Dr Peter Edwards as an Official Historian interviewed by Greg Swanborough for 'The sharp end'

Accession Number F10613
Collection type Film
Measurement 7 min 8 sec
Object type To be confirmed
Physical description 16mm/colour (Eastman)/sound
Maker The Notion Picture Company Pty Limited
Edwards, Peter
Swanborough, Greg
Place made Australia: Australian Capital Territory, Canberra
Date made 26 May 1992
Access Open
Conflict Period 1990-1999
Vietnam, 1962-1975
Copyright

Item copyright: AWM Licensed copyright

Copying Provisions Copy provided subject to permission from copyright holder
Description

Roll 15 Take 1. The two main thrusts of Australia's policy leading to Vietnam was firstly the spread of Communism with the treat to Australia's security; feeling was that Australia was neglected in the Cold War as it was in 1942; secondly was the relations with the United States - defence spending in the 1950s was very low and Australia relied as Prime Minister Menzies said on our great and powerful friends; the United States was tired of carrying the burden and put pressure on Australia to contribute; in 1960 Australia was concerned with Indonesia; fear that Australia won't get United States support there unless Australia gave support to the US elsewhere and that was Vietnam; Take 2; a retake of take 1; take 3; events leading up to Diem's assassination; Nixon doctrine of de-Americanization which became Vietnamization; Take 6; Nixon's invasion of Cambodia; escalation in the war triggered protests such as Kent State university in the US; take 7; 120,000 people marched in the anti-war Moratorium marches and angered fuelled by the Kent State University killings; Vietnam war was the major turning point from relying on powerful friends to self reliance in an Alliance framework.