• Background information
    Online resources
    Official records
    Private records
    Books

    Background information

    The Encyclopedia entry Australian prisoners of war: Second World War prisoners of the Japanese contains an outline of Australians captured by the Japanese, as well as entries on each location of imprisonment.

    Online resources

    Use these resources to identify further information or particular items in the collections relevant to your interests:

    Official records

    Official records held by the Memorial include:

    • AIF casualties: Malaya, Java, Timor, as known by 2nd Echelon AIF Malaya. Arranged alphabetically and by service number. Also supplementary roll. Includes force and fate. (Nominal roll). AWM54 171/11/2
    • [8th Division in captivity - Changi and Singapore Island:] Report by Brig F.G. Galleghan, Appendix 2-7. AWM54 554/11/4 PART 1A &1B
    • War crimes and trials. Affidavits and sworn statements. [F.G. Galleghan]. AWM54 1010/4/56
    • Records of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East. AWM83
    • Records of the Adjutant General dealing with trials of war criminals. AWM166
    • Records of Australian Military Forces prisoners of war and missing, Far East and South West Pacific Islands. Contains nominal rolls and paybook photographs and searchable online by name, theatre of war and unit, location of prisoner-of-war camp. AWM232

    Private Records

    Private records held by the Memorial include:

    • F.G. Galleghan (Brigadier, DSO, OBE, ED, 8th Aust Div, and prisoner of war, Changi). Summary of events, conditions and treatment in Changi. Galleghan's record of events. 3DRL/2313
    • F.G. Galleghan (Brigadier, DSO, OBE, ED, 8th Aust Div, and prisoner of war, Changi. Notebook containing information on prisoner-of-war numbers, rations, Red Cross rations, hospital cases, atrocities perpetrated by the Japanese, cemeteries, and numbers left at liberation. 3DRL/2191
    • Reginald W.J. Newton, (Captain). Records relating to officers and enlisted men of U Battalion and the 2/19th enlisted men of U Battalion and the 2/19th Battalion who were Japanese prisoners of war in Burma, Thailand, and Japan. The items include nominal rolls of killed, wounded and missing, and lists of unit members who survived the war. PR01596
    • Charles Henry Kappe, (Lieutenant Colonel, OBE). Lieutenant Colonel Charles Kappe wrote The Malayan campaign while a prisoner of war in Changi and Thailand between 1942 and 1945. He drew upon Australian and British war diaries and recollections of fellow prisoners of war. MSS1393

    Books

    Books held in the Research Centre include:

    • Stan Arneil , Black Jack: the life and times of Brigadier Sir Frederick Galleghan, (South Melbourne: Macmillan, 1983)
    • David Nelson, The story of Changi, Singapore. The story of the UK Bureau of Record and Enquiry set up in Changi (West Perth, WA: Changi Publication, 1974). Appendices contain a detailed record of the movement of prisoner-of-war parties, commanders of prisoner-of-war parties ex Changi, and Java parties to or via Singapore and Sumatra.
    • Hank Nelson, POW Prisoners of war: Australians under Nippon. (Sydney : ABC Enterprises for the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 1985)
    • A.W. Penfold, W.C. Bayliss, K.E. Crispin, Galleghan's greyhounds: the story of the 2/30th Australian Infantry Battalion, 22nd November 1940 - 10th October 1945 (Sydney: 2/30th Bn AIF Association, Halstead Press, 1949)
    • Allan S. Walker, Middle East and Far East, Australia in the war of 1939-1945, Series 5 (Medical), vol II (Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1953)
    • Lionel Wigmore, The Japanese Thrust, Australia in the War of 1939-1945, Series 1 (Army), vol IV (Canberra: Australian War Memorial, 1957)

    Check with your local library for availability of these books.

    Related: National Archives of Australia, Fact sheet 61 – World War II war crimes

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