93 Squadron RAAF
93 Squadron RAAF
93 Squadron, the last operational Beaufighter squadron, was formed at Kingaroy, Queensland, on 22 January 1945, under the command of Squadron Leader Donald Gulliver. Although it had no official motto, unofficially it was known as the “Green Ghost Squadron” and its unofficial badge proclaimed “Spookus Sneakinus”.
The squadron’s first aircraft arrived in January and for the next three months training concentrated on gunnery and rocket exercises. On 5 March three Beaufighters departed from Oakey, Queensland, to escort Spitfires of 79 Squadron to Morotai. April was a quiet month, with nine aircraft participating in a display over Brisbane in support of the Third Victory Loan.
On 11 May 1945 the advance ground party embarked on the United States Army transport vessel Sea Ray, for the voyage to Morotai, where they arrived 11 days later. Echelon “C” boarded the SS Simon Bamberger on 5 June, bound for Labuan, where it arrived eight days later. Due to the unserviceability of the landing ground at Tarakan, the aircraft were delayed and the first did not arrive at Labuan until July, with the first operational sortie being flown on 26 July.
The remaining 19 aircraft left Kingaroy on 31 July 1945 and arrived on 5 August at Labuan, where the squadron came under the command of 86 Wing. Two days later, eight aircraft were detailed to attack an oil tanker in the mouth of the Tabuan River, with rockets and strafe barracks at Tromboul and shipping in the South China Sea.
Flying in two lines of four, the aircraft made landfall at Cape Sipang and the target ship was sighted. Squadron Leader Gulliver attacked from a height of 600 feet and at a range of 600 yards. Eighteen hits and nine near misses were counted on the 800-ton ship, which was considered destroyed. Locals later advised that the target was not an oil tanker but the Mia Moanai, the private yacht of the Rajah of Sarawak.
The aircraft flown by Flight Lieutenant Vernon Sims and Flying Officer Reginald Farrant lost all communications with the rest of the flight and was reported missing. After firing his rockets, Sims, flying second to Gulliver, pulled out to the left to take position behind the leader. Sims attempted to maintain height but the starboard engine failed, due to loss of oil pressure, and the Beaufighter was forced into the jungle below. After walking through swamps, small rivers, and thick undergrowth, the crew were rowed to the coast by friendly locals. They arrived back at Labuan, after hospitalisation at Miri, on 21 August.
93 Squadron’s last operations occurred on 13 August 1945. Four Beaufighters made an armed reconnaissance of Kuching aerodrome and the other eight attacked Tromboul airfield with rockets. With the end of hostilities, the Squadron dropped leaflets over Japanese areas to inform them the war was over. On 19 October nine aircraft escorted 15 Spitfires to Oakey, Queensland, with the remaining aircraft detailed to escort Mustangs to Japan.
Gulliver was killed on 10 December 1945 when his aircraft collided with two Mustangs parked beside the airstrip at Labuan. Ten days later the squadron was reduced to an air echelon and nucleus party. Personnel and ground equipment were transported to Narromine, NSW, arriving on 23 December 1945.
Squadron Leader Cyril Stark arrived at Labuan on 4 January 1946, to find the squadron allocated to escort 81 (Fighter) Wing aircraft to Japan. These flights, through Clark Field, Naha, and Iwakuni, were completed in March 1946. The Beaufighters then returned to Narromine and the squadron was disbanded on 22 August 1946.
- 13 killed
- 2 DFC
- 1 MID
For more information please see Honours and Awards database
Search for related collection items
- Royal Australian Air Force Historical Records Section, Units of the Royal Australian Air Force : a concise history: volume 2 Fighter units, (Canberra : AGPS Press, 1995)