Turn and bank indicator (type ref 6A/645) from Sunderland aircraft EJ134

Accession Number RELAWM31346
Collection type Technology
Object type Aircraft component
Place made United Kingdom
Date made 1939-1943
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945

Instrument gauge with two hands, the upper of which indicates side slip (bank) on a scale of 0 to 20 degrees left and right, and the lower of which indicates degree of turn in eight graduations. Body includes four mounting screw holes on flages, and sensor inputs at rear. Painted black with white markings.

History / Summary

Salvaged from Sunderland flying boat EJ134 'N/461' of 461 Squadron RAAF. On 2 June 1943, N/461 (N for Nuts) was being flown by the following crew: Captain, Flight Lieutenant C B Walker; first pilot, Pilot Officer W J Dowling; second pilot J C Amiss; navigator, Flying Officer (F/O) K McD Simpson; engineers, Sergeant E C E Miles (RAF) and Sergeant P K Turner; wireless operators, Flight Sergeants (Flt Sgt) E A Fuller (RAF) and Flt Sgt S F Miller; air gunners, Sgt A Lane, Sgt L S Watson and Flt Sgt R Goode (rear gunner). N/461 took off from Pembroke dock, UK at 1:30pm. At 7:00pm she was over the Bay of Biscay, patrolling at an altitude of 2,000 feet in an area popularly known as the 'Tiger country' because of the number of lone aircraft which had been shot down by long-range German fighters in the area. N/461 was attacked by eight Junkers Ju 88 fighters. In the ensuing battle, three Junkers were claimed destroyed and another probably destroyed, whilst the other four were hit and damaged. Sgt Miles was mortally wounded, and F/O Simpson wounded in the legs. Flt Lt Walker suffered from burns. N/461 was so badly damaged that on return to England it was impossible to effect a normal landing, so she was beached at Marazion near Penzance. Lord Portal, Marshal of the RAF, described the action as "an epic battle which will go down to history as one of the finest instances in war of the triumph of coolness, skill and determination against overwhelming odds". Flt Lt Walker was awarded the DSO, F/O Simpson the DFC and Flt Sgts Fuller and Goode the DFM.