||Gloster Meteor F8
In April 1951, 77 Squadron, serving in Korea, replaced its Mustangs with the British-built twin-jet Meteor Mark 8. The RAAF pilots were trained on the Meteors by four experienced British RAF pilots, at the Iwakuni base, in Japan.
Although the Meteor had also been developed during the Second World War, it was thought to be more capable of surviving encounters with the Soviet MiG-15 jet. In Korea, air-to-air combat entered the jet age and in August 1951, when the jet adversaries met, the Meteors did not fare well. The superior speed, rate of climb, and performance at high altitudes made the MiG a far superior aircraft to the Meteor . In subsequent months, the Meteor was withdrawn from "MiG Alley" and used as a ground-attack aircraft in areas where MiGs were rarely encountered.
Ninety-nine Meteors were allocated to 77 Squadron during the war, of which 44 were brought to Australia after the war. By 1958 the already outdated aircraft was replaced by the CAC Sabre as the RAAF’s front-line fighter.
Gloster Meteor F8
Type: Single-seat interceptor and ground-attack fighter
Entered service: 1951
Wing span: 11.33 m
Length: 13.59 m
Weight (laden): 8,864 kg with drop tanks
Ceiling endurance: 44,000 ft
Speed: 962 km/h (max); 666km/h (cruising)
Armament: Four 20 mm guns, eight 27 kg rockets, or 454 kg bomb load
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