Corporal Alexander Stewart Burton

Service number 384
Ranks Held Corporal, Lance Corporal, Private
Birth Date 1893-01-20
Birth Place Australia: Victoria, Kyneton
Death Date 1915-08-08 - 1915-08-09
Death Place Ottoman Empire: Turkey, Marmara, Gallipoli Peninsula
Final Rank Corporal
Service Australian Imperial Force
  • B Company
  • 7th Australian Infantry Battalion
Conflict/Operation First World War, 1914-1918
Gazettes Biographical information They dared mightily. in 1963
Published in London Gazette in 1916-01-28
Published in London Gazette in 1915-10-15
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1916-02-24
Published in Commonwealth Gazette in 1916-04-06

Alexander Burton was one of three Australian soldiers awarded the Victoria Cross for one particular action during the fighting at Lone Pine, although his was the only posthumous award. Born in Kyneton, Victoria, in 1893, Burton was working as an ironmonger when war broke out. He joined the AIF and was posted to the 7th Battalion. Although he missed the landing on Gallipoli on 25 April 1915, he watched it from the deck of a hospital ship, where he was being treated for a throat infection. A week later he was in the trenches, fighting with the 7th Battalion in a number of different areas.

In the early hours of 9 August, at Lone Pine, the Turks launched a strong counter-attack on a newly captured trench held by Burton, Lieutenant Frederick Tubb, Corporal William Dunstan, and others. The Turks advanced up a sap and blew in the sandbag barricade but Burton, Tubb, and Dunstan rebuilt it. The enemy twice more destroyed the barricade but each time was driven off and the barricade rebuilt. Burton was killed by a bomb while he was building up the parapet. He has no known grave, but his name is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli, and by an oak tree and bridge at Euroa, Victoria.

Citation (abridged):

In the early morning of 9th August the enemy made a determined counter-attack on a newly-captured trench held by Lieutenant Tubb, Corporals Burton, Dunstan and a few men. They advanced up a trench and blew in a sandbag barricade, but Tubb and the two corporals repulsed the enemy and rebuilt the barricade. Strong enemy bombing parties twice again succeeded in blowing in the barricade, but on each occasion the enemy were repulsed and the barricade rebuilt, although Tubb was wounded and Corporal Burton killed while most gallantly building up the parapet under a hail of bombs.



Date of birth 20 January 1893
Date of birth 20 January 1893
Date and unit at enlistment (ORs) 18 August 1914 7 Battalion.
Date of enlistment 18 August 1914
Date of embarkation 19 October 1914
Date wounded 26 April 1915 Wounded at Gallipoli.
Date of honour or award 1915-07 Mention in Despatches.
Date promoted 1915-07 Appointed Corporal.
Date promoted 1915-07 Appointed Lance Corporal.
Date of fate 08 August 1915
Date of recommendation honour or award 08 August 1915
Date of death 1915-08-08 - 1915-08-09
Date of death 1915-08-08 - 1915-08-09
Date of honour or award 09 August 1915 Awarded Victoria Cross for action at Lone Pine, Gallipoli, Turkey whilst serving with 7 Battalion, 2 Brigade, 1 Division as a Corporal. This was one of seven Victoria Crosses awarded during this action.
Date of recommendation honour or award 22 August 1915
Date of recommendation honour or award 01 September 1915