Major Arnold William Potts

Service number 1853, WX1574
Ranks Held Acting Sergeant, Captain, Temporary Captain, Major, Temporary Brigadier
Birth Date 16 September 1896
Birth Place Isle of Man: Peel
Death Date 01 January 1968
Death Place Australia: Western Australia, Kojonup
Final Rank Major
Service Australian Imperial Force
Units
Places
Conflict/Operation First World War, 1914-1918
Gazettes Biographical information The Oxford companion to Australian military history in 1995
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1947-03-06
Published in London Gazette in 1917-06-01
Published in London Gazette in 1946-02-14
Published in London Gazette in 1916-11-14
Published in London Gazette in 1941-12-30
Published in London Gazette in 1941-12-30
Published in London Gazette in 1947-03-06
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1917-04-19
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1946-02-21
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1917-10-04
Description

Arnold Potts rose to prominence as the commander of Australian forces on the Kokoda Trail in 1942. He had served on the Western Front in the First World War and was a farmer in peacetime. Potts was born on 16 September 1896 on the Isle of Man. His family moved to Perth in 1904 when he was eight years old.

Potts enlisted in the AIF on 18 January 1915. Posted to the 16th Battalion, he arrived at Gallipoli in July. In October he was promoted to sergeant; the following January, Potts was commissioned. He served on the Western Front as a captain in command of the 4th Light Trench Mortar Battery and was awarded the Military Cross for his performance at Mouquet Farm and on the Somme.

By February 1918 Potts was back with the 16th Battalion. In July he was shot in the chest by a sniper, the bullet narrowly missing his spine. After a month in a French hospital, he was evacuated to England. Despite being classified as 20 per cent disabled and in receipt of a pension, Potts worked as a jackeroo on his return to Western Australia before buying his own farm in 1920. He married Helena Wigglesworth in 1926.

Potts also continued soldiering in the militia forces. He transferred to the AIF on 1 May 1940, was posted to the 2/16th Battalion as a company commander, and sailed for the Middle East in October. A respected officer, Potts encouraged initiative in his troops and subjected them to tough training. His unit served in Syria against the Vichy French, where he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order and Mentioned in Despatches. Potts was promoted to lieutenant colonel in August 1941 and given command of his battalion.

Upon returning to Australia, Potts was promoted to temporary brigadier, taking command of the 21st Brigade in April 1942. In Papua the following August, he was ordered to take the village of Kokoda. With few supplies and only two exhausted militia battalions and some Papuan troops, Potts went on the defensive. Joined by some AIF battalions, the fighting on the Kokoda Trail became a series of fighting withdrawals: always buying time and lengthening the Japanese supply lines. Reinforcements trickled in but Potts was forced back towards Port Moresby. Conducting a battle in conditions so hostile they were beyond the ability of headquarters staff to imagine, Potts came under criticism for his conduct of the battle. He was recalled to Port Moresby in September 1942. Although he rejoined his brigade, Potts was relieved of his command on 22 October.

He was given command of the 23rd Brigade in Darwin and held that post until after the end of the war. The brigade fought on Bougainville from September 1944.

Potts returned to Australia at the end of 1945. He resumed farming and once, unsuccessfully, tried to win a seat in the House of Representatives with the Country Party. He died on 1 January 1968 at Kojonup, Western Australia.

Rolls

  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    16th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Temporary Captain
    London Gazette
    01 June 1917 on page 5421 at position 110
    Commonwealth Gazette
    04 October 1917 on page 2623 at position 164
  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    Gen list
    Conflict
    Second World War, 1939-1945
    Rank
    Major
    London Gazette
    14 February 1946 on page 943 at position 33
    Commonwealth Gazette
    21 February 1946 on page 409 at position 6
  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    2/16th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    Second World War, 1939-1945
    Rank
    Major
    London Gazette
    30 December 1941 on page 7334 at position 10
  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    16th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Temporary Captain
    London Gazette
    14 November 1916 on page 11075 at position 9
    Commonwealth Gazette
    19 April 1917 on page 922 at position 3
  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    2/16th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    Second World War, 1939-1945
    Rank
    Major
    London Gazette
    30 December 1941 on page 7358 at position 37
  • Honours and Awards:

    Unit
    23rd Australian Infantry Brigade
    Conflict
    Second World War, 1939-1945
    Rank
    Temporary Brigadier
    London Gazette
    06 March 1947 on page 1091 at position 13
    Commonwealth Gazette
    06 March 1947 on page 750 at position 71
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    4th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    16th Australian Infantry Battalion
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Unit
    4th Australian Light Trench Mortar Battery
    Conflict
    First World War, 1914-1918
    Rank
    Captain
  • Honours and Awards (Recommendation):

