Chinese ten dollar note: Private M N Ritchie, 24 Infantry Battalion

Place Asia: China, Hong Kong
Accession Number RELC02625
Collection type Technology
Object type Currency
Physical description Ink, Paper
Maker Waterlow & Sons Ltd
Place made United Kingdom: England, Greater London, London
Date made c 1923
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945

A 1923 dated Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation 10 Dollar note printed with green, brown and black inks, with "Forgery" in English and Chinese stamped seven times on obverse and reverse in blue. The note has been circulated. It has both central and vertical fold marks, and shows signs of use wear including tears along all edges.

History / Summary

Chinese note collected by N286126 Mervyn Neil Ritchie, 24 Infantry Battalion, Citizens Military Forces. Ritchie was born on 5 April 1924 at Newcastle, New South Wales. A labourer, he enlisted on 19 May 1942 at Lambton in New South Wales. Ritchie marched out to 8 Infantry Training Battalion on 9 July 1942 in Dubbo. Suffering from the mumps, he was transferred to 3 Camp Hospital on 1 September 1942, and rejoined his unit on 23 September. He marched out to 28 Australian Infantry Training Battalion, Dubbo, on 22 October 1942 and was placed on X List. Throughout 1943 and 1944, Ritchie remained in Queensland. Ritchie transferred from Queensland Lines of Communication General Details Depot to Headquarters Australian Infantry Centre Jungle Warfare, Canungra, on 27 February 1945. He then marched out to Defence New Guinea Details Depot on 10 April 1945. Ritchie embarked at Brisbane on board ‘Katoomba’ on 14 May 1945. He disembarked at the island of Torokina, just off Bougainville, on 25 May 1945, and on the same day marched out to 24 Infantry Battalion, Bougainville. The liberation of Bougainville was long and arduous, with Australians fighting alongside local recruits, in harsh jungle terrain. By mid August 1945 the fighting was over. General Hyakutake of the Japanese XVII Army formally surrendered on 8 September 1945. Ritchie embarked on board 'Westralia’ at Torokina on 24 November 1945. He disembarked at Brisbane on 28 November 1945, and was discharged on 11 December 1945.