ID number RELAWM07849
Title Garland Trench Mortar : Lone Pine, Gallipoli
Collection Technology
Object type Munition
Date made c 1915
Physical description
  • Steel;
  • Wood;


The improvised Garland mortar was used by Australian forces during the Gallipoli Campaign during the First World War. This improvised 65 mm trench mortar was apparently used in the Australian Trenches at Lone Pine, Gallipoli.

This mortar was found at Lone Pine in January 1919 by Lieutenant William Hopkins James, who headed a small party to Gallipoli for the Australian War Records Section (the precursor to the Australian War Memorial). They arrived at Gallipoli in mid December 1918, and remained there until late March 1919. With the assistance of members of the 7th Light Horse Regiment stationed in the area, they collected items, and photographed the battlefield. In February 1919 they were joined by the Australian Historical Mission, lead by Official Historian C E W Bean, who remained at Gallipoli until mid March.