    Conflict
    Second World War, 1939-1945

Timeline

Date of birth 16 September 1896 Peel, Isle of Man, UK.
Date and unit at enlinstment (ORs) 18 January 1915 Enlisted as a private in the 16th Battalion, and underwent training but did not join the battlion for another six months.
Date promoted 28 January 1915 Appointed temporary lance corporal.
Date promoted 16 February 1915 Appointed corporal.
Date promoted 16 March 1915 Appointed sergeant.
Date of embarkation 19 April 1915
Date promoted 28 July 1915 Appointed lance corporal.
Other 28 July 1915 Arrived in Gallipoli.
Other 28 July 1915 When Potts joined the 16th Battalion he was returned to the rank of private.
Date promoted 15 October 1915 Appointed sergeant.
Date promoted 20 January 1916 Appointed second lieutenant.
Other 30 August 1916 Seconded temporary captain and officer commanding 4th Australian Trench Mortar Battalion.
Date of recommendation honour or award 02 September 1916
Date of honour or award 25 October 1916 Military Cross. 'For conspicuous gallantry in action. He handled his T.M.B. with great courage and determination. His coolness and ability were responsible for the repulse of the enemy.'
Date wounded 15 November 1916 Wounded in action, Potts remained on duty.
Date of recommendation honour or award 01 March 1917
Date of recommendation honour or award 01 March 1917
Date promoted 10 May 1917 Promoted to captain.
Other units 1918-02 Returned to 16th Battalion.
Other 20 February 1918 Relinquished posistion as officer commanding 4th Australian Trench Mortar Battalion.
Date wounded 06 July 1918 Wounded in action, gun shot wound to the abdomen.
Date returned to Australia 15 January 1919
Date of discharge 09 March 1919 Demobilised.
Other 01 June 1922 Transferred to the Reserve of Officers.
Other units 28 April 1939 25th Light Horse Machine Gun Regiment. He was a founding member and an advocate of the regiment's formation.
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 01 May 1940 Enlisted in the 2nd AIF and seconded as a major to the 2/16th Battalion.
Date of embarkation 1940-10 Sailed for the Middle East.
Other 26 November 1940 Arrived in the Middle East.
Other units 1941-08-12 - 1942-04-06 Appointed lieutenant colonel and commanding officer of the 2/16th Battalion.
Date of honour or award 30 December 1941 Companion of the Distinguished Service Order. 'During the action of Litani River on 9/10 Jun 41 Maj. Potts was particularly outstanding not only in personal bravery in going forward under fire from all arms of the defence with instructions for Coy Comds but in his own personal leadership and example. Similarly in the action at Saida on 15 Jun 41 his personal example and fearless carrying out of the general plans were such that his action added greatly to the success of both operations. At one period he was faced by a tank and came under its fire whilst going forward to contact forward troops but succeeded in his task. His former experience with the A.I.F. has been used to the greatest extent and he has carried out the many tasks allotted to him with gallantry and persistence whilst under intense fire from the enemy.'
Date of honour or award 31 December 1941 Mention in Despatches.
Date returned to Australia 25 March 1942
Other units 06 April 1942 Appointed temporary brigadier and commander of the 21st Brigade.
Other units 18 October 1942 Appointed to command the 23rd Brigade.
Date returned to Australia 04 December 1942
Other units 1944-02-26 - 1944-06-23 Attached to Headquarters, 11th Division.
Other 26 April 1944 Arrived in New Guinea.
Other 28 September 1944 Arrived in Bougainville.
Date promoted 12 October 1944 Gazetted colonel, the rank was back dated to 1st September 1942, he retained the rank of temporary brigadier.
Date returned to Australia 12 December 1944 Returned to Brisbane.
Other 29 January 1945 Arrived in Bougainville.
Other 29 November 1945 Relinquished command of 23rd Brigade.
Date returned to Australia 06 December 1945
Other 13 December 1945 Appointed honourary brigadier, Reserve of Officers.
Date of honour or award 21 February 1946 Mention in Despatches.
Date of honour or award 06 May 1947 Mention in Despatches.
Other 15 January 1951 Enlisted in the Interim Army.
Date of discharge 30 June 1951
Date of honour or award 01 January 1960 Officer of the Order of the British Empire.
Date of death 01 January 1968 Kojonup, WA.