Conscription. Do you prefer compulsory service?

Place Oceania: Australia
Accession Number ARTV00028
Collection type Art
Measurement sheet: 77 x 101.5 cm
Object type Poster
Physical description lithograph on paper
Maker Unknown
Place made Australia
Date made c. 1915
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918

Item copyright: Copyright expired - public domain

Public Domain Mark This item is in the Public Domain


Australian First World War poster concerned with the issue of conscription. As voluntary enrolments into the AIF fell after the initial enthusiasm of 1914, the conscription suggestion gained prominence. Compulsory military service, or conscription, for eligible men was in force in Australia from 1911, however, these forces were for home defence and could not be drawn on for overseas service. Conscription for overseas service was furiously debated in Australia and Prime Minister W.M. Hughes called two referendums in 1916 and 1917 to vote for the proposal. Both referenda were narrowly in 1916. Australia and South Africa were the only two participating nations not to introduce conscription in the First World War.

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