are left standing along the depicted street.

ART29803

Patient in 2/2nd Australian Casualty Cleaning Station, Balikpapan

Sketch of an Australian soldier lying down awake on a bed with his arm in a sling.

ART29804

Destroyed building with arches

Sketch of archways in a town centre with some fallen corrugated iron in the foreground.

ART29805

Destroyed buildings

Sketch of a group of residential buildings in Victoria town, Labuan.

ART29806

Driver W.A. Brown

Sketched portrait of Australian soldier W. A. Brown VX84345 in Finschafen, New Guinea.

ART29807

Beach landing

Sketch of a landing with soldiers unloading supplies and vehicles from naval vessels in a harbour.

ART29808

Beach head, Tarakan

Preliminary and unfinished sketch of a harbour view as seen from the water. Several boats, houses, mountains and trees have been drawn.

ART29809

Bombed buildings

Sketch of buildlings, trees and people in a town.

ART29810

Bombed buildings

Sketch of a man sitting outside residential buildings next to a group of unfinished palm trees.

ART29811

Platoon resting, Balikpapan

Group portrait of six Australian soldiers sitting down to rest.

ART29812

Private C.J. Meredith

Side profile portrait of an Australian soldier.

ART29813

Lance Corporal C. Sherer

2/10th Australian General Hospital; NX67748 Lance Corporal C Sherer, 2/10 AGH, recovered prisoner of war.

ART29814

Seated soldier

Sketched portrait of a seated Australian soldier in uniform with the sleeves of his shirt rolled up.

ART29815

Seated soldier with rifle, front view

Portrait of a seated Australian soldier holding a rifle.

ART29816

Seated soldier with rifle, side view

Sketched portrait of an Australian soldier sitting on the ground, holding his rifle close to his body.

ART29817

Seated soldier with rifle, rear view

Sketched portrait of a seated Australian soldier holding a rifle.

ART29818

Soldier in cape

Sketched portrait of an Australian soldier in uniform facing away from the viewing, wearing a cape.

ART29819

Soldier in cape, rear view

Portrait of an Australian soldier with his back to the viewer, wearing a cape.

ART29820

Soldier in cape, front view

Portrait of an Australian soldier in uniform wearing a cape and helmet.

ART29821

Soldiers resting around tent

Portrait of a group of eight Australian soldiers resting underneath a small tent. Two of the eight men are on look-out duty.

ART29822

Seated soldier in cape with rifle

Portrait of seated soldier wearing uniform hat and cape with rifle.

ART29823

Soldiers pushing truck

This work portrays three Australian soldiers. Two soldiers are attempting to push a truck that is stuck in mud, while the third soldier is inside the cabin of the truck.

ART29824

Soldier pushing truck

Sketch of an Australian soldier with outstretched arms and legs, pushing a bogged truck.

ART29825

Soldier pushing truck

This work is made up of two separate sketched portraits of a soldier. To the left is a full body portrait of the soldier walking. To the right is a head and shoulders portrait of the soldier wearing a helmet.

ART29826

Filling sandbags

Preliminary sketch of three soldiers in the foreground of the work. A fourth soldier's head has been sketched in the upper left of the drawing. Two of the soldiers are filling a sandbag. One soldier is shovelling dirt into the bag while the other soldier holds the bag open.

ART29827

Soldiers lifting a rock

Sketch of two soldiers bending to move a large rock.

ART29828

Soldiers resting

Sketch of three Australian soldiers lying down on some grass to rest.

ART29829

Explosion

Image of a bomb blast throwing two soldiers into the air, while a third soldier tries to jump to safety.

ART29830

Fallen soldier

Sketch of an Australian soldier lying face down in mud, pulling his torso up by leaning on his arms. He is wearing a hat and a small back pack.

ART29831

Four figures; squatting, running, falling, crouching

Four sketches of undistinguished men in various action poses.

ART29832

Young soldier

Head and shoulders portrait of a seated Australian soldier.

ART29833

recto: Soldier resting with rifle; verso: [Portrait of a groomed soldier]

Recto: Portrait of an Australian soldering wearing a hat, bent down on one knee while leaning on his rifle that is in his left hand. Verso: Portrait of a well-groomed Australian soldier with brushed and styled hair.

ART29834

Alternative headgear

Three small sketched portraits of an Australian soldier from three different angles, wearing three different types of Australian Army issued clothing.

ART29835

Camp scene

Depicts a group of three Australian soldiers. One soldier is seated while the other two are erecting a tent structure.

ART29836

Landscape with excavation

Landscape with trees where a trench is being dug in the foreground in the side of a small hill. A shovel sits in the excavated area.

ART29837

Mining scene

A sketched landscape with buildlings in the background and rubble in the foreground.

ART29838

Camouflaged anti tank gun

Sketched landscape depicting a camouflaged anti tank gun in the foreground. The anti tank gun has been covered with a large sheet for camouflage.

ART29839

Devastated landscape

Landscape with a bomb crater in the foreground, surrounded by a war damaged landscape with stark and leafless trees and tree stumps.

ART29840

Seated New Guinean male figure

Sketched rear-view portrait of a seated New Guinean male figure, wearing a cloth around his waist.

ART29841

Mother with children

Portrait of a New Guinean mother seated on the ground wearing a cloth around her waist, surrounded by her two young children.

ART29842

Studies of children

A series of study portraits of native New Guinea children asleep, depicted from different angles.

ART29843

Seated male New Guinea native

Portrait of a male New Guinea native seated in a squating position on the ground. The male figure has no hair and is wearing a cloth around his waist.

ART29844

Promenade, Farm Cove

Promenade, Farm Cove, depicts a group of people spending leisure time around the foreshore of Sydney Harbour. Included in this scene is a lone soldier walking among the group in his uniform. A certain gentleness, pride and intrigue surround what appears to be a young soldier depicted in the work....

ART93067

Private Nishimura

Depicts head and chest portrait of Private Nishimura not wearing a shirt, seen with serious facial expression. Nishimura was a Japanese prisoner of war captured by the Australians on New Britain.

ART26052

not titled [three soldiers]

Depicts three Australian soldiers, all wearing an Army-issued wool felt beret. One wears an ammunition pouch, another a rifle over his shoulder; together they help a wounded soldier walk to a dressing station. Berets were worn by both commando squadrons and militia during the Second World War....

ART96763

Pte Mark Young

Full-length portrait of Private Mark Young (NX112361), D Company, 2/28th Battalion. Pte Young's rifle is slung casually over his right sholder. The sleeve of his left arm is torn at the sholder, and his thumb hooks into his belt showing a wedding band on his left ring finger. He is depicted here...

ART96764

Devastation, Balikpapan

Depicts the devastion and condition of a section of an oil refinery at Balikpapan, South East Borneo, showing oil tanks burnt out after the bombardment preceding the landing by 7th Australian Division on 1st July 1945, and since rusted from rain.

ART22997

Private Record

Heraldry

Autographed good luck flag carried by Japanese soldier Inoue Sannosuke in the Netherlands East Indies.

Japanese soldier's autographed national flag featuring numerous Japanese characters in black ink. Translation of characters: On top in large characters 'Congratulations on your going to the battlefield'; on the right side in large characters 'To Mr. Inoue Sannosuke'; along the right edge in line...

REL27722

Timeline

Date of birth 1920-06-13
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 1943-12-09
Date of discharge 1946-08-07
Date of death 1972