The 26th Battalion was raised at Enoggera, Queensland, in April 1915 from recruits enlisted in Queensland and Tasmania, and formed part of the 7th Brigade. It left Australia in July, and, after training in Egypt, landed at Gallipoli on 12 September. At Gallipoli, the 26th played a purely defensive role and at various times was responsible for the defence of Courtney's and Steele's Posts, and Russell's Top. It withdrew from the peninsula on 12 December.

After another stint in Egypt, the 7th Brigade proceeded to France as part of the 2nd Australian Division in March 1916 In concert with the 28th Battalion, the 26th mounted the first trench raid undertaken by Australian troops on the Western Front on 6 June. The Battalion fought in its first major battle around Pozieres between 28 July and 7 August. After a short spell in Belgium, the 2nd Division came south in October to attack again in the Somme Valley. The 26th Battalion took part in two attacks to the east of Flers, both of which floundered in mud and slush.

In early 1917, the 26th Battalion joined the follow-up of the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line and attacked at Warlencourt (1-2 March) and Lagincourt (26 March). For his valorous actions at Lagincourt, Captain Percy Cherry was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. On 3 May, the Battalion was also involved in the second attempt to breach the Hindenburg Line defences around Bullecourt. Later that year the focus of the AIF's operations switched to Belgium. There, the 26th battalion fought in the battle of Menin Road on 20 September, and participated in the capture of Broodseinde Ridge on 4 October.

Like most AIF battalions, the 26th fought to turn back the German spring offensive in April 1918, and in the lull that followed mounted "peaceful penetration" operations to snatch portions of the German front line. In one such operation in Monument Wood on 14 July the 26th Battalion captured the first German tank to fall into Allied hands - No. 506 "Mephisto". In another, on 17 July, Lieutenant Albert Borrella was awarded the Victoria Cross. Later in the year the 26th participated in the great offensive that began on 8 August, its most notable engagement being an attack east of Mont St Quentin on 2 September. The Battalion's last action of the war was the capture of Lormisset, part of the operation to breach the Beaurevoir Line, on 3 October 1918. The 26th Battalion was disbanded in May 1919.

References
  • AWM 224: MSS156-157 'History of 26 Battalion A.I.F.'
  • AWM4/23/43/1-23/43/46
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918
Significant people
Related places
Related events
Battle honours
Commanding officers
Decorations
  • 2 VC; 3 DSO, 1 bar; 1 MBE; 23 MC, 3 bars; 25 DCM; 92 MM, 4 bars; 4 MSM; 37 MID; 8 foreign awards
Alternative names
  • 26 Battalion
  • 26 Bn
  • 26 Infantry Battalion
  • 26th Battalion
  • 26th Battalion (Infantry)
  • 26th Battalion Attached 2nd Division Signal Company
  • 26th Battalion Attached 7th Brigade Headquarters
  • 26th Battalion Attached 7th Trench Mortar Battery
  • 26th Battalion Attached Australian Army Medical Corps
  • 26th Battalion Attached Headquarters 2nd Australian Division
  • 26th Battalion Attached No 4 Signal Section Attached 7th Brigade
  • 26th Bn
  • 2nd DS Co (26th Bn)
  • Australian Army Medical Corps Attached 26th Battalion