Krithia

Krithia is a Turkish village on the Gallipoli peninsula, located approximately 4 miles north of Cape Helles, the site of the costly British landings of 25 April 1915. Krithia was regarded as the key to the principal British objective in the south of the peninsula, the dominating heights of Achi Baba, and the village gave its name to three separate battles. The first, 28 April 1915, constituted a defensive action following a strong Turkish counter-attack in response to ill-coordinated British advances on the village; in the second battle, 6-8 May 1915, Turkish defenders fought off British, Australian, New Zealand and French advances over open ground; the third battle, 4 June 1915, another frontal assault, again failed with heavy British casualties.