Berchtesgaden

Berchtesgaden, a town in the Bavarian Alps in southern Germany close to the Austrian border, was the site of Hitler's retreat prior to and during the Second World War. Based around the village of Obersalzberg, Hitler's retreat encompassed 256 acres and included houses for several of the Nazi party's high-ranking functionaries, such as Martin Bormann and Hermann Goering, a hotel for other party officials, and Hitler's mansion - the Berghof. A three-kilometre long bunker system was also constructed inside Obersalzberg mountain and a smaller house, known as the "Eagle's Nest", was perched high on its slopes. The Berghof and its surrounding buildings were destroyed during the war, but the "Eagle's Nest" survived and can still be visited.