The 3rd Division was raised in Australia early in 1916. The 43rd Battalion was South Australia’s contribution to the strength of the division. Along with the 41st, 42nd, and 44th Battalions, plus support troops, it formed the 11th Brigade.
The battalion embarked in June 1916 and, after landing briefly in Egypt, went on to Britain for further training. The battalion arrived on the Western Front in late December. The 43rd Battalion spent 1917 bogged in bloody trench warfare in Flanders. In June the battalion took part in the battle of Messines and in October the Third Battle of Ypres.
The battalion spent much of 1918 fighting in the Somme valley. In April they helped stop the German Spring offensive at Villers-Bretonneux. In July the battalion was part of General Monash’s attack at Hamel. In August and September the battalion helped drive the Germans back to the Hindenburg Line. The 43rd joined the advance that followed the 2nd Division’s victory at Mont St Quentin and it was during this operation that Temporary Corporal Lawrence Weathers earned the battalion’s only Victoria Cross. Weathers was mortally wounded in the battalion’s next battle. The battalion commander, Lieutenant Colonel John Farrell wrote “..he died at the Regimental Aid Post, and lies buried on the battlefield. The same shell killed his uncle, who bore the name of Lance-Corporal J.J. Weathers.”
At 11 am on 11 November 1918, the guns fell silent on the Western Front. The November Armistice was followed by the Treaty of Versailles signed on 28 June 1919. Through 1919 the men of the 43rd Battalion returned to Australia in drafts for demobilisation and discharge.
- 1st Australian Imperial Force
- 3 Division
- Battle of Hamel
- Battle of Messines
- Battle of Villers Bretonneux
- German Spring Offensive
- Hindenburg Line
- Third Battle of Ypres
- Versailles Peace Treaty
- Weathers, Lawrence Carthage
- Messines, 1917
- Ypres, 1917
- Polygon Wood
- Somme, 1918
- Ancre, 1918
- Albert, 1918
- Mont St. Quentin
- Hindenburg Line
- St. Quentin Canal
- France and Flanders, 1916-18
Battle Honours source: Australian Army Orders (112), 1927. Army Head-Quarters, 9 March 1927. 'Award of Battle Honours for the Great War to Cavalry and Infantry Units.'
- 386 killed, 1321 wounded (including gassed)
Search for related collection items
- AWM4/23/60/1: March 1916 - July 1917 unit diary
- E.J. Colliver and B.H. Richardson, The Forty-Third: The story and official history of the 43rd Battalion AIF, (Adelaide: Rigby Limited, 1920).