Melted half bottle, atomic blast Hiroshima: Sister Gwenneth Ayre, AANS

Place Asia: Japan, Hiroshima
Accession Number REL28994
Collection type Heraldry
Object type Heraldry
Physical description Glass
Maker Unknown
Date made August 1945
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945
British Commonwealth Occupation Force, 1946-1952 (Japan)

Flattened and melted top half of a green bottle found at Hiroshima, Japan.

History / Summary

This bottle was collected by NFX141361 Sister Gwenneth Ayre at Hiroshima during the Allied Occupation of Japan.
The damage to this bottle was caused by the nuclear bomb dropped on Hiroshima in August 1945. The temperature of the blast, which reached up to 6,000 degrees Celsius, melted the glass.

In the Allied occupation which followed the Second World War, Australians served as part of the British Commonwealth Occupation Force (BCOF) from February 1946 until the treaty in 1951 to assist with the demilitarisation and democratisation of Japan. Australian forces worked within the Hiroshima prefecture and day trips to the site were a common occurrence. With no understanding of the dangers of radiation in the area, Australians collected or purchased damaged items from the site as souvenirs to take home.

Ayre served as a nurse at the 130th Australian General Hospital at Eta Jima, south of Hiroshima.