Pen pictures from Palestine Xmas 1918

Place Middle East: Ottoman Empire, Palestine
Accession Number ART94703
Collection type Art
Measurement Overall: 17.2 x 24.0 cm
Object type Work on paper
Physical description pen and ink over pencil heightened with white on paper
Maker Coulson, Oswald Hillam (Ossie)
Place made Ottoman Empire: Palestine
Date made 1918
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918

Item copyright: Copyright expired - public domain

Public Domain Mark This item is in the Public Domain


Depicts two Australian Lighthorse soldiers on horseback looking at a view towards the walls of the city of Palestine. This work is associated with the 'Kia-ora Coo-ee'. The Kia Ora Coo-ee' magazine was written and illustrated by Australian and New Zealand troops serving in Egypt, Palestine, Salonica and Mesopotamia, was printed in Cairo and appeared in monthly issues between March and December 1918. With ten issues in a single year it seems to have been the service magazine with the longest and most regular record of publication. The security of the base in Cairo, and the availability of a commercial printing establishment, enabled the editors to produce a magazine which was in every respect thoroughly professional, attracting advertising revenue and making a comfortable profit. Australian soldiers wrote about all aspects of their war experience in broadsheets, newspapers and magazines which were produced on the troopships, in the trenches and back at their bases. The Kiaora Coo-ee was one of the most successful widely distributed of these publications. It was the official magazine of the Australian and New Zealand armies in the Middle East and was professionally printed by the Sphinx Press in Cairo. The average monthly distribution of The Kiaora Coo-ee was some 13,000 copies and it covered themes ranging from the quality of the food and the level of physical discomfort to irreverent digs at authority. The magazine ran poetry, prose and illustrations. There was a large pool of talent on which to draw; possibly the most famous contributor was Banjo Paterson, who contributed several poems and short stories while serving as an officer in Egypt. The Kiaora Coo-ee was keenly sought as a souvenir, and some soldiers arranged for copies to be sent directly home, with payment being deducted from their wages. This may explain why so many copies have survived. The artist Oswald (Ossie) Hillam Coulson (1872-1945) was born in Ballarat and enlisted in April 1916. His profession was listed as 'Lithographic artist and photographer' on his service record. He embarked from Melbourne on the HT 'Malwa' in July 1916. In August 1916 he reported for duty at Heliopolis in Egypt as photographer. In 1918 he served with the 1st Squadron Australian Flying Corp and in November 1918 was transferred to the War Records Section, AIF Headquarters in Cairo. In January 1918 he was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal. He returned to Australia in August 1919 and had his appointment with the AIF terminated at Melbourne in March 1920.