Fuze Curves for 3.7 inch anti-aircraft gun and Predictor No. 5 Mk I

Place Oceania: Australia, New South Wales, Sydney
Accession Number REL35017
Collection type Technology
Object type Optical equipment
Maker E Esdaile & Sons
Place made Australia: New South Wales, Sydney
Date made 1939-1945
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945

Glass plate in three pieces. The plate is marked with Fuze Curves for a British T.E. Chart No. 0.C.250.Z. R.T.406. Order No P.383. The curves are graduated from 0-80 degrees along the horizontal axis and from 1 -22 along the vertical axis. Each interval along the vertical axis measures 1000 feet. Inscribed along the vertical axis is "DRUM, T.E. SCALE, Mks 1 to 111 No 1 3.7 IN A.A. Predictor. No 5 Mk. 1. (FULL CHARGE, M.V. 2600 F.S. FUZE No207 RIFLED 1IN30.)" There is a Height Correction Graph under the Fuze Curves to assist in the accurate adjustment of Anti-aircraft firing settings. Inscribed at the bottom of the plate is "FUZE CURVES FOR T.E. CHART. No 0.C.250.Z. R.T.406. ORDER No p.383. DRUM T.E.SCALE MK.I TO III No 1 3-7 IN. H.A. PREDICTOR. No 5. MK. I (FULL CHARGE, M.V. 2600 F.S. FUZE No 207. RIFLED 1 IN 30.) FOR USE WITH T.E. CHART 237 Z HEIGHT CURVES" Handwritten in the bottom right hand corner of the rear of the plate is "MASTER KEY POS. FROM ENGLISH NEG"

History / Summary

This glass plate was used to assist in the adjustment of anti-aircraft firing settings for a 3.7 inch anti-aircraft gun. It was also used in conjunction with the Predictor No. 5 Mk. I The plate was found by the donor in the garage of the late Edward “Ted” Esdaile Junior (Jnr) at 39 Ponyara Road, Beverly Hills, Sydney in 1979. Esdaile was the son of William Edward (Edward) Esdaile founder of E. Esdaile and Sons, an instrument manufacturing business founded in 1891 under the name E. Esdaile, Optician. The company was first located at 11 Hunter Street, Sydney but by 1924, the firm had relocated to 42 Hunter Street and had changed its name to E. Esdaile and Sons. Ted Esdaile (Jnr) worked on the manufacture of scientific instruments, his brothers Ernest and Leonard developed the Optical Department and his brother Charles was the firm's accountant. Edward Senior (Snr) continued to manage the business until 1925; thereafter it was managed by Edward Jnr.
When Edward Snr died in 1947, an application was made to make Esdailes a public company. This was achieved on 21 July 1948, with Edward Jnr becoming Managing Director and consequently the firm was renamed E. Esdaile and Sons Pty Ltd. There was another name change in 1953 to Esdaile (Holdings) Limited.
It is possible that this glass plate was manufactured by E. Esdaile and Sons for the Optical Munitions Panel, which was formed in June 1940 to equip the Australian Army, Navy and Air Force with optical instruments. E. Esdaile and Sons were one of a number of local industrial firms employed by the Panel to manufacture optical instruments designed by senior physicists on the Panel.