Japanese 12cm Type 3 No. 27 telescope in wooden case

Accession Number REL33379
Collection type Technology
Object type Optical equipment
Physical description Alloy, Brass, Felt, Glass, Metal, Rubber, Wood
Maker Nikko
Place made Japan
Date made 1933
Conflict Period 1950-1959
Period 1970-1979
Period 1960-1969
Second World War, 1939-1945
Period 1980-1989
Period 1940-1949

Japanese naval 12 cm Type 3 No. 27 telescope in wooden box. Marked on the telescope is '20 X 120mm 3º NIKKO No 27' and 'L.R.W. 6 1359'. The telescope has a brass frame and front lens cover. The rear eyepiece is at a 45 degree angle. In front of it is a prismatic aiming device with a hinged cover that views a V notch and blade sights. At right angles on the left is an adjustment wheel, and to the right is an electrical connection with a screw on cover. The 'L' shaped wooden box has a hinged lid with two copper alloy latch fastenings and handles at the sides. Inside are moulded supports for the telescope and compartments for spare parts, most of which are missing except for a lens filter and four rubber eyepieces. A blue label with Japanese inscriptions, adhered to the inside of the lid, gives a list of parts originally included in the box. Two plaques with Japanese inscriptions are attached to the outside of the box and have been translated to read '12 cm Telescope Type 3 No. 27 Naval Technical Research Dept Plan Made by Japan Optical Engineering Company P L January 1933' and 'Uses screws specified by Ministry of Manufacturing and Industry'.

History / Summary

Acquired by the Long Range Weapons Establishment, Salisbury, South Australia (now Defence Science and Technology Organisation) between 1947 to 1948 from Royal Naval Disposals in Sydney or Brisbane. The telescope formed part of the plant equipment that was used for tracking purposes at the Woomera Range during the Anglo-Australian Joint Project (1946-1980).