British 1851 Penny : Private A M Nicholson, 5 Battalion AIF

Place Europe: Western Front
Accession Number RELC02994.002
Collection type Technology
Object type Currency
Physical description Copper
Maker Unknown
Place made United Kingdom
Date made 1851
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918

1851 Penny. The obverse features the bust of Queen Victoria. The reverse features the figure of Brittania. The coin has been circulated.

History / Summary

Collected by 3368 Private Arthur Marshall Nicholson, who was born at Brighton, Victoria, the son of Samuel Henry and Hannah Eliza Nicholson. He was working as a grocer when he enlisted in the AIF on 7 July 1915. He embarked from Melbourne for Egypt on 11 October 1915 with the 11th reinforcements of 5 Battalion. He served in Egypt until 25 March 1916 when he embarked for France, arriving at Marseilles five days later. He served in France and took part in his unit's first major action in France at Pozieres in the Somme Valley in July 1916. 5 Battalion then went on to fight at Ypres in Belgium, Flanders and back to the Somme. On 24 December 1916 Private Nicholson was admitted to hospital with trench feet. He was sent to England and was in hospital until May 1917. He did some further training at Perham Downs for two months before rejoining his unit in late August 1917. On 20 September 1917 Nicholson took part in an attack at Menin Road, near Ypres in Belgium, capturing German territory. Throughout 21 September the German artillery fire harassed the Australian positions and as the day went on became increasingly more accurate. At some point during the day, Private Nicholson was hit by shrapnel in his left leg and ankle. He was first treated by the 6th Australian Field Ambulance, who then transferred him to the 17th (British) Casualty Clearing Station, where he died of his wounds. He was buried at Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery in Belgium.