The Last Post Ceremony commemorating the service of (924) Trooper Albert Cotter, 12th Light Horse Regiment, AIF, First World War.

Place Middle East: Ottoman Empire, Palestine, Beersheba
Accession Number PAFU2015/432.01
Collection type Film
Object type Last Post film
Physical description 16:9
Maker Australian War Memorial
Place made Australia: Australian Capital Territory, Canberra, Campbell
Date made 22 October 2015
Access Open
Conflict First World War, 1914-1918
Copyright Item copyright: © Australian War Memorial
Creative Commons License This item is licensed under CC BY-NC
Copying Provisions Copy provided for personal non-commercial use
Description

The Last Post Ceremony is presented in the Commemorative area of the Australian War Memorial each day. The ceremony commemorates more than 102,000 Australians who have given their lives in war and other operations and whose names are recorded on the Roll of Honour. At each ceremony the story behind one of the names on the Roll of Honour is told. Hosted by Richard Cruise, the story for this day was on (924) Trooper Albert Cotter, 12th Light Horse Regiment, AIF, First World War.

Speech transcript

924 Trooper Albert Cotter, 12th Light Horse Regiment, AIF
KIA 31 October 1917
Photograph: P04366.001

Story delivered 22 October 2015

Today we remember Trooper Albert “Tibby” Cotter, who was killed in action at Beersheba, Palestine, in 1917. He was the only Australian international cricketer to be killed during the First World War.

Cotter displayed many of the attributes and qualities of the typical Australian “digger”. He was a sportsman and a reported larrikin. He was brave under fire and preferred serving with this “mates” than accepting promotion.

Born in Sydney in 1883, Cotter was the sixth and youngest son of British immigrants John and Margaret Cotter. He attended Forest Lodge Public School and Sydney Grammar School. Playing rugby as well as cricket, Cotter joined Glebe District Cricket Club in 1900 as a pace bowler and batsman. He was playing for New South Wales two years later, and in 1904 debuted for Australia as a 20 year old in the fourth test against England.

This was start of a nine-year international career. Cotter toured England in 1905 and 1909, and also played against the touring South Africans in 1910–11. He had a fast but erratic style and, unusually for the time, targeted batsmen rather than their stumps. Cotter played 21 tests, taking 89 wickets for an average of 28.64 runs.

He was working as a clerk when the First World War broke out and volunteered for the Australian Imperial Force on 15 April 1915. Cotter’s enlistment was a useful boost for recruiting campaigns for the AIF, and despite his limited riding ability he was accepted into the 1st Light Horse Regiment.

After training in Egypt, Cotter joined the regiment on the Gallipoli peninsula as a reinforcement in late November, during the final days of the campaign. Back in Egypt after the evacuation he was transferred to the 12th Light Horse Regiment in February 1916.

That April the regiment moved to Palestine to participate in the second battle of Gaza. Although this attempt to capture the city failed, Cotter
was prominent among the stretcher-bearers who worked fearlessly all day under enemy fire. He was promoted to lance corporal a month later,
but at his own request reverted to the rank of trooper in July.

Having twice failed to capture Gaza from the Ottomans, British forces next tried to outflank the city by taking the small town of Beersheba. The
Australian light horse took Beersheba on 31 October in a now celebrated charge, and the stretcher-bearers were in the thick of the fighting. The
author of the official history of the Sinai and Palestine campaigns described Cotter as behaving “in action as a man without fear”. However, as he worked away Tibby Cotter was shot dead at close range. He was 33 years old.

His older brother Private John Cotter had been killed serving in the infantry in Belgium, just four weeks earlier on 4 October 1917.

Trooper Cotter is buried in Beersheba War Cemetery in modern-day Israel. He is also commemorated here, on the Roll of Honour on my
right, among the more than 60,000 Australians who died during the First World War. His photograph is displayed today beside the Pool of
Reflection.

This is but one of the many stories of service and sacrifice told here at the Australian War Memorial. We now remember Trooper Albert
“Tibby” Cotter, and all those Australians who have given their lives in the service of our nation.

Dr Karl James
Historian, Military History Section

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