Sailor's blue square rig collar : Able Seaman D Grose, HMAS Manoora I

Accession Number REL31885.005
Collection type Heraldry
Object type Uniform
Physical description Cotton jean, Cotton tape
Maker Unknown
Place made Australia
Date made c 1943
Conflict Second World War, 1939-1945

Royal Australian Navy sailor's blue jean square rig collar, edged with three rows of narrow white tape and lined with blue and white striped cotton ticking. The rectangular collar falls as a square over the back. The front is cut into three sections, separated by long keyhole cutouts, which allows the outer sections to come together in 'V' at the front, while the broad central section fits down the inside back of the square rig jumper. The collar is held in the correct position by means of tape ties and loops sewn to all three ends of the collar and worn inside the jumper.

History / Summary

Worn by PM6971 Able Seaman Douglas Grose while serving aboard HMAS Manoora (I) in 1944 and 1945. Grose, born at Bendigo, Victoria, in October 1925, joined the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) as an ordinary seaman on 12 October 1943. After training at the shore establishments HMAS Lonsdale and HMAS Cerberus, he was posted to HMAS Manoora, a 10,856 ton ship built originally for the Adelaide Steamship company in 1934. She was requisitioned for wartime service by the RAN in October 1939 and served initially on escort duty as an armed merchant cruiser. By the time Grose joined the ship she had been refitted as an infantry landing ship and had already taken part in successful landings at Tanamerah Bay and Wadke Island in New Guinea. In September she transported troops to Morotai before preparing to land American troops in the Philippines, at Leyte on 25 October 1944 and at Lingayen, under heavy Japanese bombardment, on 9 January 1945. In April the Manoora carried her first Australian troops and cargo, to landings on Tarakan; and on Green Beach, Brunei, and at Balikpapan in June. Between September 1945 and April 1946 the ship repatriated Australian soldiers from New Guinea, New Britain, Morotai and Borneo, before making four trips to Japan. Grose was appointed an acting able seaman in November 1944 and was confirmed in the position on 24 July 1945. He was discharged on 2 August 1946.