|Physical description||Glass, Paper, Wood|
Peacock, Robert Knox
First World War, 1914-1918
Framed coat of arms : General Sir John Monash
Hand drawn and coloured picture of the Monash coat of arms, which has been signed vertically 'R K PEACOCK'. The image shows a blue shield divided horizontally by a gold band. Above the band are five eight pointed gold stars. Beneath the band is a sword with two laurel branches, all in gold. A scroll beneath the shield bears the motto 'MARTE ET ARTE'. The ends of the scroll are a dark pink, gradually lightening to a white centre. Above the shield is a knight's helmet with a gold and blue ribbon and leaf design on both sides. Sitting above the helmet is the upper half of a dark pink (possibly meant to be red) lion, holding a pair of gold compasses. The drawing is held in a brown wooden frame with a brown matte.
A paper label is pasted on the back with typed details: ' ARMS OF / GENERAL SIR JOHN MONASH, / G.C.M.G., K.C.B. / (Granted by the College of Heralds, 1918) / ARMS- Azure, a fess between in chief five / mullets of eight points three and / two, and in base a sword within two / branches of laurel all Or. / CREST - On a wreath of the colours a demi / lion Gules holding between the paws / a pair of compasses Or. / MOTTO - "MARTE ET ARTE". / (Authority - "Fox-Davies Armorial Families" / Vol.II, page 1371)". Next to 'MARTE ET ARTE' is hand written '(BY WAR AND BY ARTS)' . The label is signed 'R.K. Peacock / 1937'.
John Monash was born in Melbourne on 27 June 1865. He was dux of Scotch College and studied arts and engineering at Melbourne University, where he was also involved in debating and student politics. Outside of university he dabbled in acting. In 1884 he joined the university company of the 4th Battalion, Victorian Rifles.
Monash worked on the construction of the Princes Bridge in Melbourne and in 1888 was placed in charge of constructing a new railway even though he had yet to complete his degree. Monash married Hannah Moss in April 1891. He finished his studies in 1895 and, having decided to combine engineering with a military career, was promoted to captain in the Garrison Artillery that year. In 1897 Monash was promoted to major in the North Melbourne Battery and served there for 11 years.
Meanwhile, he and a friend had established a private engineering practice in 1894. The business grew steadily but a series of setbacks left him with large debts in 1902. Starting again, Monash recovered and became wealthy. He also gained promotion to lieutenant colonel in the Australian Intelligence Corps in 1908. Now prospering in business and the Army, in 1913 Colonel Monash took command of the 13th Infantry Brigade.
After the outbreak of war, Monash took command of the AIF's 4th Infantry Brigade, landing at Gallipoli on 26 April 1915. In July he was promoted to brigadier. Monash took his brigade to France in June 1916. He became a major general in July and took command of the 3rd Division. The division's first major battle, Messines, was hailed as a great success. Further success followed and in May 1918, Monash was promoted to lieutenant general and given command of the Australian Corps. His first battle in this role, Hamel, came to be considered the 'perfect battle'. Monash remained in command through the victorious battles in the last months of the war.
After spending eight months in London overseeing the repatriation of the AIF, Monash was welcomed home in Melbourne by an enthusiastic public on Boxing Day 1919. He returned to business and in 1920 became manager of Victoria's State Electricity Commission. An advocate for returned soldiers, Monash also held a range of high-level positions. His opinions were widely sought and he became a leading figure in Melbourne's Jewish community.
Monash was promoted to general in November 1929. He died of heart disease in Melbourne on 8 October 1931 and was given a state funeral attended by some 250,000 mourners.