The Orientation Gallery introduces visitors to the museum. It gives a foretaste of the many personal stories in the galleries that cover all conflicts in which Australian servicemen and women have been involved.

The exhibition in the Orientation Gallery is intended to offer impressions of the intensity of the war experience and the emotional impact of a wide variety of collection items. This grouping of personal effects was chosen to emphasise the personal side of war. They symbolise the range and intensity of the experiences of Australian servicemen and women. The clothing, weapons, kit and other personal belongings were carried in all services, and all major conflicts are covered in this selection.