Frederick Matthew Bartlett interviewed by his son, Lawrence Bartlett, about his experiences at Gallipoli during the First World War

Places
Accession Number S02134
Collection type Sound
Measurement 57 min 3 sec
Object type Oral history
Physical description audio cassette
Maker Bartlett, Frederick Matthew
Bartlett, Lawrence Francis
Date made June 1976
Access Open
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918
Copyright Item copyright: © Australian War Memorial
Creative Commons License This item is licensed under CC BY-NC
Copying Provisions Copy provided for personal non-commercial use
Description

Discusses: Side A: British landing at Cape Helles; French landings; Turkish Forces were entrenched and waiting; beach obstacles; losses for the British 29th Division; details the personal kit they carried during the landing; sailed on a former German ship from Alexandria, describes conditions aboard; transferred to a destroyer then to tow boats to be taken to the beach; under fire as they approach shore; explains how shrapnel explodes; details units involved in landing; impression of cliffs at beach; gives his opinion as to why the Turkish Forces knew they were coming; mentions Shrapnel Gully; wounded in legs by mortar fire and evacuated; rotation of duty in front line; describes the fire power of Howitzers; describes first rations on Gallipoli; details daily routine of life at the front; 18 May 1915 lead up to counter-attack by Turkish troops; huge casualties. SIDE B: fought on Sunday 25 April 1915, comments that the Battle of Waterloo was also on a Sunday; massed counter-attack by Turkish troops on 19 May 1915; explains the different forms of armaments; Officers often targeted and shot by Turks; Major (Maj) Burke shot in spine, Captain (Cpt) Richardson shot while directing troops; relates details of the death of his Commanding Officer (CO) Lieutenant Colonel (Lt Col) George Braund 4 May 1915; Lone Pine and hand-to-hand fighting; describes death of Private Christodas Hart while trying to save a wounded Turkish soldier 20 May 1915; sent to Hospital Ship Gascoygne when wounded at the end of July; talks of his cousin Fred Bartlett in the Royal Engineers who he met in Malta; mentions Cpt Gifford who became a Lord after the war, Lt Hughes who was killed in action, 2nd In Charge (2-I-C) Major Scurby wounded at the landing and Major Tom Cameron killed in action; no steel helmets at Gallipoli; believes the Gallipoli campaign was a bungle with no direction from the senior commanders; relates the aim of the attack was to shorten the war; discusses German armaments.
A transcript of this recording may be available. For further information please contact the Sound section.

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