Sopwith Camel

The Sopwith Camel is one of the best known fighter aircraft of the First World War. Designed to counter the superior German aircraft dominating the skies over the Western Front in 1916, the Camel was the first British aircraft to mount twin forward-firing synchronized machine-guns; the hump-shaped faring that housed them provided the Camel with its nickname. Fast and agile, the Camel was more than a match for its opponents, but was prone to spin out of control in the hands of an inexperienced pilot. Armed with light bombs, the Camel was also extremely effective as a ground attack aircraft, but, as it was unarmoured, it was also extremely vulnerable in this role. A total of 5,140 Camels were built during the war, and they accounted for 1,294 enemy aircraft.

Specifications:



Type:   Biplane fighter
Entered service:   1917
Crew:   1
Wing span:   8.53 m
Length:   5.71 m
Weight (laden):   659 kg
Ceiling:   5,791 m
Endurance:   2.5 hrs
Speed:   181.8 km.h
Armament:   2 x .303-in Vickers machine-guns
45 kg of bombs


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