Pattern 07 Bayonet & Scabbard

Place Europe: United Kingdom, England
Accession Number REL/19639
Collection type Technology
Object type Edged weapon or club
Physical description Steel, Wood
Place made Australia
Date made 1923
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945
Period 1920-1929

Pattern 07 Bayonet and Scabbard. Ricasso stamped with a crown over a shield with 1907 1 '23 LITHGOW. Overall blued finish with plain wooden grips held to the tang with two screw bolts. The pommel is stamped B 976. Brown leather scabbard stamped MANGROVITE 44 on the reverse and has a parkerised chape stamped OA and tear drop locket stamped RE.

History / Summary

The introduction of the Pattern 1907 bayonet was approved on 30 January 1908. The inspiration for the bayonet came from the 1906/07 Trials Japanese Pattern Type 30 Arisaka bayonet. All bayonets manufactured up to 1913 featured a hooked quillon. On 29 October 1913 approval was granted to remove the hooked quillon from the crosspiece and resulted in a new pattern of the 1907 Sword bayonet being sealed. There was no advance in the mark number for the new look bayonet and many of the earlier models had their hooked quillons removed during repair. Overall more than 5 million Pattern 07 sword bayonets were produced by manufacturers in England, Australia, India and the United States of America. This bayonet was for use with the Lee Enfield .303 rifle and issued to Australian, British and Commonwealth forces during the First and Second World Wars.